Index | The sale of Knelle Manor .
Arms: Gules, a lion rampant argent in a border vert; the same charged with eight scallops argent - the same ducally crowned or, with 1 escalop only, - Gules a lion rampant argent tail forked within a bordure vert, crest: a demi-lion tail forked argent, langued and armed gules. - Gules a lion rampant argent langued sable, a bordure vert charged with 8 escallop shells or, crest: a demi-lion rampant argent, langued sable, holding in his dexter paw an escallop shell or.
In the parish of Beckley, Goldspur Hundred, East Sussex, next to Knelle manor, lies a small hamlet called Oxenbridge which might have given its name to the Oxenbridge family, the first trace of which occurs in a grant of Henry I count of Eu (d. 1140) in c. 1100 to the College of Secular Canons in Hastings of rents out of some of his demesne lands including "Oxenbrigg". - At Brede Place an ancient table was found, incised with an ox and a bridge, Oxenbridge (VCH).
Oxenbridge Farm in Beckley is mentioned in AMS 2500-2511. In Iden, Goldspur Hundred, still exists an Oxenbridge House which was built early in the 15th Century (VCH). Members of the Oxenbridge family also held Gate Court situated next to Knelle manor, so that some of them called themselves Oxenbridge atte Gate or de Porta.
The Porta or Port families came from Normandy. There are different ones, of which the most known ones came from the region of Coutance. In the Norman exchequer of 1195 appear, Ralf, Peter, Roger, Thomas and William de Porta to pay their taxes.
Hugh de Porta had held much land in Kent and Hampshire (DB). Henry de Port, justice itinerant in Kent (The Judges of Engld. V. 1), was one of his sons, who held the manor of Hageley in Hawley near Dartford and was still living in 1101-6. In 1150 a William de Porta (or Gate), his second son, gives diverse properties to the Abbey of Cluny before setting out for Jerusalem (CH of Cluny), and Hugh and Robert de Port witness a charter of their brother to the monks of Andwell at that time (Docs FR). Ca.1200 William de Porta, whose wife was Cecilia, witnesses a grant by Geoffrey de Hertee to the Abbey of Cumbwell in Kent. - The Canterbury Cathedral documents show James, his sons Ralph, John, Guy, Florence, Samson with his son Simon, and Stephen de Porta in the early 13th C., and Walter de Porta mid 13th C. in Kent. - It is possible that the Porta's of Gate Court descended from one of the Kent Portas. The Port family came from Normandy where they held the castle du Port in Russy, a place whose overlord was the Breteuil family in Eure. - A Florence de Dixsterne or Dixter in Northiam appears at a later date.
Robert de Porta or Gate -1236 held land in Northiam and pays Helewise Hayrun 50s for 2 messuages and 5 acres of land according to an assize of 'mort-d'ancestor' between them (SSX FF).
John de Porta or John Oxenbregge atte Gate* of Gate Court in Northiam is mentioned in 1250. In ca. 1260 he is witness to a charter by Alan Nitherin to Alan Lambyn and Mathilda his wife. - On 24 July 1276 John witnesses another charter by Roger abbot of Robertsbridge to Richard Curthose, referring to a grant of two fields in the parish of Northiam (CH nº256). - John* died 1284 as per VCH. John and Pharamon de Porta may be brothers. In 1259 Pharao de Porta pays half a mark to have a writ (CPR), and in 1269 Pharamon witnessed a charter by Robert de Crevequer to the Monks of Robertsbridge, along with Matthew de Cnelle, Matthew de Hastings and others (CH). Pharamon and Matthew de Knelle had a quarrel judged at the Surrey Eyre about that time (GBS). - In 1259 a Martinus de la Gate appears also in Sussex (CPR).
In c. 1260 appears Luke atte Gate, probably another brother of John or of Pharamus, of the parish of Beckley, who enfeoffs the Sacristary of Battle with four daywerks of land in Northey, and Adam de Porta is a witness at the same time to a charter by Oliva de Wicham to the Convent (Battle Abbey CH).
Henry atte Gate was son of John atte Gate who died in 1284* and therefore brother to John atte Gate **. He was married to Sara. In 1296 he pays 6s 2d subsidies in Northiam and 6s 2d in Chytecumbe and Hamme. - On 13 Dec. 1295 he witnesses a quitclaim by Clement Storbregge and Richende his wife to Reginald Le Hore as Henry de Porta, together with Adam and William Diksterne (Dixter) of Northiam (FRE 6895). - On 24 Feb. 1301 he witnesses a quitclaim of Robert and Edmund Passele to Richard le Waleys III of all their rights in the vill of Newenden (GLY/1339). - In 1310 he is witness with Reginald de Echene, William de Dixsterne to a grant by Edmund de Passele to Alice, daughter of Adam de Dixterne (FRE/6896). - On 29 Sept. 1313 Hamon and Henry atte Gate witness a feoffment by William de Dixterne to Sir John de Langport, a priest (FRE/6898). Florence de Dixsterne paid 2s tax in Northiam in 1327. The place Dixter does still exist at Northiam.
In 1305 Robert Nouwel petitions of Pharamo atte Gate and Julia his wife a messuage and 90 acres of land and 2 acres of meadow in Nutherst and Ashinton. It went to Pharamo and Julia for life paying a rose yearly and after their death the property was to revert to Robert and his heirs. - In 1307 another Lucas atte Gate, was a commissioner to oversee the banks in the marshes of Maytham and Losenham in Kent, and was further one of the commissioners of 'walliis et fossatis' in 1303,1308-12 and 1332 (Hist. of Romney Marsh). - In 1301 and 1306 Richard Coding held one knight's fee in Ewhurst and Northiam an half a fee in Oxenbridge farm in Beckley ((Dawson Hist. of Hast. V. 2 p. 480).
Alice, late the wife of Robert Scarlet v. Henry de la Gate (son of John atte Gate) and Sarra his wife, a messuage, land and rent in Northiam - to Alice to hold from Henry and Sara, contingent remainder to Robert and Hamon, sons of Henry etc.(SSX FF). It seems that she was a sister of Henry. On 18 Oct. 1358 Henry atte Gate who had been outlawed in 1355 with two others for the death of Walter de Egbaston had to show up at court. The inquisition at Northaim resulted in that he had no lands or goods at the day of his outlawry nor at the day of the murder (Inq. Misc. V. 3 p. 105).
9 June 1347 Hamon atte Gate and Henry his brother witness a feoffment at Northiam of land abutting those of Hamon (FRE/6899). - In 1339 Hamon was bowman for Dixter in Northiam (Muster Roll).- On 29 Sept. 1343 Hamon and Henry atte Gate, Robert le Hore and Thomas Arundel are witnesses to a feoffment by William de Dixterne in Northiam (FRE 6898). - In 1359 Hamon and others had order to prepare for the enemies of France. - Hamon was still living on 20 July 1361 attesting another deed (FRE 6900), and his brother Henry in 1365 and 1368 attesting deeds in Northiam (FRE 6904, 6905 and 6906).
Hamon atte Gate held land in Dixter worth 40s a year as listed in the muster roll of 1339-40. He had to attend with one man at arms for holding land in Dixter worth 40s. - His daughter Joan married Robert de Echingham, whereby that family became lords of Dixter and Gate Court (VCH). 28 Jan. 1330 Robert de Echinghams has died owing 282 marks to Nicholas de Beche. The sheriff extended the manor of Oxenbridge which belongs to Joan and hands it over to Nicholas de Beche. Robert's IPM shows that the manor of Oxenbridge in Beckley consists of a messuage, 70 a of marsh land and 4 a of upland. Joan received Oxenbridge in Iden in dower. The inquisition refers also to his other properties (TNA C131/4/3). The manor afterwards went to his brother Richard. - A Daniel atte Gate of Stapleton Hundred had also to muster carrying a baston furnished with a knife (cultello).
Jordan Oxenbrigg was distrained to receive knighthood in 1278 (Parl. Writs), and Symon de Oxenbregge witnessed 3 grants, two of them dated 23 March 1284 and 11 Feb 1285 (AMS 2280- 81 and 82). Other well known personalities like Henry de Bodyham, Robert de Paulyn (of Rye), Robert de Passeleghe (Passele), William of Kitchenor, William de Kitchenham and others are under the witnesses. Most of them were also neighbours of Knelle manor. A William Oxenbrigge and others were sued by George Monceaux, citizen and Alderman of London, in 1335 (Surrey Rec. Soc.). - Jorda was in 1278 manucaptor of Nicholas Waselyn, and was distrained to to receive knighthood on 20 June 1278 (Oxenbridge genealogy.
John** and Robert de Oxenbrugg (atte Gate) are jurors in the inquisition post mortem of Galfrido (Geoffrey) de Knelle, their immediate neighbour, in 1295, also witnessed by William de Kechenore and others. - William de Ore was another juror. From a Plea roll of Kent dated Jan. 1308 emanates that John atte Gate** and William de Ore were pledges to Vincent de Hewe (Common Pleas). - On 29 June 1315 John atte Gate, Richard and Thomas Wardieux, William Gotele and Robert de Ore (Oxenbridge atte Gate) witness a grant by Oliver de Cressy in Northiam (FRE/6897). - From the Gascon Rolls we learn that John de Oxnebrugg' was summoned for the array to invade Gascony in 1325. John was a juror in 1329 in an assize touching the Echingham family, and as well in 1341 (SAS V. 8). - This John held Gate Court in 1327- 40 (VCH). - On 13 Dec. 1332 John Waleys complained that Geoffrey de Knelle and John atte Gate** and others had carried away his goods at Knellesflote (CPR). - Richard atte Gate in 1338 is mentioned in London (CCR).
A further explanation that they were Oxenbridge atte Gate comes from the Sussex Subsidies: In 1296 Richard, John and Robert Oxenbregg paid taxes in the tithing of Hecton and Knelle, in total more than 10s; Robert also 1327 in Ore (John and Robert would be the ones who were jurors in Geoffrey de Knelle's IPM). John (Oxenbridge) atte Gate** pays subsidies in 1296 in Catsfield, Northiam, Ore, Codyng, and in Netherfield 1327; Margaret Oxenbregge atte Gate pays 1296 in Pelham, Glesham, Barnhorne and Buckstepe. - 1327 John Oxenbrugg ownes land in Hailsham, Netherfield, Northiam, Knelle and Ore. Robert also pays taxes in Ore. - 1327 John Oxenbrugge father and son*** pay subsidy in Firles. - John, Thomas and Agnes pay taxes in Heghton, 1327. - 1332 John atte Gate*** pays 8 s 1/2d in Netherfield and 4s in Northiam, and in Hailsham; in Ore together with Robert. In Heghton, which is now tythed separately from Knelle, Thomas, Robert, John and Clemencia Oxenebrugg pay their dues (SSX SB). John and Robert were still living in 1332, but Richard had died, as in that year he has been replaced by a Thomas.
Sept. 1334 The highway between John de la Gate's*** Gate Court and Newenden bridge was inundated (VCH). - Quitclaim of an agreement in 1338 by John, son of John Oxenbrigg of Beckley. His witnesses are Edmund [missing], John de Oxenbrigg atte Gate***, John Kychenore (Kitchenor), John de Passelegh (Passele) and others (FRE/6962). It is highly probable that this Edmund is Edmund de Knelle, who held Knelle manor from 1334-5. (Edmund de Passele was murdered in 1326-7), and it is to be assumed that this is the same John de Oxenbregge who in 1346 witnesses Edmund de Knelle's grant to the Abbey of Robertsbridge of his moiety in the manor of Waliland or Welland in Udiham (Egerton CH nº 402). John also witnessed a grant by Robert Passele to John Paulyn of Rye in 1337 (Hollis BHJ 2583). In the Sussex Muster Roll of 1339-40 he is shown as 'Centener' of the archers in the Hundred of Goldspur, one of which was Geffrey. He had to proccure one man of arms for holding land in la Gate worth 10 marks (Coll. Topogr. & Geneal. V. 7). - In other works John*** is alive in 1350.
John atte Gate**** was eldest son of John atte Gate*** who died c. 1350. - As per the Oxenbridge genealogy this John had the brothers Walter, who was MP for Shoreham in 1358; and Geoffrey who in 1339-40 was mustered as archer under his father John Oxenbridge atte Gate, centenar. Iin 1363 he released his right in a pasture called Elysebregge in Beckley to John Maynard, whereby John was witness (SAS V. 8).
Lankhurst manor in Westfield: In 1354 John Langhurst and Alice his wife conveyed 350 acres and 54 s rent in Langhurst and elsewhere to Adam de Brede (VCH V.9).
In 1357-8 John de Cockfield and Margaret, daughter of John Lyvet, demand from John Oxenbrugge atte Gate**** a messuage, land and rents in Herstmonceaux and Hailsham. They are granted the reversion with contingent remainders to John Lyvet, Margaret's father, Thomas Lyvet, her uncle, and William de Pagham (SSX FF). Note: William de Pagham had been bailiff of Battle Abbey until 1352.
1358 John Lynet sues John Oxenbrugg' atte Gate**** for the manor of Westfirle and land there and in Bedingham which John Lynet receives (SSX FF). - John Oxenbrugge, the father, had paid subsidies in 1327 for land in West Firle. The fact that John and Thomas Lyvet as well as Robert Oxenbridge quitclaimed Knelle manor in 1385, shows that there must have been kinship between the families (SSX FF).
1362 - John de Welles, John de Oxenbrigge atte Gate**** and John Welde of Tenterden v. William de Welles and Margaret (de Knelle) - manor of Knelle, land and rent in Beckley - to William and Margaret (SSX FF). - Again here it has to be assumed that there had been a marriage between the Oxenbridge atte Gate and the Knelle family as a right to Knelle manor has been established. - William Halden, John Oxenbrygge the younger (by John Broke) v. William Batelesford - 2 tofts, 200 a of land, 130 a of wood, 160 a of heath, 11 lbs rent and rent in kind in Playden, Beckley, Westfield, Ore, Farleigh, Holington, Ashbornnham, Hastings and Gestling. The properties went to the demandants and the heirs of John Oxenbrygge for 200 marks (SSX FF).
The Sussex Fines mention John Oxenbrygge the younger (atte Gate)**** in 1372, when he and five others, represented by John Brook, have a law suit with William Batelesford about 2 tofts 200 acres of land, 130 a of wood, 160 a of heath 11 lbs rent as well as rent in kind in Playden, Beckley, Westfield, Ore, Fairleigh, Hollington, Ashburnham, Hastings and Guestling. It went to the claimants and to the heirs of John Oxenbrygge (see also above). - Note: William Batesford was a justice. You may see the description of his life and his carreer under Batesford in this web site.
On 20 October 1363-4 Robert Brede, John Oxebrugge atte Ford (or also atte Gate)***** and others witnessed a quitclaim by John de Palterton, mason to Godfrey Dobbe Chaplein of lands, rents and services in Brede, Udimor, Ewherst, Northiam (CCR). This document states that John de Oxenbridge was already in possession of Ford manor in contrary to the statement in the Victory County History that he bought Brede Place or Ford manor in 1378 of Joan de Ford. On the other hand this document shows that he was John Oxenbridge of Beckley. - Robert atte Ford had paid subsidies in 1296 SB). - Ford manor or Brede Place was held of the manor of Brede. - We have seen above that in 1338 there was already a John de Oxenbridge atte Gate and a John de Oxenbridge of Beckley.
Therefore I believe that John Oxenbrugge atte Ford of 1363-4***** was the father of Thomas Oxenbridge and John Oxenbridge atte Gate of 1362 and 1372**** the father of Robert Oxenbridge. They were probably cousins. This would explain why Thomas and Robert were living and working at the same time.
John Oxenbrigge atte Ford or of Beckley *****occurs in 1378. Acccording to the document below he was married to Joan. The lands which the Oxenbridge family held in Brede and Udimore, including the manor of Brede, had been of the Abbey of Fécamp since before the Conquest as of the manor of Ramsey, which included Rye, Winchelsea and a part of Hastings. - This John must have died between that date and 1391 when his son Thomas asks for land which Joan his widow holds for life (see below).
Thomas Oxenbregge of Brede (d. 1423), was eldest son of John***** above. - There is a document where Thomas is called of Beckley and another one as of Brede (Place).
His brothers were as per the Oxenbridge genealogy:
- Nicholas, of London, probably youngest son of John Oxenbridge atte Gate (see comment above), is a mainpernor together with Robert Oxenbridge in 1397 (CCR).
- Robert of Brede
- Richard atte Gate sues William Nytheton and Denise his wife for a messuage in Lewes which goes to him (SSX FF). It is not clear whether he was a son of John. In ca. 1260 A John atte Gate had been a witness to an Allen Nithenden.
- Thomas, Robert and Nicholas Oxenbregge and Thomas Lyvet were co-heirs of John Benham of Berkshire (CPR 1388).- but only Robert had a right of Knelle manor with John and Thomas Lyvet.
Note: - Thomas Oxenbridge of Beckley was John's eldest son, who as per Leland married the daughter and heiress of Gervaise de Allard, son of the Admiral of the same name of the western seas in 1305 (Hasted's Kent). - The younger Gervaise's wife Margaret had to procure a cobler for the muster of 1339-40, when her husband was dead. Her daughter must have been born before that date and that makes a marriage impossible, as Thomas was living in 1421, except if there were two different Thomas'. Maybe this is the Thomas mentioned above about 1340. Otherwise the time schedule would not allow a marriage between those two persons. However, a Gervaise de Allard is mentioned, who was a grandson of the Admiral (Hasted, Kent).
1378 John Apseley, Thomas Oxenbrigge, John Fuller and William Mille sued John Clinton, Lord Clinton and Say, for rent in Buxstede. It went to John Fuller. Margaret Oxenbrigge had paid subsidies for land in Buckstepe in 1296. - In 1391 and 1396 Thomas sues Nicholas Boyly (Boxhull) and Joan his wife for a moiety of a messuage, 88 acres of land and rent in Beckley and Peasmarsh, which Joan late the wife of John Oxenbregge atte Gate holds for life. Thomas wins. The same v. Odierna late the wife of Richard Merthamme (Maytham) for the other half of the property - which Joan late the wife of John Oxenbregge atte Gate holds for life. - Note: There is a gap of 18 years between 1378 and 1391 which may show that there were two different Thomas. This Joan was probably his mother who had brought those properties to the Oxenbridge family. - On 30 April 1396 Roger Walden, clerk, Robert Carbonell, John Bernard, clerk, Lawrence Whylton, Robert and Thomas Oxenbrigge sue William Hoo knt.. for the manor of Hoo William acknowledges the manor to be right of John Bernard, and renders it to the querents in the court to hold to them and the heirs of John of the chief lords (FF Buc.)
John Halle the younger. 1398-9 Thomas petitions Robert, son of Robert Passele, for 250 a of land in Peasmarsh, which Ann, late the wife of Robert Passele holds, and receives the reversion of the property. - In 1401 Thomas asks of John atte Hamme of Sandhurst and Alice his wife 25 a of land, 4 a of wood and 4 a of heath in Peasemarsh and Beckley which he receives. - In 1402 he had a lawsuit against John atte Hamme of Sandherst and Alice his wife regarding land in Beckley and Peasmarsh. He won the case. - On 4 June of that year Thomas, Thomas Pencrone, Robert Sorinden sue Joceus atte Hale and Lora his wife for a moiety of a messuage and 19a of land in Benenden, Kent. Moceus and Lora quitclaim receiving 20 marks of silver (Kent FF). - 1405 Thomas Oxenbrigge obtains against Stephen Harry and Joan his wife a messuage and land in Peasmarsh (SSX FF). - 1409 Thomas sues Stephen Harry and Joan his wife for a messuage, 34 a of land, meadow, pasture, heath and wood in Peasemarsh, which also goes to him (All SSX FF) - Ca. 1412 he sues Stephen Harry and Joan his wife for a messuage and 125 acres of land in Peasmarsh and wins (SSX FF).
Thomas and Robert were still living in 1416-18. Robert and Thomas Oxenbregge are witnesses to a charter by Thomas Echingham to Robertsbridge Abbey concerning land in Saleherst. Note: Thomas Lyvet was also cousin of Edmund de Knelle, as was John Lyvet above. - In 1410-13 Thomas represents clients in a lawsuit concerning land in Ashburnham and Peasmarsh (SSX FF). - 12 Dec. 1414 Commission to Roger Gate and Thomas Oxenbregge to inquire concerning the proposal of the mayor and communality of Winchelsea for enclosing the town (Inq. Misc. v. 7 p. 278)). - On 1 May of that year Stephen Hetton of Peasmarsh leased to Robert Bulcampe of Beckley for 100 years land abutting the manor of Knelle, witnessed by Thomas Oxenbregge, Henry Gotele and others (FRE/6966). - On 18 Jan. 1416 Thomas and Robert Oxenbride and others received a mandate to take over from Beatrix, widow of Thomas earl of Arundel, and his executors all documents relating to his lands which had been taken into the King's hand (CPR). - Thomas acted as commissioner to overlook dykes in 1394, 1398, 1400, 1408, 1414, 1415 and 1421 (Hist. of Romney Marsh). - 1423 Thomas Oxenbrigge witnesses a charter by Richard Wakehurst and Richard Ayherd (Alard?) to Margaret Brewys, late the wife of William Burcestere - formerly the wife of Thomas Braose who died with their two children in 1395 (CCR).
As Thomas held only land in Peasmarch and Beckley it is clear that he is of the Oxenbridge line which later built the Oxenbridge house in Iden.
- William, son of Thomas d. 1453, Commissioner of oaths in 1433, had his Court in Brightling but held also land in Beckley and Peasmarsh. For some time bailiff of Sir Thomas Echingham. - Grant of an annuity by Stephen Bernard of Beckley and others to John Roser of Beckley, dated 18 June 1424 (FRE/6969) relating to land in Glesye (Glesham, parish of Beckley) adjoining the land of the heirs of Thomas Oxenbregge and land of Thomas Auger [in Beckley], as well as land called le Knolle and a certain garden abutting south a tenement of John Oxenbregge. The land called Knolle seems to have been once in possession of the Knelle family. - 1428 William Oxenbregge is tenant of the heirs of Gilbert Maloil (Malville, see Knelle of Tarring) and John Codyng in Ewherst (Feudal Aids). - 1426, Oct. 18, William, son and heir of Thomas of Beckley, to Andrew of Brede sueing him for his share in two pieces of land and two groves in Brede. Witnesses: John Oxenbrigge and others (ams M/6727/1). - In 1431 he quitclaims to Richard Edwarde of Beckley 2 parcels of land called Knollerystowne, with buildings (FRE/6972). Lands owned by him are mentioned in Beckley in 1463 (FRE/6974). - On 12 Oct. 1445 William Strode of Beckley, carpenter was fined for not appearing in court to answer William Oxenbregge, son of Thomas Oxenbregge of Beckley for a debt of 1 mark (CPR). He is mentioned as having paid a fine for his suit of Court in Brightling in 1447 as son and heir of Thomas Oxenbregge of Beckley. - The fact that William owned land called Knollertstown suggests that one of his ancestors might have been related to the Knelle family by a marriage to a female Knelle. - Note: Thomas Auger had inherited this land from his ancestor Alice, daughter of Margaret de Knelle, who had married Henry de Aucher in the middle of the 14th C. Therefore if William, son of Thomas de Oxenbrigge held Knollerystowne, it is clear that one of his ancestors had married a daughter of the Knelle family.
William was married to Petronilla, who after his death remarried Seth Standish. She is called Parnel in some documents. Son and heir
- Thomas, kt., serjeant-at-law, who owned Gosle (Gosham in Beckley), was first married to Frideswide, daughter and coheir of Sir Oliver Manningham, kt., and Eleanor his wife (TNA C 1/304/26). Thomas's will was proved in Feb 1497 (PROB 11/11). - Thomas, son of William and grandson of Thomas Oxenbridge of Beckley, still owned Gosle (Glesham) when he died between Nov. 1496 and Feb. 1497. His will dates from 12 Nov. 1496, proved 8 Feb. 1497. Brass and effigy in Brede church. - In 1483 Thomas Oxenbregge of Brede, Richard Lewknor of Brambelty, Vincent Fynch, under the command of Thomas, earl of Surrey, to summon the men of the counties of Kent and Sussex to besiege the castle of Bodiham, Sussex, which rebels have seised (CPR). This castle had been built and held by Edward Dallingridge and had been taken from him because of his rebellion against Duke John of Gaunt. - On 28 April 1482 William Weston, Thomas Oxenbridge and Nicholas Autheworth qurents and Thomas Blesset the younger, gent, and Alice his wife def. the manor of Frolbury and the advowson of the free dhapel theere. The deforciants qus itclaim the manor to the querents from themselves and the heirs of Alice. Thomas and Nicholase give them 100 lbs (Hampshire FF).
On 28 April 1482 Thomas Oxenbrigge and Nicholas Suthworth v. Thomas Basset and Alice his wife regarding the manor of Frolbury in Hampshire. The deforciants quitclaim the manor for ever to the demandants for ever (CP 25/207/34 nº 34). 20 April 1488 Thomas Oxenbrege and Nicholas Hughson v. William Sutton, their tenant, who quitclaims 100 a of land, 160 a of pasture and 100 a of marsh in Sadelbowe and the manor of Dowenes in Snettesham, Norfolk to Thomas and Nicholas and the heirs of Thomas (CP 25/1/170/195 nº 16).
In 1492 Edward Hastings, kt. and Mary his wife and Thomas Kebell (Kimbell) passed the manor of Dorton in Somerset, which had been once of the Beauchamp family of Hache, to Thomas Oxenbridge, kt. and Frideswide his wife (Hist. & Ant. of Bucks. V. 1 by Geoffrey Limpscombe p. 240, as per CFR). Probably Frideswide was related to one of the heirs. 1493, Feb. 3, Edward Hastings of Hastings, kt., and Mary his wife, and Thomas Kebell' (Kimbell) querents v. Thomas Oxenbrigge, kt., and Frideswide, his wife, deforciants concerning the manors of Brehill and Aston Molens, 12 messuages, 10 tofts, 2000 a of land, 300 a of meadow, 2000 a of heath and 20 lbs of rent and rent in king in Brehill, Aston Molens, Ocle, Borstall, Doorton, Wotton, Ludgarsale and Chilton in Buckinghamsthire. Thomas and Frideswide acknowledge the right of the demandants and quitclaim to them for a rent of 10 lbs of silver for the life of Frideswide. The demandants to be quit after her decease.(CFR). - On 9 Feb. 1496 John Cutt and Gregory Skypwyth claim from Thomas and Frideswide the manor of Badilsden (Battlesden) in Bedfordshire with the advowson of the church and 8 messuages, 6 tofts, 500 a of land, 120 a of meadow, 160 a of pasture and 30 s rent which they quitclaim to the demandants receiving 500 marks of silver (CP 25/1/6/83 nº 18). - 1496 Thomas Oxenbridge, serjeant-at-law seems to have held land in Middlesex, as he appears with 6 others in a fine in Stebenhithe, Popeler and Lynost (Ldn & Mddx FF).
Their daughter - Dorothy married Sir Thomas Digby, kt. (Vis. of SSX and Hampshire) between 1504-15 (TNA C 1/304/26). - Thomas Dygby, kt., and Dorothy, his wife, daughter and heir of Frideswide Oxenbridge, daughter of Oliver Monyngham, kt., and Eleanor his wife, sue Thomas Tremayle and Richard Fowler, knights, trustees for the manors of Brill and Aston Mullins and other lands in Buckingham (TNA C 1/304/26). - After her husband's death Dorothy married Eustace Braham or Brom. - Eustace Braham (d. 1535), late the husband of Dorothy, daughter and heir of Thomas Oxenbridge, kt., late the wife of Thomas Dygby, kt.: Petition for a special commission to ascertain complainant's title by the courtesy of England, depending on the birth alive of Joan, twin sister of the said Dorothy, at Thornhaugh, and her death before christening, to messuages and land in Beckley, Peasmarsh, Iden, Playden and Rye (TNA C 1/464/56). - The first Eustace Braham lived in 1175 in Suffolk. - For the Braham or Brom family see Dallingridge genealogy.
Thomas married secondly Anne, daughter and coheir of William Blount, son of Walter, 1st Lord Mountjoy, who after his death married Sir David Owen as his second wife and thus became related to King Henry VII. Anne must have died before 1529, because Sir Owen married as his third wife, Anne, sister of Walter Devereux, Lord Ferrers of Chartley, who made a will in 1529, but was living in 1541. From Thomas Anne had as her dower his house at Ford and most of the lands in Brede. - Their only daughter and heir.
- Anna married first Sir John Digby, kt of Kent., who succeeded to Gosle (Glesham) in 1513. They had descendancy.
In 1464 Thomas Oxenbrigge of Beckley, esq. and Sir John Smyth of Udimore were accused to have forged a deed of gift to lord Cromwell and Sir Thomas Echingham, kt., Sir Thomas Oxenbridge, kt. - Thomas became escheator of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire in 1467. - Thomas Oxenbregge, John Hony and John Brook in 1469 v. John Toughton and Agnes his wife - a messuage and land in Beckley - to John Brook. (FF) - 1480 commission to Thomas Oxbregge to inquire into uncustomed wools, fells and merchandise out of Sussex. - Lands of Thomas Oxenbregge, esq. in Beckley and lands of Robert Anchere (Auger, Aucher) abutting land of Richard Edward (FRE/6978 – 20 Sept. 1472). - 1481 Thomas Oxenbregge of Beckley was creditor to Thomas Basset of Surrey. Note: Robert Aucher was a descendant of Alice, daughter of Margaret de Knelle and Henry Aucher.
Thomas and others in 1487 won two court cases for messuages and land in Herstmonceaux, Wartling, Hailsham and Warbleton, and secondly a messuage, a garden and land in Hamsey. - 1488 commission to deliver Richard Bygenden and John Walston from Guildford castle. - In 1483-5 and 1491-5 he lost two lawsuits concerning land against his adversaries. In 1492 and 1496 he and others won messuages and land in Burgersh, Hailsham, Horsey and Westham (SSX FF). - On 12th Feb 1484 he was granted custody of all lordships of the late Lord Dacre of the South, during the minority of Thomas Fiennes, the heir. The other custodians were Joan, lady Dacre and Richard Fiennes. In 1483 he was commisioner to assess subsidies and appoint collectors in Sussex, as well as to summon men of Sussex and Kent to besiege Bodiam Castle (see Dallingridge). He is found in all commissions of peace and arrays of King Richard III, but made his peace with Henry VII. - Infranchisement by Thomas Oxenbrigge gent, lord of the manor of Langherst in Westfeld, to John atte Gate of seven parcels of land and wood (32 a) in Beckley on 16 Aug. 1498 (FRE 6949). This land had been given to Adam de Brede in 1354 (VCH). - AMS6367/6 refers to land by Beckley watermill in the same year. - 1495 Licence for Drew Sambom to give the manor of Fenham to Thomas Fenys esq., Thomas Oxenbrigge, serjeant-at-law and others (CPR). - 1497 Commission to Thomas Oxenbigge, Henry Anger (Aucher), Henry Belknap and others to deliver the goal of Wynchelsea of certain mariners.
The manor of Ford or Brede Place, East -Sussex was still in the hand of Robert atte Ford in 1296 when he paid tax for it (VCH). - 1346 Eva, late the wife of John atte Forde (SSX FF). - Brede Place was held of the Manor of Brede, in possession of Fécamp Abbey since Edward the Confessor's time. In 1403 King H. IV gave it to Sir John Cornwayle, who was married to his sister Elizabeth. Robert seems to have leased Brede manor from them as he held court there in 1414 (VCH).
Robert Oxenbridge of Brede (living 1422), son of John Oxenbridge atte Gate**** was a judge married to Margery.
Robert probably leased Brede manor from Sir John Cornwayle and certainly held it in 1414 when he held his court there VCH). He acquired an estate from Sir Alan Boxhull, who in 1405 sold to him the reversion of 3 acres of land and rents in Brede, Udimore and Ewhurst, which Alice late the wife of John Oxenbrigge of Brede holds in dower (SSX FF). But in that year he had to sue for that land and rent and was adjudged the reversion. Robert and Margery his wife against Nicholas Boyle (Boxhull), descendant of Sir Alan Boxhull of 1325), and Joan his wife and others for a messuage, land and rent in Northiam, Beckley, Guestling and Westfield including the homage of Margaret Batesford who died soon after. She was wife of William Batesford. They win (SSX FF). - There is a document dated 1405-6 Robert Oxenbrigge and Ann his wife petitioning land in Beckley, Guestling and Westfield including the homage of Margery Battesford (SSX FF). A second wife or an error in the pedigree? - As per VCH V. 9, p. 169) - The properties in the above places had been of John de Oxenbridge atte Gate in 1327. We have here once more a law suit in which a Batesford is concerned. See 1372 the case of John atte Gate with William Batesford, husband of Margaret Batesford.
It appears that Thomas as well as Robert sue Nicholas Boyle (Boxhull) and his wife for land. - The fact that Thomas was concerned with land, which Joan late the wife of John Oxenbrigge atte Gate***** holds for life and Robert with land, which Alice late the wife of John Oxenbrigge of Brede**** holds in dower, suggests that those ladies were the wives of two different John de Oxenbridge. - Robert is envolved in the sale of Knelle manor and must have had an ancestral right to it, but Thomas was not. - There is also the possibility that Alice was a Knelle. I have marked John atte Gate with 4 stars and John Oxenbridge of Beckley with 5stars. It is remarkable that Thomas, whose father was of Beckley, held only land in Beckley and Peasemarsh, whereas John Oxenbridge atte Gate held much more land in different places as did Robert. I believe that Robert was son of John Oxenridge atte Gate and Thomas son of John Oxenbridge of Beckley who had bought Brede Place or Ford manor. The ancestral right to Knell manor must therefore come from John atte Gate of 1362 due to his law suit against Margaret de Knelle. And therefore Robert would be his son. We don't know when John de Oxenbridge****died, but he may have lived until the 80ieth. Note: Robert appears first in 1377 and his activity follows from 1379 till past 1400 continually, whereas there is a gap in Thomas's schedule of 1378 and then from 1391 till 1423. This suggests that there were 2 different persons called Thomas Oxenbridge.
At the death of William de Echingham, knight an inquisition was held at Ticehurst, Sussex on 8 March 1414: Long before his death William enfeoffed Robert Oxenbrigge, John Chitecroft and others in the manors of Etchingham and Udimore and all his other manors, lands and tenements to hold during his life during the minority of his heir (CIPM V. 20).
Note: During the rebellion in Kent in 1381 a John atte Gate, senior, was constable (Arch. Cant. V. 3). - 1384 Agnes de Knelle, who had been a nun for 30 years in Davington, Kent, was taken out of that priory by John Oxenbrigge and others and induced to levy a fine of the manor of Knelle in favour of John Brook (VCH). In 1379 John is mainpernor for Richard Baddyng and committed of the keeping of the bailiwick of the town of Rye (CFR).
In 1377 Robert sued William Hervy and Joan his wife for a messuage in Ickelsham and received it. - 1379 Robert and John Marcham were mainperners for Richard Baddyng for the keeping of the bailiwick of Rye for 6 years (CFR). - In 1383-4 Robert was creditor for Henry Finch, son of Vincent Fincht of Winchelsee (TNA C 241/173/114).
In 1384 an inquisition was taken before Thomas Oxenbrigge and other judges that in the quinzaine of Michaelmass of that year a fine was levied in the king's court of Westminster between Robert Belknap and Juliane (his wife), John Preston of Warehorne, plaintiffs, and William Batelesford and Richard Christelton, clerk, def., of the manor of Knelle and 90a of land and 32s of rent in Bekelee, Sussex (CCR). - It is interesting that Thomas Oxenbridge, William Brenchesle, William Marchant and the sheriff and escheator in Sussex in 1401 had the mandate to enquire into the petition of Julian, late the wife of Robert Belknapp 'chivaler', concerning the manor of Knell of which Robert Oxenbrigge was one of the quitclaimers in 1385.
On Monday before Corpus Christi 8 Richard II 1384 Thomas Lynet (Lyvet), cousin of Edmund de Knelle, gave a charter with warranty to William Batelesford, Robert Oxenbregge and John Lynet, their heirs and assigns, of the manor of Knelle and all its appurtenances, and a grant of of the reversion of the premises then held by Robert de Beleknappe during the life time of William de Welles, son of William de Welles and Margaret de Knelle (CCR).
1385 - Robert de Belknap, kt. and Julian his wife, and John Preston of Wareham v. William Batelesford and Richard de Cristelton, clerk - manor of Knelle etc. to Margaret de Knelle and William Welles, contingent remainders to Thomas and John Lyvet, Robert de Oxenebrugg', Laurence Curboil etc. - Robert Oxenbrugge on 30 Sept 1385 quitclaimed without warranty to Robert Beleknappe, kt, Knelle manor etc. (CCR).
In 1386 Robert witnesses a gift and quitclaim by Cicely Darleton to William Homewood of Wiston. Later this William regognized that he owes Robert 20 marks (CCR). Robert is witness to a feoffment concerning lands and tenements etc. in Ringmer in 1388 (PRO GLY/1255). The same year Benedict Sely enfeoffs Robert Oxenbrigge and others of the manor of Herstlyngmere and his land in Burgersh and Echingham for the life of his wife Joan (CCR). - 1388-91 sees Robert representing clients in a lawsuit about land in Ashburnham and Peasmarsh (FF).
1389 - William Brenchesle, Thomas and Robert Oxenbrigge and others are witnesses to an indenture of lease of William Batelesford to Roger Ashburnham of lands etc. in Ewhurst and Iden during his life - William Batelisford to Roger Ashburnham lease for 60 years of a messuage and land in the parish of Ewhurst. Witnesses as before (CCR). Joan late the wife of John son of John Codyng, secondly wife of William Brenchesle - Indenture to Roger Ashburnham and confirmation of the indentures made by William Batelesford, her father, during her life. Same witnesses (CCR). Except of Ashburnham and Codyng they were all lawyers. (Please note once more that Anne daughter of John de Salerne and Agnes his wife was first married to William son of Roger Ashburnham and then to Richard, son of Batelesford's daughter Joan and her husband William de Brenchesle)!
In 1392 William de Hoo, kt., and Eleanor his wife sue Robert and Thomas Oxenbrugge and John Shouelere, clerk, for the manor of Writlinge and 2 massuages, 1 carucate of land and 30 acres of wood, 12 lbs of rent in Warlington and Burgersh. It went to the petitioners (SSX FF). - Robert had a commission of Embassy in 1393-8. He followed John Brook, another lawyer, as stewart of Battle abbey. - In 1393 Robert defended Philiip Longe of Rye in a law suit against Roger Menewode and Joan his wife for a messuage with appurtenances in Ewherst, which Philip won (SSXFF).
1394 Thomas de Hoo, kt., son of William Hoo, kt., to William Batelesford and William Brenchesle, charter of one third of the manor of Okkelegh (Ockley) in Surrey. Witnesses Robert Oxenbrugge and others (CCR). - 1395 John Dallyngregge, kt., to Thomas Beeston and Hugh Catsby regarding the manor of Wilting. Witnesses Robert and Thomas Oxenbrigge (CCR). 1396 John Dalyngregge to Thomas Sackvill, Robert Echingham, Robert Oxenbregge, John Brook and others of the manor of Bodiham with the castle and other manors in Sussex and Kent. Witnesses Walter Dallingridge, his uncle, Thomas Joop, son in law of John Brook, and others (CCR). - These documents show how closely all the persons involved in the sale of Knelle manor stood to each other.
1397 Robert Oxenbrigge of Sussex and Nicholas Oxenbrigge of London are mainpernors (CCR) - See above as heirs of John Benham. This is the second document stating this family connection. Nicholas is not mentioned in the Oxenbridge pedigree. - 1398 William Wysham, kt. of Worcestershire, to Robert Oxenbrigge and others - the manor of Wykham and Francombe in Sussex and lands there (CCR) - In 1398 Robert is mentioned as one of the tenants and feoffees of uses of the castle of Bodiham etc. late of Edward Dalingregge, kt. - In 1398-9 Robert and William Marchaunt sued John Salerne and Agnes his wife for land and rent in Iden, Playden, Rye and Beckley and lose the case (Ann daughter of John Salerne and Agnes. Ann, married Richard son of Joan de Batesford and William de Brenchesle after her first husband William de Ashburnham had died in 1398) (SSX FF). - In 1399 and 1404 Robert Makenade and Robert Oxenbrigge and others appear in the History of the Parish of St. Mary in Rothertithe.
1398 Robert Oxenbridge and William Marchant sue John Salerne and Agnes his wife for a messuage,153 a of land, 110 a of wood, 40 a of heath and 310 a of marsh and rent in Iden, Playden, Rye and Beckley. It went to John and Agnes for life, remainder to William son of Roger Ashburnham and Ann his wife, daughter of John and Agnes and their heirs, remainder to right heirs of John. Note: The same Anne was married to Richard Brenchesle, son of Sir William de Brenchesle and Joan de Batesford. In 1400 William Marchant and Richard Huntingdon sue John Salerne and Agnes his wife for land and rent in Iden, which goes to John and Agnes with remainder for Richard Brenchesle and Ann his wife, their daughter. - The only explication is that William Ashburnham had died maybe 1399 and Anne had married Richard de Brenchesle the next year. Both documents are Sussex Feet of Fines.
1400 - In this year Robert was one of the justices of peace in Sussex (CPR p. 177). - Robert Echingham, Robert Oxenbridge and others in 1400 were ordered to survey the port of Wynchelsea from Camber near Bodiam and to look out for places where stones and ballast could be shot. This had been by reason of the imminent attacks of the French (CPR). 1401 Commission to William Brenchesle, Robert and Thomas Oxenbrigge and others to enquire into the petition of Julian Belknap regarding the manor of Knell and lands and rent in Beckley (CPR) - Commitment to Robert of the keeping of the King's manor of Iham by Winchelsee for 10 years (CFR). - On 17 April 1402 the king ordered that Robert was not to be processed for the inquisition by which he had to determine with others how much land Thomas Salmour kt. held of the earl of Arundel (CCR p. 518) In that year he was a tenant of Tarring Peverel manor by Fletching along with John Brook, Thomas Sackvill, John Dalllingridge and others (SSX FF). - On June 6 of that year Robert Echingham, Robert Oxenbregge, John Kepstern and William Marchant, grant to John Dyn of Rye (Rye/122/1).
In the same year commission to survey the seawalls and dykes for Thomas Erpyngham, constable of Dover Castle, William Brenchesle, Robert and Thomas Oxenbrigge and others between Farleigh and Apuldre (CPR). Other commissions of this kind took place in 1407 and 1409.- On 25 June 1408 Robert Oxenbridge escheator in Sussex had taken into the King's hand the manor of Heyshott and a messuage with appurtenances of Thomas Camoys, kt., tenant of Henry earl of Northumberland who had enfeoffed Thhomas and two others in the premises for his use before his death. This inquisition had taken place on 25 June 1407 at Petworth (Inq. Misc. V. 7 p. 197).
On 20 Nov. 1403-4 Thomas with William Brenchesle, Nicholas Carrew and others had a commissiont to control the fosses and dykes between the bridge of London and Greenwich in the counties of Surrey and Kent along the Thames (CPR). In 1404 Robert is tax collector, and on 19 May 1407 he is constitued escheator for the counties of Surrey and Sussex (CFR). He was acting as such in 1408 and 1409 (CFR). In 1408 he had a commission with others to look into the matter of palisades which had been swapped away by the sea but were carried off by lieges of the King. Together with Thomas Erpyngham and others he had to inquire about insurrections committed in Thetford, Norfolk. - In 1408 Robert was escheator in Sussex when he had to take into the king's hand in Sussex certain properties (CFR V. 13, p. 129).
In 1411 Robert Oxenbregge witnesses a feoffment in Wittersham (RYE/1367168), the year when he appears in the Subsidy Roll as holding lands in Brede worth 20 lbs yearly (Feudal Aids) - Robertus Oxebregg has land in Brede and elsewhere. - 1412 Robert Oxenbrigge of Brede pays 20 lbs for land in Echingham, Netherfield and elsewhere (Feudal Aids). -1413 Robert and others to close a road passing through the park of Hurstmonceaux (TNA). - In 1413-17 John Halle the elder and younger, Robert and Adam Iwode v. John Ashburnham - manors of Scoteney, Ewhurst, Apdale and Courthope and their reversion - half the manor of Ewherst, held for life by Joan (Batelesford), late the wife of William Brenchesley - to the plaintiffs (all SSX FF).
1414 King Henry V ordered John Pelham, kt, Richard Norton, Thomas Colpepper, kt., Robert Oxenbridge, Hamo Belknap and others to survey the land and drainage between Rye and the bridge of Bodiham, to find out the losses, responsible landowners and repair the damage (CCA). - On 10 March 1414 R. Echingham who had died on 30 December whose heir was Thomas aged 13 had enfeoffed long before Robert Oxenbridge and others in the manors of Etchingham and Udimore as well in all other holdings in Sussex to hold during his life and during the minority of his heir under the condition to pay his debts and to enfeoff his son at the age of 21 (CIPM). - On 16 January 1416 Robert and Thomas Oxenbrigge and others had a commission to receive all charters, writings and other muniments and evidences touching the lands late of Thomas earl of Arundel (CPR). - On 28 April 1416 Robert and the sheriffs of Kent, Surrey and Sussex had commission to inquire what tenements John Halsham deceased sheriff of Surrey and Sussex had held on 6 November 1413 in those counties or of others to his use and to take them into the King`s hand (Inq. Misc. V.7 p. 289). - On 6 Jan. 1415 Robert had enfeoffed Henry Gotele and Margaret his wife of wood and land in Northiam, abutting land of Laurencia, widow of John Gotele (FRE/69259. This is another indication that he was a descendant of John atte Gate (FRE 6925).
In one of the windows in the church of Northiam of the northern aisle are two coats of arms in painted glass of the Oxenbridge family which are supposed to have been brought from Brede. In the time of Queen Elizabeth the manor of Udimore was in the possession of the Thirwhitt family (Dawson V. 2 p. 458 and 406).
Robert Oxenbrigge is listed in a summons of the sheriffs of the counties of Surrey and Sussex along with Thomas Camoys, Robert and Thomas Poynings, John Pelham, the abbot of Battle, the abbot of Robertsbridge, Thomas Lewknor, Thomas Hoo, Thomas Sackville, John Brews and others (CPR 11 April 1418 at Wickham). - From CPR: Commission to Robert Oxenbrigge and others to supervise the musters of Ralph Botiller, kt, 20 men at arms and 60 archers.
In 1418 John Halle sen. and jun., Robert Oxenbregge and Adam Iwode sue John Ashburnham for several manors, whereby the demandants received them except of Ewhurst manor, as one moiety was held by Joan late the wife of Roger Ashburnham, and the other moiety held for life by Joan, late the wife of William Brenchesle (SSX FF).- 1420 William Kinwonersh, clerk, Robert and William Chichele clerk and Robert Honinton v. Robert Oxbregge, Richard Alard, John Halle sen. and jun. regarding the manors of Scoteny, apdale and Courthope with appurtenances in Sussex. The deforciants quitclaim to the petitioners receiving 200 marks (Kent und SSX FF). - In the same year from Plea Rolls of the Bench Sussex: Thomas Stonkylle and Alice his wife and John Hoo and Margaret his wife sued Robert Oxenbridge and three others for a messuage and 200 a of land in Diching. Margaret and Alice were daughters and heirs of Gilbert Kingston whose grandfather John de Kingston had received the land from Gilbert Sykelfot as his father had married Gilbert's daughter. - 1422 William Kynewolmersh, clerk, Robert and William Chichele and Roger Honyngton sued Robert Oxenbregge, Richard Allard, John Halle sen. and Jun. for the manors of Scoteney, Apedale and Courthope, Sussex and land and wood in Gou7 p. 289).therst, Kent. The properties went to Robert Chichele (SSX FF).
Note on Robert Oxenbregge - Thomas and Robert often appear together in official documents. - 1396 William de Hoo, kt., and Eleanor his wife sue Robert and Thomas Oxenbregge and John Shoulere, clerk, for the manor of Writlyng etc. (SSX FF). 1401 Commission of walliis et fossatis to Thomas Erpyngham, constable of Dover castle and warden of the Cinque Ports, or his lieutenant there, William Brenchesle, Robert and Thomas Oxenbrigge and others.
Robert and Margery had three sons: Robert, the eldest (see below),
- John of Sedlescombe - On 20 Jan. 1425 there was a plea against William Chilton and Elisia his wife and John Oxenbrigge and Johanna his wife for 6 messsuages, a mill, land, wood and rent with appurtenances in Ealding and Brenchesle, Kent. They received 100 marks silver as the petitioners had those properties as a gift from them. - In 1428 John was tenant of Vincent Fynch (Feudal Aids). - Commissioner of oaths in 1433, witness to a grant by John Gotele esq. and others to John atte Broke of Northiam (FRE/6933). This John might be the one who left money to rebuild the chancel of Brede church (VCH) and had to swear an oath with Thomas Oxenbrugge and other Sussex men to the bishop of Winchester and the knights of the shire (CPR). - On 15 April 1435 John witnessed a charter by John abbot of Battle to Thomas Harry of Westfield, and on 10 Jan. 1436 another one to Thomas Whyton in Ewhurst (Battle Abbey CH).
John and Johanna had the sons:
- William of Brede and Winchelsea
- William dsp
- George had the sons Goddard, Thomas, John and William. - 10 April 1455 Letters of attorney from Geoffrey and Thomas Boleyn to William Puchace and John Percival to receive seising from Thomas Hoo and others of the manor of Codyng and lands in Bexhill, held by feoffment of Thomas Thunder and George Oxenbrigge (FF) . - 8 September 1456 Godard Pulham to Thomas Thunder and George Oxenbridge and their heirs, charter with warranty of the manor of Coding in Bexhill with all appurtenances which had been of John Coding, and a tenement with which Joan Brenchesle and Richard Wakehurst had enfeoffed Godard. Witnesses are Herbert Finch, Robert Kneller and others (CRR p. 140). Memorandum 8 September (Please see also the Batesford genealogy in this web site). There is something wrong with the dates.
- 1478 Godard Oxenbrigge of Westfeld, Sussex, gent, was delivered on bail for suspicion of felony to Thomas Oxenbrigge of London, gent (who might be a descendant of Nicholas), and John Wody of Udimer, Sussex, gent (CPR). - A feoffment from Thomas Whatell to Goddard son and heir of George Oxenbregge dates from 13 November 1474 (Rye/122/16). - 1480-3 Godard Oxenbrigge of Westfeld, gent, v. the steward and bailiffs of the abbot of Battle. Action brought by Thomas Oxenbrigge and John Wody against Godard (TNA C1/61/549). - First July 1491 Goddard Oxenbridge presented John Idell as rector of Ewhurst (Dawson V. 2 p. 479). - On 3 June 1497 John Barnwer and Johanna his wife, daughter and heiress of Henry Belamy, late of Hastings, grant to Goddard Oxenbrigge, esq, land and tenements in Pevensey and Westham in the liberty of the Cinque Ports. Johanna receives seisin (SAU/1265). - Marriage settlement dated 4 May 1498 - Ralph Belyngham, son of Thomas Belyngham, esq. and Joan his wife, to marry Agnes, daughter of John Denysh, kt. and sister of Richard Denysh. John and Richard Denysh agree to grant lands worth 20 marks to feoffees of uses Thomas Fenys, John Coke, Richard Sackfield, Goddard Oxenbrigge and others (SAS/G4/29B(1). Goddard was living 12 May 1499 (SAS-RF/12/12).
- John of Bradligh - On 5 Nov. 1467-8 John was escheator in Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire (TNA E153/520). He died the same year holding the manors of Wingrave and Rolleham, called Bury manor, in Buckinghamshire (CIPM). - John had 8 children:
- Thomas, the eldest of Bradligh and Anna had 7 children of which the eldest was Robert Oxenbridge of Bradleigh who d.s.p.
- Anna married ... Binston.
- Thomas Oxbrygge is mentioned along with John Fenys, Thomas Bourchier, kts., Thomas Fenys esq. and others in 1461 (Surrey FF).
- William Oxbrigge and Roger Wyndsor in 1456 held land in Icklesham (Rec. of the Rye Corporation). - It is not clear whether this William is the one who was married to Elizabeth, daughter of Johm Frembaud. There is a document in the Calendar of Patent rolls of 1467 which deals of a petition of Thomas Oxbrigge, son of William Oxbrigge and Elizabeth regarding land in Wyngrove and Rollesham in Buckinghamshire. - This Thomas had a daughter Isabel who died sp.
- Martin was commissioner of Embassy in 1455-8 and in 1465 (GLY/13a dated 25 Dec). He held land in Brede in 1465. - 1451 Robert and Martin Oxenbridge, John Wakeherst and Adam Levelord sue Elias Breggenham and Julian his wife for a messuage, land, meadow, wood and rent in Northiam, which property went to the demandants and Adam's heirs (SSX FF). - 30 May 1442 John Willard of Hastings All Sts. to Martin Oxenbregge and others, grant of all his interited lands and tenements in Westfield and Battle, Wtn. John Gates (DUN 26/2). A document dated 25 Dec. 1445 contains a quitclaim from William Hall of Ore, esq., jun. and Amicie his wife, daughter of Richard Ore, to William Mulreth and Beatrix his wife, to which the first witnesses are Robert and Martin Oxenbregg. - On Jan. 1456 John Helman of Brede to Richard Fenys and Robert Lundeneys, quitclaimed by Edmund Lundeneys, heir of Robert, of certain lands - witnesses Martin and George Oxenbregge (AMS6/AM 5592/91). - Martin's sons were:
- Thomas s.p. - 1478 Thomas Oxenbridge, John Hervy and John Brook sue John Toughton and Agnes his wife for a messuage, 50 a of land, 6a of meadow and 6a of wood in Beckley. The property went to the demandants and the heirs of John Brook (SSX FF). In 1478 Thomas Exbrigge holds land worth 25s from Edward Marley, prior of Mychelham (Michelham Priory). - 1484 Thomas Oxenbride and William Gilderigge sue William James and Elizabeth his wife for 5 messuages in Chichester which went to Thomas (SSX FF). - 28 April 1482 William Weston, Thomas Oxenbrigge and Nicholas Southworth sue Thomas Basse and Alice his wife for the manor of Frolbury and the advowson of the chapel there. Thomas and Alice quitclaim receiving 100 lbs sterling (Hampshire CP 25/1/207/34). - 1487 Thomas Oxenbregge and Edward Bartelot win against John Mylle and Joan his wive a messuage and land in Thakham and Shipley (SSX FF). - Thomas Oxenbridge and Nichnolas son of Hugh versus William Sutton, tenant regarding 100s og lsnf 260a of pasture, 200a of marsh in Sadelbowe and the manor of Downes in Snettesham. William quitclaims (NF FF).
- Godfrey, who made his will as Godrey in 1496 (PROB 11/10), was married to Anne and had the sons
- William and Lancelot, both d.s.p.
Lands in Icklesham, Fairlight and Guestling are mentioned in 1456 and 1541/2 in connection with William de Oxenbrigge and in 1478 with Goddard, son and heir of Martin Oxenbrigge (RYE/46). - Robert and Thomas Oxenbrigge and Godard, son and heir of Martin Oxenbrigge, are found in the Calendars of Patent Rolls referring to land in Icklesham. In 1494 he received a grant in reversion to Godfrey Oxenbregge of the office of bailiff of the town of Winchelsea on the death of Henry Aucher, esq. His widow Anne received a grant for her services to the King's son, Henry Duke of York, of the office of bailiff of the town of Winchelsea on 9 May for a rent which she surrendered on 27 Sept. 1503 (all CPR).
- Elise married Robert Londoneys of Brede - 1492 Elise Lundeneys, widow of Robert Lundenys, daughter of Martin Oxenbregge, sued William Stoneacre of Winchelsea for a marsh called Dolham in Westfield (TNA REQ 2/11/2). - They had a son
- Richard Londeneys was married to Katherine, daughter of the Lord Dacre. He died without issue so that his sister
- Mary became his heir, married to Thomas Harlakaden of Warehorn in Kent.
- Robert, the eldest son (d. before 6th Sept. 1433. IPM) was married to Alice. - He made his will in 1431 (PROB 11/3). - On 24 July Robert Oxebregge was first witness to Sir John Pelham's release to Thomas, abbot of the monastery St. Martin of Battle of all the tenements and lands in the Rape of Hastings, which they held of him with services and rents, for his soul and the soul of his father and ancestors (Charles Dawson, Hist. of Hastings).
It is to be assumed that some of the the grants and documents mentioned in his father's name are due to him. In 1414 he was one of the commissioners to oversee the sea defences and land draining between Rye and Bodiham which had become faulty and to see to their repairs (CCA). In 1422-3 he was a member of commissions of 'walliis et fossatis' in Sussex and Kent in which William Marchaund and Hamo Belknap took part as well. Robert 1428 was tenant of Vincent Fynch and of Roger Fiennes in Herstmonceaux. In 1430 he was escheator for Sussex and owned property in Northiam. - Roger Fienles, kt., to Robert Oxenbregge, William and John Fynele and others, charter with warranty of the manors of Herstmonceaux, Oldcourt and Batysford and lands and rents in other places. Another charter deals of land in Worthing granted to Robert (CCR). - For example: In 1403 a Robert Oxenbrigge with John Dalyngrigge, kt., Thomas Sackvill, kt., John Brook, William Makenade and others was tenant of the the manor of Tarring Peverell pertaining to Fletching (SSX FF). - On 15 June 1430 Roger de Fiennes, kt. gives a charter of warranty to Robert de Oxenbridge, William Cheyney the justice, Simon Cheyney, Richard Wakehurst, William and John Finch and others of 32 acres of land, 6 acres of meadow and 112 acres of wood in Wartling. At the same time he gives a letter of attorney to William Doo to give them seisin (SSX FF).
It has been indicated that Robert's wife might have been of the family of Ore. He was succeeded by another son named
- Robert was married to Ann, daughter of Adam Lyvelode of Kent. - Robert of Brede made his will in 1483, proved 1488 (PROB 11/8), died March 1487. He wanted to be buried in the Lady Chapel of the church of St. George of Brede (VCH). Ford Place with appurtenances became dower of his wife.
1451 Robert Oxenbrygge, John Wakehurst, Martin Oxenbregge and Adam Levelord v. Elias Breggeham and Julian his wife - a messuage and land in Northiam - to the plaintiffs (SSX FF). - Robert paid 3s 4d tax as a lawyer in Rye (SAC-Hist. of Rye). Feoffment of lands and tenements in Westham, Hailsham and Mankensey late of Robert Oxenbrigge and other Jurats of Battle Abbey, 20 March, 1459.
Robert was Commissioner of Embassy 1458-65 and in 1477. A feoffment by John Partrych of Northiam of property in Northiam which abutts land of Robert Oxenbregge dates from 1456 (FRE/6940). In this year he held land in the parishes of Chystelet and Lynne (Cal. of Deeds in PRO). - A feoffment by Robert Oxenbregge of Brede to John Motte of Brede (FRE/6990 of 12 Nov. 1464). In 1459 he bought Bixle (Bexhill), the year when he became jurat of Wynchelsea. As such he attended to the feoffment to John Marle and Richard Leghe of lands in Westham late in the possessions of William Marlot of Winchelsea on 20 March 1459 (Battle Abbey CH). - Robert Oxenbrigge and others of Sussex were committed in 1462 to levy money from all all who have not kept watches yet (CPR). - 1465 Robert with Thomas Echinghams and other had a commission to control the dykes on the coast from Iham to the lands of John Fynch (CPR).
Robert, Sir Thomas Echingham, Sir Richard Fiennes, kt., and others witness a feoffment in Rye in 1466 (Rye/136/198 and 1467). In 1470 he was Commissioner of Array in the county of Sussex. In 1471-2 John Elrington, Treasurer of the King's Household, v. Robert Oxenbrigge and Ann his wife - manor of Varegge in Saleherst, a messuage called the Mote and land in Saleherst - the property went to John (SSX FF). - John Hameys conveys his property in Cheveningen, Kent, to Thomas Echingham, knight, Robert Oxebregges, esq., and others. Possibly, this is the Robert to whom Sir Thomas Echingham leased his manor of Udimore including Knellstone and East Borough - “with all courts and hundreds” in 1474. - On 20 Feb 1474 Matilda, widow of Simon Farnecombe of Winchelsea, enfeoffed Henry Hall and Robert Oxenbregge esqs and others with land, a windmill and 2 houses in 'the Bochery' in Winchelsea (Battle Abbey CH). - 17 March 1474 release and quitclaim to Robert Oxenbregge, Henry Hall and others of lands in Haukham in the parish of Westham of Bartholomew Balm, William Allard and Thomas Bayon of Westham (CFR). - In the same year commission to him, Henry Auger and others to arrest Thomas Banke, serjeant at arms (CPR). - On 10 Feb. 1474 Robert Oxenbregge, esq. and Thomas Oxenbregge witnessed a charter by Thomas Lord Echingham to the monks (Battle Abbey CH).
1476, John Elrington, Treasurer of the King's household, sues again Robert Oxenbregge and Ann his wife for the manor of Varegge in Saleherst and a messuage called Mote with appurtenances there. John and Ann lose those properties (SSX FF). - On 10 June 1477 Thomas Echingham, Henry Auger, Robert and Thomas Oxbrygge, William and Henry Belknap and others received a commission to survey the dykes between Appledore and Rye (CPR). - In 1484 Robert won a plea against John Neufeld and Agnes his wife concerning land in Battle, Monfield and Ewherst (SSX FF).- On 5 Aug. 1486 Robert Oxenbregge and others enfeoffed Margaret, widow of John Elrington and Elizabeth, widow of Roger Fenys, daughters of Sir Thomas Echingham, kt., of 70 a of land and marsh in Bexhill (Battle Abbey CH).
His will dates from 16 April 1483, his testament from 18 Oct. 1482. He died on 9 March 1487, will proved at Lambeth 11 Dec.1488 (PROB 11/8). His wife Ann died 27 Feb. 1493-4. There is a brass with her figure in Brede church where her arms are shown: On a saltier five fleur-de-lis, the centre in pale, the others bendways. Adam Levelode, her father, was a London merchant and had a brother Robert. Surviving her husband, she had as her dower the manor of Ford and Robert's lands in Brede and Udimore for life.
Robert and Anne had six sons and four daughters.
- Agnes, appears together with Elizabeth Echingham (d. 3 Dec. 1452-3) on a brass in Echingham church whereupon Agnes's death is marked 4th August 1480.
- Margaret was first married to John Cheney. From him she received in dower the manor of Cralle in Warbleton and other lands where she maintained Robert, younger son of her brother Goddard. She married secondly Sir Richard Carew of Bedington, Surrey, lieutenant of Calais. Their only son was Nicholas Carew KG, favourite of King Henry VIII, who was executed. Margaret survived him as well. In her will she mentions her stepdaughter Joan Carew, her niece Eleanor, daughter of her sister Maulyn, her stepson Thomas and the two children of William Cheyney deceased. An ancestor of Nicholas Carew, also called Nicholas had the arms OR three lions passant gardant sable (Caverlock Poem, K 22).
Please see the comments below: She was not married to Sir Richard de Carew of Beddingham.
- Mariana was also called Malyn. She married Richard Carew of Bedington, who died 23 May 1520. He was son of James Carew and Elianor Hoo, daughter of Lord Hoo and Hastings and Eleanor, daughter of Leonard Lord de Welles, and grandson of Nicholas Carew and Margaret de Fiennes (Genealogies). - In Beddington church exists a plate with Sir Richard Carew and his lady. His wife Mallyn or Magdalen was daughter of Sir Robert Oxenbridge. - Sir Richard Carew was made a knight banneret at Blackheath. Henry the Seventh appointed him Lieutenant of Calais, in which post he was continued by Henry the Eighth, with remainder to his son Nicholas. He officiated as sewer at Archbishop Warham's enthronization (The Environs of London - Surrey V.1). - Barones Pretermissi: The descent of the Carew family is from a younger branch of the same common ancestor as the Fitz-Geralds, in Irelannd, and the house of Windsor in England.
- Margaret who married John St. John, son of Sir John St. John and Joan Iwardly (Peerage.com).
- Eleanor, mentioned in her aunt Margaret's will.
Margaret and Mariana married to the same man? - From Notes and Queries: L.F. Salzman writes: To Mr. John Comber I am indebted for the following notes on the later Cheyneys of East Sussex: " It appears that Margaret Oxenbridge, the wife of John Cheyney, had previously been married to William Fincham of St. Mary Magdalen, Old Fish Street, London, son of Laurence and Elyn Fincham...At the date of his will (30 June 1484) he had only the one daughter, Anne, but had hopes of another child, and this must have been the Malyn Fincham who (Vis. of Camb.) was the wife of William Cheyny. In the same Visitation it is stated that the elder daughter, Anne, married Humphrey Bannister, so that the William and Margaret, children of William Cheyney, and the John, Goddard, Margaret and Mary, children of Humphrey Bannister (mentioned in Margaret Cheyney's will) were her own grandchildren. Robert Oxenbridge of Guestling (Will 1503-4, P.C.C. 5 Holgrave) leaves a goblet each to 'my lady Carewe' and my niece Anne Banister,' and also to 'my sister Margaret Cheyne'. As William Cheyney did not die till 1509 there were evidently two Malyns."
According to that Malyn would be the one who married Richard Carew and not Margaret!
- Katherine died unmarried. The latter two appear on a brass in Brede in c.1500 : "Here lie Mariana and Katharina, daughters of Robert Oxenbrigge, on whose soul may God have mercy."
- Robert of Guestling (d. 1503-4) married Alice, da. and heir of Richard Knight of Guestling. She married secondly Henry Lacy. Robert held land in Southbroke, Brede and Udimore. He was steward of the Honour of Aquila, steward of Battle and in 1490 chief steward of Syon Abbey in Sussex, of which he received lands. He was further bailiff for Edward Hastings. - Robert Oxenbritte v. John Neufeld and Agnes his wife regarding land and wood in Battle, Mountfield and Ewherst which he receives (1502-3, SSX FF). - Transcript of Sussex Wills, V. II (SSX Rec. Soc.) testament made in Guestling 12 Feb. 1503, will dated 16 Feb. 1503-4, proved 8 May 1504) *- Feb 12: "I give to the chapel of St. John the Evangelist 3 lbs 6s 8d - I will that my executors shall pave the church of Gestlyng on my proper costes." - 1504-15 Alice Blount, widow of Robert Oxenbridge of Guestling sues Robert son of Martin Oxenbridge, feoffee of uses in a manor in Guestling and Ickelsham (TNA C 1/290/52). Evidently Alice had married again after Robert's death.
Robert and Alice had a daughter
- Anna, married first to Henry Stokes, a merchant of the Staple, who exported wool and other merchandise, and secondly Oliver St. John. The three of them released their rights in Bixle (Bexhill) in 1539. There was descendancy.
- William of Guestling. His will was proved in 1504. - He was married to Alice and they had an only daughter Ann.
- John, a clerk, (d. 1522) was presented 31 May by the abbey and convent of Ramsey to the church of Shillingdon in Bedford. Canon of Windsor in 1509, founded the Oxenbridge Chantry in the St. George Chapel. Prebendary of Hampstead 1499-1522 was M. John Oxenbrigge B.H.L (Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1300-1541, Vol. 7). - 31 May 1498 John Oxenbregge LLB was a commissary and sequestrator general within the archdeachonry of Lewes (DUN 2/34). - In 1505 John had a commission with the earl of Surrey and others to collect the money granted to the King by Parliament. - 1513 Sir Richard Carew to John Oxenbrigge, clerk, Thomas Fenys, Lord Dacre, Sir William Scott, Sir Godard Oxenbrigge, Sir John Scott, Richard Sackville and William Telham: The manor of Maytham in Kent with appurtenances in Beckenham as well as 3 large manors in Surrey for 1000 lbs ent FF). John died on 25 July 1522, one of the tenants of the manor of Bray and of other lands (SAS V. 12). - John held property in New Windsor, Cookham and in Wingfield.
- Thomas, serjeant at law, married Anne, who survived him. His will was made in 1496 and proved 8 Feb. 1497 (PROB 11/11).
In 1483 Thomas Oxbrigge of Brede received various orders: Commission with William Radmild and others in Sussex. - The same on November 8 to summon men of the counties of Sussex and Kent to besiege the castle of Bodiham. Thomas earl of Surrey, John Broke of Cobham, Thomas Echingham, Richard Lewknor of Brambletye and Vincent Finche were of the party. He had also a commission to assess subsidies granted to the late King, together with Thomas Lewknor jun., Richard Lewknor, sen. and others in Sussex (CPR). 1484 - Grant to Joan Fenys, lady Dacre, Richard Fenys esq. and Thomas Oxenbrigge, gent. of the custody of all the landed properties of Richard Fenys, kt., late lord Dacre (CPR). - In 1491 licence was given to Richard Batemer, clerc, to grant for ever the manor of Poyle, 3 mills, land and rent in Guildford, Stoke, Slyfold and Chidingfold to Thomas Oxenbrygge of Brede and others to hold to the use of Alice, widow of John Gaynsford for life (CPR).
Thomas and William Fenys, esq., executors of Jane Fenys, late lady Dacre, and Thomas Oxenbregge v. Edward Story, bishop of Chichester, Adam Oxenbrigge and Thomas Altofte, feoffees to uses and Thomas Fenys, Lord Dacre. Payment of debts out of profits of the manor of Hustpierpoint, Wiston and other lands. (TNA C1/200/30).
- Adam of Brede Place and Rye, third son of Robert and Ann (d.1497), will proved on 4 Nov. 1497, (PROB 11/11), married first Agnes from Rye. From his first marriage he had the children Robert, John and Ann.
Adam married secondly Ann Chrouche. Robert Chrouche, who was mayor of Rye in 1491 and 1495, in his will dated 8 Aug. 1497 left a legate of 20s to
- Anne Oxynbregge, my daughter (SAC v. 17, Rye and its Inhabitants). - see above
- Joan, daughter of Ann, married first John Copuldyke and secondly Reynold Lewknor, son of Sir Roger Lewknor of Trotton, son of Sir Thomas Lewknor and Philippa Dallingridge.
On the death of his father, Adam had bought admittance into the Liberty of Rye for the amount of 13s 4 d and rented a shop in front of the harbour and a house in the marketplace. The White Horse in Southwark he had inherited from his father, other properties and rents in Surrey, Rye, Winchelsea Hastings and other Sussex parishes he acquired at a later date. To his sons he left properties in Icklesham and Winchelsea. Anne, his widow, received the inn and property in Newington for life. - In 1482 as mayor in Rye he witnessed a grant from Henry Aucher of Losenham in Rye (RYE/136/199).
At the coronation of Richard III in July 1483 Robert Crouche and Adam, baron and mayor of Rye, bore the canopy. Adam Oxenbregge, gent, collector of customs in Rye, appears in deeds dated 1492 and 1494 (RYE/136/201 and 137/22). In 1496 this Adam enfeoffs a certain John Cokfeld in a tenement in Rye adjoining a tenement of Thomas Oxenbregge, butcher. He seems to have been elected mayor of Rye four times and jurat on several occasions. In 1496 he gave a chalice to the Friars of Rye in order that masses be read for Vincent Fynch and Isabella his wife (Franciscan Architecture in England by R.A. Martin). - In 1501 the Oxenbridges and Henry Fynch respectively 'the' Fynch's held lands in Southbroke and Northbroke in the Rape of Hastings (SAC). So that would count for Adam's request for masses for Vincent Fynch.
The Thomas Oxenbregge, butcher (d. 1502) had a wife Alice who secondly married Giles Love. Thomas owned several butcher shops and an inn. He dedicated himself also to import and export deals. Alice made a will where she directed that her second husband should have the wardship of her 3 children with Thomas Oxenbregge and left gifts to her stepdaughter Bessie Love. - It is not clear how this Thomas fits into the Oxenbridge pedigree. - Another Thomas Oxenbridge of Rye, a merchant, owed 60 lbs to John Fowle of Canterbury in 1529 (TNA 241/281/8).
- Robert and John sons of Adam's first marriage
Robert inherited from his father his property in Newington in Surrey with remainder to John and his heirs. - John had a son John who was of Croyden. He made his will on 14 Nov. 1575. He had a half brother, also called John, who was married to Clemence. He had the children John, Agnes, Dionyse and Clemens.
John Thatcher was with Cardinal Allen at Rome. He died on 3 Septempber 1649 and is buried in the transept of Westham church. The inscription of his monument states that he was related by marriage to the families of Chaloner, Lewknor, Oxenbridge and others. The grandson of Peter Thatcher, minister at Salisbury, later of Milton, Massachusetts, married the younger daughter of John Oxenbridge, who had been ejected from Eton College. John had been a preacher in Coventry and later minister in Southam, Warwickshire. He made his will on 2 June 1618 (PROB 11/1 SAC V. 12: John de Oxenbridge's children:
- Daniel Oxenbridge, M.D. died young and unmarried, a phisician in London. He made his will on 12 Sept. 1642 (PROB 11/190). - His daughters were Bathshua who married Richard Scot of Jamaica, gent, of a great estate, and Elizabeth and Mary. Daniel was a descendant of Adam Oxenbridge who held land in Newington in Surrey which he had left to his son Robert with remainder to his other son John. The descendants of this John became preachers and one of them emigrated to Massachusetts. He died in Bosten on 28 Dec. 1674.
- Sir Goddard de Oxenbridge,”The giant”, (d. 24 May 1532), married first Elizabeth Echingham, daughter and co-heir of Sir Thomas Echingham and Margaret West, after the death of her first husband. She brought him a vast inheritance including Echingham manor. Goddard had received from his father property in Winchelsea and land in Southwark. He enlarged the existing chapel in Brede church. His monument there is an altar tomb, upon which lies the figure of a knight in plate armour, his feet resting on a lion. The tomb shows the arms of his two wives. The manors of Echingham and Salehurst had been settled on him at his marriage with Elizabeth in fee tail (SSX IPM). - Another shield shows 1 and 4 Oxenbridge, 2 and 3 Ore.
In 1505 Godard had a commission of oyer and terminer with Thomas Fenys, Thomas Ashburnham and others. The next year an exemplification was made at the request of Thomas Fenys, Lord Dacre, Godard Oxenbrege, esq. and others, of letters patent dated 1 May 1502. In 1507June1509 he was made Knight of the Bath (The knight's of England V. 1) - He was sheriff of Surrey in 1513 (TNA C 131/98/10) and 1512 and 1519 of Sussex. - In 1519 he had the wardship of Thomas, son and heir of Thomas Marley (SSX IPM). - 1518-29 Edward Echingham, great grand son of William Echingham kt., sued Andrew Windsor and Goddard Oxenbregge, kts., and Edward Eldryngton, esq., for the manors of Echingham, Mountfield, Udimore, Bedingham, Pekeden, Glottenham and land and rent in Brightling, Battle, Mountfield and Beckley (TNA C 1/502/35).
- Thomas (d. 28 March 1541), the heir of Brede, was 30 years old at his father's death (SSX IPM).
Thomas married first Elizabeth, daughter of Sir George Puttenham, kt, of Sheffield in Hampshire, who died c. 1529.
His IPM made at Echingham dates of 15 July. At his death he held the manors of Etchingham and Salehurst, settled on him at his marriage with Elizabeth, and the manors of Mountfield and Glotingham, as well as those mentioned at his second marriage.
They had a - daughter Elizabeth, 11 years at her father's death, who married Sir Robert Tyrwhit of Ketelby in Lincoln, kt, (d. 16 Nov. 1581), son and heir of Sir William, sheriff of Lincoln, and nephew of his father's brother Robert Thyrwitt of Leighton (see below). He died 22 Feb. 1587 and Elizabeth survived him. - Sir Robert went against Queen Elizabeth's rebel earls with 250 of his tenants in 1571. - Their eldest son
- William Tyrwhitt, esq. of Ketilby (d. 1591) married a daughter of Peter Freschville, esq., of Stayvely in Derbyshire. He was made a Knights Bachelor ion 16 June 1487. William had 4 more brothers and 5 sisters surviving (Vis.of SSX). - He was a Roman Catholic and therefore imprisoned in the Tower for attending mass at his sister's marriage in 1580. His son
- Robert (d. 1620) married Bridget, aged 16, eldest daughter of John Manners, fourth earl of Rutland. Robert for some reason suffered forfeiture. Robert and Bridget had descendancy,
- William who sold Echingham to pay off the debts of his father (Burke's Commoners and VCH).
- Francis (d.1678), her daughter Catherine married Sir Henry Hunloke, 2nd bart. (d. 1714) and had descendancy (Complete Peerage V. 6, p. 406).
Sir Robert Tyrwitt married secondly Elizabeth, sole daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas Echingham of Echingham. He died in 1581 (Burke's commoners). In 1574 he had a forge and a furnace in Etchingham (SAC III, 241). He held also Salehurst in name of his wive.
Thomas married secondly Faith, daughter of Sir Richard Devenish, kt., remarried ...Bulstrode. On this marriage the manors of Mountfield and Glottingham and lands in Crowhurst and Brightling were settled on him, as well as the manors of Gilles and Burwash. Faith on his death received dower in Hechenden in Buckinghamshire.
Between 1529-32 Thomas, son and heir of Godard Oxenbrigge, kt, was sued for a detention of deeds concerning messuages and land in Westham, Pevensey. Battle Abbey charters: Godard Oxenbregge, William Fynche and Richard Devenish on 2 Oct. 1526 had commission to warn Sir Roger Lewknor, kt., or his farmer Thomas Oxenbregge, gent, to appear before the community at Robertsbridge.
Their children were - Andrew was 5 years old at his father's death. He belonged later to the Trinity College at Cambridge, and adhering to the Catholic faith was imprisoned in 1583 and died sp 1615 after having acknowledged Queen Elizabeth as religious overlord. Will proved 27 May .
- Ursula married John Pickering of Tishmerh, Northampton, as his second wife. They had descendancy.
Goddard's second wife was Ann (d. 24 May 1531), a daughter of Sir Thomas Fynes of Claveringham and Ann. Urswick, Lord Say and Sele, second son of Richard Lord Dacre and his second wife. He was a descendant of Elizabeth Batesford and Sir William Fynes. Ann received Brede Place and lands in dower. They had several children, namely:
- Edward Oxenbrigge, esq., became sheriff of Sussex on 6 May 1506 (TNA C 131/253/5).
- Elisabeth his daughter married Sir Robert Tyrwit of Lincoln, master of the Horse of Queen Katherine Parr, brother of Sir William of Kettelsby (see above). Elizabeth was first lady-in-waiting to Katherine and after her death in 1548 governess of the Princess Elizabeth, the future Queen. From Burke's Commoners: Sir Robert Tyrwhitt of Leighton Bromswold in Hertshire who married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edward Oxenbridge, second son of Sir Goddard. - They had a daughter who married Sir Henry Darcy, kt. and died sp before her father. - Dealings between Robert and Elizabeth and Henry and Thomas de Darcy are shown in the London Fines between 1566 and 1568.
Sir Robert Tyrwhitt was one of the ecclesiastic commissioners for Lincolnshire in 1535 and received large grants from Henry VIII in York, Lincoln, Hertshire, Essex and Sussex. Later he was for a time Master of the Horse of Queen Mary. - Elizabeth received 66s 8d in 1539 from the pay master of Henry VIII (Letters and State Papers). In the same year Robert and Elizabeth Tyrwhyt were granted in tailmail the house and site of the priory of Urforth, Lincoln, with appurtenances, worth 208 lbs, 18 s 4 d. Robert then was esquire of the Royal Body of Henry VIII and one of the commissioners of peace (Letters and State Papers V. 18).
- William was over 21 at his father's death (SSX IPM) and died sp between 1544 and 1551 (TNA, see under Robert below). This is probably the William Oxenbridge who figures in the payment list of of King Henry VIII in 1539 (Letters and State Papers, V. 14, P. II). - Perhaps he was William Oxenbrigge, the mayor of Rye, etc. who is witness to a quitclaim in Rye on 10 April 1545 (RYE/137/30). He obviously held land in Icklesham, Fairlight and Guestling (Rye/46). In 1540-1 William was paymaster of the works at Winchelsea (TNA E 101/491/31).
- Margaret, married John Thatcher of Priesthawes, son of Thomas and Jane or Joan, daughter of Nicholas Lewknor of Kingston Bowse, another son of Philippa Dallingridge and Sir Thomas Lewknor. John had first been married to Agnes, daughter of John Gage and Philippa daughter of Richard Guildford KG (SSX Genealogies). - (For Richard see also the Guildford genealogy). - another source says that she also married John Moore, who had been husband of Joan Lewknor, and had married also Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Fynes and Ann Urswick (see Fiennes).
- Mary, married James Barnham of Canbrook (The Vis. of Hampshire gives them another daughter Elizabeth).
Goddard was at various times sheriff of Surrey and Sussex between 1506-19. In 1522 he was summoned to accompany Cardinal Wolsey to receive the Emperor Charles at Dover. Lord Dacre of Hurstmonceaux was supervisor of his will dated 17 June 1530, by which Ann received the mansion of Ford Place and lands and tenements in Brede and Sussex.
Goddard Oxenbridge mentions in his will (17 June 1530 and 28 Oct 1531) Ford Place in Brede, lands in Udimore and Brede, possessions in Southwark, Surrey, the manors of Snailham, Guestling, Icklesham, Playden, Peasmarsh, Beckley, Northiam, Ewhurst, Salehurst, Ticehurst, Burwash, Westfield. as well as the places Hastings, Winchelsea and Rye. Reference is made to the manor of Giles in Burwash (GLY/13a). All of them in Sussex. - In his IPM dated 6 Oct. 1532 his heir is his eldest son Thomas, aged 30. His wife Anne was to have for life certain lands. He mentions also his son Robert and that his daughters should be married. His executors should pay to his son William 20 marks yearly. His properties which were in the hands of trustees should go to Thomas, his son of Elizabeth, his first wife, one of the daughters and heirs of Thomas Echingham, kt. and that his sons William and Robert were of age.
The tomb of Sir Goddard in Brede church, constructed in 1537, bears several shields with arms, one of them showing quarterly Oxenbridge and Ore; another one Oxenbridge impaling Echingham; Echingham; and Oxenbridge impaling upper Dacre and lower Fiennes (see the Batelsford marriage to Fiennes and their descendancy to Dacre (VCH Godstrow Hundred).
Sir Goddard's and Ann de Fiennes' heir
- Sir Robert Oxenbridge, kt, was over 21 at his father's death. As per Sir Goddard's will he was to receive 20 lbs yearly (SSX IPM). He married Alice, second daughter of Thomas Fogge of Ash, Kent, widow of Edward Scot of the Mote at Iden (Miscellanea Genalogica et Heraldica). He died 17 Nov 1574 at the age of 65 (VCH and Vis. of SSX), buried at Hurstburn Priors, Southampton, on 15 Dec. 1574. He had made his will on 2 Dec. 1574 (PROB 11/56).
Sir Robert Oxenbridge of Brede was MP for East Grinstead in 1547, later MP for Sussex, sheriff of Sussex und Surrey in 1551, of Hampshire in 1568. He attended to Parliament in the years 1554, 1555 and 1557. In 1556-7 he was Constable of the Tower (TheSussexweald.org). From 19 Nov. to 12 Dec. 1558 he served with 40 men in the Tower of London (TNA SC 12/15/51). - 1550-1 he was made a Knight Bachelor (The Knights of England V. 2).
Thomas Devenish, Robert Oxenbridge and others went to court against John Selwyn and Agnes his wife for the manor of Hosiers and tenements in West Firles, Bedingdon, Selmston, Fokyngton, Lullington, Alfiton and Fletching. The deforciants quitclaimed to them and the heirs of Robert (SSX manors in FF). In 1538 Sir William Finch leased the manor of Doleham to him for 30 years. In 1558 he bought the manor of Hurstbourne Priors in Hampshire from Crownland including the hamlets of St. Mary Bourne, Wyke, Stoke, Binley and Egbury. At that time he also acquired Chepmansford (VCH).
Between 1544 and 1551 he sued Robert Lundrys or Londeneys, servant of William Oxenbregge of Winchelsea, deceased, for jewels and plate and 700 lbs in old gold, a gift of William (William's granddaughter Elise was married to Robert Lundrys). He also sued John Wattes, mayor of Winchelsea, for a messuage in that place (TNA E 101/491/31). Thomas Moyle, kt., in 1548 received licence to grant his manor of Kingham, Kent, to Robert Oxenbregge and Alice his wife in survivorship (CPR). As per Fine Roll he was on the paylist of Elizabeth Tudor 1551. - 1558 Sir Robeert Oxenbride purchased Hurstbourne Priors in Hampshire from the crown. In 1565 he had to prove whether the manors of St. Mary Bourne, Weck, Stoke, Binley and Egbury were appurtenances of Hurstbourne. He finally received their titles. (VCH V. 4, Hampshire).
In 1559 Henry Allard and John Faukener sue Robert Oxenbridge and Alice his wife for the manors of Barnherst and Cassingham and tenements elsewhere (SSX FF).
Sir Robert's and Alice's children were:
- Margaret married John Power of Husburne.
- Mary, also called Katherine, married Francis Tuke of Kent
- Robert, kt. (d. 22 Jan. 1591), the heir, married Barbara, da. of Sir Thomas White, Kent, who died a widow in Oct. 1628. Robert held Hustburne and Goodneston in Kent. In 1575 Robert was a knight of Hampshire (TNA C 142/172/113). In 1590 he and others were commissioners to survey Chute Forest in Wiltshire and Hampshire (TNA SP 46/18/fo 329). - They had several children:
- Goddard of St. Dunstan West dsp 1634, will proved 7 May
- William of Hustborne married Mary, da. of William Kympton of London.Note: VCH Hampshire V. 4 says that William was a brother of Robert who lived at Dunley manor in Egbury and had - Edmund, d. 1639 of Durley; (The Vis. of Hampshire calles him Edward)-
- Edmund d. 1639 of of Durley.
- Robert of Piddle Trenthyde in Dorset. b. 1620, Dorset, married (1) Diana, da. of Sir John Tunstall, of Edgecumbe, Surrey, kt. He married. (2) Frances, da. of James Deane of Deaneland, Hampshire (d. 36 Oct. 1708)
- Elizabeth married Edward Woodward, Esq. of the Privy Chamber of King James
- Susan twice married, first to Edward Cason of Pelham in Hertshire, member of the Middle Temple and treasurer. She married secondly Sir Thomas Cecil of Keldon, fourth son of Thomas Earl of Salisbury (a descendant of Elizabeth Knell of Knill Court in Herefordshire and of Elizabeth Belknap, daughter of Henry Belknap). Susan survived both husbands.
Further chidren of Robert and Barbara were: - Anne lived at Windsor and died unmarried. - Gabriel or Garnett of Hadham - Richard's will dateds from 1618 - John made his will in the same year.
- Robert, kt., the heir, (d. 28 May 1616). On 3 May 1600 he married Elizabeth (d. 1645), da. of Sir Henry Cook of Broxborne, Hertshire, and widow of Robert West, son and heir of Lord de la Warr. She married as her third husband Sir Richard Lucy, kt.
Sir Robert was Constable of the Tower in 1574, High sheriff of Hampshire 1596 (TNA E/133/10/1517) and MP in 1603. Entries in his accounts up to 1609 mention my brother Garnett at Hadham, my sister Churchill and legacies from Russham and West (TNA SP 46/22/fo 92-100). - Robert's and Elizabeth's children were:
- Henry (b. 1597) Note: 1596-7 Robert Bennet, gent, and Robert Bilett, gent, v. Robert, esq., Godard, gent, William, gent, and Henry Oxenbridge, gent, concerning the manors of Ford, Enam and Goteley and tenements in Brede, Udimor, Beckley, Peasmarsh, Northiam, Ewherst, Sedlescombe, Mountfield, Westfield, Guestling, Pett, Fairlight and Ickelsham. The Oxenbridges quitclaimed those properties to the plaintiffs and the heirs of Robert Bennet.
- the daughters Catherine, Elizabeth and Mary as per the Visitation of Hampshire
- William (b. 1598), - John (b.1600) - Charles (b.1609), who all died without issue
- Ursula (d. 10 Dec.1692) heiress of her brothers, married in 1627 Sir John Monson Bart., son and heir of Sir Thomas Monson of Lincoln, and had descendancy.
- Sir Robert, kt. died unmarried in June 1638, buried at Husborne. He was MP for Whitchurch 1620 and Hampshire 1623. He and his brothers conveyed Brede Place estate to Thomas Duke of Mountfield in 1625 (FRE/7079). - Sir Robert was made a Knight Bachelor on 29 Nov. 1616 (The Knights of England, V.2).
On Nov. 1653 occurs a Clement Oxenbridge (TNA E 133/10/1517). He was one of the persons who were to make the River Wye navigable from Guildford to the Thames (TNA E 134/20 Chas2/East 35).
The arms of the Hampshire branch were: GU a lion rampant AR, tail double queued Vert, on a border of the last 8 escalops OR (Visitation 1634).
Will of John Oxenbrigge late of Iden (Oxenbridge House) dated August 1492
According to that will, he had as feoffees Thomas Oxenbregge of Brede and others, who should allow his daughter Margaret, wife of John Derykson, to hold lands and tenements in Iden and Playden under the condition to pay to his widow Margaret an annuity. Other properties he willed to his granddaughter Agnes, daughter of his son Richard, under the same conditions. Further mentioned are legacies to the said Agnes, the heirs of Joan, his sister, to John Derykson senior and a certain Thomas Oxenbregge of Rye, from whom the testator had bought some land (WISTON/5072). This Thomas is probably the butcher mentioned with Adam Oxenbridge.
A Richard Oxenbregge of Peasmarsh became constable of the Hundred of Colspore (Goldspur) in 1450 (SAC & CPR). That would be John's son.