Index | The sale of Knelle Manor

PERSONS INVOLVED IN THE SALE OF KNELLE MANOR: LYVET

LYVET, LIVET, LINET, LEVET(TE)


ARMS : Argent, crusilly gules, a lion rampant sable (Robert Lyvet, HE 660, c.1270-80) - However, a Robert Lyvet had been a crusader in 1190-1 with the same arms (The Crusaders by James Daunsey).

It is interesting to know that the Ordinary of British Armouries of England, Vol. I  shows Or crusilly GU, a lion rampant SA of Brewse Gloucestershire, where both famlies held land near to each other. The British Herald V. II gives for Livet AR semée de cross crosslets, a lion rampant SA, and for Levet of Westbourn and Petworth in Sussex, the same with the cross crosslets sable. - Sir Robert Lyvet, kt., AR or OR, a lion rampant SA within an orle of crosslets GU (Dering).

Argent crusilly GU, a lion rampant SA- Robert de Linet 1191 (English Crusaders); the same for Robert de Linet, A 137, c. 1275 and VCH Sussex).

AR, a lion rampant sable within an orle of crosses crosslet, botonnée SA (Levett of Grove in Hollington, Vis. of Sussex) - the same for Linnett,Levet(t) Saleshurst, Sussex, granted 1607: AR semée of cross crosslets fitchée, a lion rampant SA - crest: a lion rampant AR, crowned OR, holding a cross crosslet fitchée of the first. These arms apply also to Sir Richard Levet, Lord Mayor of London in 1700, son of William Levett, esq. of Savernake, Kent, page to Charles I.

J.E. Lloyd in his work “Some Anglo-Norman Families” states that the Livets came from Livet-en-Ouche, Eure, arr. Bernay, canton Baumesnil, Normandy. In total there are eight places called Livet in Normandy. Obviously, the family had spread to different places at an early stage.

France

The name Livet means a marshy place where rushes grow (Orderic Vitalis V. 3, p. 457, his translator).

The first Livet found so far is Rodolf de Livet who held land near Montfort-sur-Risle, probably at Authou of Emma de Condé of the Crispin family (by Prevost she is called Hesilis). Emma gave this land and others to the Abbey of Bec, which had been founded at Bonneville as a convent which lies near to Authou in 1035 by Helouin de Crispin, which after 5 years had been transferred in 1040 to another valley, then as Abbey of Bec, as appears in a confirmation charter by William the Conqueror in 1077. This document  also  refers to a donation by Ralph de la Cunelle and many other donators (Acta of King William I nº 166, GBS). Therefore it may be deduced that Ralph de Livet was born about 1000-1020. - The Livet family of Livet-sur-Authou had a mill there and maintained their land for about 200 years (Prevost V. 2, p. 447).

1121-9 A charter by Ranulf earl of Chester to his lieges was witnessed by Moraito de Lineriz or Liveriz. A Livet? (Cal. Docs FR Orne). - Before 1135 Roger de Livet signs a confirmation charter by King Henry I concerning the donation of Ranulf vicomte of Bayeux to the abbey of St. Stephens of Caen (Docs FR P. 161). - 1140-50 Robert de Liveth witnessed a charter by Robert the younger, earl of Nottingham, to the bishop of Chester (Docs. FR, Calvados). - 1150-60 Arnulf bishop of Lisieux confirms that Osmund de Livet purchased of Wimond de Broeul and his wife Marceline their house in Lisieux for 30s and land outside the walls. It served later probably for the construction of the Hopital at Lisieux (Anesy-Extraits de chartes V. 2, p. 27)..

Ricardo and Rogero de Liveto witness another charter of Hugh earl of Chester confirming an agreement between the abbeys of St. Werburg in Chester and St. Evroult in Normandy between 1153 and 1181 (Cal. Docs. FR p. 225). - 1166-74 Confirmation charter by Hugh earl of Chester to the abbey of St. Stephen's in Caen, witnessed by Roger Livet. (Cal.Docs FR ). - 1154-89 Roger witnesses a charter of King Henry II regarding a confirmation of the charter of the earl of Chester during the reign of the Conqueror (Receuil des Actes).

Hugo Livet, knight, in c. 1170-5 grants to the Abbey of Gouffern all he owes in Mézidan, situated at the border between Calvados and Orne (Memoirs de Normandy). He witnesses a confirmation charter by Giles de Bailleul (Balliol) and his wife Julienne to the Abbey of St.André de Gouffern (Docs FR). - On 20 Jan. 1174 Hugh and Robert Livet are present at the King's Court at Caen in a case between Joan, abbess of Caen and Robert son of Richard de Scrotonia (Docs FR).

Robert Liveth is one of the witnesses to a charter by Richard bishop of Winchester (Anesy, V. 2, p. 297, Extr. of CH). - In 1176 he was present at Caen when an assize was held during which the rights of the diocese of Bayeux over the church of Surrain has been recognized (Receuil des Actes). - In 1190 Robert Livet is witness to a charter by Robert Goviz referring to a donation to the abbey of St. Stephens at Caen (Docs FR). - First quarter of the 12th C. Guillaume Langlois (William the Englishman), son of Robert Livet witnesses a donation of Guillaume, son of Hugh de Maltot, to the Abbey of Fontenay (Mémoirs de Normandy). - In 1183 Joan, abbess of the Holy Trinity of Caen, proved her right to a house in an assise in the King's Court before William son of Ralf (de Tankarville, seneschal of Normandy). Robert Livet and Henry Lovet and many others were present (Docs FR). - King Richard I (1189-1199) gives land in France to Robert Lyvet for his services (GBS). - In 1198 Robert de Livet pays into the exchequer 40 lbs 10s for a service he had not complied with at Nonancourt, Eure (Charpillon-Eure p. 418). Note: Livet en Ouche lies on the way from Aigle in Eure to Rouen. - In 1192-1201 Hugh de Gkournay gives a house to the abbey of St. Mary of Perseigne. One of the witnesses is Henrico de Livet, seneschal, Adam Ferrers and others. - C. 1200 Thheodor de Livet witnessed ad grant by Robert earl of Meulan to Robert de Mara for his service of free feeding in the forest of Bretonne and outside with all customs and liberties in the forest (both Docs FR).

From the Grand Rolls of the exchequer in Normandy, V. 1 of 1180-4 and V. 2 of 1198-1203, we find the following members of the Livet family, who had to pay taxes: 1184 Gilbert de Livet 10s; from the fee of Robert de Livet 66s 8d. - Radulf de Livet owes 10s as pledge for Geoffrey de Pellariis (p. 47). He has also to pay 20s for a duell (p. 115). - Hugh de Livet for a third part of a military fee,  2 marks and owes 1 mark (V. 2). - William de Livet 10s for a duell in 1180 (V. 1, p. 102) and 50s in 1195, owing 30s (p. 231). - 100s for Robert Livet, (V. 2) and 50s 1195. There is a Livet c. 33 km SE of Domfront. Ralph de Livet owes 10s as pledge and 20s for a duell, V. 1, and 10s for Galfrido Textoris near Falaise, V. 2. - Thomas de Livet for service due to the king, whip. 102.ch he did not do. He had his land in the Lieuvin near Vaudreuil and Rouen, probably in Jonqueret de Livet and Livet en Ouche, a few km south of Bernay. The same applies to Robert. Richard de Livet 20 lbs for a court case. - Roger de Livet owes 20s for a duell. - The Gilbert mentioned in 1184 may be the Gilbert son of Engayn the archer who confirmed his father's donation to Pershore Abbey in Worcestershire in 1183 (see Gloucestershire-Worcestershire).

Finally John Livet one mark 10d. - 1183-89 King Henry II confirms to the abbey of Barbery, France, their holdings, mentioning the donation of William de Cingal of land in Old and New Merlay, with the consent of his son and of John de Livet, his overlord (Delisle, Receuil des actes p. 394). John's land lay also in the Lieuvin, but in 1204-8 he and Hasculf de Praeriis each held a quarOliver Coucy and others sign a charter to the Maison de Dieu at Lisieux by Robert de Gloz, son of Philip (V. 2, p. 30).ter of a fee in the bailiwick of the castle of Vire, one of the two caputs of the Ferrier family in Normandy, but which did not have a castle (LLoyd p. 83). In 1212-20 the same at Praerias 9 miles NE of Vire, Hasculf had land in Chinton by Seaford in Sussex. Praeriis members are mentioned there. It is possible that John de Livet held land in Sussex at that time as well. - 1190 William de Livet signs a charter by Ralf Buffart to the abbey of Villers-Canivet (Anesy - V. 2, p. 296).

In 1192-1202 Henrico de Livet, who held land near Domfront, then seneschall of Maine, witnesses a charter of Hugh de Gourney, who gives a house to St. Mary of Perseigne. As Henry Lovet he is witness to a charter of the abbess of the Holy Trinity of Caen in 1183 (Docs. FR p. 362). First witness is Geoffrey Count of Perch.

1204 The parish of Saint-Jean-de-Livet by Lisieux: Gilbert de Livet, kt., gives to the monks of St. Pierre-de-Lisieux 2 acres of land in l'Epine â Livet (Extr. des CH, Anesy V. 2). - In 1207 William de Livet. dean, and Ranulf de Bretteville, priest, were present at a concord between the abbot of St. Pierre de Dives and Fulk de Vendoeuvres (Anesy V.1, p. 255). - Theobald de Livet witnessed a charter by Robert count of Meulan to Robert de Mara in 1200 (Reg. of K. Ph. Aug.)

In 1207 Barthélemy de Livet gives to the Abbey of Ardennes the tenement in Loucelles, which Robert Benoit held of him (1207-Mém. de Normandy & Anesy). Afterwards the abbey of St. Stephen at Caen complained that his uncle Hugh had given Loucelles to them and it had been adjudged to them in court (Anesy p. 13). - About the same time Hugh de Livet gives to the abbey of St. Marie-de Villers, his sons consenting, 10s rent from his mill at Mespil Jean, stating that his heir Oliver will make a similar donation in future (Anesy p. 297). - In 1207-9 Hugh witnesses a donation of Robert Mowbray to the Abbey of Tréport near EU, Normandy (CH nº XCIII) Cart.). In the same year he witnesses CH nº XC by William III bishop of Avranche relating to Robert Mowbray's donation of the church of Basoches.  Hugh and Ralf de Vendoeuvres witness a charter to the abbey of Villers-Canivet (p. 298). - 1220 Henry Livet, kt., Oliver Coucy and others witness a charter by Robert de Gloz, son of Philip, to the Maison de Dieu at Lisieux (V. 2, p. 30). - 1223 William de Livet, priest at St. Pierre-de Lisieux, gives them his house (p. 31). - 1232 The heirs of William de Livet give to the poor of the maison Dieu of Lisieux all their rights inherited. These heirs are Hugh, Wiliam Le Prevost, William, Cecilia and Eustace Patrik, daughter of Hugh.(p. 32).

1252 Raoul de Grand Champ gives with the consent of Onfroy (Humphrey) de Livet to the Priory of St. Barbe a rent of 19s of Tours and 11 manceaux (mansions) which Onfroy owed him (Anesy V. 1, p. 133). - 1290 Laurent de Lyvet sold his right of the chace in the forest of Vernon (Eure) to the King. - 1397 The heirs of Thomas Livet declare that they have to abandon the land they hold of the Hôtel-de-Dieux, if they cannot get a reduction for the 18 bushels of frument they have to pay, due to the mortalities they suffered during the wars. Their lot was reduced to 12 bushels a year (Anecy V. 2 p. 392). - 1571 Antoniette Livet, widow of Honoret de Castellan, first doctor of the Queen, asks Dominique le Long, abbot of Val-Richer, to hand the revenues on to Gervais Hautin for 800 lbs of Tour (Anesy, V. 2, p. 275).

1386 - A family of Podigny was named Levet or Leveti (Mémoires Hist). - Patent letter for George de Linet alias Livet, armiger, liege man of the king (Henry VI, K. of Engld and FR), concerning his property in the vicecounty of Pont-Audemer in 1421 (Les mém. de Normandy, V. 3). George Livet was deputy of the Chapter of Notre Dame de Rouen in 1446. - 1485 Henry Levet of Brittany was master of a ship called Seint Marie of Portaly (CPR).

There were later Livet families in Barville, Beuzeville and Bourneville, Eure (Dict. Hist. of Eure). The family of Bourneville seems to have been of Livet-sur Authou, which lies opposite to Le Bec Hellouin and between Montfort-sur Risle and Brionne. This family seems to be the oldest one (see Rolf above). Auguste le Prévost writes concerning Livet-sur-Authou: On the territory of Livet, one finds upon 50 square acres a court named Cour-Bataille. In 1170 a confirmation charter by Roger abbot of Bec at that date states that Jean de Livet had donated an acre of land with a mill to the abbey of Práux. This mill lay on the riverlet Liveth (Cartulary nº 53). Further Livet members who donated to Préaux were Pierre, Jean and Mathieu in 1315, Richard in 1319 and Mathieu in 1343. - In Bourneville are further recorded Robert in 1224, John Livet in 1275, William 1287-9, Reginald in 1290, John 1398  (Le Prèvost).

In 1210 Thomas Livet, kt., held a quarter fee in the parish of Bourneville in the bailiwick of Pont-Audemer. Guillaume (William) de Livet, son of Thomas, was president of the assises of Pont-Audemer in 1260. Their son William and his mother's  sisters were later co-heiresses of their brother Constantine. - Richard Livet, lord of Bourneville,  married Jeanne, daughter of Jean Martel of La Poterie in the Vexin, he went to prison for killing a man in duel but was bailed in 1389. La Poterie, says Le Prévost, is still nowadays in the hands of the Livet family (19th C.). -  His descendant Richard, living 1469 and 1483, shortly afterwards marries Jeanne, the eldest daughter of Jean de Barville. In the 15th C. Jean de Barville was also lord of Fresnes and Bournainville. His son Constantin married Louise Martel of Baqueviolle en Caux, a descendant of Baldwin the Teuton and a niece of Duchess Gunnor or Normandy).

Chester England

Roger de Livet witnesses a charter by Richard, bishop of Coventry, in which he mentions his father Ranulph earl of Chester and Robert earl of Gloucester (son of K. Henry I), and another one by Hugo (de Keviloc) earl of Chester (d. 1181) in 1161, confirming the donations to the Austin Cell of Calke in Derbyshire (Dugdale Monasticum). - Roger  c.1172 witnesses a charter of Hugh earl of Chester, confirming the gift of Hugh's predecessor, which Ranulf vicomte of Bayeux had made to St. Stephen's of Caen. This was done at Chivilly in Normandy (Docs FR). - In 1318 a charter by Ralph, earl of Chester, of the 12th C. is inspected confirming to William de Nevill and Amabilia his wife land in Gangedenedale. Witness Roger de Livet (CPR).

In the 13th C. Walter de Livet and Walter de Daresbury, mayors of Chester City, owned Daresbury Hall there (VCH). Walter continued as mayor up to 1251-5. - Chester City Government 1230-1250 papers wherein a William de Livet also appears. - 1246 Walter de Livet, mayor of Chester, has orders to see to it that Chester's streets are being paved, and the burgages have to pave them (CCR). - In 1251 Walter Lyvet and others were appointed as wardens and viewers of the works of Chester and to take an oath before Alan Zouche, justice of Chester (CCR). - There were Levet's living in Chester still in 1679, namely John Levet, gentleman, and Mary his wife, who made an appeal concerning a settlement of certain manors and lands in the County of Chester. - Walter Levet's arms in 1295 were Paly of 6 argent and azure, a bendlet company (QII 676). - Apparently a different line.

Yorkshire

Roche Abbey in York was founded in 1147 by Richard Builli or Busli and Richard FitzTurgis or de Wickerslai. The latter, ancestor of the Livets of Wickersley in female line, granted a charter to the Abbey on 30 July 1147. - Others also contributed. All the gifts were confirmed in 1186 by Pope Urban (Old Abbeys of England). - John Levett, as FitzTurgis' descendant, in later centuries confirmed the donation. - In 1172-3 Roger de Wickersley and Jordan his brother owe 10 marks for two military fees, which Roger de Tilli has of Henry de Lacy (PR). - In 1190 Alice countess of Eu confirmed to the abbey of Foucarmont in Normandy, which had been founded in 1130 by her ancestor Henry I count of EU all their holdings. One of the witnesses was Robert de Wickersley, one of her tenants in Tickhill (Dugdale Monatsticon, V. 6, P.2, p. 1086).

1166 William de Vescy held seven fees including Hooton Levet of William Fossard of the old feoffment. - 1160-76 Alice, daughter of earl Gilbert (de Gaunt), confirms to Geoffrey Nevill and his heirs what she held of her father Gilbert and her grandfather Ralph. Witness: William Luvet. - 1170-80 William Livet witnesses a charter by Adam son of Hervey de Flockton (Early Yorks. CH V. 3). - 1180 Grant by Roger de Clere to the monks of Riveaux of a ditch between Pickering and the donor's town of Wilton. Witnesses William Fossard, Roger Mowbray, William de Vescy, William de Luveto and many others (Early Yorkshire CH). - 1185-1205 William witnesses a quitclaim by Randolph de Neufmarché to Thomas de Horebury, son of Matthew, for land given in marriage with his daughter Cicely.This Cecilia held of William de Craneford a toft in the vill of Bernardshill (Ancient Deeds V. 1 nº B 503).

1199 - William de Livet was steward of the earl of Warren for the manor of Wakefield (GBS). - He may be the William, who pays tax into the Norman exchequer in 1198-1203, and the William Luvet who takes part in an assize in Lincoln at that time (CRR). - In 1199 he is witness to a quitclaim by Ernulf abbot of the convent of Riveaux to Thomas Horbury and to a quitclaim of Randolph de Neufmarché to Thomas Horebiri. (Early Yorks. CH) - see above. -  William and others are sent in 1200 to the Count of Tikhill to record the suit between Galfrido Clarel and Robert FitzPagan (CRR). In the same year a law suit takes place between Geoffrey de Sansever and Matilda his wife and Ralf de Tilli against William de Livet and Constance his wife (CRR). Feoffment by Denise, late the wife of Robert son of Eudo de Teleby, widow, to Ralph her son, of her land in Wykeresle and elsewhere, doing service to William de Livet for the land of Wykeres (Descript. Cat. of Anc. Deeds). He was summoned to declare what seisin Gerald de Furnival held of the properties of the late Jeremiah de Eccelesfeld (Early Yorks. CHs, c. 1200). - Simon son of William witnesses a charter by Nicholas de St. Pol to the monks of Rupe 1202-3 in presence of John de Gestlin of Sussex, one of the four justices of assize (Early Yorks. CH V.3).

Robert de Wikersley holds the vill of Wikersley for half a fee of Nicholas Lyvet (Kirkby's Inquest). - In 1203 Robert de Wikerle for himself, Beatrice, daughter of Jordan, and Constance, wife of William de Livet, puts in his claim for one military fee with appurtenances in Rodeham, and a duel takes place between Eustace de Vesci and Ralf de Tilli (CRR). - 1205 William Livet and others to choose 12 knights for a grand assize (CRR). - 1210-20 William Livet is mentioned in the Nunnery of Kirklees (Dugdale). - Before 1240 William de Livet, Osbert Giffard, Auker de Freschenvill and others witnessed a confirmation charter by William Earl of Warenne (d. 1240) to the abbey to the Nunnery (KM/B Yorks. Arch.). - In 1227 William Levet of Hooton-Levet and Constantia, daughter of Roger Wickerlegh and granddaughter of Richard FitzTurgis, sold their rights in the abbey of Roche to Richard Barry of London. 1230 Matilde de Sanzever sues Constance Luvett for a moiety of the manor of Rodenham (CCR). - In 1237 Constancia Lyvet puts Richard de Livet in her place against Matilde de Sanzaver regarding half a military fee in Rodham (CCR). - 1244 Constancia Livet has in Tykeburn and Hoton Livet two fees, and William de Vescy has one in Roderham (Testa Nevill).

In 1249 appears a Hamond de Lyvet. They were the ancestors of the later Lincolnshire Levetts.

Haselore manor, Balichway Hundred: Jacob Lyvet and Dionisia his wife give half a mark for an assize in the court of Richard de Middelton in York in 1266 (CFR). - 1268 Grant for life to James de Lyvet who has lost his sight, not to have to attend to suits and summons in person (CPR).

1284-6 Nicholas Lyveth held one military knight's fee in Palseham, half a fee in Pykeburn, the fee of Wickerley and the manor of  Hooton, later Hooton Levet or Lyvet, of John de Vescy, Yorkshire (Feudal Aids). John de Vescy accepts the homage of Nicholas Livet for the fee in Horton near the abbey of Roche (GBS). - The heirs of Robert de Wikerslegh hold this manor of Nicholas Lyvet and Nicholas of Bentely of the Honour of Tikehull. - 1320 John de Vescy grants to the abbot and monks of Rufford to acquire lands, tenements and rents in the manor of Roderham, the homages of Nicholas Lyvet in Hoton excepted (CPR). 

James Lyvet, son of Nicholas, paid relief for lands in Lupsetheved which his father had held. - Jacob in 1302-3 held 2 military fees in Wykersley of Peter de Mauley. James Lyvet had a brother Richard, who both are witnesses to a charter to Roche Abbey. - 1307 James Lyvet has 2 military fees in Wykersly in the Liberty of Tikhill as military fees, held of Peter de Mauley. Jacobus Lyvet held Horton Lyvet of John de Vescy. 1309 James Livet of Hoton Livet, Pikeburne and Stane, 1 knight's fee (CIPM V. 5, Peter Mauley). - James also held half of Brampton in Morthyng, Pickburn and Brodesworth (Kirkeby's Inquest). - After 1327 James, son and heir of Nicholas Lyvet, held one carucate of land in Lupset of the earl of Warenne (GBS), and two military fees in Hoton Lyvet and Pykeburn of Peter de Mauley (Kirkeby Inquest). -  In 1487 Katherine Lynet leased to John Wykersley a messuage in Little Sheffield (PRO D258/45/14/10).

1309 Pardon to Henry le Masceoun of Metheley for the death of John Levet of Pontefract (CPR).

In 1327 The escheator had order to take into the King's hand the lands of John de Lyvet, son of Robert Lyvet (Kt.), tenant in chief, north of the Trent (CFR).  For Robert and John see also Gloucestershire and Sussex. This John was the eldest son and heir of Robert de Lyvet, Kt., who died 1316.

1331 Thomas de Useflet, clerk, sues Henry de la Chaumbre of Fenton for land, wood and rent in Fenton. It was decided in favour of Thomas and his heirs, to hold with the homage and service of Robert Levet and Elen his wife, William son of Robert, and others (Yorksh. FF). - 1333-4 Thomas Crouder and Joan his wife v. Henry de Tounstede concerning a messuage, a toft and land in Hotton (Levit), Newhall near Hellaby, to hold for Thomas and Joan for their lives, remainder to Robert Levet and Elena his wife for their lives; remainders in succession to Amandus, Robert and Hardulph, sons of the said Robert and heirs of their bodies, remainder to the right heirs of Robert Levet the father (Yorksh. FF). - In 1337-8 Robert Levet witnesses a grant in Fenton, Yorkshire. This Robert with his wife Elena is a younger son of Robert de Lyvet, knight, who died 1316 (see Warwickshire). - 29 April 1333 Letter of protection for William Linet (Scottish Letters) - Son of Robert and Elen.

In 1364 John Levet, aged 58, is juror of the proof of age of Olive, daughter and heir of Edmund de Kirkton, the year her sister Alice had died. - 1369 Letter of Thomas son of Alan of North Milford to Thomas de Ledes and John Levet to deliver to Robert, son of Richard de Northalle, seisin of all the lands of Thomas son of Alan in the town and territory of North Milford (The Topographer & Genealogist V. 2). - 1376-7 John Lyvet, son and heir of William Lyvet, sold his estate, right and title, which he had in the advowsom and patronage of Roche Abbey, to Richard Barry, citizen and merchant of London (Dugdale Monasticon). In 1379 he quitclaimed Hoton Lyvet against a payment of 20 lbs to Robert Rockeley and Edmund del Clay (CCR). - In 1392 William Levet of Tylse was feoffee of Thomas de Barley. - 1397 William Levet of York or Lincolnshire stands good for Richard Sampson (CCR). - 5 May 1420 William Garthe, John Milthrop and Thomas Stokes v. William Levet of Hotton Levet and Elizabeth his wife, regarding the manor of Hotton Levet and the advowson of the Abbey of Roche. William and Elizabeth quitclaim for 100 mark silver (Yorks. FF). - Feudal Aids 1428: William Lyvet, who once had 2 fees in Wykersley. - On 5 May 1420 William Garthe, John Milthorp' and Thomas Stokkes plead against William Levet of Hoton Levet and Elizabeth his wife the advowson of the abbey of Roche and the manor of Hoton' Levet. William and Elizabeth quitclaimed the advowson and the manor for ever to the demandants. For this John Portyngton, Robert, Edmund, William, Robert, William, John Lyndsey and John Smith have given them 200 marks of silver (CP 25/1/280/154 nº 32). [Why other persons than the querents have paid the sum has not been explained].

12 Nov. 1442 Alan Galleway and Avice his wife ask of James Hoton' and Alice his wife a messuage, 3 tofts 1 garden and 4 1/2 bovates of land in Purton' Pydse. James and  Alice quitclaim to Alan and Avice and their heirs for ever and warrant against the abbot of Westminster, receiving 100 marks of silver (TNA CP 25/1/250/159 nº 2).

There were Levet's in Yorkshire still in the 16th C - In 1518 William Levett had 7 messuages with lands in Normandon, Dormer and Anston (Yorkshire FF). - In 1552 James de Lyvet and Richard his brother of Yorkshire are mentioned in the 'History of the Abbey of Roche' (see above). - Thomas 1560, - Nicholas Levett, gent, held land with others in Hutton, Morehouse, Ackworth and Anston. 1561 William Levet and Elizabeth, his wife, made a fine regarding their property to be passed on to their son and heir Nicholas, and in case of not having issue to Ralph, his brother, and then to Ann and Jane, daughters of Nicholas. - John and Richard Levet  were suspended from priesthood for keeping Roman Catholic items in 1567. - In that year John Levett and Francis Coppendale sued for a messuage in Beverley, Yorks. - In 1576 Richard Levett and others went to court for a messuage and land in Seryngham, Yorks. - Ralph Levett, gent, and Elizabeth, his wife, had messuages with land in Brampton Beverley. - 1583 Robert Levett and Elizabeth his wife held land in Selby. 1584 William Levett and Elizabeth, his wife, were envolved in a court case regarding a messuage and a shop in Selby. - 1585 Matthew Levet had lands in Socoth Dalton (all from Yorks. Fines). - The Registers of Melton-on-the-Hill show Levet entries beginning with the baptism of Elizabeth Levet, daughter of William Levet, on 29 July 1539, ending with the baptism of Sarah, daughter of Dr. John Levit, on 9 June 1649.

From 'The Topographer and Genealogist V. 2': 16 Feb. 1635 Edmund Hastings of Plumtree and Mary his wife sell to John Levet, Dr. at laws of the City of York, the manor of Bentley and several pieces of land, in consideration of the imminent marriage between him and Mary de Mote, niece of Mary. - 18 May 1636 John Levitt, Dr. of law, sells to Bryan Cooke several pieces of land in Arksey, and on 25 August he sells to him also a house in Bentley for 43 lbs with 2 crofts, a close etc. - 24 June 1637 John Levett sells to Sir Arthur Ingram, kt. of York, land worth 4.000 lbs.

We have here an almost complete genealogy from the 12th C. to the 17th C. If we take Geoffrey Luvet below as ancestor of William we are 2-3 genearations from the Conquest of England.

Lincoln

In 1166-8 Richard Luvet holds one military fee in Lincolnshire (cartae to the King). The Harvard Library Deed Collection, Hollis nº BBQ3268 shows land of Richard Liviet in Alsford, Essex, in the 12th C. (see also France). - Geoffrey Luvet  c. 1133 received heritary land in Oxfordshire in the year of the birth of Henry son of the Empress Mathilde (Abbrev. Plac. p.4 1194) - Galfrido (Geoffrey) Livet acted as Juror in Lincoln in 1194 (CRR). - He appeards again in Oxfordshire in 1199 for land in Swereford held of the honour of Wallingford, when Ralf son of Wigan gives the King 40 marks for an inquisition by legal men to swear an oath to see whether Galfrido Luvet forfeited his land in Swereford, Oxdordshire, and whether the grandfather of the King had it of his escheat and gave it to Wigan his marshall, the father of Ralf and his heirs in gratitude for his service. Also whether Matilde de Oilly (daughter of Wigan), who claims the land in dower, recovered it when Ralph was in the service of King Richard beyond sea (Rot. Obl. p. 21) - 1211-2 Galfridus Lyvet holds held one and a half fees in Gloucestershire of the honour of Croom (Liber Rubens). - Geoffrey Luvet was juror in an assize of ' mort d'ancestor' between Peter and Baldric de Angevin in 1194 (CRR V. 1, p. 448). - 1199 William and George Luvett (see Yorksh. and Staffords.) took part in an assize of mort d'ancestor  between Baldric and Peter Angevin regarding land in Burton (CRR).  - William Luvet is sued in an assize of mort d'ancestor by Geoffrey de Cotes and Matilde and Sara for half a hide of land with appurtenances in Essex in 1199 (CRR V. 2, p. 88).  In 1194 he had sued them. - He is juror in an other assize of mort d'ancestor in the same year in Lincoln. - William Luvet has half a hide of land in Farnham, Esssex (CRR V. 2, p. 88 in 1199). It is not clear whether they are the William and George of Lincoln. - In 1199-1200 William Luvet was one of the pledges in a law suit between Baldwin Angevi and his tenant Peter Angevi in Lincoln (CRR p. 86).   Richard Luvet  appears holding land of John DI in Lincolnshire in 1199 (CH Roll). - William Livet paid 4 marks taxes in 1202 (Chancery Roll). The following year he was summoned as jurator (CRR). - 1203 Hugh Bussy and William Lovet are jurors in an assize at Lincoln (Select Pleas). - 1206 Walter Luvet and others have order to attend to an assize at Lincoln (CRR). - In 1327 John le Wadeword of Oxford owes 100 s to  John Lynot of Dadington (CCR). Note: That Galfrido or Geoffrey de Livet, Lyvet, Luvet, held land in LIncoln, Oxfordshire and Gloucestershire at the same time tells us that the same family has extended into different English counties in the early 12th C. - In Gloucestershire appears Hinganus the archer as early as Galfrido.

Nigel and Wiliam de Luveto pay 4 marks in the court of William de Harcourt (of Exfordshire) (Rot. Prestiti p. 207). -.Andreas Luvet was one of the deforciants in an assize of Novel Desseisin in 1232 (CPR). - 1st May 1250 William Luvet released two tofts and some land in Neuton to a certain Geoffrey son of Adam, and on the same day quitclaimed to William prior of St. Andrew, Northampton, the advowson of the church of Neuton for 40s sterling (Final Concords) - . On 22 April 1263 the same William Livet sued Walter de Saresbury and Margery his wife for land in Neweton, which he obtains for a payment of a sore sparrow hawk (all Final Concords). - 1252-3 William gives the King 20 bezants of gold for not being put on assizes (FFH3). 1272 Margery de Luvet holds of William de Nowes one carucate of land and two carucates in the vill of Neuton. William Levett holds the same there in 1275 (Rot. HDD. V. 1, pp. 254 and 392). John Luvet and others in 1271 took goods away in Hoyland at a value of 20s (same source p. 392).

Staffordshire and Derbyshire

In 1135 Robert de Livet held 2 knight’s fees of the barony of Ferrières (Ferrers) in Normandy. Livet-en-Ouche lies near to Lisieux. The Livet’s were undertenants of the Ferrer’s, earls of Derby (Old feoffment in Engld). - 1141 Robert de Ferrers, earl of Nottingham, grants to Alan de Leca the town of Leche and lands in the county of Leicester. One of the witnesses is Rodbert the steward of Livet (Hist.of Nottinghamsh). - 1140-50 Robert Liveth witnesses a confirmation charter by Robert the younger earl of Nottingham to the bishop of Chester of a grant of his church of Totesbury and all that his ancestors had granted to them (Docs FR). - 1166 Robertus de Liveto has two military fees, which are held of William Pantulf by military service, in free marriage with his daughter Alice. - In that year William Pantulf of Samella, his wife Burga and his three sons William, Roger, and Philip grant to the abbey of St. Andrew in Normandy the land of Samella. Witness is William Bastardus filius meus and others (Cart. of the Abbey; Docs FR). - In 1158-9 William Pantulf witnesses two charters by William earl of Ferrers, one concerning the monastery of Tutbury (Docs FR). - 1128 William Pantulf of Aubery de Pantulf in Normandy are mentioned in a confirmation charter to the Abbey de St. Evroult (Prevost).

There we have a genealogical date: Robert de Livet married to Alice, daughter of William Pantulf. The Pantulfs held also land in Shropshire with their 'caput' at Wem. Eyton, based on Orderic Vitalis, writes that Ivo, fourth son of the famous William Pantulf of the 11th C., who had donated freely to the Abbey of St. Evroult from his estates at Noron near Falaise, had a son William with his second wife Alice de Verdon. William held with his brother Norman property at Rudyard in Staffordshire, inherited from their mother. Further he had an estate at Cublesdon or Hales. - But there was another William Pantulf, son of Hugh, eldest son and heir of Ivo Pantulf, Baron of Wem in Shropshire, who also held land in Staffordshire (Eyton V, 9). None of those William's coincide perfectly with the date of 1166. - There is one more possibility that Alice, Robert de Livet's wife, was the daughter William I who died between 1102 and 1130. - Orderic Vitalis lived between 1075 and 1143. The first William Pantulf donated at several occasions to St. Evroult between 1075 and 1100. If William Pantulf II was son of a second wife and had a daughter named Alice as his mother, and we do not know exactly the date of Robert de Livet's marriage, this would be the better solution.

Between 1175 and 1190 a Robert de Lintot is one of the wittnesses to an agreement between Walter de Dunstanville and Ralph, abbot of Shrewsbury. This comes under Betton in Hales, Shropshire (Eyton V. 9). - Between 1225 and 1232 A William Pantulf de Hales witnesses with William Pantulf de Wemme a charter of John d' Estrange (Eyton V. 10). - The Pantulfs held land in Staffordshire and Shropshire, so that it is possible that this Robert Lintot is the Robert Livet, who had married Alice, daughter of William de Pantulf. - A William Pantulf witnessed a charter by Roger de Montgomery to Jumièges abbey in the reign of Robert I of Normandy (d. 1035). Another William de Pantulf received the castle of Stafford from K. Henry I of England in 1102. In 1128 there was another Pantulf who appears in a charter of the abbey of St. Evroult in Normandy (Le Prévost). This was the William who had donated to the abbey many years before and went there with his family to confirm his donations (Docs found in FR).

c. 1217 William Livet witnesses a gift by Geoffrey Goldsmith to Hugh Arras.- 1319-20 John Lyvet and William Shakespeare were sureties for Robert de Whitemore, who had trespassed in the Prior of Trentham's land. Plea Rolls of Staffordshire: In 1321 before the Sheriff and 12 jurors had to appear Nicholas de Somery, Henry Lyvet and 10 others, accused to have broken into the castle of John de Somery at Dudley and carried away 1.000 lbs. They were arrested on the Octaves of Trinity, the date of the trial, and sent to stand before 'coram Rege', the King's Court. John and Henry Lyvet were sons of Robert Lyvet, kt., who died in 1316.

Edmund Levett was one of the arbitrors between William Croft sen. and jun. of Brampton in Ashford on 16 June 1476 (Derbysh. CH nº. 100) - 15th C. Gift by Richard junior and his wife Alice to Katherine Linet of a building in Little Sheffield with half an acre of arable land (D 257/45/14/9 in PRO). - In the 19th C. there were the Levett of Milford Hall and the Levett of Wychnor Park, descendants of Richard Levet, Lord Mayor of London 1699-1700, who was a descendant of the Levett family of Salehurst of Sussex in the 17th C. (Burke, Landed Gentry).

Warwickshire

1130-1 Geoffrey Luvet owes 9 lbs 13s 4d and has Geoffrey de Clinton and Robert de Newburgh as sureties (CPR). This would be the Geoffrey mentioned under Lincoln as having received land in Oxfordshire. - William de Livet witnesses a deed in Coventry, Warwickshire c.1215 (DR10/261). His son Simon is witness to a donation of Nicholas de St. Pole to the monks of 'Rupe' (These William and Simon are the same as in Yorkshire, above). - 1204-44 The lands of the Normans in England: The manor of Ilmington, late of Robert de Harecourt,: Simon Livet removed 32 oxen, 100 sheep and 4 lbs 13s 4d from that manor (it lies c. 10 km from Stratford on Avon). - Another deed relating to Kirklees in Yorkshire, a confirmation by William Earl Warren (d. 1240) of the grant by Reinerus Flandrensis of land etc. to Kirklee Nunnery, is witnessed by Auker de Freschenvill, the Seneschall of the Earl (Dugdale), William de Livet and others (PRO KM/8). This is the “carta Willielmi comitis Warrene” , nº II of the foundation charters, dated about 1220 .

Grant by Roger Lynet-Lyvet de Opton concerning land in Opton, Warwickshire, to Richard Kalne of Benhale, witness Robert Lyvet (PRO DR 37/2/Box 73/1, 13th C). - Hamond Lyvet (see Yorks.) appears in 1249. - 1263-4 Henry Lyvet gives half a mark for having a writ 'ad terminum' before the king (CFR). - 1264 Henricus Lyvet sues Henry and Richard Trussel' for transgressions (CCR).

In 1276 Robert Lynet (see Sussex) has letters of the sheriff of Warwick to bail him from prison, where he is being charged for the death of Constance de Haselor. - Robert Lynet or Lyvet was pardoned in 1290 for trespass of venison. 1297 Installation of Nicholas Lyvet to the church of Haselor by presentation by Robert Lynet but not instituted because he was not in holy orders. The next year he was finally instituted, again presented by Robert Lyvet (Reg. of bishop Godfrey Giffard). Nicolas seems to be a fifth son of Robert. (see Worcestershire) - In 1300 Robert, in company with William of Whittington, John de Somery and many others, swore an oath to determine the borders of a part of the forest of Feckenham in the eyre of Henry de Cobham, William de Mortimer and Nicholas Fermbaud, justices (Select pleas of the Forest). In 1302 he was witness to a grant by William Ede of Buvington to Elias de Wonecot, lord  of  Buvington and Alice his wive (Cat. of Anc. Deeds). Robert died in 1316 holding Haselor manor in chief and the lordship of Haselore from William Hastings by service of a pair of white spurs.The writ dates from 15 June (CIPM). In 1086 Haselor had consisted of 5 hides of land, a mill and a salt house (Magna Britannia).

His heir was John 27 years old in 1316. John Lyvet and William Whittington were assessed for Haselore and its hamlets (Inq. & Ass.). John died in 1327. He had settled the manor on himself and his wife Eleanor, leaving a daughter Katherine, a minor.- On 16 Aug. 1327 the escheator beyond Trent was ordered to take into the king's hand the lands late of John Lyvet, deceased, tenant in chief (CFR). - A third of the manor was assigned to Eleanor as dower, who afterwards married John de Cheltenham. Katherine, daughter of John and Eleanor, and her husband John, son of Robert de Trillowe, held the remaining two thirds. Her mother's portion was released to her in 1329 for 20 marks. Katherine died before 1332 without issue, when her uncle Henry Lyvet, chief tax-payer in Haselor 1332, inherited. He sold the manor the following year to Master Robert, archdeacon of Canterbury (VCH).

Upton or Upton Haselor manor was held in 1284 by Hugh de Aguillon, who died that year without issue, whose widow Ellen then claimed dower there. One of his heirs was his nephew William Whittington, who settled that manor on himself and Joan his wife in 1314. Joan was the daughter of Robert Lyvet and sister of John. Sir William Whittington, her husband, died seised of Pauntley and Solers in Worcestershire in 1332. Their son was William who d. 1360, married to Joan, daughter of William Mansel. They had a large descendancy. In the 16th C. Margery, daughter of John Whittington of Pauntley, married John Knill of Knill in Herefords., sheriff of Radnor. Joan married secondly Thomas Berkley, sheriff of Gloucester. - The arms of the Whittington family were GU a fess checky OR and AZ.  Please see Gloucestershire.

26 Sept. 1314 Pardon to Elias Livet for robberies, felonies and other trespasses committed due to his good service in Scotland (CPR). - Pardon to Henry and Elias, sons of Robert Lyvet for the death of Nicholas de Val. - 6 Nov. 1318 Walter de Beauchamp complains that the abbot of Alcester, John, Henry, Robert and Elias de Lyvet and others carried away goods from his Beauchamp manor of Alcester (CPR, p. 289). - Robert was the 4th son. - Sir Aumary de St. Amand sold Haselor manor to Thomas (Beauchamp) earl of Warwick c. 1384 (VCH). See also Gloucestershire, Sussex and Yorkshire.

Licence for William son of the King's bondman Robert Lynet of Walton on Trent, a young scholar, to be promoted to all sacred orders and minister of his life (CPR).

Nottingham and Northampton

1141 Robert de Livet, steward of Livet in Normandy, witnesses a charter by Robert Ferrers, earl of Nottingham, to Alan Leca of the town of Leche. C. 1200 Robert, is witness to a charter by Robert Ferrers (VCH). - On 20 January 1199 A final concord was filed in the Kin'g court at Northampton and his justices between Eustace de Arden and Richard Luvet, tenant of half a military fee with appurtenances in Welland. A grand assize of mort `áncestor took place. Richard recognizes that the land is inheritance of Eustace who concedes the fee to Richard and his heirs for ever. Richard does homage to Eustace (CFR p. 149). - In 1202 Richard Engain claims services of William Lunett to follow him with hounds if he wants to chace, but William negates that. The Jury says he has to exert that service (Abbrev. Plac. p. 41). - In 1235-6 Robert Luvet pays one mark for the fee of Hugh Wake and for half a fee in Welleford (Testa Nevill). - 1241-2 John Luvet had to pay half a mark for an inquisition (CPR p. 322). In 1242-3 he witnesses a grant by Robert Basset, son of John Basset of Riston, son of Fulk de Riston (BCM/G/5/6/9).  Elias Levett is cited in 1330-1 as abbot of the Cistercian Rufford Abbey in Nottinghamshire, founded by Gilbert de Gant c. 1147 (Wikipedia). It is not quite clear whether it is the same Elias, son of Robert Lyvet, kt., who was pardoned in 1314 for robberies etc. (see above). - John de Vescy confirmed to the abbot of Rufford land in Roderham and his demesne of his manor of Roderham with appurtenances with the homage and service of Nicholas Lyvet for the manor of Hotton near Roche abbey (VCH V. 3). The Livet family were tenants of the Vescy.

John Levett in 1393 was forced to hand over horses to Robert Veel, keeper of the King's Bench and John Wynchecombe (Nottingham). - Ca. mid 15th C. William Luvet of Laxton witnessed a grant by Ralph Paynin Northampton (Anc. deeds V. 3). - 1548 Nicholas Levet had lands in Northampton called Abbottys Stockyng in Helmendon Parish, late of Bettesden monastery, Buckinghamshire (CPR). - There was a Robert Luvet, son of Richard of Welford, who had dealings with the abbot and convent of Sulby (TNA E 326/6285, no date).

Ireland

1192-1214 Robert Livet grants the church of St. Nicholas near Barew, Leinster to William bishop of Glendaloch, abbot of St. Thomas of Dublin (Arch. of the See of Dublin, Hist. Manuscript Comm.).

1200 Philip Livet and Henry Fridebi, his kin, and others to see what bad feelings there are between Robert Keinel kin of William Brun, his nephew Roger de Brun, kin of Philip Livet  say that there was a row and hate between Brun and Warin of London. Warin de London and Elias, son of Philip and Richard, son of Gilemichael, and Thomas Norense and Robert Winter who died (CRR). Philip de Lyvet, kt., was a kinsman of William Brun, a leading citizen of Dublin, and held a knight's fee in Carlow. In 1226. William Brun went to Dublin asking for peace of the King in the court of Peter Pipard which was warranted to him..It happened that this William according to that judgement went to the castle of Dublin. When he was on the bridge and Robert, Roger, Philip and Henry with him, they saw Warin. Elias, Richard Thomas, Robert and others saw that Warin had an axe with which he threatened the mentioned persons and his lord. Warin slew William Brun with the axe, who fell into the castle fosse and died 3 days afterwards. Two of the persons had gone into the fosse to help their lord. They gave hue and cry so that the criminals were persecuted, but one of them had a key so that they could not get out of the door. At the hue and cry the judge and Ralph Morin and many others who saw William's murder by Warin and that he slew his lord by his axe being held at the door. And this happened during the King's peace which the court had decreed in view of  persons then present. Roger Brun offered to certify that Elias, Richard, Henry and Thomas put themselves against the murderer and that they saw and heard it all. Warin comes to court and defends himself word for word that one of his legs had been broken and that these who saw it can confirm this. He offers 60 marks to have an inquisition to have peace. But the court considered that that Warin may defend himself according to the law, that all those named to defend themselves in a duel. Elias goes to the duel against Richard (CCR V. 2, p. 172).

17 June 1215 The King orders Gilbert Livet and Gilbert Burll to pay to the archbishop of Dublin at once what they owe to the late bishop of Norwich (CCRlit).- On 18 September 1215 The King reminds Audoner BRUN, Elias Hasard, Gilbert Livet and Gilbert Binel that they owe to him 2.500 marks of the 5.000 for the land of Cunoc, due on Michaelmas and Easter to come (p. 228). - 4 September 1216 Walter Plutonicus has order to deliver yto Engelram Luvet and John Hanget what is due to them as the king has told before (p. 286). - Gilbert de Livet, citizen of Dublin, had a ship in 1225, which his servant Richard de Caune had steered to Brittany, but was captured by Rupelle. William Marshall, justice of Ireland, had arrested Gilbert and his servant. The marshall. to put at once the said ship in his service (Rot. Litt. clausarum p. 20). Before this the bailiff of the port of Southampton had mandate to arrest the ship of Gilbert de Linet with every thing it contains. The master to show before the king for having committed roberies and other crimes in the territory of the count of Brittany. All his men to be arrested in England, Wales and Ireland and judged (dto.V. 2 p. 93).- Gilbert and others in 1230 had order to come to Portsmouth with their ships to cross the sea with the King, who afterwards cancelled their licence (CPR) - Gilbert was  mayor of Dublin in 1233 -1237 (Mayors and Lord Mayors of Dublin). In c. 1243 he granted to the Holy Trinity Church the land, on which stood his stone hall without the King's Gate. He possessed also land in Lormery Castle Street, half a fee in Kilcoune, a carucate of land in William's court at Balyregan and died c.1244. He and his wife Sibilla are buried in Holy Trinity Church. Their daughter Elena is listed in the Register of the Hospital of St. John the Baptist in Dublin, outside the New Gate.  - 18.-20  September 1247 the king gave back to Richard de Burgh all the land he had taken into his hands during Richard's minority, including his land in Jocherye which Johannes Livet holds (CCR). The land in Jochery was held of Richard de Burgh (CCR). - 1266 Confirmation of a grant by John Lestrange, executor of the will of Walter Musgros, to Roger Clifford of the wardship of the lands in Almeleyluvet and Tindelak late of Henry Luvet CPR). - Geoffrey de Lyvet owned a great Stone Hall (Arch. and Sculpture in Ireland) in 1269-70.

In c.1278 Gilbert Lyvet, knight, is mentioned in a petition by Maurice Fitz Maurice to the King and Council (TNA SC 8/258/12896). Letters for Roger Bigod, earl of Norfolk and marshall of England in 1282, who is going to Wales in the King's service, nominating William Cadel and Reginald Lyvet his attorneys in Ireland for one year (CPR, p. 34). They travelled with the earl and Thomas Brotherton to Dublin (Thomas Brotherton was the youngest son of the king by his second wife, daughter of the king of France. He was married secondly to Mary, daughter of William de Braose of Sussex and Gower and his third wife Mary and was the next earl of Norfolk). - In 1296 he is holding one carucate of land in Balyregan rendering 11s yearly to William de Valencia, earl of Pembroke, and suit at his court at Balyregan (CIPM V. 3). Roger Bigod died 1306, when Gilbert holds half a knight's fee at 20 s in Kildare of him, and another half fee in Kilconne, held by the heir of Gilbert Levet or del Levet by service of 20s (CIPM V. 4). - Reginald was sheriff of Carlow, where he held knights fees in Wexford, Carlow and Kilkenny, succeeded in 1286 by Gilbert..

In 1302 John Lyvet is called a 'Fidelius' of Ireland and had his arms created in that year (Harleian). He had credence for Scotland on 23 Feb. 1302 (GBS). In that year he had been summoned to war against the Scots (Parl. Writs). He acted also as sheriff of Carlow and negotiated with the Irish. On 27 June 1311 he was appointed steward of Carlow or Catherlagh with the keeping of Old Ros and the isle of Hervey as well as the hamlet of the Templars called Kilclogan, cty. Weysford (TNA SC 8/66/3258 and CFR). On 15 August 1318 John Lynet or Lyvet and his heirs were granted all the lands and tenements late of Gilbert de la Roche, which were forfeited for his adherence to the Scots, who had invaded Ireland (Edmund Bruce, brother of the King of Scotland declared King of Ireland). In that year Johannes Lyvet 'Talonenses and o'Nolanus' died. - A Richard was listed in Ireland as well, as juror of Tyrerath (GBS).

1329 Commitment to the King's clerk, Robert Power, treasurer of Ireland, of the keeping of the manor of Lyvetan, late of Robert de Nottingham (CFR). - 1490 Thomas Lyvet died. - 1552 Grant by the King to Gerald FitzGerald, eldest son of Gerald, late earl of Kildare, of lordships and manors in Ireland incl. Levettston (CPR). - In 1603 James Lyvett was sheriff in Ireland and in 1649 John Lyvett mayor of Waterford (GBS).

The General Armory showes for William Levett, citizen of Dublin, AR, a chevron engrailed paly of the first and GU between three shovellers SA beaked and legged of the second.

Note: The Lynott family history (http://www.lynottweb.com) maintains that the Lynot, Lynet, Lyvet family came from Wales to Ireland after the Conquest. That would mean also Gloucestershire and Worcestershire as marcher land. - The coat of arms they show is the same as the one used by Robert Lyvet of Sussex, Warwickshire, Gloucestershire and Worcestershire in the 13th C. As per Lloyd the family came from Livet-en-Ouche in Normandy and is present in the 'Documents preserved in France' and in Chester at an early date.

Kent and London

1275 Hamo de la Forstall, servant of of the abbey of St. Augustine in Canterbury, took 6d from Walter Lyneth (Rot. HDD P. 201). - 1377 John Lynot appointed collector of the 10th and 15th (FF) - 1387 appointment of Simon Bureley, Constable of Dover castle and warden of the Cinque ports, John Lynet and others to enquire into shipbreak of a ship of the Hanse, by which the cargo came on shore in Kent and Sussex, but was confiscated by a certain John Gunter (CPR). This would probably be the John Lynet mentioned in the quitclaims at the sale of Knelle manor. - In 1328 a John Lynot was appointed as his lawyer by Geoffrey de Knelle during his absence on pilgrimage. 

In 1399 Sir Elias Lyvet was set in liberty after his insurgence, in consequence of the dethronement and imprisonment of King Richard (Book of the Princes of Wales). - 1404 Robert Essex of Ewell and John Took, clerk v. Elias Lynot of Ivychurch and his wife Alice regarding rent and land etc. in Stanford, Monks Horton and other places. It went to the querants who give Elias and Alice 20 lbs (Kent FF). - Elyas Lynot, kt. holds land in Kent in 1412. - 1413 Sir Elias de Lyvet was accused to have entered in a confederacy with the Welsh rebells and was committed to the Tower (The Hist. of the Reign of K. Henry IV). - 1422 Indenture between the King and Ellis Lyvet for service in France (TNA E 101/70/6/729).

1464 Charter to Thomas Levet and others regarding land of William Goolde of Canterbury and elsewhere in Kent (CCR).  - 1466 Gift by Robert Childmyll to Thomas Levet of London, gent, and others of all his goods and chattels there (CCR). - 1541 Abstracts of IPM for the City of London - John Levett is one of the jurors at the death of Rowland Latham, esq. - 1542 Thomas Lyvette and Thomasine his wife sell to Nicholas Selyard 15a of land, 2a of meadow, 15a of pasture and 3a of wood in Edenbridge for 40 lbs (Kent FF).

Somserset

1386 Baldwin de Aylmere and Roger Levet had granted the manors of Nether Stowey, Puriton Donorede, Wallavington and Stokeland Lovell in Wolwardeston to James de Audeley, who had died that year. Order to the escheator to give livery to his son Nicholas Audley, confirmed in 1387 (CCR).

Unknown counties and strays

1252 John de Lyveth, parson of the church of Eneford receives 10 oaks out of the forest of Cette (CCR). - Robert Lynot 'milner' of Napton was killed in France by John Somervill, who received a pardon on 12 July 1362, and who had been in company of Henry, late duke of Lancaster, in the war (CPR). - 1361 Thomas Lyvet was vicar of Houghton in Norfolk (Blomfeld V. 7). - 10 March 1496 Demise by Robert Lyvet of Honynghamthorpe of a messuage there, abutting on 'le milledam'. Norfolk (Cal. Deeds PRO V.4). - 12th C. grant by Geoffrey de Ferculis to Robert his free man of Alesford, of land which bounds the land of Richard Liviet (Hollis coll. Nº BBQ3268). - In about 1425 a Richard Archer, 2nd son of William Archer and Agnes, daughter of Daniel of Burntwood in Essex married Ann, daughter of John Lynnet (Vis. of Essex, 1612). - 1422 Grant by Richard Levette, burgess of Calais, and Avice his wife to several persons of all their lands and tenements etc. in Calais (Cal. Deeds in PRO V.4). - 1462 Thomas Levet was witness to a charter regarding land in Dagenhall.

Hampshire and Wiltshire

Domesday Book: The Hundred of Heytesbury in Wiltshire, Knook in Cunuche was held by Levit (Leviet). - In 1207 Robert Livet is one of the mainperners for Roger son of Adam, sheriff of Southampton (Rot. de Finibus). - 1216-72 Richard de Livett' and Margery de Rokesia confirmed their grants to Amice de Redvers, countess of Devon and of the Isle of Wight (Deeds). - 1243 Nicholas de Yvet was summoned to appear before the bailiffs that the men of Exeter went to his fairs at Lep and Meryet against the liberties of the King (Abbrev. Plac. p. 121). - 1260 The King asks the sheriff of Southampton to give Richard Livet respite for the amount he has distrained him  with 20s for not coming to court to answer Abraham Russell, a jew of Winchester, for his debt (CCR). - On petition the King gave him respite till he had investigated the matter (CCR). - 1266-7 Richard Lenot gives half a mark for an assize (CFR) See also Worcestershire. For Richard de Lyvet: 1260 The king demonstrates that Richard de Livet has debts with Abraham Russell', jew of Wilton, to be judged in the custody court of the jews. There was first  an inquisition at Winchester and afterwards in the court at Westminster, where Richard was exempt from the debts for which the earl of Southampton had distrained him for 20s.  The king orders that he gets respite (CCR). 

On 25 September 1234 Henry de Luvet appears in the King's court at Marlborough, Wiltshire, to replevy his land in Finbedon and Wichip, which are in the king's hand for default in the Bench concerning the law suit between Henry de Oura and his wife Matilde and their tenant Henry (CCR V. 2 p. 596). - Roger Livet and Emma his wife gave half a mark in an assize of Richard de Midelton in 1262 (CFR). - In 1370 William Lynot had to hand over wages for Casinus Fauconer, valet (Issue R. of Brantingham bishop of Exeter) - 1492-1547 Agnes and Richard Lynet sue John Grome and Nicholas Passyon for lands in Box (TNA REQ 2/4/335). - Extracts from the Register of Burbage, Wiltshire: Mary Levett, daugther of John Levet, gent, and Elisabeth his wif , was baptized on 6 April 1643.

Worcestershire

Between 1180 -90 (Time of Bishop Baldwin) Alured Levet held a hide of land at Fladbury of his nephew Ralph de Levet (VCH) in Worcestershire, who might be the Ralph Livet who paid tax in Normandy c.1202. This shows that the family spread in England at an early date. - 1222 Matilde de Luvet (wife of Robert?) sues the Prior of Novo Loco (Newark in Surrey) by her attorneys William de Arnhal' and Gaufrido de Brokhal' (CRR).

Henry Luvet, Eudo de Beauchamp and others in 1223 were to attend an assize of novel disseisin at Worcester, having been constituted justices in an other case with the sheriff of Worcestershire to attend a duel (CPR). - 1223-4 Henry Luvet is sued by Geva for one third of two caructes of land and 25s of rent in Hintun and in Wick in Worcestershire (Plea Rolls of Staffordsh., see also Northampton). This was a plea for dower as results of the plea of Henry and others by their attorney Thomas de Bosco in 1225-6. - On 25 Sept. 1234 petitions from the King: in an assize at Salisbury regarding restitution of Henry's land of 20 acres in Fimbedon and 17s rent in Wiche (CCR). - Henry Luvet was collector of the 15th in 1225 (CPR p. 563). - 1235 Henry Luvet by his attorney Geoffrey Pipard, sues Peter FitzNicholas for 18 acres of land with appurtenances in Pidel'. And again by witnesses Thomas Caretarium against the same, here called Peter F.Nicholas Marschall, for 35 acres and a messuage with appurtenances (CCR V. 3 p. 325). - William Bray had leased with his daughter Amabilia the service of a yardland to Henry Luvet at a rent of 3s, with a cottage, 4 a of land and a meadow (Hist. of Worcesters). - William Bray ca. 1240  is seneschall of the Priory of Worcestershire. - Henry also witnesses a grant by Ranulf de Pidel to Stephen de Segrave about that time (BCM/D/5/94/5). - Walter de Beauchamp grants to Henry, son of Henry Luvet land in Grafton (TNA E 327/314).

1241-2 Philipp Luvet gives one mark for a licence of concord, and John Luvet 10s for an inquisition (PR). - John Luvet of Riston quitclaims to Robert Basset a wood called Basseteshawe (BCM/G/5/6/7), c.1242-3. - Robert Basset in turn witnesses an agreement between Hugh de Goldingham and Amicia his wife and John Luvet of Riston about the same time. - John also witnesses a quitclaim by Thomas son of Ralph de Holkam to Sir Robert Basset (BCM/G/5/6/8). (For John Luvet see also Northampton). - Richard Luvet witnesses a grant by Andrew de Sancto Lyceo and Robert de Sancto Lyceo, his brother, and Maud his wife, regarding a messuage with one selion in the vill and fields of Riston (BCM/G/5/6/14, mid 13th C.)  Richard Lenot  gives half a mark for an assize before M. William of Powik (FFH3).  In the 13th C. witnesses a confirmation of a grant by William son of Richard, parson of Riston, a grant by Thomas de Insula, his brother (BCM/G/5/6/13). - In 1262 Roger Livet and Emma his wife give half a mark for an assize in the court of Richard de Midelton in Worcestershire (CFR).

1268 Inspeximus and confirmation of Patent Letters by Queen Eleanor, dated 25 May 1257, granting to Joan Luvet, late the wife of Henry Luvet, dower in the lands of her former husband, namely a third part of the manor of Elmley (in Worcestershire) and a moiety of the manor of Timberley with a capital messuage. The Queen's steward had given her the remaining two thirds of Elmley and the other moiety of Timberley, because Joan had petitioned more dower against Joan and Agnes, daughters of Henry Luvet. It seems that Henry's and Isabel's daughter Joan had been married to Robert Stuteville. - 1259 Court case by Walter Leg sueing for land of the priory of Winchester and of Joan, daughter of Henry Livet in la Lowe, once of the priory, against Isabel, who was the wife of Henry Luvet (CCR). - He also asks for the land of Robert Stuteville and Joan his wife, and Vivian de Roshale and Amice his wife, in Bishampton, versus Isabella, widow of Henry Luvet (CCR). - The family seems to have held land in Worcestershire, Hampshire, Surrey and Wiltshire and may be identical with the Henry Livet's of Gloucestershire.  

Reg. of Bishop Giffard: 12 Nov.1269 Writ to the bishop to allow William de Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, who holds the land and heir of Henry Lovet, may present to the church of Hampton, as he has recovered his right in the King's court against Robert de Scotvill and Joan his wife. - 1275 Mandate to the deans of Kidderminster and Droitwich to get hold of the goods of Joan Lovet, widow of Robert Scotville, as she and Henry de Pemort have to pay for her deceased husband's goods. And then Mandate to the same deans for John Lovet, heir of Joan Lovet, deceased, due to the appropriation of her estate by her executors and of her deceased husband (Hampton-upon-Avon). - The sheriff of Worcestershire in 1290 was ordered to let John Luvet have seisin of a messuage and one and a half virgates of land in Bishampton (CCR).

In 1285-6, 1293 and 1297-8 the Register of Bishop Godfrey Giffard of Worcester notes a dealing with Robert Lyvet. (See also Warwicks., Gloucesters. and SSX). - In 1293 Robert witnesses an inspeximus of a quitclaim by Godfrey bishop of Worcestershire (CPR). - 1300 Hugh Lovet of Worcester is made sub-deacon (p. 520 Reg. of the bishop). - 1301 John Luvet and others grant land to the prior and convent of Worcester (TNA C 143/35/18)30 May 1316). Commission to Robert de Gray and John Fekenham to inquire by oath of good men of the county of Worcester regarding the death of Robert Lynet at Beleye.

In 1318 Walter de Beauchamp of Worcester complained that the abbot of Alcestre, his monks, John, Henry, Robert and Elias Lyvet, sons of Robert Lyvet, knight, had carried away his goods at his manor of Alcestre, Warwickshire. - Elias Lyvet and Malville Musard are mentioned together in Worcestershire (GBS). - Elias seems to have become a monk occupied first on Dec.1320. On April 1331 he wa later elected abbot of Rufford Abbey in Northamptonshire (Dugdale), and is mentioned there easter 1341 (Heads of Religious Houses). He died by 38 Oct. 1347 (CChR), but his successor took his place in 1352. - The Musard family came from Normandy and Hascoil Musard in 1086 held land in Buckinghamshire (DB). In 1230 The castle de la Musard and land of Ralph Musard in Gloucestershire are taken into the King's hand at the death of Ralph (CFR). Ralph's father was Hasculf, son of Hasculf of Domesday Book (Sinopsis of the Peerage).

On 20 May 1319, an  inspeximus of letters patent of John, prior of Worcester and the chapter, dated at Worcester 9 July 1304, by Godfrey Giffard, bishop of Worcester, was inspected once more and confirmed regarding a grant to Nicholas Levyet, clerk, and his heirs, dated 1299, of a messuage and half a virgate of land of the bishop's manor of Alvechurch, confirmed by the King in 1311 (CPR). - Robert de Lyvet, kt., father of John, Henry, Robert and Elias, as lord of Haselor in Warwickshire, presented Nicolas Lyvet, clerc, in 1297 to the church of Haselor. But as Nicholas was not in holy orders, he was invested in 1298 (see Warwickshire). - It is not clear, whether he was another son of Robert, if so, he must have been of a first wife, as his heir John was born in 1289. - As per the Lay Subsidy Roll of Worcesters. Johanne Levyet held land in Alvechurch in 1327, the year of his death. This was the heir of Robert Lyvet, kt.

1401 Grant to John Leviot of a messuage and 30 acres of land in Tendebury, Worcestershire, which belong to Richard Levyot, an idiot. - 1421 Richard Levyott had a messuage and land in Tendbury when he died (CIPM).

Gloucestershire

Hildesley - A medieval earthwork complex has been excavated in 1987 (Glouc. Arch. Soc.). - At the survey in 1086 Hildesley was held by Turstin FitzRalf. In 1166 Henry de Neufmarché held those lands and others in Dyrham (Hist. of the village by John Ainslie). From Ancient charters: Ca. 1127 Richard FitzPons has given his wife Maud, sister of Milo, son of Walter of Gloucester, the sheriff, who is one of the witnesses, the manor of Lench in Gloucestershire. Milo's wife Bertha was the daughter of Bernard de Neufmarché. The History of Brecknockshire states that Bernard held Hildesley by the end of the 11th C. of Turstan FitzRalph. One of the other witnesses of FitzPonce's charter is Hinganus the archer. If he was Gilbert de Livet's father   then he must have been a very old man at his death (see below)..

1183 - Confirmation by Gilbert, son of 'Hinganus' or Engayn the archer, of his father's gift of 15 a of assarted land in Hawkesbury, Gloucester. The sheriff in 1201 accounts for 1 5d received from Gilbert Livet. Gilbert paid 11d taxes in 1202 (Chancery Roll). Walter, chaplain of Hillesley, received the obventions of the Court of Gilbert Linez, some land and two thirds of the tithes of his lands, which were owed to Bath Abbey, out of his Lordship in demesne (Hist. of the village). - Henry de Lyvet was allowed to build a chapel in his court of Hildesley (1203-1210). -  Henry was juror in 1247-8 in the Hundred of Grymbold Ash (Glouc. Rec. Soc.). - Henricus Lynet owes 5 marks for transgression of venison. His pledges are Elias de Filton and William de Hay (CPR). - Henry Livet, and a son of the same name, witnessed several deeds between 1215 and 1272, one of which is dated c.1262 (BCM). This Henry le Livet witnesses a grant by Henry Belesby to Kingswood Abbey (BM/F/1/5/29).  - Galfrido Lyvet held one and a half fees ot the honour of Gloucestershire in 1211-2 (Liber Rubaeus p. 611.

Later in the 13th C. appears Robert de Lyvet, kt., who obviously held land in Gloucestershire in Hillesley and elsewhere, East Sussex and Warwickshire. - 1273 Robert Lyvet went as juror to the Hundred court of Grimboldesasse (Rot. Hdd. V. 1, p. 170, damaged). - 1285 Robert lord of Hildesley presents Richard Hacket, priest, to the chapel of Hildesley, where he is instituted by bishop Giffard (Reg. p. 254). - On 18 Oct. 1293 he witnesses a deed by Godfrey, bishop of Worcester in Warwickshire. In 1303 Robert was juror for collecting aids (Feudal Aids) - He appears as one of the jurors for the abbot of Gloucester confirming that he holds Boxwell. Robert in 1303-4 was juror in an inquest held by Thomas Gardini in Gloucester, collector of subsidies for Grimboldsnesse (Grimbold Ash) Hundred (Inq. and Ass.). - On 4 May 1312 Robert witnesses a grant of Richard de Bedford concerning certain tenements in Hawksbury (SAS/PN/777). On 5 March 1316 he was lord of Hildesley and Sudbury (Kts of E I). His IPM of 28 June of that year shows him holding Hildesley and Woodcroft in Gloucesters. and Haselore manor in Warwicks.

In 1316 John Bishope and Robert Lyvett were Lords of the vill of Sudbury Hyldesley, now Hillesley, in that Hundred, the year when he died (Inq. and Ass.), and thus a descendant of Henry Lyvet and Hinganus the archer. His IPM further says that he held 4 messuages, 4 virgates of land, 6 acres of meadow, 23s 4d of rent and a water mill of Sir William Russel by service of half a knight's fee. Further in Woodcroft a messuage, 2 acres of wood, one and a half acres of meadow, ten acres of arable land of the abbot of Pershore at 4s p/a. John Lyvet aged 27 is his heir (CIPM).

John Levete, his son, was juror for collecting aids in the Hundred of Chiltenham (Feudal Aids). - On 28 June 1316 the escheator had order to take into the King's hand the lands late of Robert Lyvet, deceased, tenant by knight's service of the heir of William Russell, tenant in chief, a minor in the King's ward. - On 14 July 1316 the escheator was ordered to deliver to John Lyvet, son of Robert Lyvet deceased, the lands in Hildesle (CFR). - John granted licences to several persons of the land he held of the Abbey of Pershore and those stipulated in his father's IPM. He died in 1327.

Musard and Elias were in the habit of going to take seising (Gloucestershire Indictments). This was Malvelin Musard. Alice his daughter and Elias Lyvet of Haselor had unjustly disseised Margery. Thomas Buy and Margery was widow of Walter de Bulkyngton of Grafton. She quitclaimed her right in the tenement to Elias. Haselor was held in chief of William de Hastings of Thormarton (CIPM of Robert Lyvet, Elias's father, writ 15 June 1316). - See also Worcestershire.

In 1321 the sheriff of Gloucester had mandate to take into the king's hand all the lands and goods of Henry Lyvet and others (CFR). On 20 Dec. 1322 Robert de Aston was to remove the King's hands from Peter de Montfort's manor of Hildesley in Gloucestershire. The escheator certified that the manor belonged to Peter by the gift of John Lyvet and had been taken into the King's hands because of Henry Lyvet, a rebell, who had entered the manor by force (Henry younger brother of John the heir of Robert).

17 Nov. 1328 - Eleanor Livet, lady of Woodcroft, widow of John Livet, had custody of the heir of John Livet, and the bishop of Worcestershire institued William Scot of Gloucester, priest, to the perpetual chantry in Hillsley (Hildesley). [Cal. of Reg. of Adam Orleston, bishop of Worcester]. - 1346 Johannis Levet is juror in the Hundred of Chiltenham controlling the tax for the first born daughter of the King for her marriage (Feudal Aids V. 2). This is the John Lyvet who owned West Firle in Sussex at that time, son of Eleanor and John Lyvet). The Sussex estate and lands had not been taken into the King's hand as they were not held in chief.

In 1316 Joan Linet(t), daughter of Robert Linet/Lyvet of Warwickshire, married  Sir William Whittington of of Pauntley and Solers, Gloucestershire, who died 1332, as his second wife, she having been married to Reginald de Abenhall, who had died in 1316. They had the sons Richard and William the heir, who died 1360, who had been married to Joan, daughter of William Mansel, and who married secondly Thomas Berkley of Coberley, sheriff of Gloucestershire 1334. Four generations later Margery Whittington married John Knill of Knill in Hereford, sheriff of Radnor (Whittington and Knill genealogy). The Whittington's also held land in Haselor manor (see above). It has become clear now, that the Sir Robert Lyvet kt, who held land in Warwickshire, Gloucestershire and Sussex is the same person. Joan, his daughter is the sister of his son and heir, John of Haselor. - The Whittingdon's of Pauntley were descended in female line from the counts of Corbeil in Normandy and the Solers family.

Arms of Whittingdon: GU a fess chequée OR and AZ. - Sir William Whittingdon was grandson of William Whyttington of Warwickshire, whose wife was Hawise, sister and heir of Hugh Aguillon, during King Edward's I reign. His son William, father of Sir William, had married Maud, daughter of John Solers of Pauntley and Solars Hope. The Solers descended from Ansfrid de Cormeille in female line. - Richard - Walter, Margaret m. Hugh le Poer,  a daughter married Simon de Solers - son Richard held 3 fees under Richard de Cormeille - Walter Solers held Pauntley in 1214 - Thomas - John, whose heir is William, son of William de Whittington (Hist. of Gloucestershire). - Please see Haselor manor in Warwickshire above.  - One Fresnel married a Solar daughter, their daughter married a Cecil, 4 generations later their descendant James Cecil married Isabel de Knell, daughter of Sir John de Knell of Knill in Hereford. Their descendant was William Cecil, Lord Burghley, the chief minister of Queen Elilabeth I. - The Fresnel family originated in Normandy in the Ferté-Fresnel near Breteuil and were one of the principal demesne tenants of William FitzOsborn and his descendants of Breteuil (Orderic Vitalis).

 On 24 November 1322 the sheriff of Gloucestershire is informed that the manor of Hildesley, which belonged to Peter de Montford, who had been enfeoffed by John Lynet, was taken into the King's hand because Henry Lynet a rebell had entered it when Peter did not join the followers of Roger Dammory (Inq. Misc. V. 2 p. 144 & CCR p. 621). - Ca. 1361 Walter Levyt is on the peace roll of the town of Gloucester. 1387 (CFR) His messuage in a suburb of Gloucester had been recovered by the Abbot of St. Peter's but is in the King's hand, who grants it to John Cassy and Richard Nash for 20 years. In 1393 Walter has died, after which his uncle Robert Brid had entered the premises, and after his death his son John is next heir. - Inquisition by Robert Poyntz escheator of Gloucestershire: The abbot of Pershore had acquired without licence 20 years ago from William chheltenham lands and tenements in Woodcroft and Hildesley, lordship of Hawkesbury, held of Maurice Russell, kt. (Inq. Misc. V. 6 p. 41).

In the Register of John Stafford, bishop of Bath, 1425-43 Richard Lyvet is listed as having a title of the Abbot. - May 29, 1451 order to the escheator in Gloucester to take fealty of John Levet, married to Joan, kinswoman and heir of John Nutlyn the younger, for land being in the king's hand by the decease of John Nutlyn the elder. - Mid 15th C. Hugh Luvet witnesses a confirmation by William Giffard of a donation to the monks of Brueria (Anc.t Deeds V. 6). - June 4, 1487 Grant by John Lynet of Horseley in Gloucester and Richard his son to Robert Pountz, kt., an annual rent of 20s out of their land in Gloucester for life (AC/D/3/25- TNA).

Sussex

In Jan. 1176 Robert Liveth is one of the witnesses to a charter by Richard bishop of Winchester, Hampshire (Anesy, V. 2, p. 297, Extr. of CH). - A Robert de Ferles is mentioned in the 'essoigns' on 28 May 1199 as having a suit against Benedict P'brun In Sussex. Robert de Lyvet was a crusader in 1191 (English Crusaders) and may have been the Robert de Ferles of 1199 (Robert had the arms AR crusilly GU a lion rampant SA). - 1207 appears Robert Livet in Southampton or Hampshire, who may be a brother of Henry Livet of Hildesley in Gloucester.  (CH nº 158). - In 1239-40 the honour of L´aigle with the castle of Pevensey was committed to John of Gatesden and Robert de Ferles at farm (CFR). - Robert de Lyvet's seat was West Firle manor, which was held by his descendants until 1446 when Thomas, the then lord, fell into debt, granting land of his manor of Catsfield to Thomas Lewknor, Thomas Hoo and others (CPR). - Herluin de Conteville had founded the abbey of Grestein in 1040. At a later date the count of Mortain had given to the abbey the church of Firles (Dugdale Monasticon V. 6 P.2).

July 23, 1246 Robert Livet witnesses an indenture between the Abbey of Robertsbridge and Robert son and heir of Adam de Cobford (RobertsbridgeCH nº 158 ). - This must be the father of the Robert who died in 1316, who would have been at least aged 21 in 1246 and thus would have been about 100 years old in 1316 at the death of Robert Livet, kt. - About 1240 Robert, son and heir of Adam de Cobford to the monks of Robertsbridge: Quitclaim of all his right in his land of Edbrichtsham, witness Robert Livet and others. - Thomas de Livet, Adam de Cobford, Alexander de Hussey witness a charter by Walter, chaplain of Firle to his foster child Maud about the same time (SAS/64/15/2). Alexander Hussey had been a pledge in 1221 to Richard de Cahain (Cahagne) (CCR). - Hugh Livet, Alexander Hussey and others witness a charter by Robert, abbot of St. Mary Grestein, Normandy, to William de Colville of a lodging next to the chancel of Firle church (SAS/64/15/1). - The court rolls of the manor of Hosiers in West Firle contain several charters referring to land of Hugh de Livet as well as to the witnesses Thomas de Livet, Richard de Livet, and Livet’s orchard. The Hussey family seems to have been in possession of Hosier manor, as there appear Alexander Hosarie or Huser, Eustace le Huser and Osbert Hoser. Those charters are undated (SAS/G4/15 (1-4).

King Henry III in 1260 had granted Peter de Sabaudia 63 knights fees in Sussex, the castle of Walderne, the forest of Ashenden (Ashdown), the manor and castle of Pevensey, the manors of (East) Grinsted and all what belongs to the Honours of Aquila and Leicester. The earl of Warren, Robert Livet, Henry de Hertfield (d. c. 1267), William Maufe, Ralph de Harengot and others put in their claim (as they all held land of those honours). - The witnesses are all mentioned in the Dallingridge genealogy and the Sussex subsidies, so that the Livet family must have had land in that area or married into one of the families. - In 1263 Robert Luvet petitions Adam de Wylesham for 36 acres of land in Megham. Adam gives Robert 10 marks (SSX FF). Megham lies near and belonged to Westfirle. This Robert seems to have died between that date and 1268,

1268 when his son Robert Lyvet, kt., was attending the court of the earl of Richmond for the first time.

Robert was witness to a Cobham, who held land near Hertfield. - The year 1274 sees Robert as subescheator in Sussex. Simon de Sherington was Robert Lyvet's clerk then, and later, when he became coronor of this part of Sussex (SAC and Hist. and Ant. of the Cty). - In 1279 Robert was elected by the knights and freeholders of the Shire to hold inquests and abjurations in the three eastern Sussex rapes, Hastings, Pevensey and Lewes, which office he held until 1288. The same year Thomas Peverel, William Maufe, Robert Lyvet, knights, William Heringaud, John Peverel, William Davy and others witnessed a quitclaim by Beatrix, daughter of Walter de Hertfield, now a widow, to Andrew de Sackville, for 10 silver marks, which she used to receive out of her vill of Chalvinton (SAS-RF/12/7). - 1288 Simon Livet has a place to build in the 29th quarter of New Winchelsea (Hist. of Winch.). - A feoffment in West Firle, Sussex, was witnessed by Robert de Lyvet, kt, and John le Hustele (Hussey) in the late 13th C. (GLY/1266). This shows that he was son of the earlier Robert de Livet (see above).

1278-9 Robert Livet to Simon Elward, grant of 4 acres of land in High Megham (Assize roll AMS 5592/41). - 1279 Robert Lyveth, William Maufe, William Echingham and others were witnesses to an acknowledgement to the Templars of Compton by Ralph son of Richard Brakecope of Compton, of 87 acres of land in the Parish of Ferles (SSX FF). - 1279 Liberties of the Abbey of Bec Helouin, Normandy: Robert Lovet, Nigel de Brok, Robert de Pierpoint, Roger Lewknor, William de Heringod and others were jurors in Sussex (Plac. quo waranto, p. 759) - On 4 June 1286 Robert de Lyvet and three other knights were associated with Richard de Pevensey, sheriff of Sussex, to be present at the full court of John de Brittany, earl of Richmond, in a suit between James Paulyn and the Abbot of Robertsbridge (cartulary). - Sir Robert and Sir James de Weyvile witness a deed in South Heighton (Cap/I/15/35) in 1286-7, and Robert on 4th May 1312 another one there (SAS/PN/777). - Ca. 1285-90 Robert Lyvet, kt, William Haringaud, Walter de Munceus (Monceaux) and others witnessed a charter in Chalvington, Sussex (SAS-RF/12/7). Chalvington lies near Hertfield - see Dallingridge genealogy.

Richard, the bailiff of the Honour of Pevensey, took from Robert Lyvet 50 oxen and a cow for debt of 2 marks owed to the King (GBS) - In 1295 Robert was summoned for the protection of the coast (Parl. Writs). - In 1296 he paid 1lbs 6d subsidy in the ville of Firles and South Heighton and 4s 1d in Hailsham in the Hundred of Thylles in the Rape of Pevensey, John Lyvet, paid 1s there and acted as juror, as well as taxator in West Firle (SB). This  cannot have been Robert's son, who was 27 years old at his death in 1316, or born in 1289). This would be the John Lyvet, who was married to Margaret, see below. It is however possible that Robert and John were brothers.

In 1292 Walter Bernehus was imprisoned in Chichester for the death of William Liviot, but had letters to the sheriff of Sussex to bail him (CCR). Another William Lypet (Lynet) pays 3s subsidies in Irington, Bramber Rape in 1327, and William Levenet, 2s 10 and a half d in Horton, Totington and Edgburton in 1296, maybe the same one. Whether they were related to Robert does not appear. - Rogo Lypat pays 2s 3d in the vill of Horton in 1327. - Incidently, Christiana Levy(t?) died also in 1316. The writ to the escheator dates of  9 Feb. concerning her land held in chief, but the escheator answers that she does not hold anything of the King (CIPM V. 5). In another document dated 9 Nov. 1316 Christiana, late the wife of Saveric le Lyneter,  grants to John le Amblour of Sothenoverd, Sussex, a messuage there (TNA E 40/4091). - Henry Elys pays 1s 3 1/4d in Ifeld the same year. John Elys paid 5s 9 1/4d in 1296, also in Horton, Totington and Edburton. - This is interesting as a John Elys paid subsidies in Knelle manor East Sussex in 1327.

Robert de Livet and eleven other Sussex knights swore between 1296-1307 for what the abbot and the monks held in Preston and other places and their rights therein (Plac. quo waranto p. 759).

Robert died 1316 before 28 June (CFR). On 13 July a commission was given to Robert de Gray and John Fekenham to inquire into the death of Robert Lynet at Ippesleye, Warwick. His IPM dated 14 July shows that he held land in Sudbury, Hildesle by knight's service, Woodcroft and Little Sudeley in Gloucestershire on 5 March, as well as Haselor in Warwickshire, in addition to his Sussex land which were not held in chief.  - The arms of Robert de Lyvet, kt., were AR or OR, a lion rampant SA within an orle of crosslets GU (Dering).

Summoning up dates from different counties we find that Sir Robert Lyvet had the sons John, the heir, Henry, Elias, Robert and Nicolas. Further at least one daughter Joan.

Robert's heir is John Lyvet aged 27 (CFR). He had livery of his father's lands on 14 July 1316 (CFR). As per 'Knights of Edw. I' he was lord of West Firle on 5 March 1316. already. - 1316 The vill of Ferles belongs to John Lyvett (Inq. & Ass. V. 5, p. 139).  - John's seal, preserved at Lewes, dates from that year and shows a lion rampant semée of crosses crosslets fitchés (SAC V. 18, p. 69). This is the same seal as the one of Edmund de Knelle, however, the tincture of both seals are not known. - Birch says that John's seal showed a shield of arms crusilly, or semé of crosses crosslet, a liion rampant, LEVETT. Above the shield a slipped quatrefoil, within a pointed quatrefoil panel ornamented with small ball-flowers along the inner edg,. Sig' Johannis Livet. - Johannes Lyvett had a fee in Parrock in 1316 (Feudal Aids), which had been part of the 4 fees held by Henry de Hertfeld (see above). - In 1320 Richard Hoppere granted to John Giffard for life land with buildings in West Firle abutting to a watercourse, dividing the land from the land of John de Lyvet, who was also a witness (SAS/GE/59). John pays 2s tax in Firles and South Heighton in 1327 as John Lynet or Lyvet and 5s 5 1/4 d in Hailsham (SR). This corresponds with his father's payments in 1296, who however had paid 1 lbs 6s. But where had the rest gone? - Another John Lyvet had paid in 1296 1s in West Firle, who may have been a brother of Robert.

John Lyvet inherited also Haselor. - On 16 Aug. 1327 the eschator beyond Trent was ordered to take into the king's hand the lands late of John Lyvet, deceased, tenant in chief (CFR).

According to the history of Haselor John died aged 38, leaving his daughter Katherine as heiress of Haselor in Warwickshire a minor, who died without issue, so that her uncle Henry Lyvet became her heir. John's heir John was a minor in the custody of Lady Eleanor of Woodcroft, paying tax in 1346 (Gloucestershire), Eleanor was the widow of John as per the History of Haselor manor (See Warwickshire). - This son John inherited West Firle with appurtenances, which seems to have been the main seat of the family (see below).

From documents obtained from different sources, mainly Victoria County History, and others preserved in the Public Records Office, a tentative genealogy can be constructed for the persons holding West Firle, Catsfield, land in Ninfield, Heighton, Megham and West Dean, Hailsham and Parrok.

Descent:

As per Gloucestershire Hinganus the archer donates land to Pershore Abbey by mid 12th C, his son Gilbert confirms it in 1183 and is last mentioned in 1202. Gilbert's son Henry built a chapel c. 1203-5 and witnessed a deed in 1215. An other Gilbert appears in Gloucestershire in 1230, maybe brother to Henry. Henry's son Henry is mentioned In King Henry's II reign many times as witness in Gloucestershire and as a rebell. A Robert Livet or Luvet appears in Hampshire and Sussex in 1207 and 1208, probably brother of Henry with the chapel, and probably the crusader of 1191. His son seems to be the Robert, who in 1246 is witness to a Robertsbridge charter. Sir Robert Lyvet, knight, living till 1316 and John son of Robert the eldest son, as he held Hildesley near Tetbury, as well as West Firle and properties elsewhere. He dies 1327, his heir John, a minor in 1327, pays taxes in 1346 in Gloucestershire. - In Gloucestershire and Worcestershire there are persons named Henry Livet documented at least up to 1275.

1323 John Lyvet and Margaret his wife v. John de Catsfield, rector of the church of Whatlington - a messuage, 246 a of land and 60s rent in Firle and Bedingham - to John and Margaret (SSX  FF). - 1326-7 Enrollment of general release by John Ratynden, kt, to Richard Retling, of all actions against him by his trespass, Thomas Weyvill, John Lynet and others witness the document (CCR). 1325 Thomas Wyville sues for the advowson of a fifth part of the church of Catsfield, which he obtains for 100 marks (SSX FF). Thomas had a daughter Maud married to John Ernley the younger (SSX FF). - 1329 Geoffrey de Knelle has licence to go on pilgrimage and has named John Lynet his attorney for 2 years.

This John Lyvet of 1323, cannot be Robert de Lyvet's heir who, as has been shown, was married to Eleanor, and his heir was still a minor in 1327, but he may have been son of John de Lyvet who paid 1s tax in 1196, who was probably a younger brother of Robert Lyvet. It must have been this John who paid 5s 5 1/4 d in 1327, the year John son of Robert de Lyvet had died before March of that year. - 1332 Margaret Lyvet paid 6s 8 1/2 d in the Ville of Preston in Pevensey, probably her dower. It seems that Margret was at that time the widow of John Lyvet. - In 1332 appears in the subsidies a Henry Leviot in the vill of Doneghton, paying 1s and a halfpence. But there is no mention of a John Lyvet paying taxes for West Firle, though John and Margaret had obtained land there and in the near Bedingham.

In 1334 a Philip Levet is witness to a feoffment in the vill of Preston for land in Glynde lying next to West Firle (GLY/1499). - 13 Oct. 1342  Richard de Lyvet witnesses a grant by Thomas Wotton to Simon Bertelmere (Badlesmere) and Alice his wife, of a small piece of land called Medsteds with buildings in West Firle (SAS/64/23). Those Livets were probably sons of John and Margaret, who could have been a Knelle.

From VCH Sussex V. 9 we learn that Catsfield Levet manor in Sussex was held in 1347 by Thomas, son of John Lyvet. This again cannot be John son of Robert Lyvet, kt., who was born in 1289 and adult in 1310. His eldest son John would have been 21 earliest by 1333, but in 1347 Catsfield was held by Thomas son of John de Lyvet. Therefore I believe that this Thomas was son of John Lyvet and Margaret his wife above. Margaret held Preston in 1332, and her son Philip was a witness there in 1334 when she was probably dead. - There is one other possibility, as John, son of John, son of Sir Robert Lyvet was adult in 1346 and active in Gloucestershire, and Thomas holding Catsfield in 1347, that John had a second son Thomas, who is not mentioned before in any document found. On the other hand, John may have had another sister Margaret, who married Matthew II de Knelle who died in 1323. This is an open question.

1339 IPM of Giles Badlesmere: Magham or Megham, a third part of a knight's fee, which John Levet holds of the manor of West Dean) is held by Andrew de Medsted, with reversion to the heirs of Giles. - 23 July 1347 The manor of Heighton in West Firle is held of the king in chief as of ancient demesne by knight service. The manor was granted to the ancestors of Baldwin de Aldham (Inq. Miscell.). A writ to Reynold de Forester, escheator in Sussex, witness Lionel, guardian of England, 6 July). - 1355 John, son of John Lyvet of West Firles, acknowledges that he owes to John Wade, clerk, 160 lbs, to be levied in Sussex. Cancelled on payment (CCR). - By this we learn that John and Thomas were brothers.

The manor of Catsfield Levet had belonged to Simon de Sumery (d. 1289) and his wife Petronilla, who held dowage there in 1296, paying more than 16s taxes.The first known Sumeri was William, who had as heir Simon, who was also known as Simon de Catsfield. In 1194 he was sued by Galfrid son of Legard for land, when he was represented by his son Simon (CCR p. 262), after which came Simon and Petronilla. They left 5 daughters as their heirs. The eldest, Maud, married Wiliam Snaylham, whose daughter Joan married Thomas Weyville, who was assessed for Catsfield in 1327 (VCH). Catsfield Levett became an independent manor out of the rest of the inheritance of Simon about that time. John Levett of 1327 had another son Thomas who was coparcener of Catsfield Levett in 1347 (see above).

In 1376 Thomas Levett and John Weyville held court together in Catsfield: Copy Court Roll of the Manor of Cattesfeld (Catsfield), ASH/4501/29 of 19 June 1376 - The lords of the manor, John Weyvele and Thomas Lyvet, the joint lords, conceded in full court in the presence of John de Assheburnhamme (Ashburnham), John, the son of the said John, John Lounsforde (Lunsford) and others... The theme was whether a certain John Poteman was a free man or not. The verdict was given in favour of him. His descendants are found in later centuries in that area. John Wyville seems to be son of Thomas Weyville of 1325, and he of Sir James Weyvil (see above). - The Wiville family came from Normandy. One of them held land in Quenouville near Pont-Audemer. Thomas de Wivilla, with the consent of Dionisia his mother, concedes to Robert Moisson and his heirs for the service he owes him for the tenement which he holds of Thomas, a horse, so that he can serve him with it ...Witnesses are his brothers Robert, a clerk and John, Nicolas his uncle, and others, (before 1211,  Le Prévost - Eure).

1357 - John Lyvet v. John de Oxenbrugg' atte Gate - the manor of West Firle and land in West Firle and Bedingham - to John Lyvet for life, remainder to John Cockfield and Margaret his wife, daughter of John Lyvet, and heirs of body of John Lyvet, Thomas Lyvet and heirs of their body, or right heirs of John Lyvet (SSX FF). This makes it clear that Thomas was brother of John. It suggests also that there was a marriage between the Lyvet and Oxenbridge atte Gate. - See also John Lyvet and Margaret his wife, who went to court for  land in West Firle and Bedingham in 1323. This fine may suggest that the manor of West Firle had been held in an interim by John de Oxenbridge atte Gate, indicated by the subsidies of 1296 and 1327 (see above).

1358 John Cockfield and Margaret, daughter of John Lyvet v. John Oxenbrugg' atte Gate - a messuage, land and rent in Herstmonceaux and Hailsham, which William de Megham and Margaret his wife hold for life, reversion to John and Margaret and heirs of their bodies, contingent remainders to John and Thomas Lyvet and William de Pageham, heirs of their bodies or right heirs of John Lyvet (SSX FF). 

1362 - John de Welles, John de Oxenbrigge atte Gate and John atte Welde of Tenterden against William de Welles and Margaret (de Knelle) his wife, concerning the manor of Knelle and land and rent in Beckley. It went to William and Margaret and their heirs, contingent remainders to heirs of body of Margaret, to John Lyvet and Margaret his daughter and heirs of her body, or right heirs of Margaret, wife of William (SSX FF). As Margaret Lyvet was married to John Cockfield, he would have become lord of Knelle in right of his wife. - The latter fine makes it quite clear that there was a Lyvet-Knelle marriage, in my opinion it was another Margeret Lyvet, who was the wife of Margaret de Knelle's grandfatther Matthew de Knelle II, who died 1323. She may have been a sister or daughter of Robert de Lyvet, kt.  Otherwise it could have been the Margaret who paid tax in 1332, married to John de Lyvet, a born Knelle. But is more probable that she was an Oxenbridge. - Why would Margaret de Knelle make that settlement, when she had two daughters of her first marriage? She was probably looking for a male heir, and her son with William de Welles was not born yet. The Lyvet-Oxenbridge marriage would then also explain why Robert Oxenbridge had some right to Knelle manor (see below). - There are too many Margarets in both the Lyvet and the Knelle families. Margaret de Knelle's grandmother was a Margaret, John de Lyvet of 1323 and 1325 had a wife Margaret and John Lyvet had a daughter Margaret. Now which one was a Margaret de Lyvet and which one a Knelle? - On top of this we have a John de Oxenbridge atte Gate involved in both the Lyvet and the Knelle families according to the documents shown above.

22 May 1373 Thomas Russel grants to William Mabely and Joan his wife, all he had of Herstmonceaux, land in Megham marsh, held of the lordship of Sir Robert Lyvet, deceased. Witness Thomas de Peplesham and others (amsg/AMS5592/42). - A later Russell was kin to a Livet of the north.

On 24 May 1385 - Grant (indented) by Thomas Lyvete of the Parish church of the Blessed Mary of the Castle of Hastyngs to John Poteman and Joan his wife and the heirs of John in tail with reversion to the said Thomas Lyvete, of land called Wodwelle etc.in Cattyssfelde (Catsfield), to hold at a fee farm rent of 10s yearly, with heriots and reliefs, when they happen, and suit at the court of the said Thomas Lyvete at Cattesfelde twice a year (ASH/4501/31). See also above.

On 26 March 1385 at Westminster: Thomas Lynet to William Batelesford, Robert Oxenbregge and John Lynet, their heirs and assigns. Charter with warranty, after the death of William, son of William de Welles, of the manor of Knelle and all lands, rents and services in Beckele (Beckley), Pesemerssche (Peasmarsh), Iden, Playden, Northyhamme (Northiam) and Wightreshamme (Wittersham), which were of Edmund de Knelle, knight, cousin of the said Thomas; and a grant of the reversion of the premises, now held by Robert de Beleknappe, knight, during the life of William de Wellez, by his demise with reversion to the said Thomas. Memorandum of Acknowledgment, 7 June. (CCR). - For the implication of William Batesford with Robert Belknap and his wife Juliane please see Belknap in this web page.

On 30 Sept 1385 Thomas Levet and John Levet (Lynet) quitclaimed with warranty, Robert Oxenbregge and Edmund Dallyngregge without warranty, the whole manor of Knelle etc. to Robert de Beleknappe (Belknap) kt., “which the said Robert now possesses by feoffment of William de Welles". This same Thomas appears as Thomas Lynet, coheir of John Benham of Berkshire in 1388 together with Robert, Thomas and Nicholas Oxenbridge and others (CPR).

On 18 April 1388 John Benham paid a licence for 4 marks to the king to be allowed to enfeoff John Moryn, chaplain, and Robert atte Heth, vicar of Aldermanston, of a messuage, 100 acres of land, two acres and a half of meadow and 40s rent in Estgenge, Berkshire, held in chief, and tthe feoffees then to grant the premises to him for life, with remainder to Philip Benham and Alice, daughter of William Marchant and the heirs tail of Philip, with successive remainders in fee tail, to Thomas Lynet, brother of the said John Benham, Robert Oxenbregg and Thomas and Nicbolas, his brotnhers, and final remainder to the heirs general of the said Philip. (CFR V. 3 p. 433). It seems that John Benham was married to a Lyvet.

From the foregoing documents it has become clear that there was a marital connection between the families Oxenbridge atte Gate, Lyvet and Knelle, from others also to the family of Brook. Robert Oxenbridge seems to have been the son of John Oxenbrigge atte Gate of 1362, as well as Thomas and Nicholas, but only Robert is concerned in the sale of Knelle manor. But there must be also a direct connection between John, rector of Whatlington, and John and Margaret de Lyvet regarding the manors of Firle and Bedingham. (Please see also the Oxenbridge genealogy in this web page).

John Lynot of Ivychurch,Kent, in 1385 gave 85 a land in Lydd and 25 pasture in St. Marie Church to the prior and convent of Bilsington (CIPM Rich. II, V. 4).- John Lynet and others were appointed deputies of Simon de Bureley, constable of Dover castle and warden of the Cinque Ports on Nov. 6, 1387. He is mentioned as early as 6 July 1366 with Robert Bealknapp and others in a similar commission at Wightrisham (Wittersham), Iden etc. in the counties of Kent and Sussex. In 1397 William Latimer, John Lymot and others were appointed constable and substitutes of Dover castle. - From the History of Romney Marsh and Calendar of Patent Rolls: John Lyvet, Linet, Lynot was one of the commissioners to oversea the dykes in Sussex and Kent in 1363, 1366, 1375, 1383,1385, 1386, 1390 and 1394). In some of them he was in company of Robert Belknap, Robert Oxenbrigge, William Brenchesle, William Rikhill and Vincent Fynch, all of whom we will meet later on in this web page. - John Lynot made his will on the feast of St.Andrew in 1393, where his sons Elias and John are mentioned, one of the executors was John Salerne (see also - Brenchesle). The will was proved on 5 Jan. 1394 at the manor of Maydenstone by John Salerne (KAS).

In 1406 Robert Essex of Etsell and John Touk sued Elias Lynot of Ivechurch and Alicia his wife for rents in Stanford, Ostenhanger, Horton Munchensey and Leminge (Kent FF). - 1427 John and Richard Hoorne and John May petitioned John Lynet of Faversham and Johanna his wife for 4 messuages, land and wood with appurtenances in Lenham and Wincheling. They received it for a payment of 100 marks silver to the Lynot's (Kent FF). - As written in Further Knelle members, in the 15th and 16th C. one Knell member held land in Lydd.

VCH V. 9 Hastings rape, states that Catsfield manor had existed at the time of the Conqueror’s invasion. At the beginning of the 13th C. it was held by Simon de Sumeri, probably son of William de Sumery. His son or grandson Simon, d. 1289, leaving a widow Petronilla and 5 daughters, Maud, Isabel, Alice, Agnes and Joan. Isabel married Thomas Chilleye or Shelley; Alice sold her part to Henry Garland, probably her part became the later Broomham; Agnes sold her part to William Stokes, son John, grandson John Hacknett, whose daughter Joan married John Lunsford, whose descendants held land in Yielding and Catsfield. - Maud married William de Snaylham. Joan, probably Maud's daughter, married Thomas Weyvele, living 1343 (VCH, see above). In 1376 John Weyvele and Thomas Lyvet held Catsfeld in common. John Lynet's son Richard inherited from Thomas Lyvet and died 1415, having sold his share to Lewes Priory. Thomas's nephew Richard Levett had transformed his share into Catsfield Levett manor. This John was the third John after Robert de Lyvet, kt.

West Firle line continued

1396 - William son and heir of John Lynet has debts with a merchant of London.

Feudel Aids: 1401-2 John Levett holds one military fee in West Firles and pays 25s. In 1402  John Lyveth witnessed a grant in Penherst (ASH/4501/39). This is clearly the father of Richard Lyvet, who inherited from Thomas de Lyvet Catsfield in 1411. - On 10 May 1414 the testament of John Waleys of Glynde shows a legacy of 6s 8d to Roger Lynet  (GLY/7). - As Richard Lyvet in 1411-12 held land in Firle, Eastbourne, Medham Glynde, Catsfield and Yielding, in total worth 26 lbs a year (SAC V.9), Roger seems to be a brother holding also land in Glynde.- At the same time Richard Weyvil had the manors of Radmild, ´Blachington' with lands called Knolland, and other properties worth 50 lbs yearly (SR of the 13th). He was married to a Radmild daughter. The Weyvill family held much land in Pevensey Rape. In 1403 Thomas de Beyville sued Richard Wayville and Agatha his wife for one third of the manor of Ovendean (Pedigress from plea rolls). Therrefore Richard de Weyville was married to Agatha de Radmild. - On 8 April 1414 John Levett, Richard and William Levet witness a grant of land in the parish of St. Mary of the Castle of Hastings, abutting west on Yelling (Yielding) Place (AMS330).

Johannes Lyvet was summoned to Westminster Parliament for the Port of Hastings on 16 Nov 1417 (H.O.C.III p.663). -  On 14 April and 9 Oct. 1428 John Gautron, rector of St. Clement in Hastings granted to John Levet the elder and others all lands and tenements he held in the Liberty of Hastings (AMS5756/9/6). - In 1428 Johannes Lyvet and others have two fees of Alicia Dalyngrigge in Wilting (Feudal Aids). John Lyvet of Hastings and Margaret his wife in 1431 lot a court case concerning premises and rent in Chiltington (SSX FF). - 1480-1 William Levet and Thomasine his wife sue Richard Levet, gent, for 2 messuages, 50 acres of land, 5 acres of meadow, 10 acres of wood in Hollington and St. Leonard, Hastings. The property went to Richard and heirs of his body for rendering a rose yearly to the petitiones (SSX FF). - In 1483 John Lynet was bailiff in Hastings (White Book of the Cinque Ports). In the same year, at King Richard III's coronation, Richard Lyvett was bayliff of the coporation of the Cinque Ports (SAS V. 15). John Lyvet was mayor in Hastings in 1506.

Richard (b.1365), son of John, of the main West Firle line, in 1400 was holding land in Ninfield (ASH/4501/39) and succeeded his uncle Thomas, cousin of Edmund Knelle, in Catsfield in 1411. - Richard on 14 Jan. 1400 had witnessed a grant by William Septvans, kt., to John Estone of Ninfield of land in that place (ASH/4501/38). Richard Lyvet of Firle was nominated collector of the 15th and 10th on 21 Nov. 1416. - 1422 Richard de Lyvet also held Gotham manor in Bexhill Hundred. His seal shows a lion rampant. As lord of the manor of Catsfield Levet he granted land to Jakelyn of Catsfield on 29 Sept.1432 (ASH/4501/61). Grant by Richard Levette, burgess of Calais, and Avice his wife to Thomas Byngeley, soldier of Calais, and others of their lands and tenements in Calais (Descript. Cat. of Ancient Deeds, V. 4). Robert and Richard Livet witnessed a charter concerning land in Firle (SAS, n.d.). Another brother!

In 1425 Richard Levet, aged 60, gives proof of age of William son and heir of Nicholas Selwyne of Selwyne near Eastbourne (Proofs of age in SSX). Thus Richard was born in 1365 as son of John Lyvet of West Firle, who paid 30s subsidies in 1401-2 for one and a half military fees (Inq.&Ass.). - In 1428 Richard was a juror before the escheator of Sussex in an inquisition on the death of Sir John Telham, kt. (Charles Dawson, Hist. of Hastings, V. 1 pp. 252-3). He died in February 1429. Writ dated 14 Feb. 1429, inquisition dated 9 March 1429 (CIPM V. 23, p. 111).

Thomas, Richard's son, granted Gotham manor in Bexhill to Sir James Fiennes (Lord Say and Sele). His daughter Elizabeth, who had married William Gilderigge, had unsuccessfully disputed the manor in 1445 (VCH). - 5 June 1445 Thomas Lyvet of West Firle, gent, owes 200 lbs to William Hall of Ore (TNA C 131/66/7). He held in demesne the manors of West Firle, Yielding and Catsfield Levet. The sheriff was looking for him but did not find him in his bailiwick. Thomas, son of Richard on 21 Oct. 1446 grants to Thomas Lewknor, Thomas Hoo and others his manor of Catsfield and all his lands  and tenements in Catsfield, Battle, Westfield and Ninfield  (ASH/4501/82).

The Levett family held Catsfield Levett and Yielding manor until 1608 when the last heiress, Mary Levett, died (VCH). Mary married Thomas Everfield. - The arms of Eversfield are Ermine a bend SA with 3 pierced mullets. A James and Mary Eversfield were living in 1817. Yielding manor had come to the Lyvet family by marriage of another Margaret Lyvet to John Yielding, to whom the manor had been conveyed by Simon Lunsford, who was a descendant of John de Lunsford and Joan, the youngest daughter of Simon de Sumeri and his wife Petronilla. By that marriage the Lyvet familie held two fifth of the Sumeri inheritance.

From here the different lines are not clear:

Roger Levet of Fletching, tanner, in 1431 went to prison at Guildford for not having appeared  before Thomas Lewknor, kt., and other justices of peace (CPR). - A Thomas Lyvet was defendant in a suit of recovery of tenements he was seised of by reasons of entail from Tregoz. 

Hastings and surroundings

1456 - Grant by John Benener to William Levett of Battle of a tenement called Richardsdanys Place in Hastings, witness Richard Levet. - Richard and William de Lyvet are mentioned in VCH in 1471. - 1481 William Levet and Thomasia his wife sue Richard  Levet, gent, for two messuages, land and wood in Hollington and in the Parish of St. Leonhard by Hastings. It went to Richard with contingent reversion to William and Thomasia and the heirs of William (SSX FF). - Thomas Lyvette was coroner in 1485-8 (SSX coroner's inquest).

1515 John Levett, jun., Thomas Pelham and Giles Fiennes demand from Richard Nawre and Sybil his wife 26s 6d rent out of the manor of Annington and a tenement in West Grensted. The decision went in favour of the demandants. - The manor of Grove in Baldlow Hundred, a capital messuage of Hollington, in the 16th C. came into the hands of the Levett family, the same which held Catsfield Levett. John Levett of Grove was commissioner for the subsidy dated 20 Feb. 1514. He settled lands in Hollinton, the castle of Hastings and St. Leonards in tail male on his son John, but dying without heirs his brother Richard became his heir (Dawson Hast. V. 2 p. 469). - John made his will on 12 Oct. 1533, which was proved on 11 May 1535 . He died in 1534, in which year he had enfeoffed Giles de Fynes and others of Yielding manor, where they held their court on 1 June. John had an only son John who died before him (SSX IPMs).

John son of John in 1554, settled his lands in Hollington, the Blessed Mary in the Castle of Hastings, and St. Leonards, in tail male on his son John, and in default of heirs on his brother Richard. His daughter Mary married Francis Chaloner of Little Horsted (d. 1592), whose son Thomas succeeded to a messuage and land in the Priory of St. Michael, in Hastings, and one in Bulverhithe. In the same year he enfeoffed Giles Fynes and others of the manor of Yielding, which formerly had belonged to the family of that name. Giles held the manor during the minority of John's heir John on 11 Sept. 1548 and died seized of Yielding in 1554. John Levett died on 13 Dec.1555-6 seised of the manors of Annington, Yielding, Cleres, Ewell, Steyning, Wephurst and lands elsewhere (SSX IPMs). His heir was Lawrence aged 11 years. John's wife Eva was a daughter of Richard Adams. She succeeded to the manor of Herrietsham in Kent at the death of her brother Stephen, when she was the widow of John. - The arms of Chaloner were AZ a chevron AR between 3 mazles OR. Crest: A standing wolf reguard AR, pierced through the shoulder by a spear OR (TheWeald).

Lawrence Levytt had as guardian Laurence Ashburnham, who married John's widow Eva. Lawrence Levytt proved his age in 1565, when he levied a fine for his inheritance. He is mentioned on Jan. 14, 1581 together with John Ashburnham and Edmond Coppinger in an inquest to which they had been commissioned by the King and had put their seals to the document. The IPM of Richard Dawtry, dated 24 Oct. 1575, refers to a messuage and land called Lymborne, now of Lawrence Levett, gent (SSX IPMs). Laurence died  S.P. on  20 Jan.1585-6, seised of the capital messuage of Grove in Hollington and of the manor of Merlots, formerly Annington, which had been in the Merle Family since the marriage of Gillian de Braose with (probably) Fulk de Merle, baron of Messai in France, in the first half of the 12th C. - Lawrence's sister Mary, who had secondly married John Eversfield, succeeded him, aged 30 (VCH SSX and SAC). He had also been lord of Ewell, Wephurst, Middleham, Cleawax and Yielding manors and lands in many other places. - Laurence had two more sisters, Jane who married Walter Parker of Bexhill, and Anne.

Eva Ashburnham, his mother, had left him recently lands in Fletching, with remainders to Adam Ashburnham, her son from her second marriage, and Mary her daughter of her first marriage, to John Levett. Thomas and Mary were living at Uckfield, and Adam at Guestling (SSX IPMs). - Sir Thomas Chaloner was High Sheriff of Sussex in 1599. Mary was his second wife. She died on 31 Jan. 1608 at Hollington. Her heir was her cousin Francis Chaloner, aged 22 and more, son and heir of Thomas Chaloner, deceased, son and heir of Mary Chaloner, daughter of John Levet, father of John Levet, father of Mary Eversfield. At her death she held the manors of Annington etc. as mentioned before. - Thomas Eversfield died on 20 Feb. 1612, when his heir is his son Nicholas aged 28 and more. He was seised of the manors of Annington etc. - Nicholas died on 30 May 1629, when his heir is his son Thomas aged 14, seised of the Levet manors as before (SSX IPMs). He had been married to Dorothy, daughter of Edward Goring of Okehurst and was High Sheriff in 1619. Nicholas had a brother John who lived at Botolphs. - Thomas was married to Jane, daughter of John Alford. He was buried on 24 Nov. 1649 and had a son John living at Denne in Horsham where he was buried. He died on 30 Jan. 1668, having been married to Mary, daughter of William Thomas of Folkington, about 4 years before his death (SSX Pedigrees).

Between 1511-38 Thomas Levett (Levit, Lyvet) was a monk at Battle Abbey. At the dissolution of the abbey in 1538 he received a pension of 6 lbs 13 s 4 d., 'bauc.' in the Vincentius of Dunston (Dugdale Monasticon).

In 1523-4 William Levett, parson of Estlyng in Fletching-Folkington, witnesses a will in Catsfield. He succeeded to the rectory of Ringmer in 1533.  William Lyvette, clerk, Rector of Buxsted, son and heir of Richard Lyvette, and John Lyvette, gent, son and heir of John Lyvette, (see above) convey lands of their inheritance and quitclaim their grant in 1538 (SAS-D/46 & 47). In 1540 they witness a grant in Exceat. - William Levet or Levett, clerk and parson of Bucksted, made his will on 26 July 1554 (PROB 11/107). - He had to take part in an array with 2 servants and bowmen or billmen in 1539. In that year he received 84 lbs 13s 4d from the king for "divers sundry iron works by him wrought and made" (he had augmented the family fortune by taking over an iron forge). In 1540 he held a messuage and a farm with land in Southminster, Essex.Next year he is called the king's gunstonemaker and received 200 lbs for the casting and making of 'sundry shot iron'. (Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic). - In the year 1539 a Thomas Levett is mentioned in the Books of the Court of Augmentation (same source).  A Thomas Levett becomes vicar of Framfield 1540, but resigns in Jan. 1543-4 . Was it the Thomas, monk of Battle Abbey?

1550 - By the Act of dissolution of abbeys etc. the King has 6s rents from lands late of Stephen Levett of Hollington in the Parish of Old Priory in the liberty of Hastings, for the anniversary in the church of Hollington for the son of said Stephen. - In 1558 John Levett makes his will in Berwick (Rec.Soc.). John Levytt sen., gent, and John his son and heir sue John Upton and Elizabeth his wife for the rectory, tithes of grain and corn of Hoo and tenements there and in Bodiham. The properties were quitclaimed to the heirs of John jun. (SSX manors in FF).

A John Lyntot(t) was one of the jurors to an IPM of Sir Nicholas Pelham held on Feb. 10, 1560. On 23  Nov. 1571 he was juror of the inquisition at Horsham of William Stanney who had died 28 Sept. 1567, and on 19 Oct. juror to the one of Thomas Guildford knight (IPMs SSX, V. II, Salzman).

In 1588 a John Levett of Salehurst (d. 1606) bought a moiety of the manor of Bodiam, which included the castle and the right to hold fairs, from Constance, descendant of Thomas Lewknor and Philippa Dallingridge, and Edward Glenham, her husband, who also sold him their moiety in Broomham manor 26 Feb. 1606 - 1588 Edward Glemham Esq. of Chichester and Constance his wife, one of the daughters and coheirs of Sir Roger Lewknor, kt., deceased. Deed of conveyance to John Levett of Saleherst, gent, to levy a fine of the moiety of the Castle and manor of Bodiham with appurtenances (Battle Abbey CH). - Their arms were AR a lion rampant SA armed and langued GU between 7 cross crosslets fitchée, of the second. - According to the Sussex genealogies John Levett of Salehurst was son of William Levett of Warbeleton, and married Elisabeth Weston of Leghe near Tunbridge, Kent. They had a son William of Warbleton, who married Katherine, daughter of William Bishop of Hastings. Their son was William of Salehurst, who died 1663 and had as wive Elisabeth, daughter of Richard Kilburne of Hawkhurst in Kent, and a son Charles. - The arms of John Levett were AR a lion rampant SA, armed and langued GU betw. 7 cross crosslets fitchée, of the second. Crest: A demi lion, rampant, holding in his dexter paw a cross crosslet fitchée AR, ducally crowned OR, armed and langued GU (SSX Geneal.). - The following arms were granted on 21 Dec. 1607 to the Levett family of Salehurst: AR semée of cross crosslets fitchée, a lion rampant SA, - Crest, a lion rampant AR, crowned OR, holding a cross crosslet fitchée of the first (The British Herald). Those were the original arms of John de Lyvet who died 1316, without the crest.

Copy of Court Roll of Robertsbridge manor (AMS 5822/29 PRO). First proclamation on death of John Livet, gent, Sussex. He held 11 freeholds and 3 copyholds. The heir of the copyhold lands was Joshua Livett, his (younger) son, aged 20. His second son Thomas  and his wife Margaret received Broomham in 1619. This Thomas Levett of Brockham in Surrey, esq., recovered  the uses of a moiety of Bodiam Castle, land etc. in 1611 from John Levett the elder of Lee in Kent, with whom the John who died in 1606 had made a settlement. In 1619 Margaret, widow of Thomas, surrendered all her interest in the castle of Bodiham etc. and made an indenture with John Levett of Sedlescombe, gent, Thomas' elder brother. John's will, yeoman of Sedlescombe, was proved on 21 Oct. 1624 (PROB 11/144). He mortgaged his interest in the Castle of Bodiam and other lands in Ewherst, Saleherst, Battle, Wartling, Penherst, Ninfield and Catsfield in Sussex, and Hawkers in Kent. Later he sold those properties for 1000 lbs to Thomas Dyke of Ninfield, who shortly after 1622 alienated his interest to Sir Nicholas Tufton of Kent, whose descendant became earls of Thanet. - On 27 May 1630 Nicholas Stone mortgages the rectory, church etc. to John Levett of Framfield.

This John Levett of Sedlescombe and his wife Constance in 1614 were demanded by Thomas Brooke, gent, for the prebend of Hoo, which he got quitclaimed. Nicholas Tufton, knight, sued Thomas Dyke, esq, and Jane his wife, John Levett, esq. and Constance his wife, and William Wellis and Margaret his wife for the castle of Bodiham, tenements in Bodiham and Ewherst, the fair there, and a moiety of the manors of Bodiham and Broomham and tenements in many other places. They were quitclaimed to him and his heirs (SSX manors in FF). In 1624 John Levitt pleaded for tenements in Malling and the rectory there from Richard Mascall and Francis his wife, who granted them to John Levit for 13 years (Same source).

William Levette in 1619 was one of the twelve  jurats in Seaford, which belonged to the Cinque Ports (SAC 17). In 1615 William and others were appointed commissioners, constituted by Lord Zouche, to examinate all passengers leaving England from Seaford. - A William Linnettin 1619 was vicar, patronized by John Caryll of Warnham (Cartwright).

Marriage licences were given: 1602 to Robert Levett of Wartling; 1625 William Levett of Berwick; 1626 Joan Levett of Bexhill; 1632 George Levett of South Malling; 1635 Margaret Levet of Pycombe; 1640-1 Robert Levet of Waldron; 1541 Richard Levett. - The Protestation Returns of West Sussex in 1641-2 show Arthur, John and William Levett of Petworth, Nicholas and William Levett at Billinghurst.

The following Levett's appear in the Ashburnhham documents: 1629 John Levett of Bucksted, yeoman; 1652 John Levett of Ninfield, yeoman, and Mary his wife; 1656 John Levett of Battle, son of John Levett of Battle and Ninfield; 1661 William Levett of Robertsbridge. - In 1654 Matthias Caldecot and his wife Cordelia conveyed to Roger Shoyswell and William Levett half the manor of Patcham. - William Levett is witness to  a deed by John Lord of Saleherst, clerk, and Priscilla his wife, one of the daughters of Francis Norman late of Saleherst, gent (SAS/PN/289). - John Levett and Joane Levett witness leases in Buxsted, Sussex on 24 April 1651, 14 and 15 June 1681 (SAS/PN/36 & 68). - 1652 Henry Goring and James Morris sue John Goring and Margaret his wife, Arthur Levett and Mary his wife and others for the manor of Greatham and tenements there. The properties were quitclaimed to the plaintiffs and heirs of Henry Goring (SSX manors in FF). - Arthur Levitt of Fittleworth was son of William Levitt and Margaret Spencer. He was married to Mary, daughter of John Hall of Petworth. They had the children William, Arthur, John, Frances and Mary (SSX Geneal.).

Royalist Compositions in Sussex (SAC): William Levet of Marsfield had to pay 40 lbs fine to redeem his land. In 1660. A Richard or Michael Levett was vicar of the Parish of Eastbourne (Hist. of Eastbourne). - Richard Levet was a minister and was buried on 16 Dec.1662. - Thomas Levet was instituted in the vicarage of Beddingham on 8 April 1670, having been vicar of West Firle in 1668. There was a Sir Richard Levett, Lord Mayor of London in 1699-1700 (List of Mayors of London). His arms were the same as of Levett in Salehurst). He is the progenitor of the Stafford Levett's.

John Levet of Bodiam is recorded in the early 19th C. as having bought Owley House in Wittersham in the Isle of Oxney from Edward Knight. He left it to his daughter Emily in his will dated 4 Oct. 1842, and Palstre, his seat, to Sabina, his other daughter (www.roger-williams.net).

Some of the Livet families emigrated to the United States around the year 1630 and later. A grave stone of the early 17th century can be seen there. Those families are thriving still in the 21st century.