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Geoffrey de Knelle, Isabel Aucher, and the tenants and landowners between Knellesflote and Robertsbridge to embank the river above Knellesflote, Sussex.

Geoffrey is listed as “Galfro milites” in the Sussex subsidies of 1327 and 1332 with 7 s 8 3/4 d and 5 s ½ d each (SB).

On 22 Aug. 1328 he and Reginald de Cobham received protection with clause 'volumus' going beyond seas with Master John de Hildesle in the king's service (CPR.) They had order to go to Brabant on a diplomatic mission. - "Expenses of John de Hildesle sent with Reginald de Cobham to Brabant" (TNA E 101/310/1, 2 Edward III). - In 1333 Master John Hildesley was a canon of Chichester and baron of the exchequer (CCR).

1329 Geoffrey, going on pilgrimage, had letters nominating JOHN LYNET and Philip Endelewike his attourneys for 2 years (CPR). The favourite place of pilgrimage of the Sussex nobles at that time was St. James in Compostela, Galicia, Spain, and the port of departure Winchelsea, one of the Cinque Ports (SAC).

1332 March 7 - Licence after inquisition 'ad quod damnum' for Geoffrey de Knelle, Isabel Aucher and others to build a sea wall at 'Knellesflote' to preserve the lands between this place and Newenden bridge and prevent the destruction of the highway between the land of John de la Gate and Newenden bridge. - March 8 Commission to Roger Bavent, William de Northo and others on information to supervise the bulding of a sluice and sea wall at 'Knellesflote' and to see that the land owners concerned partake in the costs in proportion to their holdings (CPR). - By this sea wall or dam the waters of the Rother were turned down on the north side of the Isle of Oxney and a new river bed cut out across the marsh to Potmanshoath so that the water was compelled to flow on the north side of the Isle of Oxney. Thereby the tidal waters could not reach Newenden any more (SAC V. 28, pp 167-8).

1332, March 8 - Commission to Roger de Bavent, and others on information of William Trussel, escheator, that by the ebb and flow of tide in the river between the lands of Geoffrey de Knelle and Isabella Aucher, between Knellesflote and Robertsbridge 650 acres of their lands and of others had been swallowed up and more land might be submerged. So the king had granted  them a licence to build a sluice and sea wall and all concerned should shoulder the costs in proportion to their holdings (CPR).

1332 - Commission of oyer and terminer to Thomas Bacon, Roger Bavent, John Cobham and John Inge on complaint by Geoffrey de Knelle that John Waleys, John Notebem and others broke his close at Knelle, carried away his goods and assaulted his servants. On Dec.13 the same to John Shardelowe and others on complaint by John Waleys that Geoffrey de Knelle, kt., John atte Gate and others carried away his goods and assaulted his servants at Knellesflote (CPR).

1333 - Galfridus de Knelle and Isabel Aucher had an inquisition on the state of repair of the wall (Cal. IPM).

1335 - Commission to William de Orlandston and others to supervise and repair the dykes and other works lately constructed, persuant a commission of Roger de Bavent and his fellow justices to protect lands of Geoffrey de Knelle and Isabella Aucher (CPR).

1340, Aug. 2 - Thomas Aldon, Stephen de Padiham, William de Sessyngham and Stephen Forsham were to supervise the construction of a sluice and a wall with gutter to keep out the sea and to preserve the lands of the tenants of the towns of Wightresham, Rolvenden, Iden, Peasmarsh and Beckley, where 600a of land had been flooded or swallowed up (PR). - At Knelle 650 acres bordering the Rother have been submerged between Knellefleet and Robertsbridge (Nonae Rolls).

1341 - In this year the order was repeated to Roger Bavent, Roger de Hegham, Thomas de Lincoln and William de Northo with the power to distrain and punish by amercements those persons who refuse to pay their share as the seewall needed urgent repair. The King appointed William de Orlanston, Thomas de Gyllingham, Stephen de Padyham and John de Bettenham to survey the works.

1342, May 30 - Commission of 'walliis and fossatis' to John Fenes, kt. (Fiennes), John Paulyn and others at 'Knellesflote' etc. By inquisition lately taken by William Trussel, escheator on this side of the Trent, it was found that 650 acres of the land of Geoffrey de Knelle and Isabel Aucher and others had been swallowed up and other land would soon be submerged unless a sea wall were built there. The king by letters patent granted license for the above mentioned (CPR).

1347 The towns of Wyngenhalle, Walpole, Walsnye, Tylnye in 1347 complained that the floods had swept over the great wall (From Influence of the Black Death on the English Monasteries).

In 1348 Henry Hussey and others were commissioned to determine whether Knelle dam should be dismantled (CPR). He died on 21 July 1349, probably from the black death.

Calender of Patent Rolls Vol. 9, p. 178
1348 April 8 Westminster. - The king by letters patent lately granted licence for Geoffrey de Knelle and Isabel Aucher, both now deceased, and others to make a sluice in the river running between a place called ‘Knellesflote’...and to build a wall to save their lands from inundation... Protest by James de Echingham against building the wall with the argument that his market would be damaged at Salehurst and the ships could not get to his manor of Echingham any more. Therefore, Henry Hussey and others were commissioned to determine whether the wall which had been built there, should be dismantled. - This is also reflected in the TNA document SC 8/342/16077 where Isabel's surname is spelled Auger.

The answer to James de Echingham's request was that John de Strode, John de Ore, Robert Sharnden and Philip de la Wyke were appointed to inquire into the matter in presence of the concerned parties. But then the King was informed that the wall is a public benefit and James wanted the wall thrown down for his personal benefit and to the damage of the King and the public, and ihe is thought to use suborned jurors. Therefore the appointed persons are to seek unsuspected jurors to determine whether the wall should be preserved or not. - James Echingham died the next year, probably from the plague, which was still raging. Geoffrey and Isabel had been dead for some years at that date.

1350 - Another commission was given to Thomas de Passele, Thomas de Pumpe, Stephen Scappe, William de Holden and William de Wightresham to inspect Knellesflote (CPR) - In ca. 1600 the sea wall was 2.700 m long.

Geoffrey died c. 1334 without issue, the year when his brother Edmund held Knelle manor.

BENEDICT DE KNELLE seems to be another younger son of Matthew II de Knelle

He pays 2s 8d subsidies in 1327 and in 1332 2s 6 3/4d in Villat de Knelle (29 tax payers). Edmund and Benedict had been amerced for brewing beer. The heirs of Benet de Knelle pay 1 1/2d for maltpans and 10d for rent of land (Inq. Miscellaneous). - The heirs of Benet de Knelle pay 12d rent at four terms, as customary payment; a gift of 12d at Christmas, at Candlemas 15d for harrowing, at Michealmas 2d for manuring and 3d for mowing and carrying hay. They pay 12d for 1 acre of land at Kechenlebrok and 6d for a croft called Cothead. In total 5s 5 3/4d. Cal. of Inq. Chancery ). The latter at the time of William de Welles as lord of Knelle between 1375-84.


Edmund sealed with a shield of arms semé de cross crosslets fitchées, a lion rampant on red wax (Birch nº 11,096). This seal is suspended from Egerton charter nº 402. - William Touchet who died at the Battle of Boroughbride in 1322, wherefore he was hanged and drawn, had also a seal crussily fitchy a lion rampant. From a signet ring - secret Ermine a chevron GU (GBS and Brian Timms). - A similar seal was born by John de Livet. It is shown as crusilly only and also as crusilly fitchy a lion rampant. Of none we do know the colours. - William Touchet and his wife Maria had been enfeoffed by William Devereux  of the castle and manor of Lyvenhall, which became their main seat. Nothing more is known of them.

Edmund atte Knolle of the Lathe of Scray, Kent is mentioned in the Kent survey of 1332. This is Edmund de Knelle who held Knelle manor in 1335 and  does not appear in the Sussex Subsidies 1332). Please see below.

VCH V.9 states that Edmund held Knelle in 1335 and 1339. He paid for another knights' fee of Morhalle, valued at 5 lbs 10s per annum in 1342 (Dawson, Hist. of Hastings). William de Septvanz had paid for Morhalle 16s 63/4d in Ninfield. Edmund de Knelle holds 1 fee in Morhalle which is not extended on 28 May 1340.(Inq. Misc. V. 2 p, 424). That year an inquisition was held at the Free Chapel of Hastings on 3 August, as Master Geoffrey sold to the Abbey of Robertsbridge 5s rent out of one mark at Peasemarsh and 8s of Knelle manor which were due yearly to the chapel. - The Nonae Roll of 1342 states that a great part of the land of Morhall in Ninfield had been submerged (SAS V. 17, p. 59). - William de Septvans left a minor at his death so that Edmund de Knelle must have received the wardship of the land.

1335 Edmund de Kenelle and Joan his wife (by Thomas de Sheldon, guardian of Joan) v. William de Clynton (Earl of Huntingdon), Richard Allesley, rector of the church of Wynchefeld, and Thomas Chaumpayne, chaplain - manor of Kenelle to Edmund and Joan and heirs of their bodies, remainder to right heirs of Edmund (SSX FF). - Joan must have been younger than 16 years as women used to be judged adult at that date. Thomas Sheldon was a lawyer. Joan seems to have been Edmund's second wife as his son Edward had a mandate  in 1347 when he must have been aged 21 and more.

William de Clinton, Earl of Huntingdon, was married to Juliana de Leybourne, the last heiress of that family (The Infanta of Kent). Thomas Chaumpayne was related to the Northwoods and those to the Leybournes. What rights the earl and Thomas Champayne had in Knelle manor has not become clear yet. The only explanation is the following: Robert de Waliland who had received land in Waliland from Alured de St. Martin (see Stephen de Knelle) had a daughter Mabel who married firstly Elias Folet with whom she had the children Cecily and Walter. Cecily married Richard de Cumpayn. Walter was married to Burgunnia, who married secondly John Winde. They had a law suit with Robertsbridge Abbey regarding the property (CH). Burgunnia's son with Walter was John who about 1260 sold half of Waliland to Matthew de Knelle. However, Edmund gave this land back to the Abbey in 1346 (see below), but the claim on Knelle manor may have come by Thomas Chaumpayn, if there had been a marriage between the Waliland and Knelle families at an early stage. See also under Stephen de Knelle the witnesses to different documents.

John Oxenbrigg of Beckley made an agreement of 16 parcels of land in Beckley on 24 Dec.1338. Witnesses: Edmund....missing, John de Glesham, John Kitchener, John Passele and John de Oxenbrigg atte Gate,an immediate neighbour of Gate Court, dated at Beckley.It is highly possible that this Edmund was Edmund de Knelle as Edmund de Passele had died 1325 (FRE/6962). In 1431 William Oxenbregge of Beckley quitclaimed 2 parcels of land with buildings called Knollerystowne in Beckley (FRE/6972).

On July 5, 1338 Edmond de Knelle obtained licence to go abroad with Reginald Cobham and to appoint William de Wyghtresham and Richard Rethyng his attorneys until Christmas. On Nov. 5 Edmund de Knelle, Roger and Gervaise Allard, John de Cobham, Robert St. Owen and others received letters of protection from the King, probably to go to war in France. - Gervaise Allard would be the admiral or his son. - In 1340 Edmund claimed from Robert de Abotteslonde and Alice his wife, 30 acres in Beckley which went to him for a payment of 100s (SSX FF).

In 1339/40 Robert bishop of Chichester, John de Warenne, earl of Surrey, Richard earl of Arundel, Henry Hussey, Thomas de Brewosa and Edward de St. John were obliged to array 50 armed men, 200 men at arms and 200 archers in Sussex. Edmond de Knelle had to produce one man of arms for the war in France for his land in Knelle, as well as Sir John de Fiennes, Gilbert Malville, Thomas Heringod, Sir Reynold Cobham, Sir Simon and James Echingham and John atte Gate. John at Knell, his son John and Stevin at Knell had to serve as archers under John Oxenbregg atte Gate, their centenarie. Geoffrey atte Gate, John Oxenbrigge, John Knellere and Stevin ate Knell all were also archers in the Hundred of Goldspur. William at Knolle and John Knollere in the Hundred of Staple, where the Knelle family held land, as well as Daniel ate Gate and Adam de Clopton of the Hundred of Staple had to serve with a kind of lance (baston cum cutello). In charge of the archers were John Glesham, John Bechenore and John de Oxenbrige. The widow of Gervase Allard was listed for procuring one armed footman, her husband probably having died in 1338 [Muster Roll of the Rape of Hastings from Coll. Topogr. and Genealog. V. 7, pp. 118-128]. - William at Knolle would be a descendant of the William de Knolle who held Knowl Corner in Ewherst in 1296.

1342 CIPM of John Duke of Brittany and earl of Richmond: A fee held by Edmund de Knelle in Morhalle. - On 3rd August 1342 Edmund presented a plea for debt against Richard de Ratlinge for the sum of 150 lbs 6 s, which Richard acknowledged to be levied in Kent (CCR). The inquisition and return to Chancery on 13 Oct.1349 ordered half of Richard de Rething's possessions, i.e. half the lands and tenements held by John de Soles and Thomas Godvinston, to be given to Edmund (TNA C 131/8/5). - This Richard would have been Edmund's attorney of 1338. - There were other persons who owed money: John Gloshame (Glesham) and John de Oxenbrugge atte Gate acknowledged that they owe to Edmund de Knelle, kt., 160 lbs to be levied in default of payment of their lands and chattles in Sussex (CCR).

1343-4 Edmund atte Knelle paid Feudal aids (Middle English Dict.). - Edmund was fined 2d and Hugh de Knelle 4d for having brewed and thus broken the assize and not kept the watch at Hasting Castle (GBS). For Hugh see "further Knelle members". It is possible that he was a brother or cousin of Edmund.

Edmund issued the famous Egerton charter 402 dated 1346, in which he grants the moiety of Waliland (Welland), half a knight’s fee, to Robertsbridge Abbey, which had been bought by his ancestor Matthew from John de Walilond, descendant of Robert de Walilond, who had been granted it by Alured de St. Martin (Witnesses John de Oxenbigge, John de Kitchenor and others). - This charter was issued before he went oversees to take part in the Battle of Crécy which took place on 26 August of that year. 

Sir Edmund de Knelle had received letters patent of attorney on 4 June of that year to accompany Robert de Morlee (Morley) to France, a (Hist. of Staffordshire GBS). He had mustered on the 7th or 8th June of that year. King Edward's war fleet  embarked on 2 July and left for France on 11 July. They stayed 2 weeks on sea and on arriving destroyed Caen, then taking their route through Normandy, burning everything which came their way. Meanwhile the French King had ordered to destroy the bridges over the rivers and had prepared a vast host many times the size of King Edward's. Searching for a ford to cross the Somme, they were finally lucky, but on the other beach the French awaited them with archers. The English archers were Edward's salvation. The army had found a hill, where they trenched themselves in and from where they won the battle against an overwhelming enemy, thanks to their Welsh archers destroying the French aristocracy and knighthood present. The battle took place on 26 August with about 30.000 men on the English side and about 100.000 of King Philip of France, of which he lost 30.000 including 1.200 knights, his brother earl of AlenÇon, 15 princes and the King of Bohemia. Edward prince of Wales aged 15 was knighted on the spot. He had invented something like a canon.

1346 Sept. 25 - The King appointed Robert de Monceaux, his serjeant at arms, and the sheriff of Kent to take John, son of Richard Wardieu of Bodyham and John de Boxhunt of Sandherst on suspicion of their misdeeds and to seize their lands and goods. They were mainperned by Edmund de Knelle, Hamo atte Gate, Henry Wardieu and others to garanty that they would stand their trial (CCR), and thus later on received their lands and goods back.

On Sept. 26 William Scot, William de Notton and Robert de Tye, justices of assize in Kent, were ordered to halt the assize for Edmund de Knolle, who is about to set out with Bartholomew de Burgersh in the King's service beyond sea while he remains in those parts (CCR). On Oct. 2 Bartholomew was still in England (CCR). The memorandum dated 2 Nov. 1346 mentions that John Wardieu and John de Boxhunt had their trial after Michaelmas and were mainperned once more, but Edmund de Knelle had obviously left for France, as he as near neighbour was not one of the mainpernors. On 3 Aug. 1347 the siege of Calais took place so that Edmund seems to have taken part as well.

1350, 10 Sept. Edmund submitted a plea of debt to the Warden of Canterbury, Thomas Everard and his clerk, for 40 lbs of debts, which Richard de Hurst of Sussex had incurred. The sheriff of Sussex was informed of the case which dragged on until 15 May 1358 (TNA C 341/138/52).

1351, 12 Kal. Jan. Edmund de Knelle, kt. of the diocese of Canterbury, received an indult from the Papal Court at Avignon to choose a confessor, who shall give, he being penitent, plenary remission at the hour of death, with the usual safeguard (Cal. of Papal Reg. Rel. to GB and Ireland, V. 3, or Regesta V. CCIII).

1352, Oct. 28 - Protection with clause 'volumus' until easter next, for Edmund de Knelle, kt., staying on the king's service in the garrison of the town of Calais by testimony of Robert de Herle, captain of the said town (CPR). - He was scheduled to stay there between Nov. 1352 and Easter 1353.

1353 July 3, Westminster (CPR, 1350-4, V. 9, p. 474)
Pardon to William More of his outlawry in the county of Sussex for non-appearance before the justices of the Bench to answer a plea of  trespass of Edmund de Knelle ‘chivaler’. John Stonor chief justice certified that William More he had now surrendered to the Fleet prison. 

1355, May 24 - Edmond Knolle obtains a letter of protection to go overseas into France (Cat.des Rôles gascons et normands, V. II, p. 60). At that time there were problems in Calais and Picardy with the French.  

Edmund de Knolle received a safe conduct to serve in Frane on 24 May 1356. On 12 August 1356 Edmund granted to Thomas de Gerdeford and Cicely his wife his house at Calais in Elyardestret, which the King had granted him for his services. To this charter 6 seals were appended, one of Edmund, one by William de Skapston, bailiff of Calais, one by William de Mendham and three others (Cal. of Deeds in PRO V.4)). Edmund  did this probably because he knew he was going to war again. - A William Gartford with his wife Margaret  gave land in Yalding, Kent, to John Gartford in 1542 (Kent FF). - The battle of Poictiers was fought on 19 September 1356 under the lead of the Black Prince, a battle when life and death for all was at stake, because the English army was facing the French, which again had a host several times their number. The English army was positioned on a hillock from where the archers massacred the oncoming French cavallery. Reports say that the flower of the French nobility were killed by the Welsh archers. - The French King John was captured, and Reginald, first Lord Cobham of Sterborough, conducted him as prisoner into the English camp. Reginald had been made knight of the Garter in 1348 as award for his services. He had been one of the three knights in charge of Edward Prince of Wales at Crecy, where the prince was knighted at the age of 16. Piece had been made in 1360 but Reginald died of the pestilence in 1361 (The kts of the Garter). - This special pestilence hit preferrably the male (SAS). - It is clear now that Edmund took part in the Battle of Poitier selling his house in Calais on 12 August and the battle taking place on 19 September.

1357 Nov. 13 Westminster (CPR)
Pardon to Stephen Pope of his outlawry in the county of Sussex for non-appearance before the justices of the Bench to answer Edmund de Knelle, ‘chivaler’, touching a plea of trespass; he having now surrendered to the Flete prison, as Robert de Thorpe, chief justice, has certified.

1358,15 May - Richard Hurst of Sussex had been owing Sir Edmund de Knelle 40 lbs. The case was judged in 'coram justice' de banco' and had been pending since 1350 (TNA 241/138/52). It seems that Edmund had died shortly before that as the TNA 241 documents are usually inquisition port mortem. - This Richard de Hurst and Joan his wife had a false claim to Morhall manor. The instigator behind was William de Batesford, who wanted that manor for his wife's kin of her first marriage, as one of her daughters had married Richard de Hurst. This was the manor which Edmund de Knelle had held. This makes the connection between the two documents. - William de Batesford, a justice, later played a roll in the sale of Knelle manor in 1385.

Regarding the last three paragraphs, it is even possible that Edmund died at the battle of Poitiers, though a history book tells us that only 300 English knights were unhorsed, or in the raids of the Black prince in France in the following two years. Edmund might have had a premonition that he was going to die. Why else would he enfeoff his house in Calais just a few weeks before the Battle of Poitiers? Before the Battle of Crecy he had given back his property in Welland to Robertsbridge Abbey.

In 1370 a Thomas Ellis was M.P. for Sandwich and mayor of  that town in 1382, and about that time an Ellis was tenant of Knelle. In 1428 another Ellis was a tenant of the heirs of Edmund, which was Hamon de Belknap (William Smith Ellis, Notices of the Ellises). This has some meaning for the supposed ancestry of some of the Knell, Knill or Knoll families in southern England to be dealed with in another place. See also 'Conclusions'.


On 20th June 1347 Edward had order together with Roger Loreng, Walter de Boyngton and Nicolas Dammary, knights, to munition the army in order to activate the siege of Calais (Cal. des Rôles gascons et normands, V. II, p. 58 and 64). Edward took part in the siege of Calais which lasted from 1 August 1347 to 5 September. Apparently he had also a Letter of Protection to go to France again on 15 July 1355. Because of the Plague there had been a truce meanwhile. When Prince Edward took up the hostilities again Edward was sent with him to Guyenne with about 12000 men. As the new King John of France followed the prince, he trenched himself in a camp near Poitiers on a hill. The French had 60.000 men. On 19 Sept. 1356 the battle ensued and again the Welsh archers won the day. 6.000 French soldiers including 800 nobles were killed by them and King John of France was taken prisoner and conducted to England, where he had to wait some years till his ransom was paid.

Edward could not be son of his father's wife Joan, who was under age in 1335, as in 1347 his minimum age would have been 21. He may have been born c. 1327. Of him we know that he died in 1360-2 withour issue, when the black death raged which had begun in 1358-9. His sister Margaret and her husband William de Welles held Knelle manor in 1362 (VCH SSX). - On 13 May 1366 John Marshall of Hampshire states that the tenement and lands he holds are so wasted by the pestilence and for want of tenants that there are almost no profits (Inq. Misc. V.3 p. 223).

FRE/6902 10 Nov. 1362
Feoffment by Richard de Hegton (Hecton) and John Hicke of Beckley to Richard Wille of Northiam of half an acre of meadow, which Richard and John bought of Edward de Knelle, kt., and the heirs of Adam de Clopton in Northiam (possibly a family connection). Adam de Clopton appears as bowman in the muster roll of 1339-40. - On 4 Feb 1363 the property was quitclaimed (FRE/6903). There were Clopton's as tenants of Knelle in the subsidies of  1296, 1327 and 1335.

FRE/6926 24 June 1417
3 parcels of land called Upper Wodelonde and Haldynnge (12 a) in Beckley and Northiam adjacent North: land of Edmund de Knelle


As Agnes was living 1389, she was probably daughter of Edmund and Joan and thus half sister to Edward and Margaret. VCH: Agnes de Knelle was a nun at Davington, a priory depending on Faversham Abbey, Kent. This priory had been founded in 1153 by Fulk de Newnham (Notes on the churches in Kent). Davenham is situated west of Faversham on the summit of a hill, a place which is considered unhealthy because of nearby rivulets and swamps (England's Topographer V. 2.).  Faversham had been founded in 1153 by King Stephen and his Queen Mathilde de Boulogne.

“In 1384, it was alleged that Margaret’s sister Agnes, who had been a nun at Davington for 30 years, was taken out of her priory by John Oxenbrigge and others, dressed in secular clothes and brought into court to levy a fine of the manor of Knelle in favour of John Brook" (Add. MS.393/5, fol. 44). 

William Durant, rector of the church of Rotherfield, John Larke, rector of the church of Old Shoreham, Ralph Blake, rector of the church of Ewhurst, John Edward and John Brook v. Agnes daughter of Edward de Knelle, kt. (This is an error because in the de Banco Roll Agnes is named daughter of Edmund).  - The manor of Knelle was adjudged to John Brook etc. and his heirs 1384 (SSX FF), but he had to leave it a short time later in favour to Robert Belknap, chief justice of the Bench.

Robert Belknap, had obtained a grant of the manor of Knelle from Thomas Lyvet, cousin of Edmund de Knelle. (CCR, 1381-5, p.634 and 1385-9, FF and others). After the attainder and forfeiture of Robert Belknap in 1388, Agnes had addressed the chancellor for remedy, as her customary rents of 5 marks were not being paid out of the manor of Great Knelle and lands in Beckley, Northiam and Wittersham, so that she has nothing to live on .The same writ was sent  to William Weston, escheator of Sussex (CCR).

The answer dated 23 Jan. 1389:: William Weston, escheator in Sussex, has order that 5 marks are to be taken out of the manor of Knelle

and of all the lands of Robert Bealknap, deceased, in Beckelee, Northiamme and Wightresham and to deliver to Agnes, daughter of Edmund de Knelle, kt., any money thereof taken (CCR). - But Robert Belknap was not deceased, after his attainder he was sent into exile in Ireland from where he returned in 1399. He died Jan. 1401-2 (see Belnap genealogy in this web page).

Dugdale says about Davington Nunnery:
“The original number of the nuns was 26, but in the reign of Edw. III from the scantiness of their revenues, they were reduced to 14. In the 17th of above reign (1342) they had not a competent means of subsistence, nor could they live upon the revenue of the convent, but had the charity of their friends to supply them”. Therefore it is not understandable, that Agnes had been placed in that poor nunnery situated at the far east end of Kent. - The rent of 5 marks yearly must have been a godsent. - Davington Priory for Benedictinian nuns had been founded  in 1153 by Fulk de Newnham on a summit of a hill on the side of the Ospringe rivulet (Hist. of Kent by WM H. Ireland).

An Agnes de Oxenbrigge had paid subsidies in Hastings Rape in 1332. It is possible that she was related to the Knelle family or maybe she was a Knelle and Agnes had been named after her.


According to the 'De Banco Roll' Margaret was daughter of Edmund de Knelle.

VCH - “Margaret married William de Welles as her second husband, and they held Knelle manor in 1362. - John de Welles, John de Oxenbrigge atte Gate and John atte Welde of Tenderden v. William de Welles and Margaret his wife the manor of Knelle, 90 acres of land, 32 d rent in Beckley - To William and Margaret and the heirs of their bodies, contingent remainder to the heirs of the body of Margaret, to John Lyvet and Margaret his daughter and heirs of her body or right heirs of Margaret, wife of William (SSX FF). - In 1329 Geoffrey de Knelle had nominated a John Lynet his attorney for the period of his pilgrimage. 

This document showes that John de Oxenbrigge atte Gate and John Lyvet had a right to Knelle manor by a former marriage to one of the members of the Knelle family. But it showes also that Margaret at that date seems to have been looking for a male heir of Knelle manor, as her son William de Welles seems not to have been born yet.

1384 Robert Belknap and Julia his wife and John Preston of Warehorn v. William Batelesford and Richard Cristelton, clerk - manor of Knelle, land and rent in Beckley - To John for life of William de Welles of Canterbury etc., son of Margaret de Knelle. Wlliam de Batelesford may have had the custody of William de Welles son during his minority.

1385 Calendar of Close Rolls 8 Richard II March 26, Westminster.
After the death of  William son of William Welles and Margaret de Knelle in 1384,
on 26 March 1385 at Westminster: Thomas Lynet ceded to William Batelesford, Robert Oxenbregge and John Lynet, their heirs and charter with warranty, after the death of William, son of William de Welles, of the manor of Knelle all lands, rents and services in Beckele (Beckley), Pesemerssche (Peasmarsh), Iden, Playden, Northyhamme (Northiam) and Wightreshamme (Wittersham), which were of Edmund de Knelle, knight, cousin of the said Thomas, as well as a grant of the reversion of the premises, now held by Robert de Beleknappe, knight, during the life of William de Wellez, by his demise with reversion to the said Thomas. -  Memorandum of Acknowledgment, 7 June. (CCR). - From that I assume that there was a marriage between the families. Up to now no document has been found to assure it.

On 30 Sept 1385 Thomas Levet and John Levet (Lynet) quitclaimed with warranty, Robert Oxenbregge and Edmund Dallyngregge without warranty, the whole manor of Knelle etc. to Robert de Beleknappe (Belknap) kt., “which the said Robert now possesses by feoffment of William de Welles". This same Thomas appears as Thomas Lynet, coheir of John Benham of Berkshire in 1388 together with Robert, Thomas and Nicholas Oxenbridge and others (CPR). (for more information please see the sale of Knelle manor and the Livet family in this web page).

William de Welles, husband of Margaret was distrained at the court of Knolton in 1361 for default of court. Knolton lies in East Kent - 1376 a William de Welles was bailiff of Winchelsea and Rye (CPR). It is possible that this was William de Welles. husband of Margaret.who was dead by 1375, when Alice and Joan, Margaret's daughters by her first, so far unknown husband, who were married to Henry and John de Auchier of Losenham, sued William Wellez of Canterbury, Margaret's son with William de Welles, for a moiety of Knelle manor (De banco roll (Hillary 49. E 3 m. 314, 1375). William her son died shortly after Michaelmass 1384 as per a CPR document dated 28 Feb.1401 relating to Juliane de Belknap, wife of Robert Belknap, who held Knelle manor some time after his attainder and forfeiture (please see under Belknap). William seems to have  come of age recently. In this document he is named William de Wellys of Canterbury. -. William the father may have died after 1376 and before 1384.

1382 - William de Echingham, Thomas de Radmild, William de Welles and others were appointed collectors of the 10th and 15th in Sussex (CFR & Inq. Misc. V. 5 p 38-9).

1385 Rental of William de Welles of his manor of Knelle. Rents payable at the four terms, Christmas, Easter, Midsummer and Michaelmas: Sir John Kyriel, kt., 12d, the lord of la Mote 23 1/4d, Richard Kechene (Kitchener) 18d, John Wodeland 3d, John de Boxele for Adam West, Peter Broun 2d, Stephen Stockede 18d, John St. Evene 8 3/4 d, John Bixlee 3d at Michaelmas only. - The villains: In customary payment a gift at Christmas 5 3/4d, at Candlemass 12d, for harvesting, 2 1/2d for manuring, 21d for mowing and carrying hay and at Christmas (GBS). This gives a good glimpse of feudal holding. - Mentioned are as well Richard and John Clopton, probably heirs of Adam Clopton as above. The heirs of Benet de Knelle  pay 12d rent at the same terms. They also paid 1 1/4d for 'crokepan', 1 1/4d for 'maltpan' and 1 1/4d for 'fleynpan' and 12d for 1 acre of land at Kechenerbrok and 6d for a  croft called Cothead. In total the pai 5s 53/4 d.(Cal of Inq. chancery). - This was at the period when William de Welles held Knelle, i.e. ca. 1375-84.

Inquisition Miscellaneous V. 5 p. 38-9 containes those mentioned above but many more. A selection of those are the following: Rental of William de Welles of his manor of Knelle: Robert Carpayn (there was land called Carpayn land); John Webbe or Rose for a messuage at Knell fleet demised by Edmund de Knelle; Thomas and William Knelle 2 s each; Thomas and John Oxenbridge descendants of ancestors who held land in Knelle in 1227 and 1232; John Paulyn maybe descendant of the Paulyn who was bailiff of the King at Iden in 1295; Henry Auge(r)? husband of Margaret de Knelle's daughter?; John Knellere; John Corbyl maybe a descendant of the Waliland family in female line who claimed some land of Knelle when it was sold. A daughter of the Waliland famiily had married a Corboyl.

Rents of Villains with customary payments for work: Benet and Richard and Clopton, the heirs of Benet de Knelle, Edmund de Knelle pays 14s yearly rent for land formerly of Stephen de Knelle. - Names of tenents owing suit: Richard Marchame, Henry Wodeland, John Huelin of IDEN and others; William de Knelle, John Knellere of Horsepond is mentioned in the war list of 1340; John Finch 'fidel' and many others. - Names of Villein tenants: John and Thomas Clopton, John, William,

Edmund and Hugh de Knelle ´fidel´ and Edmund de Knelle owed common suit. - It is impossible to know of which ancestor mentioned before are all those Knelle persons descended. Hugh de Knelle and his two sons can be seen in 'Further Knelle members' in this web site.

Origin of the Welles family

It seems that the Welles family of Essex, Norfolk and Suffolk and the one of Canterbury, Ickham and Eastwell in Kent had their origin in Veules-Les Roses by St. Valery-en Caux-in Normandy (FMG). - All those places mentioned, as well as Eastwell, Westwell, Essetsford (Ashford), Welle by Ickham, Romney marsh, Horton and others were held by Hugh de Montfort in 1086 (DB). Hugh was of Montfort-sur-Risle in Eure, Normandy. After his grandson Robert de Montfort had left for France and gone on Crusade to the Holy Land, leaving his properties in England to the King, these holdings came into the hand of Henry of Essex, constable of England. - Haughley in Essex had been given to Hugh de Montfort by King Henry I with the castle guard of Dover, and by 1184 was an escheat of Peter Peverel, who also had land in London and Kent. The fact that the Welles family witnessed charters of Robert de Vere and Henry de Essex in the first half of the 12th century, indicates that they were holding land in Suffolk, Essex and in Kent already at that time or even earlier. - A Geoffrey de Welles (Effrey) had paid 2s into the Norman Exchequer for a concord in 1195 (Thomas Stapleton).

Ca.1140  Robert de Well and his sons Richard and William witness a charter of Robert de Vere, constable of England, founder of Horton Priory in Kent with his wife Adeliza (d. 1152), daughter of Hugh de Montfort (Dugdale, Monasticon). This charter is also witnessed by Norman de Essetot (Essetsford?). - King Stephen confirmed the donations to the abbey at about the same time. Under the witnesses were earl Geoffrey de Mandeville of Essex, John earl of EU, Turgis d'Avranche and Robert de Crevequeur (Regesta V. 3). - Richard de Welles appears in 1130-1 in the Pipe Roll paying 2 silver marks, 1 gold and 1 silver ring. By 1152 Richard witnessed a charter of Henry of Essex, who was related to the de Vere family (his father Robert had married Adelisa de Vere (1125-1185), and Henry's daughter was the third wife of Aubrey de Vere (1110-26 - Dec.1194). Henry of Essex was active till 1163 when his land escheated. He was lord of Haughley in Suffolk and Rayley in Essex which went with the constabulary. Richard de Welles's son Gervaise was granted  the ville of Raines or Raynes in Essex with appurtenances and the constabulary and castle guard at Dover c.1167 by King Henry II. This charter was witnessed by William de Mandeville, Reginald de Courtenay, Hugh de Lacy, Guy de St. Valery and others at 'Vallé Rodolei ' in Normandy (the valley of Rouen).

Robert de Welles, son of Gervaise, and William de Essetsford (Ashford), perhaps son of Norman Essetsfot, the witness in 1140,  in 1184 received custody of the heirs of Peter Peverel and of Haughley Honour. The manor of Beneleia which had been reserved for the maintenance of Peter's widow and younger children, was worth 10 lbs, whereof they had 4 lbs, 8s 7d. The elder son was a leper and in custody of the king in a hospital, where he died a few years later (Rot. Dominabus). The same year sees them holding as well the farm of Kent and the custody of the farm of the associated manors. They also account for the sales of wool, herbage etc. and relief of villains in Kent (PR Vol. 32, p. 155). - The honour of Essex had been held in 1171 by Rannulf de Broc who defended Haughley castle in 1173 (Eyton V. 1, p. 169). - For Ranulf see Broc in this web site. - On 11 December 1194 Robert de Welles had to defend his fee in Raynes  against Hervic de Raimes who asks of him one military fee  as his heritary right, but which had been given to Robert's father Gervaise by King Henry II (CRR  p. 93). Robert holds Raynes in 1198-9 (Liber Rubeus). - In 1196 William de Essetsford and Robert de Welles owe still for the Honour of Essex, which they request from the monks of St. Mary in Dover (CPR Kent).- 1197 (William) (Robert) de Welles and William de Essetsford owe 20s scutage for the military fee of Haughley (CPR). - 1194-99 Robert de Welles sues Hugh Walter in Essex for the land of Hamon Fitz William (CCR, V.1, p. 127). - 1198 Robert de Welles and William de Essetsford pay scutage for the military honour of Haughley. - In 1199 John de Northey of Sussex had a quarrel with the abbot of Battle regarding some land using Robert de Welles as his attorney (CRR V. 2, p. 136).  - 1199 he was one of the jurors in Norfolk in the King's court. They had to find out whether the Deacon of Walsingham had hurt one of his servants with a knife, who had died afterwards from that wound (CRR V. 2, p. 158).. - He appears in the Norfolk fines in 1198.

On 5 September 1189 Hugh de Ludington and Richard de Welles represent Alice Picot against Eugenia her sister who petitions half the land of Enneciam in Kent who defends her right (CRR p. 242). - Richard, son of Robert, had a law suit in 1198-9 in Kent (CRR). Richard, son of Robert Welles, held one croft in Welles to hold at 1 pound of pepper yearly.   - In 1237 grant to William son of Richard of the custody during pleasure of the  fees held by knight's service of the honours of Peverel London, Rayley and Haughley (CPR)

This Robert seems to be the one who died in 1202 and is the father of William, as William de Welles, son of Robert, had been in custody of Geoffrey, count of Perche (d. 1202) and his wife Maud, some time during the rule of archbishop Hubert Walter (1193-1205) and was later ward of Reginald de Cornhull the father, and after his death in ward of his son of the same name, who married him to his daughter. - Geoffrey Ct. of Perche had married Matilde, daughter of Matilde, eldest daughter of King Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitania, who was married to Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony. In 1189. Geoffrey and Matilde had been conveyed lands as marriage portion, held by Henry of Essex formerly.  . - He was probably another son of the Robert who died 1202. - According to the Heraldic Notices of Canterbury he carried the arms: AR 2 bastons GU a besant OR.

In the Pipe Roll of Kent of 1219-20 appear Osbert de Welles and his borough, who was fined half a mark but did not have any pledges. Also Sabina de Welles, fined with half a mark, but had not been prosecuted.

Essex Line

1205 Robert de Welles, probably second son of Robert above, witnesses a grant by Reginald Bataill, son of William Rybauld, to Philip Hobrig' in Essex (D/DU 23/33). - 1206 Simon son of Hervey above petitions 2 carucates of land with appurtenances in Raynes from Robert - In 1208 he acts as pledge for Walter son of Petronelle, who sues William de Pontefract; and is summoned to court for having disseised Henry Latimer and Emma his wife of their free tenement in Wimbelton, Middlesex..- In 1211-12 he holds 2 military fees of the Honor of Pertico or Perche, one of them in Haughley (Liber Rubens). - In 1212 Henry de Godeham and Robert de Welles are ordered to attend an assize on behalf of the county of Essex in Norfolk (all CRR) - Dominus Robert de Welles, knight, Walter of Bocking, Roger of Braintree and others witness a charter by Hamo son of William the miller of Bocking to Walter III, prior of Canterbury Cathedral Priory dated between 1213 and 1222 (CCCH). Bocking and Baintree lye near Raynes in Essex. - In 1220-1 Peter de Nereford was put into custody of Robert de Welles and Osbert de Wachesham..Robert de Welles has been elected to attend an assize in Essex as juror (both CRR). - Vitalis Engayn, Robert de Welles and others were made justices in an assize for 'novel disseisin' in Essex in 1227 (CPR). - In that year Robert is witness at the abbey of the Holy Trinity at Rouen, founded by Queen Mathilde, wife of the Conqueror, where the abbess Joan demands of her tenants 10 lbs sterling for the land they hold of her in Feldsted, Essex (Anesy: Extraits de CH Vol. 1) - Robert and Randulf de Essart and two other Norman knights are sent to Essex to attend an assize in the Bench between William Fitz Richard and Robert de Wymbise (Bracton's Notebook V. 1, p. 195). - 1228-9 Robert de Well`' v. Robert Leydet regardeing 40 acres of land with appurtenances in Kanewill (ESSX FF). - 1232 Robert de Well' has one fee in Reynes (Testa Nevill). - 1224-30 Honour of Hatfield Peverel: Robert de Well' has 1 fee in Raines in Essex (Testa Nevill). - 1237-42 Robert de Welles has one fee in Raynes in Essex (Red Book)..

In 1220 a Peter de Welles is a juror in a grand assize in Hertford, which county is situated next to Essex and are often taxed together (CCR). In 1194 Geoffrey de Peverell sends his attorney Peter de Welles to plea against the Deacon and canons of Chichester for the advowson of the church (SSX - CRR V. 1, p. 350).

Gervaise de Welles - 1238-9 Mabel who was the wife of Gervaise de Welles sues Thomas Welles, tenant, for a third part of a carucate of land with appurtenances in Little Raynes as dower of a free tenement which her husband had held there (ESSX FF).

Sir Thomas de Welles in 1206 acts as attorney for Geoffrey Fitz William in Norfolk (CRR) and at a later date witnesses a quitclaim by Annora, daughter of John de Cliveland in Essex (D/DU 646/32). - 11 Jan. 1234-5 The King has taken the homage of Thomas de Well', brother of Gervaise de Well' for one and a half carucates of land with appurtenances in Raynes, which Gervaise held of the King in chief of the Honour of Haughley. He has to pay 10 marks for relief of his inheritance (CFR). - 1235-6 Thomas de Welles holds one military fee of the Honour of Haughley and Rayley.- In 1249 Robert Ledet owes 8 marks to Thomas Wellis (CRR).- On 2 July 1260 the writ of inquisition was issued: Thomas de Welles held Little Reynes manor with the advowsom as one knight's fee of the Honour of Haughley.  - The honour of Haughley had been of Hugh de Montfort of Montfort-sur Risle near Pont-Audemer in Normandy, with the constabulary o fDover Castle (Ll07d Anglo-Horman families).

Heir is his son Robert aged 21 and a half (IPM V. 1). On 17 June next year  the King took the homage of Robert, son of Thomas, for all the lands and tenements his father held, the escheator to accept 100 s security for his relief (Rot. Turri Lond. V. 2). - On 15 July 1260: For Roger der Welles: The king takes the homage of Thomas de Welles, son and heir of Robert de Welles for all the land his father had held in chief (CFR p. 330). - On 15 July 1260  Roger de Welles and Isabella his wife of Norfolk give half a mark for a writ (CFR p. 331). Roger seems to be a brother of Robert.

Richard de Welle in 1255 held a quarter knight's fee in Topinho in Essex of the king (CIPM Geoffrey Tregoz H III, V. 1). There is a Richard de Welles, who died 1281 in Anglesey holding land in Herefordshire as an official (CIPM p. 334). His son  Richard de Welles, kt., arms OR 3 paws GU, a quarter AR and a molet SA (Hertford and Essex), granted to Richard le Breton of Little Abinton and his wife Joan his manor of Papworth in Cambride on 23 July 1302, probably Papworth Everard (Cambridge..). - In 1300-27 another Sir Richard de Welles of Hertfordshire had the same arms. - It is probably the same Richard who had summons to be at Portsmouth on 1 Sept.1294 (Parl. Writs). - In 1338 Richard de Welles as chamberlain of south Wales had order to pay 100 lbs to Richard Talbot, a banneret and keeper of the town of Berwick-upon-Tweed (CCR). -  On 25 June 1343 Henry Mortimer of Richards' caststle grants to Richard de Welles the manor of Quatte for life, .After his death to revert to Hugh de Mortimer and his wife Margaret (Shropshire FF). - They may be descendants of Wlard de Welles who was one of 12 jurors in the King's court in a suit between Gilbert de la Hide and William de la Lane in Hertfordsh  in 1199. (CRR V. 1, p. 27).

William de Wells in 1269-70  gives half a mark for having a writ ad terminum. In the Originalia Roll the name is Richard (FFH 3). 

In 1285-7 Henry de Welles sues William de Rothynges for the advowsom of the church of Little Reynes (ESSX FF). - Henry de Welles granted to William of Bovington an annual payment of 6d which Peter de Goldingham used to pay him for a pasture in Parva Reynes vill by late 13th C. (CCCh).  He died 1293 seised of a messuage, land, rent of assize, a watermill etc. held of the King in chief of the honour of Haughley. - Henry de Welles held Keynes Parva manor and paid for castle guard at Dover (CIPM EIII V. 1). Grant  to Alice de Neutembre, damsel of Margaret, Duchess of Brabant, custody of two thirds of lands at Little Reynes valued at 104s, demised to farm during the minority of Henry's heirs, on 18 June 1294 (Farrer).

His son and heir is Thomas aged 10 (IPM V. 3 ,1293). - In 1305 the escheator receives order to let have Thomas, son of Henry de Welles, seising of his father's land (CCR). He died in 1316 (CPR), seised of Reynes Parva manor, held of the honour of Haughley. The escheator had to take his land into the King's hand. (CIPM E II V.1)). He was married to Joan who paid 2 marks for a licence to marry whomsoever she will in the king's fealty (12 Nov. 1320 CCR p. 39). - Thomas and Joan seem to have had a daughter Maud, as he sold land in Little Raynes to Ralph Picot which his daughter Maud was allowed to retain in 1321 (TNA C 143/142/4).

Walter de Welles died in 1326, writ dated 18 April, the escheator to take into the King's hand the lands of the deceased Walter de Welles (CFR V. 3,p. 386). He was holding Little Reynes of the king in chief as 1 knight's fee and 10s yearly to pay at Dover castle and suit at the court of Haulegh. His wife Alice was pregnant and their daughter Joan was 6 months and 3 weeks old. In May 1326 Alice, late the wife of Walter de Welles, tenant in chief, was assigned dower in Little Reynes, Essex, under the condition not to marry without the King's licence (CRR). - Joan married William Rushbrook. They received Walter's land in 1337 when she had proved her age, and her husband received her father's lands (CCR). This was the end of the Essex line.

Norfolk and Suffolk: 1181-2 Walter der Welles owes a young falcon for having a writ for a convention with Norreis. 1221 Assize whether Agnes, daughter of Avice, sister of Walter de Welles at her death was seised in fee of a virgate of land in Offele. In another assize of 1221 Walter de Welles holds a messuage with appurtenances in Hiche which he has of his wife (Bracton's Notevook p. 407).

1244 William de Welles and the abbot of Hulme who have the custody of the bishopric of Norwich were ordered to give seisin to Walter de Suffeld the elected for the bishopric (CCR).

On 10 Oct. 1305 Peter de Welles witnesses an Inspeximus and confirmation of a charter by Roger Bigod Earl of Norfok and marshal of England confirming to John de Uffeton, his chamberlain the custody of all his parks and woods.

Roger de Welles and Isabella his wife give half a mark for a writ in 1260 (CFR p. 331). - 25 Sept. 1265 Sir John de Vaux was made sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk and custos of the lands of Robert de Welles who had died (Knights of E 1, p. 96). - Gilbert de Welles gives half a mark for having an assize in Norfolk in 1269-70 (FF H 3). - 1329, Sept. 25 The escheator south of the Trent assigns dower in Norfolk to Isabella, widow of Edmund de Clere by testimony of John de Norwich, Nicholas atte Welle and others (CCR)


William de Essetsford and his brother Thomas and Galfrido  are witnesses  on 22 Decmber 1176 with with Richard Peyforer and and many others to a settlement berween Roger abbot elect of St. Augustin's monastery of Canterbury and the men of Thanet in Kent (Facsimile of Royal CH) - William had been excomunicated byh abbot Thomas de Becket the martyr in 1169 (dto.). - In 1201 William  or a son of the same name owes 16d for default in London and Middlesex (CPR). In 1210 he owes 2 marks  and further 40s (Rot. Prestiti p.198 and 184). 1211-12  William I de Essetsford holds three and a third part of a fee in Kent of the Honour of Perch with the obligation to pay for guard at Dover castle (Liber Rubeus p. 622). - Robert de Welles's 2 fiefs were  the ones in Eastwell with properties in Canterbury, the one of Gervaise is not defined. William de Essetsford held two fees in Essetsford (Ashford).- 1211-12. Robert de Welles has 2 fees of the Honour of Pertico (Perche) and holds the Honour of Haughley in Essex  in custody. 1210 - 12 The honour of Henry de Essex: William de Essetsford holds 2 fees and Reginald de Cornhill 2 fees for the custody of Welles (Liber Rubeus p. 500).

William of Essetesford witnesses a charter by Reginald the Skinner, son of Solomon, to Canterbury Cathedral Priory. - He owes 16 d for default 1201 in Kent (CPR). - William in 1210 pays 2 marks and another 40s (Rot. Prestito). - In 1211-12 he was summoned to court to explain why he had entered into the moor of Serle (Shirley) in Kent near Romney. Philip de Columbariis says it belongs to him but he had given it to William de Welles his kinsman. A jury was assembled to determine the case of William de Essetsford and his son William (CRR). This must be an error because of Philip's comment (CRR).n 15 December 1215 Warin F. Gerold receivves land which Galfrido Belet and William de Essetsford held of the earl of Warwick, enemies of the King (CCRlit p. 242). Next year William de Cirinton and William de Essetsford ddid homage to the Prior of Canterbury  during the time when King John had differences the the clerus (dto. p. 164). -  In 1217 William, William de Ciriton and others witness a charter by Alexander, abbot of St. Augustine's in Canterbury., but shortly afterwards they came back into the service of the king (dto. p. 320).. 

William de Essetsford pays again for two military fees in Kent in 1219 (CPR). - At the same time he holds three and a third part of military knights' fees in total (Liber Rubens). - Meanwhile King John has died and William became an official of King Henry III. 1222 The king to the Exchequer to hand over to William de Essentsford 100 lbs to occupy the castle of Dover (CCRlit p. 488) the same some months later (p. 500).  - In 1220-1 William de Essetsford, Galfrido his  brother, William de Kasingham and others witnessed a grant to St. Gregory in Canterbury (Cartulary CH nº 25). This Galfrido is most probably the father of Philip and his brothers below. - William is also witness to an undated document, Adam de Talewurd enfeoffing Reginald de Cornhull of his whole land of 'Knoldenn' (Knolton) for an annual rent of one pair of gilt spurs. Reginald pays to him a gersum of 10 marks. Further witnesses are M. Ralph de Sancto Martino, William of Cheriton (Ciriton) and others (CCA/I/172). - That Reginald de Cornhill received land at Knolton and William de Welles, husband of Margaret de Knelle was fined there more than a century later makes me think that William de Welles was a descendant of the William de Welles whom Reginald de Cornhill married to his daughter.

About 1200 Geoffrey and Lambkin de Essetsford witness a charter by William d'Avranche confirming a gift of his mother in Kent (CCR V. 2 p. 76). - 1199-1200 Assize of Novel disseisin betwenn Richard de Essetsford and Hugh de Folkington by his attorny Thomas de Roinges and Richard de Richarville against Alice who was wife of Roger F. Reinfrid (CCR V. 2 p. 246). - About.1220 Thomas, Geoffrey and Simon d'Avranche, Geoffrey and Lambinus de Essetsford, Geoffrey de Guestling and others witness a charter by William d'Avranche. On this charter pended a seal of a knight on horse at full speed clad with sword, helm and shield (CH nº 121 Rob.bridge). - Between c.1220 and 1230 a Philip de Essetsford witnesses several donations to Battle Abbey. In one document he is named seneschall of the Abbey, in others he appears with Lambin de Essetsford and with his brothers Philip, Ingelram and Ralph de Essetsford. They might be sons or cousins of William.. Geoffrey (Galfrido) and Lambinus de Esseteford witnessed a  charter of the abbey of Roberftsbridge by William d'Avranches to Simon de Lacford.

1224-30 The heirs of William de Essetsford have 2 fees in Ashford and Pokemanston, Kent, of the Honour of Haughley, the same in 1232-3 (Testa Nevill). - 1237-42 The heirs of William de Ashford have 2 fees in Ashford and Pokemanston (Red Book). 1244 Three daughters of William de Essetsford are in custody of Bertram de Crioll. Their land is worth 24 lbs (All Testa Nevill). 

1233  the Prior of Canterbury turns by his attorneys  against William Essetsford who asks of him one virgate, as well as Matilde de Essetsford, daughter of William  de Essetsford, the father, for half a virgate of land and a quarter of virgate all  in Bocking near Raynes, Essex (CCR V. 2 p. 302) - This William de Essetsford seems to be one of the heirs. of William. - 1240-41 The King has given respite for one year to William de Ashford II from making himself a knight. Order to the sheriff of Sussex to take security from him (CFR). This must be the son of the William above and brother of his daughters below. In 1261-2 William de Essetsford had 2 fees in Ashford alias Essetsford for which he had to pay 20 s instead of castle guard at Dover (Liber Rubeus).

1238-9 Adam de Posterna v. Matilde de Well' 12 acres of land in Colchester (ESSX FF). 1253-4 Matilda de Welle v. Robert de Metiheved re land in Gestingthorp. Matilda quitclaimed to him receiving half a silver mark (ESSX FF). - 1247-8 Robert, Walter, Alice his wife and Matilde his sister v. Matilde de Essetsford, represented by William de Essetsford, regarding several pieces of land with appurtenances, which were quitclaimed to the demandants to hold of the tenant for a rent of 3d for all services. - William de Essetsford further granted to Robert, Walter and Alice and the heirs of Alice 16d sterling and the same to Matilde, her sister, out of his tenements in Halsted and Bocking near Raymes (ESSX FF). - In 1255 Matilde, widow of William de Essetsford gives half a mark for a writ to the itinerant judge at Gloucester. The sheriff of Hampshire to ask for security (CFR p. 210). - The holdings of land by Raymes makes it clear that the Essetsford were originally Welles. See also above the Norman de Essetfot.

William I de Essetsford's daughter Matilde had married Sir Simon de Criol, brother of Mathilde de Welles' husband John. They were sons of Bertram de Criol, constable of Dover, who in 1241 received  a crown grant in Overland, Kent. - 1242-3 Simon de Crioll holds Pakmanston which belongs to the 2 fees of Hessetsford (Ashford) from the King of the Honour of Perth (Testa Nevill). - On 23 August  1252 Bertram, Simon and Nicholas de Criol witnessed a charter for a gift to William de Valence by William de Pont de l'arche (CCHR p. 402-3.  - On 23 Sept. of that year Sir Simon and Sir Nicholas Criol and Nicholas Lewknor are witnesses to a charter by Richard de Clare earl of Gloucester and Hertford  (p. 404) -Sir Simon Criol died in 1267,. - Simon's IPM showes that Matilde at his death held two knights' fees in Essetsford, Seveneton, Ustresture (Esture) and Pakemanston.  She inherited half of all his lands which was in Gavelkind as long as she stayed a widow, but had to give security for her relief (Rot. FF Turri Londres V. 2) - They had eight sons, coheirs in gavelkind, between 30 and 11 years of age. - In 1268 the king takes the homage of Mitilde de Essetsford, widow of Simon de Criol, for all the land he held in chief at his death. The escheator had to take a reasonable security from her (CRF p. 480).

There survives a charter whereby Roger de Rolling and Maud, daughter of William de Essetsford, his wife, gave to Sir Roger de Leybourne and dame Eleanor de Vallibus, countess of Winchester, his wife, the manors of Essetsford and Pakemanston in exchange for the manor of Stockton in Huntingdonshire, which he had of Sir Nicholas de Criol and William Heringod, as well as lands in Essex. This was her second marriage. In 1293 William de Leybourne held the manor of Esseetsford (Plac. quo warranto p. 359). Maud or Matilde had married Roger de Rolling without licence (Rot. Hdd  & CCHR V. 2 p. 175).

In 1329-30 a John de Ashford made his will at the court of Husting (London), in which his children Thomas, Alice and Johanna are mentioned. He had property in London. - 1338 William de Ashford and Ellen his wife v. John Aubre; a messuage, land and wood in Halsted, Essex, to hold to demandants and heirs of Ellen of the chief lords (ESSX FF V. 3, p. 47). - William de Ashford or Essetsford and Ellen his wife had court cases in Essex concerning properties in Halsted and Bocking in 1338 and 1340, where their sons Richard, William and John are mentioned. Richard held land in Little Teye and Elmes (ESSX FF). 

Kent line 1

William de Welles, brother of Robert de Welles, sons of Robert de Welles above who died 1202, seems to have been of age in 1210 when he pays 2 marks (Rot. Prestito). 1212-14 the problem of the distribution of the land in the moor of Shirley was resolved by Stephen Langton, the next archbishop (see the earlier procedure under William de Essetsford): one fee for the archbishop, one for Philip de Columbariis, one for John de Guestling and one for William de Well'. Witnesses were William de Essetsford, William de Ceriton and others. One of the 12 jurors was Warren de Well' acting with two others for William de Well´ (CCCh).-  Warren belonged to the Welles family of Welle or Well Court in Ickham, descended from Allen, Alfred or Alured de Welles (see Kent line 2

William was obliged to castle guard in 1217-8 for two fees. He is further documented in the Canterbury Cathedral Archives in the early 13th C, land which William de Welles held of Alan of Norway in Southwark. - Philip de Columbariis  in another document had stated that William was 'gener suo' or kin, so that there must have been a marriage between the families. He had been to crusade with King Richard, as on 5 July 1190 the King issued a charter at Molins in Burgundy to Hugh count of St. Paul (Docs FR). On third Jan.1213 Philip gives the King 3 palfreys for a fine so that his mother (Matilde de Chandos) may erect a building (CFR). William de Columbariis had given his tithes to the Abbey of Troarn which had been founded by Earl Roger de Montgomery. The donations to this abbey were confirmed by the Conqueror and his queen Matilde in 1059 (Docs FR).

William died c.1220, married to Margery de Cornhull, daughter of Reginald de Cornhull and Matilda de Lukedale (Hasted, Kent). Both this Reginald and his father of the same name had been his guardians. The father Reginald de Cornhull seems to have been married to Isabel de Crevequer. - Later Cornhills held land in Willesden, Middlesex as overlords where Walter and John de Conele or Cunele had had a law suit for a mill in 1219. The Cornhills held a mill there later also.

(Note: a Cornhull pedigree shows that William died before 1232). In 1121-30 Gervaise de Cornhull is mentioned in Regesta H. 1, p. 240): Henry I to the sheriff of London and all barons and sheriffs in whose bailiwicks Gervaise son of Roger, nephew of Hubert, has lands. Gervaise received all the lands of Roger held on the day when he started for Jerusalem. He and his land are to be in wardship and seisin of John and Robert, the sons of Ralph fitz Ebrard. Witness Robert earl of Gloucester. With that the family can be dated in England approximately to the time of the Domesday Book. The first Reginald de Cornhill appears in the Liber Niger in 1166-8 holding one fee in Kingston, Kent, of Walter fitz Helte. A Gervaise de Cornhill was sheriff of Middlesex and London 1155-7, 1160-1 in Surrey and of Sussex in 1177. - A Henry de Cornhill of Kent had married Alice de Courcy, daughter of William de Courcy. She was a descendant of Robert de Courcy of the beginning of the 11th C. Henry Cornhill was sheriff in London in 1188 and  sheriff of Kent in 1191 and died 1194  on 27 Oct. when Reginald de Cornhill his brother held his manor of Stafeld (Matthew Paris and CCR V. 1, P. 14). - In 1189-93 Reginald de Cornhill was High Sheriff of Kent and again in 1196-1205. His son Reginald was High Sheriff of Surrey 1213-5, constable of Rochester castle 1215 where he held out for 2 months during the rebellion of the barons against King John. (Introduction to CRR 1199). - A Reginald de Crornhill, viscoung, witnessed a charter by King Henry II on 12 June 1285(CCHR).

1237-42 The heirs of William de Welles have 2 fees in Welles (Eastwelle) held of the honour of Haughley in Kent.

1242-3 Margery, daughter of Reginald de Cornhull and widow of William de Welles, has one fee in Everland (Overland) and one fee of the countess of EU in Wintring, and the countess of the earl of Arundel. - Testa Nevill in 1244 informs us that Alice countess of EU had enfeoffed most of her fees for which military service was due. - Margery.died 1267-8 according to the writ dated 15 Dec. surviving her daughter for a short time.

Margery's daughter Mathilde or Maud died in 1267. She was married to John de Criol, brother of Simon de Criol above. - Matilde had been in ward of the king, who married her to John, and their land in the hundred of Langebrigge was worth 30 lbs (Testa Nevil) - In 1244 John sues Hamon de Brok for entering in his park of Welles (CCR). John de Criol died 1264, when Bertram, his son and heir was aged 27. At his death he held Seton, Nitherhardres, Esmeresfield, Overland, Boyton, Waterchine manors and (East) Welles manor of the inheritance of Maud in chief of the honour of Perch. Further Neweham manor CIPM H III V. 1). Eastwell and Essetsford (Ashford) lay next to each other, whereas Welle was situated near Canterbury. - The manor of Overland had been seized in 1266 by the earl of Gloucester during the disturbances.. Obviously, her husband had been on the side of the barons, as her son Bertram lost the manor again to William de Leybourn in 1278.

Note: The family of Criol or Criel came from Criel-sur-Mer, about 8 km south of EU (Lloyd). A part of the family stayed there. In 1086 Robert de Cruel held Ashburnham in Sussex of the cout of EU and was tenant in Bexhill (DB). In 1109 Bartholomew de Criol witnessed a charter by the count of EU with William de Somery, Drue de Pevensy and others (PRO BAT/3). In 1125 Nicolas de Criel gives 2 vavassours of Perli Kent to the Norman abbey of Fécamp. Another Nicolas went with King Richard I to the crusade at Acre in Palestine. He bore the arms party per fess OR and GU (The Crusaders by J. Dansey). - In 1151 John count of EU confirms to the abbey of Tréport the church of St. Mary of Hastings which Gohelinus de Criolio witnessed (Docs FR). On 27 Oct. 1170 Simon de Criol is mentioned in the Pipe Roll of Kent. John de Criol sues the Prior of Leeds in 1194 (CCR). 1201 he gives a sore falcon to obtain a writ (FFH3). - 1219 Bartholomew de Criol gets respite to pay scutage (Rot. Chanc.). 1233-9 he is sheriff of Kent and bore the arms OR 2 chevrons and a canton GU. - 1222 Bertram de Criol pays 5 m and a palfrey to have a market ( (List of Markets). 1228 he receives with another the custody of the see of Canterbury, 1233 the king committed to him the city of Kent and the castle of Canterbury to keep at his own costs. Further he was sheriff of Kent in 1241, and the following year he receives the manor of Overland in Kent as grant from the crownn. That year he became Constable of Dover castle (CFR). Bertram was married to Emma, daughter of Nicholas Kenett and died 1256. They had the sons John, Simon, William and Nicolas).

Matilde or Maud de Eastwelle at her death in 1267, writ dated 15 December, held Eastwelle manor with the advowson, including Schingledehalle, held in dower by her mother Margery, 2 knight's fees held in chief of the king. Further Cherle and land in Lamberdene, the latter also dower of her mother (CIPM H III, V. 1). Heir is her son Bertram de Criel aged 31 ( Arms OR, 2 chevrons and a quarter GU),

Bertram son of John and Matilde married Eleanor de Crevequer, daughter of Hamon (d. 1263) and Maud, sister of William d'Avranches (d. 1235). He died in 1306, holding Pottebery in Eastwell, land in gavelkind in Kent and the manor of Aldbury in Hertford, overlord of Wychingham manor in Norfolk. - His wife Eleanor was co-heiress of Isabella de Gaunt, of whom she interited the manors of Aldbury and Alkham and other lands on 14 Oct. 1282. She died 17 Nov. 1301 (Farrer, Honours and Kht's Fees). - 1281-2 Bertram was summoned to war for service of an eights part of a military fee for which he made a fine (Parl. Writs). - Bertram died 1295 and Eleanor 1301. Her sister Agnes married Thomas Chiche of Canterbury.   Note: 12 June 1256 Bertram de Criol I is dead. As he left debts his heirs and executors of his will asked the King to pardon him 74 lbs 19s 6d (CFR V. 2).

Note:The family came from Crevequeur in Calvados, Normandy. Robert de Crevequer witnessed a charter by King Henry I to the archbishop of Canterbury (Regesta H I). He founded the Priory of Leeds in 1119 (Dugdale). Robert pays 35s danegeld in 1130 (PR). His son Daniel appears in the survey of 1166  holding land in Hastings Rape, Sussex (The survey). In the Kent Pipe Rolls he appears latest in 1174. Robert is mentioned between 1190 and 1206 in the Pipe Rolls. His son Hamo de Crevequer, constable of Dover castle, married Maud, daughter of William d'Avranche, Baron of Folkstone). He appears in the Pipe Roll of Kent  paying 28 marks for 12 fees. In 1235-6 the king took the homage of Hamo for all lands formerly of William d'Avranches in name of Matilde, his wife ( FFH3). He died 1263, Maud d. 1271. - Rualon and Turgis d'Avranche are documented in the Kent Pipe Roll 1130, William  was son of Rualon, sheriff of Kent. and appears in the Pipe Roll 1168-9, Richard in 1200 in the Curia Regis Roll V. 1, p. 199, William in 1221, Pipe Roll, Thomas, Simon and Geoffrey as formerly mentioned in a Robertsbridge charter about the same time. Simon was married to Cecilia . He appears also in the Kent Pipe Roll of 1194. William was married to Matilda. In 1225-6 they and Maud's sister Joan,  widow of Robert de Ferrers, receive all the land of Hawise, widow of John de Boville, held in chief in Oxford, Essex, Hertfordshire and Bedfordshire. The King took their homage and gave them seisin (FFH3). Joan afterwards gave 100 marks for a licence to marry whoever she will . Her pledges are William d'Avranches for 20 m, Cecilia d'Avranches for 10 m, Stephen Haringod for 10 m and others (FFH3). - The arms of the family were OR a cross voided GU.

Bertram's sister Joan, married Sir Richard de Rokesle, Shortly before the battle of Evesham the manor of Overland, late of dame Matilda de Welles, had been seized by the earl of Gloucester (Farrer's Honours & Kt's Fees). - John de Criol in 1242-3 held 2 fees in Welles of the Honour of Perth. The marriage had been arranged by the King himself (Testa Nevill). - Easewell or Welles lies next to Ashford.

John son of William de Welles and Margery de Cornhull was a minor at his father's death . There are two curious documents dated 1220, when William de Welles died: Alditha, who was the wife of William de Welles, sues Mathilde de Welles for eight acres of land in Welles and a quarter part of a carucate with appurtenances in Ifeld (near Welle) as her dower. Mathilde claims that she was the wife of William de Welles and therefore Alditha has no right for dower because she was never married to William. After that Alditha sues John de Ifeld for the same claim as her dower of the free tenement which was of William de Welles. But John is a minor and Richard the seneschall is his custodian and says that Mathilda was William's wife and has her dower..- John's grandfather Reginald de Cornhill had bought Welle in Ickham and he seems to have been his heir. The Welles family held also land in Adisham (CCCh/A/89 and 90). - In the late 12th C beginning 13th C. Adam de Falkworth had sold to Reginald de Cornhill his whole land of Knolton for an annual payment of one pair of gilt spurs, for which Reginald paid a gersum fine of 10 marks. Witnesses were Master Ralph de St. Martin, William de Ciriton, William de Essetsford and others (CCCh I, p. 172).

In 1271 the King gives Stephen de Pencestre, who was Constable of Dover Castle and sheriff of Kent, those parts of the lands of John de Welles which belong to him. It seems that John had died in 1268-9. Some years before he had witnessed a grant by Nicholas Brune, son of Eustace, to the prior and convent of Canterbury Cathedral Priory (CCCh).

1242-3 William de Welles has 4 fees in Sussex in Hastings Rape of the countess of EU (Testa Nevill). - William witnesses a charter by Lambert le Fleming to Thurstan de Terne of a piece of land in Canterbury (CCCh). - Is he a son of John?

Thomas, son of William on 17 June 1261, does homage to the King for his father's land in Kent held in chief, paying 6 marks relief for them (CFR p.353). - The originalia roll says Essex). - 1261-2 Basilia de Well' gives half a mark for taking an assize before John de Wyville, Essex. (CFR). -  The escheator to give seisin on taking security from him (CFR). The heirs of William de Welles hold two fees in Welles, Kent, of the manor of Haughley. -.In 1261-2  the heirs had to pay 20 s for two fees in Welles (Eastwelle) and 10s for another fee in Welles, which had been of Gervaise de Welles, probably Ickham, instead of castle guard (Liber Rubens). The former belonged to the honour of Haughley, whereas the one fee belonged to the honour of Rayleigh.

1270-1 Henry de Welle and Alice his wife give one mark for a jury to be taken before Adam de Greynvill' in Kent (CFR H III). 1286-7 Henry de Welles sues William de Rothynges for the advowsom of the church of Reynes. William quitclaimed 40 acres of land receiving a sore sparrow hawk. This shows that the two branches of the de Welles families held their properties in Kent and Essex for a long time.

In 1315 Sir John atte Welle owns half a fee in Cluse and Ethelsone, Kent (CIPM). This must be Sir John de Welles (GU 6 crescents AR a baston gobonné OR and AZ., Parliamentary). He became constable of Newcastle near Elmlyn castle  in Wales on 29 July 1314. His wife was Lavinia, sister of Nicholas de Haudlo, whose inquisition took place on 30 May and livery was given to Lavinia and John  on 2 July 1316  (Farrer). - Nicholas Haudlo died 1316, writ dated 30 May. He held Strete manor in chief as 1 knight's fee and diverse lands. His heirs are his sisters, Margery de Haudlo and Lavinia, then widow of John de Welles (CIPM V. 5, p. 387). Lavinia died on 7 June 1348, writ dated 8 Aug. Inquisition Aug. 15. She held a moiety of the king in chief of the honour of Perche, for 1/2 knight's fee. Further diverse lands held of the archbishop, John Beauchamp, Thomas Passele and others. Another inquisition dated 20 August shows that she held Welle in le Blen in gavelkind of other lords by the feoffment of her deceased husband (CIPM V. 9, p. 86).

Nov. 20 1320 (CCR): The escheator south of the Trent has orders to take into the King's hand the lands of the ceased Hugh de Hochham, a tenant of the heir of Robert de Welle, tenant in chief, a minor in the King's ward. - In 1327 Robert de Welles, kt. and Richard de Betoyne, merchant, made a recognisance to Edmund earl of Arundel for 600 marks (CCR p. 50).

From there the Kent lines are not quite clear. - There are so many documents conserved in the Canterbury Cathedral charters that it is difficult to say to which line the members belong see the charter numbers below.

Kent line 2

The de Welles family had been present in Canterbury since c.1150-61 when Alan, Alfred or Alured de Welles held premises there and in Welle in Ickham near Canterbury. He was probably a brother or son of the first Robert de Welles of 1140 (see above). He witnessed a charter by Theobald archbishop of Canterbury and papal legate as Alan (C1168) and between 1152 and 1167 he signed an agreement between the Convent of Canterbury Cathedral Priory and Roger Mansellus and his wive as Alfred of Ickham (Welles in Ickham). - On 22 December 1176 Alan de Welles, William de Essetsford with his brothers Galfrido and Thomas witness a settlement between Roger abbot elect of St. Augustin's monastery of Canterbury and the men of Thanet (Facsimile of Royal CH). - He was the progenitor of the Canterbury and Ickham lines. Alfred was dead by 1175, when his heirs held land in St. Margaret's Parish, Canterbury (C825).

It seems that Alfred's sons were Warren and John.

Warren was witness to a Cathedral charter in 1219-20 (I/130). This was the arbitror in the case of William de Welles of 1212. which was resolved by the new archbishop after Hugh (see above).

John  In the early 13th century Alfred of Well in Ickham is mentioned as son of John specifying that Alexander of Gloucester and William Gratiani have to pay for 5 acres of land in Ickham, and other land elsewhere (I/149).

Alfred - He had the sons John and Alfred.

John of Well signs a charter by Robert of Frognall to the convent of the Canterbury Cathedral Priory as first witness (mid 13th C. (I/87). John had the sons

Robert, Roger, Warren and Solomon, active between mid and late 13th C (I/69, I/97) for Robert and Roger, (I(157 and 160) for Warren and Solomon. In the latter charters are mentioned Reginald de Cornhill, the heirs of Einulf of Well and Roger de Well, both witnessed by Laurence de Well. All those charters deal with the priory either as witnesses or as donators.

Laurence de Welles is first documented in about 1200 donating to the Priory a messuage in Burgate, St. Mary Magdalen parish, Canterbury (C/857). There is also a quitclaim by Eudo to the prior of and convent of the Cathedral Priory for 6s2d payable annually to Laurence de Welles and others (C/719). He had a son

John who quitclaimed to the Priory a messuage in Wincheap, Canterbury on 25 March 1239-40 (C/888). His son was

Laurence (C/1117) who again had the sons John and Thomas.

Dominus John de Welles puts his seal to a chirograph between Robert son of Thomas of Elverton to the treasurers of Canterbury Cathedral Priory on 29 Sept. 1282, together with Dominus Henry of Eastry (Prior of Eastry), both of them treasurers (CCh/E/12). 

In 1293 Thomas son of Laurence de Welle near Canterbury acknowledges that he owes to Thomas de Langton, clerk 18s 4d to be levied of his property in Kent (CCR p. 323). - Thomas and John of Ickham appear in 1289 in Ickham (A/89/90).  On  22 August 1305 the heirs of Laurence de Welle are mentioned in another charter (B/294/A).

In the London and Middlesex fines appear Olive, daughter of William atte Well´ and Agnes widow of William atte Well who dispute land in Westminster in 1307.Afterwards Katherine, the daughter of William atte Well sues Agnes his widow for the same. 1316 William de Sutton and Alice his wife v. Hamo atte Welle and Isolda his wife for land in Westminster (Ldn &Mddx FF). - Hamon de Welles in 1334-5 pays 3s tax for the Canterbury tenth (Kent Lay subsidy Roll). He is another candidate as father of William de Welles, husband of Margaret de Knelle.

In 1337 William de Welle, chaplain, v. Philip Breton, deforciant - the manor of Burgersh in Sussex with rent of Westham and Peasmarch, and the manor of Sture in Childham, Kent, with homage and service of Stephen and John atte Felde, Stephen and Robert de Pedelsham, Stephen son of John de Pedlesham, Ralph de Born and others (FF). - Some of the Pedelshams are mentioned as tenants in the manor of Knelle in Sussex in 1332 (Subsidies).

There is a long row of members of the Welles families, who were close to Canterbury Cathedral, to which they procured servants, as for example John de Welles, cellarer of Canterbury Cathedral Priory in 1297 (CCCh). - With the persons and lands occurring in the Canterbury Cathedral charters concerning the Welles family, one can draw a circle around their holdings from Canterbury to Knolton. Most of them were in the hands of the clergy as overlords on the one part, and the lands pertaining to the Honour of Haughley from Eastwell on the other hand.

A Walter de Welles purchases land in Preston and Wyngham near Canterbury between 1280 and 1322. In those deeds his wife Amicia  as well as is his son John de Preston vare mentioned, who goes on buying between 1335 and 1346 (Cat. of Deeds in PRO, V. 5). - 1280 Demise by Walter, son of Robert Dormeye, to Walter de Welles of a virgate of land in the Hundred of Preston next the land of Sampson de Nelme (Knell) in Ash for seven years (In 1942 there was a plain accident in Great Knelle in Ash). - 1303 Feoffment by Simon de Nelme to Walter de Welles of land in the hundred of Preston, with a seal Simon' FIL Will' 1, Kent. - 1321 Feoffment by Stephen Vrode to Walter de Welles and Amicia his wife of one and a half virgates of land in the Parish of St. Mildred of Preston. - The lands of this Walter de Welles and of others had been taken away for default against Beatrix, widow of John de Havekeslond, and on 8 June 1299 William de la Den their attorney came before the king to replevy their lands. - This Beatrix may be the daughter of John and Joan de Knelle who paid subsidies in 1296 in Sussex. 

1335 Release by Adam, son of John le Frode, to John de Preston, son of Walter de Wellys of his right in a messuage, land and rent which John le Mus holds at Shitestrete etc. and land in Elmeriston by Wingham and Preston (Cal. of deeds in PRO). - I believe that Walter and John were a descendants of one of the branches of the first Alfred de Welles, as land in Preston and Wingham are mentioned, where the family had held land for a long time. - A John de Preston was justice of the archbishop's steward of South Malling and Otford.

The John de Welles, who sued for Knelle manor in 1362, may be this John de Preston alias John de Welles, kin or brother of William de Welles the husband of Margaret de Knelle. Walter de Welles had land in Preston and Wingham near Canterbury and William de Welles was listed in the court leet at Knolton nearby in 1361. If so, William's father would be Walter de Welles (d. 1346). William's and Margaret de Knelle's son William was of Canterbury.

Another Will'us Fil' Will'i de Welle of Sandwich died in 1362 holding Grove manor in Woldenberge with the obligation to do service at the castle of Leeds of the honour of the castle of Dover (CIPM E III). His mother or grandmother was Lavinia see above). - 1364, 28 Oct. Commission of oyer and terminer to John Mowbray, William de Fychenden and William de Holden on complaint of John Codyngton of London that William de Welles, Waresius his son, Thomas de Newenden and others entered a ship of his at Smallhyde, Kent, carried away the gear of the ship and other goods and imprisoned the master of the ship and other servants during eight days (CPR).

1381-2 - Petitioner to the King and Council: William Welles, esq., who had been granted by the king the wardship of the Hospital of St. Mary of Bethlehem in London, complains that there are competitors and asks that those present their bulls from the time of Godfrey de Boullion to decide the matter (TNA SC 8/20/951), i.e. the time of the first crusade in the 11th C. Godfrey died July 1100. Jerusalem had been conquered in July before. - This may be William the younger of Canterbury.

The arms of Welle Kent are: GU a crescent overall a bend compony OR and AZ; Sir John de Welles GU 6 crescents AR within a bordure compony OR and AZ (The General Armory and Parliamentary Roll).


Daughters of Margaret de Knelle and unknown father of her first marriage 1375. - (De Banco. Hillary 49. E. 3. m. 314).

Waltham forest. The family held land in Waltham Holy Cross and later in Copped Hall in Essex, and many other places. Walter, a noble Breton, was a considerable benefactor to the monks of St. Saveur in Bermondsey, Normandy (Burke, Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies). - Hasted in his 'Kent' says that the family held much land in the Hundred of Selbrittenden, Lace of Scray, and that the ancestor of the family was Ealcher or Aucher, the first earl and Duke of Kent, whose descendant Walter Fitz Auger, a noble Briton, is recorded at the time of the Conquest in 1066. He received High Laver in Essex from the King as his huntsman and forester of  Waltham forest. 

William Fitz Aucher, his son, received the manor of Bosham in West Sussex in fee farm from the Conqueror for 42 pounds silver yearly (Testa Nevill). The family lost it to John Marschal in 1189 (A Hist. of SSX- Lower). As William Fitz Oger he held the manor of Hughenden with 10 hides in Buckinghamshire of Odo bishop of Bayeux (DB). In 1094 he witnessed the judgement by King William II between Philip de Braose and the Abbey of Fécamp regarding their possessions in Beeding and Steyning in Sussex (Regesta V. 2, nº LXXIV). In 1123 the King notifies that he has granted to Battle Abbey the manor of Appledram (Dugdale Monasticon).

William's brother was Richard, who held Laughfar in Essex in 1199. In the same year an assize was held to decide whether Roger de Pirho, father of William Pirho, was seised at his death in demesne of one carucate of land with appurtenances in Ramesden. This land is held by Richard F. Aucher and William F.Sewal in Sussex (CRR). The inspeximus dated 27 Nov. 1436 of a charter by King John reveals that John confirmed to Richard F.Aucher the land in Laughfare as brother and heir of William (CPR). - In the Norman Exchequer of 1180 appears William de Aurrchier, who owes 300 lbs for having the land of his brother in Caux in time of war between K. Henry II and his sons. This place was called Gonfreville l'Orcher, where a castle of that name later existed. He owed the money still in 1195.

1175 Ralph de Napier and Alcher the verderer owe 9 lbs of the old farm of the reign of King Henry II in Waltham. Alcher and Richard his son owe 6 lbs 11s 4d of the census of their lands (CPR p. 79). - 1181 Alcher the verderer and William le Napier account for their farm of Waltham. 1181-2 Richard Fitz Alcher owes 11s 4d for the vill of Herfford (same source). - In 1198 Richard Fitz Aucher was constable of Hastings castle (Dawson Hist. of Hast. V. 2 p. 439). - In 1199 Richard gave King John 100 marks to have land in Laver worth 8 lbs which his brother William had by gift of King Richard when he died (VCH Essex). - In 1204 Richard gives the King 10 marks and a palfrey to obtain 15 acres of essart in his wood in Langfare (CFR John p. 134). - On 7 Aug. 1228  before Thomas Multon, Robert Lexinton, Jordan Oliver: Richard son of Aucher sues Hawise de Migeham for common pasture of Bickton (Biketon) in Fordingbridge. Richard vomplained that Hawise unjustly exacted dues since he had no right ofcommon in her land of Midgeham. Hawise granted that Richard and his heirs should haveall the close which he had made in the moor of Bitham on the north beyound the alder grove. In return Richard granted Hawise and her heirs 7 acres by perch of 16 feet in a close nearest to her lannd in the West to hold of him and his heirs in perpetuity for a pair of gloves yearly for all service etc.(Hampsrire FF). - 1236 Mandate to the itinerant judges in the county of Wiltshire to inform about the law suit between Adam de Ireys and Richard Fitz.Aucher for ten virgates of land with appurtenances in Cnuke, Wiltshire, as the writ is not duely presented - On 2 November 1249 Richard Fitz.Aucher, Bertram de Criol and others witness a confirmation charter by which Robert Briwes and his wife Beatrix enfeoffed John Lessinton in their manor of Teydon Mount, Essex (CCHR V. 1 p. 346). ).  At that time the family held land in Essex, Sussex and Wiltshire.

On 18 Feb. 1227 the King granted to Henry son of Richard, son of Aucher land in Laughfar which had been of William son of Aucher brother of Richard (CCHR V. 1 p. 11  On 13 March 1228 Henry Fitz.Aucher and Henry de Waltham reiceived from the King land in Wenden, Essex, which was of Richard de Chilham and his wife Roesia, which had been taken into the king's hand (CCR p. 27). - In December 1235 the abbess of St. Sulpice sues Richard son of Henry Fitz.Aucher for two carucates of land with appurtenances except some of them, and rent of 20s in Laughfar, and of Mathilde de St. Leger 4s rents and three and a half acres of meadow (CCR). - On February 1253 Richard Fitz Henry Aucher of Hampshire gives the king half a mark to obtain a writ of terminer. - On 20 Sept. 1272 Grant to Henry Aucher free warren in his demesne lands in Copthhall, Laughfare Regis, Chingdelhall and Fobbay Essex, Pampwotrh, Little Treford and Traham Cambridge, Huntingdon, Fisherton Wiltshire and Biketon Hampshire (CCHR V. 2, p. 184). The family held now land in Sussex, Essex, Kent, Wiltshire, Hapmshire, Cambridge and Huntingshire. - On 2 Novembeer 1249 Richard F.Aucher, Bertram de Ccriol and other witness a confirmation charter which Robert de Briwes and his wife Beatrix enfeoffed John Lessinton of their manor of Teyydon Mount (CCHR v. 1 p. 346).

As the Aucher family had many sons and held land in different counties, we are now going to deal only with the family seated in Kent:

Walter's great grandson was Aucher, one of whose sons was Henry who had a son Thomas. In 1215 Henry FitzAucher witnesses a charter by King John to Walter de Dunstanville (ChR p. 205). - In 1221 'Thomas filius Henrici filii Aucheri' had a messuage and 40 acres of land in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, of William de Hatfeld, and still being under age, called his father to warranty in a plea, as the magister who had held it before had died in the abbey of Warden (CRR and Bracton's Notebook V. 1, p. 121). - In 1231 Ralph Peshle had given the manor of Peshale to Roger Bigod and Isabel his wive by charter. But Henry FitzAucher claims to hold the manor in farm for 3 years of the same Ralf, who says that it is of old farm of Roger and Isabel (Bracton's Notebook). - 1234 The king takes the homage of Henry FitzAucher of a quarter part of a military fee with appurtenances in Laufar which Henry his father held of the king in chief, for which he does not have to pay relief (CFR p. 255). -1235 The abbess of St.Sulpice sues Henry F.Aucher for 2 carucates of land with appurtenances, except 30a of land, 8 1/2 a of meadow and 20s rent in Laufar (CCR, p. 329, Essex). - Henry had also a son Richard (see above). 1243 Richard Fitz.Henry FitzAucher - The sheriff of Essex to postpone the debts of his father till a month after Easter (CFR p. 397). There we have an approximate date of Henry's death. Richard seems to have been the eldest son as in 1236 he appears holding land in Wiltshire, 1253 in Hampshire as above (CCR and CFR).

Thomas had an uncle Richard, who held land in Gedeleston in Hertfordshire at his death  in 1203 (CCR). In 1242-3 this Thomas held a quarter of a knight's fee of Ralph de St. Leger in Losenham near Newenden, Kent, on the other side of the Rother opposite of Knelle manor (Farrer, Honour's and Kt's Fees), where in 1241-2 he founded the Carmelite Friars of Losenham (Hasted, Kent). - On 25 November 1275 an inquisition was held at Newenden because James, rector of the church of Warhorn, let burn the houses of the friars of Mount Carmel of Lossenham by his servant William the clerk, which he protected afterwards in his house (Inq. Misc. v. 1 nº 1039). - 1242-3 Thomas Fitz.Aucher gave the king 2 marks for a writ 'ad terminum' concerning Sussex, and 1245-6 one mark for having a writ to remove a plea from the county court of Kent to the justices of the Bench (FFH 3). - Henry, Thomas's father, was constable of the Towerof London (CFR) and held also land in Wiltshire in Knouke (CCR) and Laufare in Essex. On 8 July 1227 he had been made chamberlain of the king. - 1253-4 Richard Fitz Aucher v. Thomas FitzAucher regarding customs and services executed from the free tenants in Halaifield and Waltham, and 1 carucate of land with appurtenances and 8 lbs for services. A duel was waged in court. Richard acknowledged the right of Thomas to hold of him by a yearly rent of 1 pair of gilt spurs or 6 d for a payment of 40 marks silver (Essex FF V. 1, p. 198).

Thomas had a son Henry, who forfeited his lands after the Battle of Evesham, when Roger de Leybourne seised the land of Henry son of Thomas Aucher in Waltham Cross. Roger Leybourne had 13 manors of Henry Aucher confiscated (Arch. Cantiana and The Baron's War, Rot. Selecti). 1266 Gift to Roger de Leybourn, son of Roger, of the manor of Losenham and of all the lands late of Henry son of Thomas Aucher. At that time he was confined in Kenilworth castle. - On  2 Nov.1272 Henry had protection with clause volumus until Easter to go beyond seas (CPR). Later he accompanied King Edward I to the siege of Caeverlock, where he was made a banneret under the royal standard for his valour (Topogr. Hist. by Seymour - Losenham Kent, pp. 525-7). - In 1273 He had a law suit with the Abbot of Waltham Cross, whose men had assaulted him and taken away his goods at Laughfare (Abbrev. Placit.). The Roll of 1273 reveals that he had another law suit with the king for having caused damage  in the Hundred of Waltham. Henry de Losenham was one of the witnesses with Matthew de Knelle, Matthew de Hastings (d. 1277), Lord Ralph de Oteringden to a charter by William de Northeye, kt., to the abbey of Robertsbridge in ca. 1260. - After the war at Evesham Henry had seised the land of Edmund Pister in Laughfar which the king gave afterwards to Henry (Occupied land).

Next came Nicholas who was married to Petronilla, daughter of Ralph de Cassingham, son of William.

On 22 June 1217 the King informed the sheriff of Essex that he had given to William de Cassingham, a judge, his manor of Hatfield Regis with appurtenances for his maintenance in his service  and to givee him seisin (CPR). In the same year he conceded him the seven Hundreds of the Weald, which belonged to his manor of Middleton. - That year he received several orders of King John.  He is informed that the King had commissioned to Gilbert de Kentwell the land of Stephen de Haringod in Estbrugg Kent for meintaining his service as long as it pleases us.  We order you to give him all your assitance to give him seisin (CCRlit: p. 303 &309). - On 27 May of that year William was to hand over to Galfrido de Knelle the land which was of William de Bodiham, which the King had conceded him and to give him seisin without delay (This manor later stayed in the Aucher family of Kent ( P. 315 CCRlit). - 23. July 1217 William de Cassingham is one of the witnesses of the letter which the king sends to Falk de Breaute informing him that William earl of Arundel (Albini) has returned ito the service of the King. - 10 August 1217 p. 315 William has order to restitute to Ralf de Normanville his land in Kenardinton Kent he having returned to the servie of the King. But William did not want to restitute this land to Ralf. Therefore the justice is ordered to do so. (See also Stephen and Galfrido de Knelle: In that year Prince Louis of France had entered in England at Dover. Some nobles supported Louis and others King John (P. 347) - On 18 Dec. 1218, shortly after King John had died, King Henry III informs the Abbot of Strafford that he has conceded William de Cassingham 20 lbs and orders him to pay that amount out of the farm he owes yearly of 31 lbs to William and to account iifor it in the Exchequer. This happened akso in the following years up to 1224, when the king allowes William Cassingham a market at his manor of Halsnod on a Thursday in September. Tthe sheriff of Kent to let him have the market (p. 584).

In 1220-1 William Kasingeham and others witnessed a grant by William of Siwell  to St. Gregory in Canterbury (Cartulary CH nº 25). - 19 Octt. 1229 Grant to William and his heirs to receive out of the exchequer 10 lbs yearly (CCHR V. 1 p. 103). - In 1233 William Cassingham acts as attorney for Ralf Poignant and his wife Agnes in a law suit against Theobald Shoppel for land in Godwinston, Kent (CCR V. 2 p. 302). - 11 April 1241 William de Kassingham to give to the Friars Preachers of Canterbury 20 oaks to build their church as gift of the King. Signed by the King himself. -  In 1242-3 William held a seventh part of a fee of Nicholas Folet in Kent (Testa Nevill). He was dead in 1253, when his son William received his father's land (CCR).- 1257 Agatha, late the wife of William de Casingham, in consideration of her service to King John and the Kng (Henry), had simple protection for seven years (CPR). -1258-9 Ralph, son of William de Casingeham, gives half a mark for taking an assize before William of Wilton in Kent (FF H3).- In 1266 Roger de Leybourn received the keeping of the Seven Hundred in the same manner as William de Cassingham had held it (CPR). That was the year of the Battle of Evesham.

The family held Cassingham or Keinsham manor and Lowden manor in Kent, which came this way to the Aucher family, as well as Hatfield, Broadoak or Hatfield Regis in Essex (Hasted Kent). Ralph, the son of the second William de Cassingham, left two daughters. Petronilla married Nicholas Aucher and her sister Bertram de Wylmyngton (The Hist. of the County of Kent by WM H. Ireland).

On 24 Feb.1301-2 Nicholas Aucher, William and Simon Echingham and Henry atte Gate (a neighbour of Knelle) witnessed a quitclaim by Robert Passele, kt., and his son Edmund to Richard le Waleys III of all their right in the vill of Newenden (PRO GLY/1339). - In 1302 Nicholas held a quarter fee in Losenham of Ralph de St. Leger and another quarter fee in Maitham or Maiham of John Malmayns (Honours and Kt's Fees - Farrer). On August 1312 he was one of the commissioners of array in Kent and Sussex to levy 500 footmen before Michaelmas, and on 30 Sept.1.000 footmen, in order to lead them to the King (CPR). The justices in eyre in Kent, Nicholas and others had order in 1313 to remove the pleas concerning Aymer de Valence till the end of the eyre (CCR). Nicholas was still alive in 1336, when he complained that Edmund son of Edmund Haclut, kt., John son of Henry Tyks of Rochester, and others had assaulted him in Rochester. A commission of oyer and terminer was therefore constituted on May 4 (CPR).

Nicholas and Petronilla had a daughter Agnes and a son William, whose daughter Christina married Arnald de Alkham. - William's age was proved 1337 (CIPM E III, V. 4, p. 441).

Their heir Henry (died 1330 in his father's life time), married to Isabella, daughter of Henry Alard of Winchelsea.

The marriage settlement dates of 25 Nov. 1317, where Isabel, represented by her guardian Martin German, petitions Robert, son of John Allard, regarding a messuage, 700 acres of land and wood and rent in Newenden. They acknowledge this to be the right of Robert, who grants the property to Henry and Isabel and their heirs (Kent FF). - 1317-18 Henry, son of Nicholas Auchier, and Isabel, daughter of Henry Alard of Winchelsea, sue Robert, son of John Alard, for a messuage, land, wood and rent in Waltham Holy Cross, which Richard de Forsham holds for life. Henry acknowledges the right of Robert, who grants the reversion to him and the heirs of Henry of the body of Isabel to hold of the chief lords (Essex FF).

1318 Ralph Barry and Johanna his wife plaintiffs, and William son of Robert de Weldysh, deforciant - a messuage, 3 gardens, land and wood with appurtenances in Rovelnden. William grants the property to Ralph and Johanna and the heirs by her. Endorsed: Isabella, daughter of Henry Alard and Johanna her sister and Robert son of John Alard assert their claim (Kent FF). - 1322 Robert, son of John Alard of Wynchelsea held 16 a of arable land in La Pyrie by Romenhale by knight's service (Inq. Misc. V.2)  - In 1315 Robert, then bailiff of Rye, and some others had brought a ship at a value of 1052 lbs forceably to Rye and therefore were outlawed and their lands forfeited. Robert was mainperned by several persons (Court of the King's Bench).

This is the Isabel, who is various times mentioned with Geoffrey de Knelle in the process of building a sluice and wall in the Rother at Knellesflote (See Geoffrey de Knelle). At the time of the flooding by the Rother Isabel was the widow of Henry Aucher of Losenham, who had died in October 1330. - On 6 Oct. 1330 a fine was made between Isabel and Agnes, daughter of Nicholas Aucher, concerning a messuage etc. in Rovelnden. Isabel acknowledges Agnes's right (sister of Henry), who then grants the property to Isabel for life and after her death to her son Henry (Kent FF). - Index to the Kent Lay Subsidy Roll of 1334/5: Auch(i)er, Isabel (d.August 1348), held land in Tenderden worth 10s in the Hundred of Selbrithendenne (Sellbtrittenden) of which Newenden is a Parish, divided from Knelle manor by the Rother.   

In 1322 Henry was summoned to serve against the Scots. He took part in the Great Council held at Westminster on 9 May 1324 (Knights of Edw. I). In that year William Colebrond was seized at his death of 18a of Marsh in Hope by Romney, held of Henry Ancher and Robert Sharstede for 8s yearly (CIPM, V. 6). - In 1326 Henry and others had a commission to guard the coast between Smallhide and Newenden controlling all persons entering and leaving the harbours, and to arrest those who had letters damaging the crown (CPR). 1330: Donations and sales to the Priory of St. Barbe in Normandy. Under those were Henry Augier and Isabelle his wife (Anesy: Extraits des CH V. 1, p. 138).

Henry Allard witnessed a charter by William le Whyte of land lying near Westham, Sussex (Battle Abbey CH). In 1307 this Henry held land of the King in Westham of the Honour of Eagle, in 1311 (CPR) he was made keeper of the bailiwick of Winchelsea and in 1315 there was a safe conduct for his men he was sending to France with goods to trade (CPR). - He died in 1319, when Roger de Pevensey, abbot of Battle, with Robert son of John Allard and Robert Bateille were executors of the will of Henry Alard of Winchelsee (TNA AMS5899/1). - On 14 June 1322 Robert son of John Alard of Winchelsea held 16 acres io arable land in Pyrie, Kent by knight service of Martha, whose husband had been Stephen Gerard (Isc. V. 2 p. 126). - In 1325 Robert Allard had a commitment of the lands late of John de Britannia, earl of Richmond, in Kent and Sussex (CFR). In 1330 he was the bailiff of the earl (SAC), and in the same year he and Gervaise Allard of Winchelsea received the keeping of the towns of Winchelsea and Rye and the manor of Iham for three years (CFR). - The manor of in Biddenden parish, Kent, near Ashford, had been held bei the Allard family. They held also Snargate near Warehorn which had been of the countess Alice of Eu in the 12th C.. Gevaise Allard Admiral of the sea, who died 1306 had it and left it to his wife Agnes who died 1312.Their grandson Gervaise held the manor in the reign of King Edward III (1326-77) - (Hasted, V. 8).

Henry, son of Henry and Isabel,  was married to Elizabeth Talbot, who was a widow in 1373.

Muster Roll of 1339-40 The heir of Henry Anchere (Aucher) was to procure an archer for 40s in the Rape of Hastings in Sussex (Coll. Topogr. and Geneal. V. 7, p. 120). - Feudal Aids and Inquisitions and Assessments of 1346: Henry Aucher, Jacob Echingham and others hold land of William del Hay in Beaumundson in the Hundred of Tenderden; Henry Aucher and Stephen Forsham have half a fee, which Barry had at Mayham; Henry has a quarter fee in Losenham, which Nicholas Aucher had held of Ralph de St. Leger of Ulcombe in Selbrittenden. Henry held also Lowden manor, inherited from the Cassenham family, and land in Tenderden and Selbrittenden (Feudal Aids).

The manors of Godden and Margieu in Piddelsden (Pedelsden) are situated in the Hundred of Tenderden constituting one knight's fee. They passed into the hands of the family of Aucher c. 1346, when Henry Aucher paid aid for the marriage of Blanche, the King's daughter (Hasted Kent, V. 8). Pedlesden had been in the hands of the family of this name, for example Stephen Pedlesden, his brothers and cousins, some of which appear earlier also in the Sussex subsidies when being taxed within the tithing of Wivelsrugg. - Westwell house in Pedlesden! - Lowden manor was bought shortly later. -The Franklin-Rogers Family Tree (Rootsweb) quotes of Henry Aucher, Isabel's son: “Henry held Losenham, temp. Edward III. He was assessed for his various manors at the knighting of the Black Prince at the age of 15 years on the field of Crecy 26 Aug. 1346.

The court rolls of the Archbishop of Canterbury contain the one of Cnolton or Knolton in East Kent. In the court of 31 May 1361 Henry Aucher, John Cobham, kt., and others were distrained for arrears of rent. In the one dated 21June 1361 the same persons had to pay a fine, John Cobham for his manor of Dane or Dene and Henry Aucher for several defaults of Court. On 11 Oct.ober 1361 William Welles also was distrained for defaults of Court along with John Cobham, and again on 8 November 1361. There we have the connection between the Aucher and Welles families, as William de Welles' step daughters married the sons of this Henry Aucher.

1362 Henry Anger, William Echingham and others witness a charter by William Baud, kt., concerning his manor of Horsmonden, Kent (CCR). - 19 May 1363 Power of attorney by Henry Chardesdene to Henry Anger, esq. of the county of Kent to receive a sum of money due to him of several persons (Cal. of Letter Books of the City of London). - Henry Auger is one of twelve jurors at Canterbury to determine the age of William, son of William Septvans, deceased 1366-7. - 15 Oct. 1366 settlement by Robert Passele of Ticehurst, Sussex, with Sir Piers Breous, kt., Henry Ang'(er) and others (PRO AMS 4872/1). - 1367 Acquittance from Sir Piers de Brewes, kt., Henry Auger and Robert Covert, chaplain, to William Taillour of Rye (PRO RYE/137/5) - 1369 Commission  to Ralph Spigurnal, constable of Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports, Henry Auger, Roger Digge and others to inquire into a shipwreck, goods carried away and hidden in a house in Sandwich (CPR).

On 27 July 1372 Gilbert Talbot, kt. gives Elizabeth Aucher, his sister, William Mulscho, clerk, and William de Halden a yearly rent of 10 lbs by even portions, out of all his lands in Upton and Denton in Huntingdon, with power to distrain for arrears. He had also paid 40s for seisin. Memorandum of Acknowledgment before the chancellor at London on 2 August (CCR Vol. 13, p. 452) - Gilbert had been married before twice. First to Margaret, daughter of Sir Brian de Stapleton of Yorkshire (Indenture dated 6 Nov. 1367). She was widow of Sir John Blaurnon and died 1373. - His second wife was Joan (d. 21 April 1392), widow of Sir Nicholas Tamworth (d. 1377) and Warin lord lÍsle (d. 1382 (Hist. of Rutland ). Tamworth had held the manor of Manton in Rutland, which was granted to Joan in dower (VCH). She also held the manor of Offord Cluny for life of the abbot of Cluny. - Gilbert was second son of Sir John Talbot of Richard's Castle. He purchased the manor of Hatford with 10 hides in Berkshire in 1385 and settled it on his wife Joan. This manor had been first of William FitzOsborn of Breteuil or Breteville in Eure Normandy, earl of Hereford and after his death in 1071 of Gilbert de Bretville or Breteuil, who received a grand part of his holdings, and then of his son Robert as overlord in the 11th  C. (Please see Conclusions in this web page for Robert's marriage)..

Gilbert Talbot married tthirdly in February 1396 Margaret daughter of Robert Howard of Wiggenhall Norfolk, justice of the Common Pleas and his wife daughter and heiress of Sir John Plaiz of Toft, Norfolk (d. 1381). Margaret was widow of Constantine Lord Clifton of Buckenham castle. - Gilbert died 1399 leaving his third wife Margaret with their infant son Richard aged 43 weeks (d. 1413 CIPM)). By his three marriages Gilbert had  beome a very rich man. He was household knight of the King and had gone with members of the royal family to war, in two occasions at sea.. At his death he held property in Berkshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Rutland, Buckinghamshire, Norfolk and Essex (CIPM). On 26 May 1399 several escheators were ordered to procure dower for his wife Margaret (d. 26. April 1434 CIPM, CCR, Blomfield V. 9, Collin's Peerage V. 1 and Sir Bernard Burke). - Margaret received Wykingesham and Waddele manors in Berkshire as her dower. VCH Berkshire informs that Gilbert had left her the manor of Hatford as well, which she maintained until 1415. - The Armorial of Urfé states that Gilbert Talbot carried the arms: Gules, 2 fesses vairy. - From William de Howard, Margaret´s father, justice of the Common Pleas and counciller to King Edward I ( died 1308) they held much land in Norfolk, originally in St. Germain de Wiggenhall. - On 28 June 1483 John Howard, earl Marshal was made Duke of Norfolk and his son Thomas earl of Surrey by King Richard III (CCHR V. 6) They were descended of William Howard.

Coll. Towards the Hist. and Ant. of the county of Herefordshire.: Gilbert and Elisabeth, their eldest brother John and their sister Joan were descendants of Hugh Talbot, who had come to England with the Conqueror. His eldest son Richard received in 1109 the lands in Herefordshire, which had been of Fitz Baderon. The line carries on as follows: Richard - Gilbert of Eccleswell in Herefordshire, who married Gwenthlian, daughter of Rhys ap Gryffith, prince of Deheubarth in South Wales, granddaughter of Gruffith ap Rhys and Maud, eldest daughter of William de Braose and Maud de St. Valery. - Sir Richard, baron of Eccleswell, married Sarah, daughter of William Beauchamp of Elmsley and earl of Warwick, descendant of William de Beauchamp and Bertha de Braose, sister of Maud above. His eldest son Gilbert became ancestor of the earls of Shrewsbury (The Ancestor V. 7). Richard, the second son, married Joan, daughter of Hugh de Mortimer of Richard's castle (d. 1304), who on her mother's side was descended of Richard Scrob, who had built Richard's castle at the  border between Hereffordshire and Shropshire in the 11th C. - Richard Talbot's son John (d. 1355) married Juliane Grey of Ruthin (d. 1 Dec. 1361), daughter of Robert Grey (CIPM).

Children: Their eldest son John went with Lionel Duke of Clarence beyond sea on 30 Nov. 1367 (CPR). He inherited Richard's castle with all appurtenances and died 1375. He married Katherine, widow of John de St. Clere, whose family had held Swancombe in Kent in 1279 and later. She died 31 March 1380. Their heirs were Richard who held Richard's castle and died 13 Sept. 1382, when his brother John was his heir who died in 1388 (CIPM). They had 3 sisters of which Philippa married Matthew Gourney.

Gilbert Talbot, who supported his sister Elisabeh till she got her dower after her husband Henry Aucher had died, as described above. - Her elder sister Joan married  Ralf Parles. Gilbert had a house in London from where he signed as first witness two charters.                                              

1373 - Elizabeth late the wife of Henry Auchier of Kent to John Hokkele and Matthew Langridge of London, whom she enfeoffed with land in Waltham Holy Cross, for which John Wroth, attorney, was to give seisin (TNA E 210/1942 & 3288). - 1370 John son of Bartholomew Langridge of Waltham Holy Cross was mainperned by Matthew Langridge. Note: These documenta tell that the Aucher family still held land in Essex where their ancestors had been given land by the Conqueror.  The Langridge mentioned may be related to the family of Langridge-Dallingridge in West Sussex (see Dallingridge in this web site). - Langridge manor or Watford hall was held of the Abbey of Waltham Holy Cross. In 1397 it was held by Gillian  Langridge, daughter and heiress of William Langridge, and her husband John Freshe (VCH Essex V. 5).

1381 Matthew de Langridge and his wife Margaret quitclaim a messuage, land and rent in Lenesham to John Hockele and his wife Maude for 100 silver marks (Essex FF, V.3, p. 192). 1386 The abbot of Waltham v. John Frosh and Juliana his wife, daughter and heir of William Langerich concerning the forestership of the Hundred of Waltham. The abbot and his successors to hold of the King and his heirs for 100 marks. This forestership had been of the Aucher family since shortly after the Conquest. - 1391 Adam de Baume, John Forster, Robert Watvyle, citizens and goldsmigths of Londonagainst.Matthew Langridge, citizen and fishmonger of London and his wife Margaret, regarding  a messuage, land and wood in Waltham Cross. Matthew quitclaimed to the demandants and heirs of Adam for 100 lbs (Essex FF pp 205 & 217).

Henry and Elizabeth Talbot had the sons Henry the heir and John a King's official

Henry married Alice about 1362 - 7.

This calculation is based on the fact that her mother Margaret inherited Knelle manor in 1361-2, when a charter mentioned under the Welles genealogy showes that she did not have a male heir and disposed that at her death her cousin John de Lyvet and after him his daughter Margaret were to inherit Knelle manor. As Alice's and Joan's mother was married secondly to William de Welles at that date, she married them to her neighbour Henry, son of Henry de Aucher and Elizabeth Talbot and his brother John.  Alice may have been born c. 1345-50. Henry succeeded his father in 1372-3.

1375 Henry Auchier and Alice, his wife, and John, brother of Henry, and Joan, his wife, sued William de Welles for a moiety of the manor of Knelle, which Geoffrey Solace gave to Matthew de Knelle and Margaret his wife, and the heirs of their bodies (De Banco. Hillary 49. E. 3. m. 314). Alice's and Joan's mother was Margaret de Knelle by her first marriage with an unknown husband so far, daughter of Sir Edmund de Knelle and granddaughter of Matthew de Knelle and his wife Margaret. William de Welles junior was their half brother. Their mother seems to have died at that date. and their stepfather William de Welles must have been dead at that time as well. Goeffrey de Solace had held that half of the manor of Knelle which Matthew I de Knelle, father of Edmund had been deprived of and fined more than once during the time of the disturbances in the reign of King Henry III. Obviously, he was not in a situation to pay his debt during his life time.

In October 1377 Henry Auger, esq., went on naval expedition with Captain Sir Gilbert Talbot, his uncle, and Richard FitzAlan, earl of Arundel for three months (Southampton University). The earl was Admiral of the sea. - 1380 Order to John Clere of Ewelle, escheator in Hertfordshire, to give Thomas earl of Buckingham and Eleanor (de Bohun) his wife livery of the knights' fees of Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, and of the barony of the lordship of Penkethelyn, which the king has assigned to the said Eleanor's purparty: Two knight's fees in Rollvenden, held by the heirs of Henry Aucher and by Richard atte Lese, knight, at 10 lbs per knight's fee. The fourth part of one knight's fee in Losenham held by Henry Fitz Aucher at Rolvenden at 25 s (CCR). It has to be remarked that Roger de Cassyngham held one knight's fee in Rollvenden at 100s at that time. (For Eleanor and her daughters see Bourchier-Dallingridge in this seb site).

On 20 June 1400 the same inheritance occurred, when the escheator in Northamptonshire had order to give livery to Joan, one of the daughters and heirs of Eleanor Bohun, who was wife of Thomas late duke of Gloucester. This document states two knight's fees at Rolvenden, formerly held by the heirs of Henry Aucher and by Richard atte Lese, knight, and one knight's fee in Rolvenden formerly held by Roger de Cassyngham (CCR)]. This land may have been inherited by the Aucher family due to the Cassingham inheritance. Heiress is her sister Isabel, a nun who died on 23 April 1402 aged 26 and the surviving sister Anne widow of Edmund earl of Stafford aged 20 years and more in 1400 (CIPM)

13 May 1389 Henry son and heir of Henry Auchier, esq. and John Auchier, son of Henry Auchier, esq., quitclaim with warranty to Matthew Langridge and Margaret his wife, a moiety of all he lands, rents and services in Waltham Holy Cross, late of Henry their father, and sometime of Robert son of John Allard, which moiety came by inheritance to Margaret after the death of William Hatfeld her father (CCR V. 3 p. 672 ). Margaret had inherited Hatfield manor from her father William at his death, when a partition had been made on 12 May 1389. The other half belonged to her sister and her family.

On 25 November 1390 Elizabeth, widow of Henry Auchier, to Henry son and heir of Henry Auchier. She leases by indenture out of her dower in the manors of Lossenham, Godene and Cassyngham and lands, rents and services in Kent, except the manor of Lowdale, for a payment of 40 lbs yearly for term of her life, payable at St. Paul's cathedral with power to distrain her estate in Losenham in case of non payment or other incidents. (CCR V. 4 p. 297). This document could have been issued by a lawyer of the 21st C.

John, married Joan, younger sister of Alice, probably at the same time when Alice was married to his brother Henry.

1386 John Auchier esq, went with Sir Matthew Gournay, Captain, to garrison in Calais (Southampton University). This Matthew was married to Philippa Talbot, niece of Gilbert Talbot. and therefore kin to him.

On 17 June 1392 To the King's esquire John Aucher grant of the custody of the body of Thomas, son and heir of Peter Bratton, tenant in chief, and of his lands and tenements in Somerset and Devon, named, to hold during the minority of the heir..- In 1397 the value of those lands is 20 lbs yearly. John accounts for a surplus of 4 lbs 2s a yea,r which the King grants to Nicholas Londe and Thomas Christofore (CPR). - Therefore John was still living in 1397 and may well have seen the beginning of the next century

             - TNA E 210/5725 states that a Roger, son of John Anger gave land in Boxley, Kent, to the Abbey there, but no date is given.

Henry, son of Henry and Alice, married firstly Isabella at Towne of Throwley

1397 Henry of Losenham and others receive a licence for 10 lbs paid into the hanaper to alienate in mortmain 5 marks of rent out of a messuage and land in Sellynge, Sheldewich and Badlesmere to the chaplain of the chantry of St. Stephen in Sellynge (CPR). - Henry Anger, John Lovell and Robert atte Berghe, clerks, grant rent in Selling, Sheldwich and Badlesmere to the chaplain of the chantry of St. Stephen in Selling (Kent FF). - In 1403 Henry paid aids for the marriage of Blanche, sister of the King (Hasted Kent). - He held Lowden manor for half a knight's fee. 1406-24 in the Court of Chancery: Henry son and heir of Henry Ancher v. William Edwards regarding lands in Rovelnden and Benenden, enfeoffed by Henry the father (TNA C/1/5/74). - 1430 Henry Aucher was indentured to accompany the King Edward III in an expedition to France (TNA E 101/70/676). - Note. Elizabeth Talbot had reserved for herself the manor of Lowden and had leased her other dower lands to Henry's father who may  have lived still in 1397.

The arms of the Town family are: AR on a chevron Ermine 3 cross crosslets, shown in Kennington church, impaled with Ellis (there was a marriage). The Alis or Ellys family came with the Conqueror from Normandy. William de Alis at that time was an official of William FitzOsborn, constable of Breteuil in Normandy and Earl of Hereford, in Hampshire where he held a  barony next to Gilbert de Breteville´s barony (William Smith Ellis - Notices of the Ellises and please see the marriage of the two families in the chapter Conclusens in this web page). ). William Alis is mentioned by Orderic Vitalis witnessing a charter by William Fitz Osborn in Normandy.

Henry and Elizabeth or Isabel had

             - Thomas of Losenham,

On 18 June 1424 Grant of annuity of 2a land lying in the burgh of Glesye (Glesham in Beckley, Sussex), adjoining the land of the heirs of Thomas Oxenbregge and land of Thomas Auger [in Beckley], and land called Knolles lying south of the tenement of John Oxenbregge, Sussex (PRO FRE/6969). Those lands seem to have come down to Thomas by his ancestress Alice, daughter of Margaret de Knelle. - 1429 Final concord made at Westminster between John More, Thomas Aucher, esq., pet., and Simon Burdon and Johanna his wife concerning a messusage and 14 a of land with appurtenances in Cranebroke, Kent (TNA CP 25/1/114). -  3 May 1429 commission of 'walliis and fossatis' between the bridge of Bodiham in Sussex and Smallhide in Kent, to Roger Fenys (Fiennes), Thomas Oxenbridge , Thomas Auger and others (CPR). - On 27 Feb. 1431 William Bertyn, son and heir of William Bertyn, demised to Thomas Auchere,  and others his estate in the marshes in the town of Stone in the Isle of Oxney, which had been of William de Pysenden (CCR). The following year Thomas witnessed a grant by Nicholas Carreu of Bedington, Surrey, to several persons, Thomas Guildford, John Rolling and others for term of his life of the manors of Maythamme and Stoke in Kent (CCR).  Overlord was Thomas Bouchier, archbishop of Canterbury and Papal Legate. - Thomas Aucher was living in 1443, when he with other persons were granted the reversion of the manor of Bodyham and other Dallingridge manors (due to the attainter of Sir Thomas Lewknor, see his genealogy under Dallyngridge in this web site). Thomas seems to have died c. 1450.

                            - Henry (d. 1494) married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Guildford, kt. of Halden and sister of Sir Richard, see below.. 

Henry Anger of Newenden, co. Kent, esquire, on 16 April 1448 was committed of the keeping of all the lands late of William Horsey, who held of the king in chief (CFR). On June 7, 1452 John Lewknor, esq., Henry Aweger (Auger) esq. and others received the guardianship of all the temporalities of the archbishopric of Canterbury which was void (CFR).

In 1462 Henry Anger of Newenden is mentioned as feoffee of John St. Nicholas, who bequeathes to him, John Dygge of Barham and others 'all my lands and tenements in Ash and Wingham (Kent) and in Essex' to enfeoff Margaret, his wife, with them for her life' (Testamenta Vetusta V. 1) - 7 Oct. 1469 Henry received power of attorney to deliver seisin to John Culpepper, kt., Richard Forde the elder, Henry Aucher, esq., and others of  the manor of Derondale in Frant (DYK/28). - On 16 July Sir John Fogge, Sir John Guildord, Henry Auger, William Belknap and Robert Oxenbridge had a commission by the King to view the banks and ditches between Robertsbridge and the marshes of Romney which had broken by the violence of tides and had to be repaired quickly (CPR, Dawson V. 2).

1477 William and Henry Belknap, Thomas Oxenbrygge and Henry Anger were commissioners to survey dykes between Appledore and Rye (CPR). - 20 Dec. 1482 Frant: From Henry Auchier of Losenham to Richard Bayle of Rye, son of John Bale deceased, of an annual rent of 12d from a messuage in Rye. Witnesses are Adam de Oxenbrugge and others (RYE/136/199). - 1485 Henry Auger, esq., was constable of Tonbridge and receiver of Fowey (Modern Winchelsea). - 1487 Commission to Henry and Vincent Fynch, Thomas Oxenbregge, Henry Belknap (then lord of Knelle), Henry Anger of goal delivery in Winchelsea (CPR). - On 10 Nov. 1489 Henry Belknap left Knelle manor with appurtenances in Beckley and Peasmarsh worth 20 lbs, held of Lord Edward Hastings of the castle of Hastings, to Henry Aucher, William and Thomas Knoyle and Ralph Standish for the use of his wife Margaret (d'Oilly) for the term of her life (CIPM V. 4). - 1494 Grant in reversion to Godfrey Oxenbregge of the office of bailiff of the town of Wynchelsea on the death of Henry Aucher (CPR).

The Guildford family had their origin in Guildford at the border of Sussex with Kent. The first person known is Richard Guldeford, born ca. 1186, son Thomas, son Richard, son John, son Edward, son William, sheriff 1378, who married Joanna daughter and heiress of John Halden. He was granted the manor of Hempsted in Benenden at the attainter of Robert Belknap. They had a son Edward of Halden who married twice, but had issue by Juliana daughter of William Picklesden. They had Sir John Guldeford and four daughters. Sir John was comptroller of the household of Edward IV. He was also twice married, but had issue by Alicia Waller. They were the parents of Elizabeth above, their second daughter (KAS). Elizabeth was the sister of Sir Richard Guldeford, kt. and banneret KG, who was comptroller of the household of Henry VI). He died at Jerusalem in 1508. - Richard's daughter Philippa married Sir John Gage KG, comptroller of the household and chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster (SSX Genealogies). - 1486 Sir Richard Guldeford, kt., had been bailiff of Winchelsea, which bailiwick stayed in the family until Edward Guildford alienated it. (Bailiffs of Winchelsea, Rot. Parl. 1 H VII).

Jane, only daughter and heir of Sir Edward Guildford, eldest son of Sir Richard and his first wife Anne, Warden of the Cinque Ports, married John Sutton, Lord Dudley, Viscount Lisle KG, High Admiral of England, Earl of Warwick and Duke of Northumberland, who was beheaded on 22 August 1553. Of their children Ambrose was Earl of Warwick, Robert Earl of Leiceister (see also under Knolles) and Guildford, husband of Lady Jane Grey the 12 days' queen, both beheaded when Mary Plantagenet became queen (The Hist. & Ant. of Buckinghamsh.). They had further Henry, who died at the siege of Boulogne, John died unmarried SP, and the younger Henry died in battle at St. Quintin. Further Charles who died young, Mary wife of Henry Sydney with son Philipp, and three more daughters, in total 11 children. - Guildford daughters married into several families mentioned in this web site.

                                       - Anne (d. 1532) the heiress, married Walter Culpepper of Bedgebury and Wigsell, Sussex (d. 1515), who then held Losenham in right of his wife. He was undermarshall of Calais. Walter was son of Sir John Culpepper (d. 24 Sept.1480) and Agnes, daughter and heir of John Bedgebury of Bayhill and Hardeshull, grandson of Walter Culpepper of Goudherst (d. 1462) and Agnes, daughter of Edmund Roper of St. Dunstan's in Canterbury. - They had descendancy, William, Anthony, Thomas and Elizabeth. - From Walter descend the barons of Culpepper. This branch was descended from Sir Thomas Culpepper of Brenchesle, son of John Culpepper of Bayhall, Kent. Thomas in 1303 was pardoned for his services in Scotland for homicide, and his son Walter for breaking into the parks of the priors of Christchurch in Canterbury and Michelham in Sussex. 1321 Thomas was hanged, drawn and quartered in Wynchelsea for his participation in the rebellion of the earl of Lancaster. He was married to Margaret. - Walter was captain of Ledes castle and had denied the Queen entry there. Therefore the king stormed the castle and Walter was hanged shortly after his brother's death.

1348 Simon de Echingham and Alice his wife conveyed Wigsell manor in Salehurst, East Sussex, to John son of Sir Thomas Culpepper (VCH). He married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Nicholas Greene of Rutland. 1372 Simon de Echingham and John Culpepper were joint tenants of Wigsell (VCH). 1407 Sir Thomas Culpepper, son of John, settled this manor on Walter, eldest son of his second wife who succeeded him in ca. 1425. He was married to the heiress of Bedgebury.

Walter and Anne had a son William, who married Cecily, daughter of Edward Barrett, esq. They had seven sons, of which Sir John Culpepper was ancestor of the Lords Culpepper. Another son was called Francis, (England's Topographer V. 3). -  Elizabeth, daughter of Walter and Anne, married a son of Thomas Wilsford of Hartridge manor. They had two sons and nine daughters (The Hist. of Kent by WM.H. Ireland).

                - Robert, second son of Henry Aucher and Elizabeth at Towne received Westwell (see Piddlesden or Pedelsden) above) and is the ancestor of the Culpeppers of Westwell. - He married as her third husband Joan, daughter and heir of John Stanbridge of Strood. Her first husband had been Stephen Brode, her second John Cowper of Strood (SSX Genealogies V. 1).

Lands of Thomas Oxenbrigge in Beckley, Sussex and lands of Robert Anchere (Auger, Aucher) abutting land of Richard Edward (FRE/6978 – 20 Sept. 1472). - 1493-1500 Robert Aucher and Simon Gotele v. Hugh atte Hache concerning a bond given to the prior and convent of Christchurch Canterbury as surety for the rent and manor of Westwell leased to Hugh (TNA C 1/184/31). - A document reveals that Robert held the office of constable of Tunbridge and receiver of the Lowey (CPR).

                                        - James married Susan, daughter of James Aucher of Otterden, who had descendancy. He is mentioned as one of the feoffees of Henry Hoorne in the inquisition dated 20 Oct. 1505 concerning messuages in Faversham and elsewhere to perform his will (Inq. Misc.). - On 25 June 1506 James Aucher and John Hales sue Gervase Horne and his wife Margaret for the manor of Clifcourt with a messuage and appurtances, as well as rent in the parishes of Monkton, Minster and St. Nicholas in the Isle of Thanet. Gervase and Margaret quitclaim to James and John and the heirs of James receiving 100 lbs sterling (Kent FF).

                                                  - Henry Aucher and Margaret his wife, executrice with others of Richard Tyll the elder v. Thomas Goldwell, prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, regarding goods entrusted by William Thyll, deceased, father of Richard Tyll sen., to William Selling, late prior. 1533-38 (TNA C 1/854/26). - It seems that Margaret was daughter of Richard Tyll.

                                                               - Edmund married Isabella, daughter of Robert Barre and sister of Edward Barre and Margaret Poynings (Brasses formerly in Sevington  Church). - His will dates of 1555-6 (KAS PRC17/39/289).

                                                                          - Richard of Westwell who made his will in 1567 (KAS PRC17/40/97 and PRC16/4/A/6).                       

                                                                                      - A Joan Aucher alias Ager of Westwell made her will in 1598, which was proved the same year (KAS PRC32/38/217b)

Henry, son of Henry and Alice married secondly Joan, only daughter of Thomas de St. Leger of Otteringden, second son of Ralph de St. Leger, kt., of Ulcombe who was sheriff of Kent in 1387. - Thomas St. Leger was married to Juliane, daughter of Nicholas Potyn, the owner of Otterden manor (Hist. of Kent by Ireland). Ralph de Otteringden had held that manor of William de Leybourne in the reign of Henry III. His grandson Sir Laurence died at the beginning of Edward II's reign (1307-1327). His only daughter married a Peyforer and he must have had an only daughter, who married Nicolas Potyn (Hasted V. 5). Joan brought into the Aucher family the manors of Darbies and Cheek's Court as well as Otteringden. - The arms of Thomas de St. Leger were Fretty on a chief two mullets, empaling semée of fleur de lis. Henry lies buried in the church of Otterden (Ireland - Hist. of Kent).

Thomas de St. Leger, who had been knight of the Shire in 1378 and sheriff of Kent 1395, died 1408-9 and Juliane in 1417-8, when Henry and Joan received the manor of Otternden. They are all buried in the church of Otterden (Hasted, Kent Vol. 5). Joan survived Henry and married later Robert Capys. - Henry seems to have died c. 1432 and Joan in c. 1440-1. - The line of the St. Leger's of Ulcombe goes back to Robert de Vilapari Sancto Leodgario (St. Leger), lord of St. Leger near EU in Normandy, born c. 1010. The first to live at Ulcombe was Ralph, who had been a crusader in 1187-1201 the year he died.

Henry and Joan had an only son

       - Henry who married Alicia Boleyn (Otternden line), daughter of Geoffrey Boleyn of Salle in Norfolk, Lord Mayor of London, progenitor of the Boleyn's in the reign of King Henry VIII and his second wife Anne Boleyn.

On 6 Oct. 1434 Henry Aucher and his wife Alice granted to Thomas Clerk and Johanna his wife 28a in Rolvenden for ever for 19s yearly (DD/FJ/139/80). - 1441 Henry Aucher, esq., to Robert Capys and his assigns: Confirmation indented of their estate in the manor of Esthalle and the island of Elmley, whereof Robert Capys and Joan his wife, mother of Henry, whose heir he is, were seised by charter dated 9 July 1 Henry VI (1422) as their freehold for their lives. (CCR). - 1441 Final concord made at Westminster between Thomas Pedelsden, Nicholas Wydmore, clerk, and John Harowe, merchant, pet. and Henry Auchier and Alice his wife, def. for 2 messuages, 140 a of land, 12 a of wood, 14 a of meadow, 140 a of marsh and 20s of rent with appurtenances in Tenderden. Henry and Alice received 100 marks silver. 1448 Thomas Pedlesden, Nicholas Widmer and John Harow v. Henry Auchier and Alice his wife - 2 messuages, 140a of land, 12 a of wood, 14a of meadow, 140a of marsh and 20s rent in Tenderden. Henry and Alice quitclaim to the demandants receiving from them 100 marks silver (Kent FF).- 6 Oct. 1448 Thomas Kyriell (Crioll), Thomas Hardes, John Churche, William Norton and others v. Henry Aucher and Alice his wife and Adam de Begginden and Joan his wife - the manor of Little Frogenhale with 19 messuages, much land and rent with appurtenances. Henry and Alice quitclaim for 200 marks of silver (Kent FF). - 1449 Final concord at Westminster between Thomas Kyriell, kt., Thomas Hardres, esq., William Norton, John Churche, and others pet. and Henry Aucher, esq. and Alice his wife and Adam Beggynden and Johanna his wife, def. concerning the manor of Frogenhale with appurtenances. The deforciants received 200 marks silver (CP 25/1/116).

The following should read Boleyn instead of Rollyn:

Henry and Alice and Adam Beggenden and Jane his wife had a court case against Thomas Kempe, archdeacon of Richmond, and John and Edmund Roper, his half brothers (TNA C 1/17/405, dated 1407-56). - Adam and James Beggynden, sons of Henry Beggynden, demised to Henry Anger and others a messuage in Cranbrook and land in the parish in 1439 (CCR). Afterwards they gave to Thomas Waller, servant of Henry Anger, a letter of attorney to give Henry and others seisin thereof (CCR). - 1443-50 Adam de Beggynden and Henry Aucher v. Thomas Hakthorp, once registrator of presentations of Henry Chichele, late archbishop of Canterbury (1414-1443), concerning  presentation to a chantry in St. Dunstan's church by Canterbury in right of Adam's and Henry's wives, daughters of John Rollyn (TNA C 1/13/205).

Henry and Alice had an only son

                                - John (d.  23 April 1503) married Alicia Church. They had 5 children - John had been enfeoffed with others by Henry Hoorne of the manor of Kenardington, Kent, resulting from an inquisition on Henry Hoorne dated 22 Oct. 1505 (Inq. Misc.).                                                   

                                               - William dsp married Elizabeth.

9 Feb. 1504 Between Richard Guildford, kt., William Aucher and John Hills plaintiffs and John Tudor and Ursula his wife def. - 62 a of land in Greant. The property went to Richard, William and John Hills and the heirs of Richard Guildford for ever (Kent FF). -18 Nov. 1506 William Goldwell and others v. William Aucher and Elizabeth his wife, the manor of Boughley and appurtenances in Bocton Malherbe went to the plaintiffs for 80 lbs sterling (Kent FF). - On 18 November 1506 William Goldwell and his wife Katherine, Leonard Spencer, Alexander and John Norton and Henry Sampson sue William Aucher and Elisabeth for the manor of Boughley and a messuage, 200 acres of land, 20 a of meadow, 40 acres of pasture, 20 acres of wood and 50 shillings of rent in Bocton Malherbe. William and Elisabeth quitclaim the manor, tenement and appurtenances to the querentsreceiving 80 lbs sterling (FF CP25/1/117A/483 AALT).                                       

                                               - Marmaduke married ....... Gilbole                                                                                                 

                                               - Elizabeth married Thomas Barham of Sissinghurst

                                               - Jane married Thomas Corbet

                                               - James, the heir (d. 1508) married Alice, daughter of Thomas Hills, esq. of Egerton - The arms of Hills were AZ a chevron between 3 fleurs de lis AR.

3 Nov. 1503 Between Lewis Clifford, esq. and James Aucher plaintiffs and William Aucher and Elizabeth his wife deforciants: 3 messuages, lands and rent in Raynham, Upchurche, Hartlepe, Bradhurst and Detling by Maidstone, quitclaims to Lewis and James for ever (Kent FF).  - 1533-38 William Mercer v. James Aucher, gent - Refusal to complete a sale of salt marsh and rent in Pett (TNA C 1/854/26). - Alice  married secondly James Hardres. 

James and Alice had the children:

                                                              - Susan married James Aucher of Westwell (see above).

                                                        - Anthony  In 1542 Anthony bought Belchester from George Ferne (Arch.Cantiana). 1540 Edward Mylles sells to Anthony Aucher 140a of marsh in Dimchurch, Ongarswick and Burmarsh for 140 lbs. 1542 Robert Signet sells to Anthony Ager, gent, a messuage and 20a of land in Charning for 20 lbs; and Margaret Crull, widow, sells to him a messuage called buckland, land, pasture and marsh in Stone (All Kent FF).  - He had an only son

                                                                           - Sir Anthony, kt., married Affra Cornwallis of Norfolk, a family also associated with the Brewes family.

Sir Anthony of Otternden was Marshal of Calais, Governor of Guisnes, Master of the King's jewels. In 1549 Sir Anthony was rewarded by Edward VI for his services to King Henry VIII with so many properties that it takes five typed pages to enumerate them all, including the lands of Essetsford (Ashford), Esture and Well in Kent in chief, once held  by Hugh de Montfort in the 11th C., and then by William de Essetsford and other Welle(s) members (CPR). - He served under Henry VIII, Edward VI and Queen Mary.

1553-5 Thomas Dabbys of Canterbury v. Anthony Aucher, kt., resident at Calais, and James Aucher and others, his tenants - occupation of the rectory of Eastry in contempt of an order of the King's and Queen's bench (TNA C 1/1347/54). - 10 Dec. 1554 Anthony Aucher, kt., to Nicholas Wotton, dean of Canterbury Cathedral (see Belknnap genealogy). As the seat is vacant, Anthony presents Robert Russell, clerk of Sherbourne in Dorset, to the benefice of Kingston of which Anthony is patron (Cant. Cath. Arch.). - In 1545 Anthony Aucher and his wife Aphra sell to Peter Greenstrete 2 messuages, land and wood in Newnham for 130 marks (Kent FF). In the same year Anthony and Markus Aucher, esqs., Richard Whitwood and his wife Anne sell to John Kete the manor of Little Frognell or Rollinges with 500 a of land, 60 a of meadow, 200a of pasture, 100a of wood in Teyhnham and Lindsted, as well as 4 messuages in Canterbury for 120 lbs (Kent FF). - 1556 Henry F.Alan, Earl of Arundel, sells to Anthony Aucher, esq., the manor of Postling with 500 a of land, 60a of meadow, 600a of pasture and 2000 a of wood in Postling, Liming, Saltwook, Monks, Halton and Westenhanger and Stanford for 806 lbs (all Kent FF). - Sir Anthony Aucher, kt., bought the manors of Bishopsborne and Hautsbourne from Thomas Culpepper, where he and his wife and many of his descendancy with their wives are buried (A New Topograph., hist. & Commercial Survey by Charles Seymour). - Sir Robert Southwell, master of the rolls, alienated 2000 a of land in Badlesmere to him (Hist. of Kent by Ireland). - Sir Anthony died 1557-8 at Calais in war times (IPM TNA C 142/112/91). He and Affra or Alfreda, his wife, had the following children:

                                                                                          - John who inherited Otterden, married Ann, daughter of Sir William Kellaway, kt. They sold Otterden to William Lewin. John's will dates from 1558 (KAS PRC3/15/24). They had                                                                                                  - Joan who married Humphrey Gilbert, kt.and had the children Sir John Gilbert, SP, and Otho Gilbert.

                                                                                           - Thomas inherited Bishopsbourne. His descendants were baronets (Hist. & topogr. survey of Kent V. 5)

                                                                                            - William of Nonington married Alice, daughter of Edward Monins. They died SP.

                                                                                            - Susan

                                                                                           - Edward, esq. married Mabel, daughter of Sir Thomas Wrothe, kt., Edward died 1567-8 (IPM TNA C 142/149/122). - He inherited the manors of Bishopsbourne and Hautsbourne. His daughter       

                                                                                                       - Elizabeth married Sir William Lovelace kt., of Bethersden, Kent. They had issue.

                                                                                                       - Anthony, Sir (d- 22 March 1609-10, PROB 11/16), the heir, married twice. His second wife was Margaret (d. Okt. 1590), daughter of Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of York. Sir Anthony Aucher in 1589 was farmer of the parsonage of Warehorne but had John Gibson as underfarmer (TNA E 134/32Eliz/Hil10). - He married also a daughter of Robert or Edward Barham of Treston, who died SP.

There followed 4 succeeding generations of Anthony's, whereby Anthony's and Margaret' great grandson was created a baronet on 4 July 1666. - On 8 Nov. 1684 the city of Canterbury borrowed 1000 lbs from Sir Anthony Aucher, knight and baronet (CCA). - The last Anthony dying a minor in 1704, his brother Sir Hewitt took over. He died unmarried on 4 June 1726 and the baronetcy expired with him (taken from 'A Geneal. Hist. of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England' by John and Sir Bernard Burke).

The Anger family has been recorded in Sussex, especially in Hastings Rape, since the 12th C. An 'inspeximus' dated 4 Oct. 1312 refers to a notification by King Henry I to  Ralph, bishop of Chichester, William FitzAnger and the barons of Sussex, of his grant in alms to the church of St. Martin of Battle and the monks in 1120 (COWDRAY /1). This is the William, who had been granted Bosham manor by the King. He was son or grandson of Walter Fitz Aucher of the Essex main line. In the 13th C. reference is made to John Anger of Crowherst and his son John (AMS 2277), 1280 William Auger (AMS 4949). A deed to the College and Priory of Hastings is endorsed by "Michael de Hastings" and is witnessed by Henry FitzAucher, the son of Richard (Richard son and Henry grandson of William). There were branches of the Aucher family in Kent, Essex, Devon and Hampshire, Nottingham, Staffordshire, Wiltshire and elsewhere.

The arms of the St. Aucher family of Newenden are ermine, on a chief azure, 3 lions rampant or - the one of Anger or Augier, Kent, ermine on a chief azure, a lion rampant or, Crest: a martlet flying over a castle ruined in the sinister tower (The British Herald by Sir William Scott). The ermine suggests Breton descent.