Index | The sale of Knelle Manor
PERSONS INVOLVED IN THE SALE OF KNELLE MANOR: BELKNAP
Arms: Azure, 3 eagles bendwise between two cotises argent. (They are the same as of the Bellew family of Warwickshire - The General Armory).
Sir Robert Belknap, son of John, died on Jan 19, 1401 (CPR) after he had been allowed back from his exile in Ireland.
John Bilknap and his wife Alice were sued by Roger Ashford in October 1331 for two messuages with appurtenances in West Hache, which he had by gift of John. Roger grants the property back to John and his heirs of his body with remainder to right heirs of John (Wilts. FF). - He was juror for an IPM at Wiltshire in 1348. John Beleknappe was practising as a lawyer in London in 1346. On 4h July 1356 Hugh Nevill, John Bilknap and Robert Elnsted received a commission by the bishop in the diocese of Chichester, Sussex, regarding the maintenance of a chapel (CPR). - In 1361 He had a commission together with Robert Herle (CCR). - As per The Judges of England V. 4, p. 31 John's wife was Alice and that they had possessions in Kent.
From Sussex Arch. Coll: 1346 - In 20th Edward III, John de Wybourne paid aid for several lands at the making of the Black Prince a knight. He relinquished the property of Crofton to Sir Robert Belknap. - In 1353 Robert succeeded William de Pagham as stewart of Battle Abbey after he, Andrew de Ufford and William Newnham had recieved the order to survey the deplorable state of the abbey on 8 May (CPR). - The king on 26 March 1359 sent a letter to the abbots of Battle and Robertsbridge, Robert Belknap and others, ordering them to prepare for the enemy of France. On 15 Sept. of the same year he had a commission of oyer and terminer with others in Berkshire. - 1361 Robert Belknap and Robert de Herle had to hear alleged trespasses and felonies (CPR). 1364 Robert witnesses a quitclaim to the King in Dartford by John Winchester of Southflete in Kent (CCR).
On 7 July 1366 Robert and Amy his wife were pardoned for acquiring from the Abbot and Convent of Battle the manor of Kingswode for life, held in chief (CPR Edw. III, Vol. 13, p. 285). - In 1367 Robert Bealknapp, John Bealknapp and others received a commission of oyer and terminer in Sussex concerning a court case relating to the manor of Gretham (CPR). At that time he was a serjeant at law with a salary of 20 lbs anually and the same amount for his office as justice of assize. - John must have died 1369, as his son Robert gave land to the Convent at Rochester to pray for the soul of his father (Misc. Geneal. & Heraldica V.22, p. 333).
2 Dec.1365 William de Say grants to Robert de Belknap and Amy his wife, the manor of Sharsted and all he owns in the town of Chetham and Gillingham in Kent (CCR). - 11 Nov. 1366 Quitclaim by Thomas Daldoun, kt., with warranty to Robert and Amy of all the land etc. He has in Godmersham, Thremworthe and Grundale and all those he held in dower by Maud his wife in Bocton Aluph, Ditton, Crambrock and elsewhere in Kent (CCR). - 1369 Grant with warranty by Thomas Travers to Robert and Amy, their heirs and assigns, of the reversion of all his lands, rents, services etc. in Ditton and East Malling in Kent and quitclaims to them the manor and tenement in Kennington called Ullee (CCR). - The same thing happens with John Middleton and others who quitclaim to Robert and Amy the lands they hold in Ditton and East Malling (all CCR).
1365 Robert was creditor to John Kentays of Brabourne in Kent who owed him 40 lbs. (TNA C 131/115/13). - In 1366 Ralph Spigurnel, Robert Bealknapp and others were ordered to view and repair the marshes within the liberty of Rye in the eastern part (SAC, Hist. of Rye). - In 1369 Robert Belknap, one of the King's serjeants at law, was a witness (CCR). In the same year William de Say, kt., enfeoffed Robert de Beleknap and others in the manors of Well Greenwich, Berling, Berham and Codham manors in Kent (CIPM). Further the Says alienated to him the Kent manors of Sharsted and Linsing (England's Topographer V. 4). - On 4 Oct.. 1369 John Colville, kt. and Alice held a moiety of the manor of Newchurch, which they demised for 20 years to Robert Belknap with reversion to John and alice in her right (Inq. Misc. V. r p. 147).
Robert, kt. (d. 19 Jan.1401), son of John, married Juliane Darset (d.14 July, Inq. of 18 Oct. 1414), and they had a son Hamon, a daughter Jane or Joanna, a daughter Juliana or Gillian (SC 8/95/4704). There were two younger sons: Thomas and John. Juliane's surname was derived from a manor which was owned later by her descendants. - Juliane inherited on 28 Jan. 1372 the manor of La lebury ,Essex, held in chief, as kin of Thomas Phelip and Elizabeth his wife. Juliane was the daughter of Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth. The escheator was ordered to give seisin and took the homage of Robert Belknap (Abrev. Rot. Orig. II, 319 & CPR p. 157). In Juliane's inquisition of 1414 her husband was by error called Richard.
Who was Robert de Belknap?
During 25 years he was bailiff of the Liberty of the Archbishop of Canterbury. But mainly acted as a justice of whom mainly traces can be found in the Patent and assize rolls between 1370-1387 covering almost all of the southern English counties. On 24 April 1375 Sir Robert Belknap, chief justice of the Common Bench, and other first rate crown officials witness a demise of land to the King (CCR). He had been constituted chief justice of Common Pleas on 10 Oct. 1374 (The Judges).
The constable of Dover castle and warden of the Cinque Ports or his deputies, John de Cobham, Robert Belknap and others hadn order on 23 September 1378 to inquire about thethe capture at sea of a Genoese ship by the King's fleet which was laden with goods bought in Flanders and was taken to Sandwich (Inq. Misc. V. 4 p. 56).
On 1 July 1370 Robert Belknap and others received a commission “de walliis and fossatis” between a place called Knellesflote, in the confines of Kent and Sussex, and Robertsbridge, co. Sussex. In the same year he got an appointment as steward and surveyor of the king's castles, manors, lands, etc. in Kent and was invested with full power to hold courts. A commission of array in Kent followed (CPR). - A charter indented of 1371 of Robert Beleknappe and John Wroth jun. granting to Adam Fraunceys of London the manor of Edelmeton once of William de Say.
1370 Robert Belknap and others were ordered to stay the inquisition regarding the bridge of Bures in Suffolk (CCR) - Robert Belknap, Roger Dygge and William Home in 1369 had been appointed commissioners for the marshes in Romney, Broomhill and Newenden (Hist. of Romney Marsh). - In the same year Joan Lady Cobham in her will dated 13 Aug. 1369 legated to Robert Belknappe a horn made from a Griffin's hoof with a silver gilt cover with the arms of Lord Cobham and the Lord Berkeley. He also gets 20 pounds sterling (This were the Cobhams of Sterborough castle in Surrey and Joan was born a Berkley).
1373 Charter by Alexander de Goldingham to Robert de Belknap and Juliana his wife of the manor of Wilting and appurtenances in the rapes of Hastings, Pevensey and Lewes in Sussex with warren on those lands (CCR). - This year saw him as member of a commission of oyer and terminer in Essex to inquire into crimes committed against the king or his tenants in the lordship of Boure (CPR). - In 1374 he had a license to grant to the convent of St. Andrews in Rochester the manor of Sharsted, a moiety of the manor of Lidsing and other lands. In that year he is mentioned as chief justice (CPR). - 1375 Quitclaim by John Colley of Dale, heir of Thomas Malmeyns, to John Cobham kt., Robert Belknap, kt. and Nicholas Carreu of the manor of Hoo in the parish of Stoke in Kent and the manor of Maytham in Kent (CCR).- On 5 Nov. 1375 Elizabeth, widow of Waresius de Valoignes, kt., quitclaimed to John Cobham, kt., Robert Belknap, kt., Nicholas Carreu and John Lord of Fremingham.
On 6 Dec. 1375 Robert received a commission of peace in Essex (CPR). Commissions of oyer and terminer were given to Robert Belknap and others on Nov. 16, 1375, 20th July and 5th Sept. 1376 (CPR). In that year he obtained a grant from the king as knight to hold the wardship and lands late of John de Leyhamme, and the Wybourne family of Kent sold him their property of Crofton. - The following three commissions were recorded: The first under Richard, earl of Arundel on Oct 20 1376, with Roger Dalyngridge, William Batesford, Edward St. John and others for the county of Sussex; the second one on Nov. 22 with Peter de Brewes (d. 1378), Roger de Ashburnham and others to look into the matter of a ship wreck in Shoreham, and another with William de Echingham, William de Batesford and Roger Ashburnham in a case of violence done to the parson of Brede on Dec. 20. - On July 12 and Sept. 5 a commission of oyer and terminer were issued to Guy Brian, William de Lucy, Robert de Belknap and others to look into the complaint of Robert Knolles, kt., whose ship had foundered and was entered by several men who carried away his goods and assaulted his men and servants (CPR). - That year Isabel, widow of Thomas Oxeneye, quitclaimed Malmayns manor near Revolvenden in Kent and other lands, rents and services to Sir John Lord Cobham, Robert Belknap, kts, and Nicholas Carreu (CCR). Robert was granted the wardship of lands late of John de Leynham, a minor in the King's ward, with the marriage of his heir (CPR).
1377 - Commission to Robert Bealknap, Roger de Fulthorp and others to examine at the church of St. Martin le Grand, London, in the presence of the mayor and sheriffs of London, any error found to exist in the record of judgment in a law suit (CPR), and commission of array to Robert Bealknap, John Cobham and others. - Sept. 24, 1378 Commission to the constable of Dover Castle and warden of the Cinque Ports, or such as supplies his place, John de Cobham, Robert de Bealknap and others. Also in the same year a commission of oyer annd terminer to Robert Bealknap, John de Cobham, Roger Ashburnham and others in Kent as well as a commission of peace in Middlesex. - Robert Bealknap, justice of the Common Bench, is summoned to be present at a Parliament at Gloucester (CCR).
In those early years of King Richard's reign Robert received from him the Kent manors of Hemstad in Cranbrook hundred, Westcombe, held of the manor of Dartford, also called Richmond's, St. Mary Lyng Ockmere and Keston (England's topographer V. 2 & 4). - 1377 Robert Belknap, kt. sued John Wynpole and Sarah his wife for the manors of Kingsnorth, Bilsington, Roking and Newchurch. The deforciants quitclaim to Robert receiving from him 200 marks (Kent FF). - 1382 Robert Bealknapp, kt. and Juliane his wife petitioned from Gregory Rokels the manor of Seintling in St. Mary Cray which they quitclaimed to him for 200 marks (Kent FF).
30 Aug 1380 - A commission of the peace was issued to Roger Skales, Robert Belknap, John Dengayne and others, in the town of Royston, which is on the borders of the counties of Cambridge and Hertford, persuant to the statutes of Winchester, Northampton and Westminster (CPR). - Robert witnesses a charter of demise of the manor of Swanton Court in Kent with appurtenances (CCR). - 1381 Commission of oyer and terminer to Willam de Wyndesore, Hugh la Zouche, Robert Bealknap, Willam Cheyne, John Holt, Simon de Burgh and others, touching treasons, felonies etc. in the counties of Cambridge and Huntingdon (CPR). - Commission of array in the county of Kent - Robert, John lord Cobham and others were deputies for Robert de Ashton, constable of Dover castle and warden of the Cinque Ports.
Charles Oman: “The Great Revolt of 1381”, Chapter III – The Outbreak in Kent and Essex.The Government, still misconceiving the aspect of affairs sent down to Brentwood, Robert Belknap, Chief Justice of the Commmon Pleas, on a commission of Trailbaston, with orders to seek out and punish the rioters...When Belknap came down to Brentwood on June 2 and opened his commission, he and his clerks were suddenly set upon by an armed multitude....Belknap was seized, and forced to swear on the Bible that he would never hold another such session; his papers were destroyed, yet he was finally allowed to escape. But the mob beat to death and then beheaded three of the local jurors who had been called up to ‘present’ the original rioters before the chief justice, and then killed three unfortunate clerks. Their heads were set on poles, and paraded round Brentwood and the neighbouring villiages.
And then: It is said that the catalogue of ‘traitors’ drawn up by the men of Kent embraced the names of John of Gaunt, Archbishop Sudbury, Treasurer Hales, Courtenay, Bishop of London, John Fordham, Clerk of the Privy Seal, and Bishop-Elect of Durham, Chief Justice BELKNAP, Chief Baron Plessington, Sir Ralph Ferrers, etc.
On 15th June 1381 Robert Bealknap, Robert Knolles, kt., and others received a letter patent to be commissioners for safeguarding the City of London and suburbs and preventing insurrections (Calender of letter-books of the City of London: H, folio XCCCIV). - Commission of oyer and terminer to the mayor of London, Robert Belknap, Robert Knolles and others "on information that rioting labourers of Essex, Kent, Surrey, Sussex and Middlesex killed many of the king's lieges, entered London, burned houses and killed Simon, the archbishop and chancellor, and Robert de Hayles, prior of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem" (CPR). - On 7 Aug. of that year Robert, the sheriff of Essex and others had the task to enquire who were the insurgents who had gone to the abbey of Stratford, carried away goods and burnt charters, and to imprison them. The king appointed four new City Knights in London, Robert Belknap, Robert Knolles and others with full powers to investigate the guilty and punish them.
On Feb.1382 another commission “de walliis, fossatis, etc.” was given to Robert Bealknap, Edward Dallyngrugge, Roger Ashburnham, Robert Echyngham, John Edwardes and John Brook between a place called Knellesflote etc.(CPR). - On 12 February 1382 Robert Belknap, Walter Fitz Walter and others had to inquire by a jury in Esse regarding John der Bourchier's petition of his right of advowson to present persons to the Hospital of St. Giles in his manor of Little Maldon, as since his enfeoffment there in the time of Edward II he had been presenting to the Hostpital which always had been confirmed by the bishop, but the last incumbant had been installed by the sheriff. Result: The manor is held of the King as of the honour of Peverell and as the last person presented has only been installed by the sheriff, he has no right to occupy the place (Inq. Misc. V. 4 p. 99). The same year on 2 June 1382 Robert Belknap, Nicholas and Thomas Stafford and others had a commission to inquire by a Jury in Stafford about a complaint of the burgesses concerning marktes held near the town without licence (Inq. Misc. V. 4 p. 98).
In 1383 the manor of St. Mary Cray in Kent became the property of Robert, which was held afterwards by Juliana his wife, after his attainder and later went by inheritance to Hamon, their son and heir. Until his attainder, Robert had held land also in Benenden, Kent (The Topographer, V. 3). The manors of West-Combe and Spittle Combe were held of the manor of Dartford and were granted to Robert after Bartholomew de Badlesmere's attainder, and after Robert de Belknap's attainder held by Juliane. Keston manor escheated to the crown, and was recuperated by his son Hamon (Hasted's Kent).
In the same year Robert Belknap was appointed one of several commissioners of peace in the counties of Hereford, Gloucester and Hertfordshire (CPR). - 1384 Letters Patent to appoint John Montagu, Steward of the Household, Robert Tresillian, Robert Bealknap, David Harmere, John Holt, William de Burgh, Walter Clopton and William Rikhill, justices of the Tower prison (CPR).
1384 Robert Belknap kt. and Julian his wife and John Preston from Warehorn v. William Batlesford and Richard Cristelton, clerk; manor of Knelle and 90a land, 32 s rent in Beckley - to John Preston for life of William de Welles of Canterbury, remainder to Robert and Julian and heirs of their bodies, contingent remainders to Thomas Lyvet, John Lyvet, Robert de Oxenbrugg', Laurence Curboil, heirs of their bodies, or right heirs of Robert de Beleknappe (SSX FF). - Consequently, later in that year Thomas and John Lyvet, Robert Oxenbrigge and Edward Dallingrigge quitclaimed the manor and land and rent in Beckley to Robert Belknapp, as William de Welles had died shortly after Michaelmas 1384.
On 5 Feb. 1384 Robert Belknap and Robert Cherlton had to inquire in a difficult case in Shropshire. On 6 February the commissioners asked the sheriff to summon jurors to judge the case which was held at Shrewsbury. Th process dragged on to 3 May 1385 and was judged by a process in th the King's Bench at Salisbury and ending in 1968 (Inq. Misc. p. 136-8). - May 1386: Sir Robert Belknap, Sir William Skipwith, Sir Robert Fulthorpe, Sir John Holt and Sir William de Burgh were justices of the common bench (TNA SP46/183/fo11). They appear up to the date of their attainder as judges in the Kent Fines. - In that year Robert had been sent to treat with the pope's nuntius regarding the reformer Wicliff.
1387 William bishop of Winchester, Thomas bishop of Ely, Robert Bealknap, John Holt, John Falwesle, Edward Dalyngrige and others made an indenture of lease with warranty for forty years of the castle, manors, lands etc. of Chirke and Chirkeslonde, which they had of the earl by fine levied in the Common Bench (CCR). - Robert Bealknap, chief justice of the Bench, William de Skipwith, John Cary, chief baron of the exchequer, and others received order on 18 Dec. 1387 to be present at the coming Parliament (CCR).
The Parliament had voted to restrict the household and other expenses of the King and to check his favourites. 11 commissioners were voted to control the revenues. The favourits had been charged of treason by the Duke of Gloucester and the earls in November 1387. However, the Duke of Ireland, Robert de Vere, earl of Oxford, the earl of Suffolk, William de la Pole, and Chief Justice Tresilian prevailed on the king to resist. Thus the judges named below were summoned to the Parliament at Shrewsbury and asked to declare the Parliament's ordinance for illegal. A document had been prepared accordingly by Tresilian. Robert Belknap refused, but his life was threatened by the Duke and the Earl. So he gave in, but uttered that his death was sealed in either case by the Parliament or by the King. In the next Parliament on 2 Feb. 1388 the judges, except Skipwith, were arrested and sent to the Tower. Tresillian and Belknap had been removed earlier. - Robert Belknap had his trial on 2 March 1388 where he was condemned to be hanged and drawn and attainted. But the high members of the church intervened and obtained that he was banished for life to Drogheda in Ireland (The Judges) -The Commons convicted them all the other judges as well and sentenced them to death and forfeiture of their property to the king, save those which were entailed, including their chattels and goods. Michael de la Pole, the chancellor (d. 1389), had been empeached also (A Biography Dictionary of the Judges of England). Michael de la Pole, the Duke and the archbishop of York fled and died in foreign countries. Robert Tresillian, Nicholas Brembre, kt., Sir John de Salisbury and others were drawn and hanged. Others were beheaded in the Tower. - Tresillian had fled to the altar at Westminster for sanctuary, but was forcibly taken by Thomas of Woodstock and Sir John Cobham, and hanged at Tyburn in violation of sanctuary (Annals of Westminster).
"Accused by the Commons, condemned to be fined and imprisoned at the will of the King, Lords Appellants accused several lords and commoners, whom the Commons it seems had a mind to impeach. The Commons then impeach Robert Belknap, Lord Chief Justice, Sir John Cary, Chief Baron, and other judges, who were condemned by the same Parliament." (House of Lords Journal Vol. 14, 30 Oct. 1690 - A 10). - Sir Robert Belknap was sentenced to death for treason in the Parliament of Feb. 1st 1388. But the sentence was finally commuted to banishment to Ireland. He forfeited his lands, which lay in Kent, Essex, Hertfordshire, Hampshire and Sussex and other counties. The forfeiture of Robert's lands caused an avalanche of petitions for justice to be done of persons who had been wronged by this decision due to earlier enfeoffments etc.
Jan. 30, 1388 Robert Belknap had been ordered to deliver his rolls to the newly appointed Robert de Cherleton as chief Justice of the Common Bench (CCR), who took over with other judges as seen in the Kent Fines, one of which was Richard Sydenham. Later appear William de Brenchesle and William de Rikhill and others.
Feb. 1388 Mandate to the constable of the Tower by advice of the Council to cause Robert Bealknap, Roger de Fulthorp, John Holt, John Cary, William Burgh, kts, and John Lokton, the justices, to come day by day before the King and Council in this Parliament to answer the charges against them (CCR).
3 Feb. 1388 William de Horbury, Kingn's clerk, was ordered to receive for the King all the possessions in Devon, Cornwall and Somerset, which were forfeited by Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland, Robert Tresillian, Robert Belknap, John Cary and John Blake K(CRR p. 201).
21 March 1388 To the sheriff of Kent to cause proclamation that the persons who had bought or received goods from Robert Belknap between last Aug. 1st and March 6, those goods are also forfeited (CCR). Order to Robert Kent and John Oliver, escheator in Sussex, to deliver to William, Archbishop of Canterbury, goods forfeited by Thomas bishop of Chichester and Robert Belknap, kt., for 723 lbs 4s 1 1/2d.
 - Petitioners: Robert Bealknap, Roger Fulthorp, John Cary, John Holt, William Burgh and John Lokton. Addressees: King and Council - They state that they have long been in prison, and all their lands and tenements have been seized into the King’s hands, so that they have nothing on which to live (TNA. SC8/32/1570).
12 July 1388 To all sheriffs, mayors, bailiffs etc. order not to cause any grievances on Robert Bealknap, kt., during his passage to the port of Chester from where he travels by ship to Drouda in Ireland, to dwell there within 3 leagues of the town and to let him have 40 lbs for his keep-up. - The mandate of forfeiture of the condemned judges's goods is also from the same date.
14 July 1388 Appointment of John Kentwode and William de Harbury, King's clerk, to bring to Westminster the rolls and memoranda regarding the lands late of Robert (de Vere), late Duke of Ireland, Robert Bealknap, John Cary and John Blake, in Cornwall, Devon and Somerset to deliver them to the Council.
18 July 1388 To Thomas Holland, earl of Kent, constable of the Tower, to deliver Robert Bealknap, John Holt, Roger de Fulthorp and William Burgh, knights, to Edward Dee, serjeant at arms, for safe conduct to the port of Chester.
Afterwards a mandate was issued to give pass and passage for Belknap, Holt, Fulthorpe and Burgh to go to Chester and from there to Ireland. Robert Belknap and the other judges were exiled for life. Robert and John Holt were sent to Drogheda and could not travel beyond 3, respectively 1 miles of the town (The Letter of the Law). He was allowe 2 servants and 40l bs yearly for his expenses.
22 Aug. 1388 To the escheators in Kent, Middelsex, Surrey and Sussex to inquire into the annual profits of the manors of Kingsnoth and Lede, lands and tenements in Kenington, Wye and elsewhere, the manor of Cray and certain lands in Kent, the manor of Wyghtring Sussex, the lands and tenements late of Robert Bealknap, kt., within those counties.
8 Nov. 1388 - The bishop of Durham was to survey the possessions within his bishopric late of Alexander, archbishop of York, Robert de Vere, duke of Ireland, Michael de la Pole, earl of Suffolk, Robert Tresillian, kt., Robert Bealknap, kt., John Holt, kt., John Cary, kt, and further judges, and to cause them to be seized into the King's hands.
1388 - Immediatelay after Robert's forfeiture, William, bishop of Winchester, was committed to hold the manor of Crokes Eastan in Southampton which Robert had forfeited (CFR V. 10). - CCR, 17 Dec. Westminster, commitment to Hugh de Calverley by mainprise of John Kentwode, ‘chivaler’, and William Hangeford of the keeping of the manors of Knell, co. Sussex, and Lydd, co. Kent, which are in the king’s hand by the forfeiture of Robert Bealknap’, ‘chivaler’, to hold the same from Michaelmas last for ten years. The manor of Knell was worth 24 lbs 6s 1d and Lydd 12 lbs 10 s. to be paid to the Exchequer. - Thomas Garwenton and the escheators in Kent, Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex were sent to enquire after the true yearly value of Belknap's manors of Kyngsnorth and Lede as well as other properties in the hundred of Wye, the manor of St. Mary Cray, lands in Crokornfeld, all in Kent, Wittersham in Sussex, the manor of Westhorsley in Surrey, Bernersbury in Middlesex and so on. (James Berners the former owner of the manors in Surrey had been beheaded in the Tower of London during this upheaval by judgement of the Commons also). - 1433 Robert Belknap, kt. held in the time of Richard II the manors of Crokes Eston, Penyton Meyfy, Netherburgate and Ramrugge near Andevor in Hampshire (CIPM H VI p. 134).
Countless inquisitions were held in different counties to inquire what property Robert Belknap had held on 1 August 1388 (Inquisitions Miscellaneous V. 5: 19 April in Buckingham - On 1 Aug. 1388 Robert Belknap, kt. held the manors of Burton with appurtenances, Aylesbury, Walton and Caltecot during the minority of the son and heir of Edmund Stonor, as well as a tenement in Stoke Mandeville, leased to John Northcote (p, 34) - Inquisition at Warehorn in Kent - he held in his demesne as of fee the manor of Ludd of the archbishop of Canterbury, the abbot of Battle with appurtenances in gavelkind. In 1385 he had granted the manor of Lydd and other manors etc. to William Bateford, John Preston and others. As the grant did not take effect he held the premises jointly with his wife Juliane (p. 28) - He held in Kent further manors of the abbot of Battles, the manor of Pyrie and lands and in Wye and Broke which he had also granted to William Batesford, John Preston and others in 1385 (p. 19). On 1 Sept. 1388 Robert held a moiety of the manor of Kingsnote with appurtenances and the reversion of the other half which Joan de Wightersham had for life. In common with Juliane he held a messuage with appurtenances in Kingsnote. Those premises were also alienated by charter to William Batesford, John Preston and others with further holdings in Kent. Robert had long ago been seised of the manor of Starstede, a moiety of Lydsing and lands, rents in Chatham and WWoldhham, which he had grantd on 1 March 1376 to the Prior and convent of Rochester castle to old for 22 marks yearly (p. 33). - He held a house near the old fishmarket in London where his goods were found as well as various other lands in south Kent in custody held of the abbot of Battle and the abbot of St. Auugustine of Canterbury (p. 30 and 37). - Robert Belknap hheld jointly with Juliane the manor of Seintling in Seintmaryccray of Nicholas Bond, kt., to hold for his and Juliane's life with successive remainders to their sons Thomas and John and their heirs, and the heirs of the body of Robert and his right heirs. To the manor which was held in chief of the honour of Peverel and ward at Dover castle, belonged a market (p. 40)-
14 Oct. 1388 Robert held jountly with Juliane and his heirs the manor of Hempsted in Beninden held of John Falvesle and land held of the the abbot of Robertsbridge and others, also the manor of Bokewelle in Bocton Aluph, the manor of Seintling in Seintmarygray, goods named, inq. 26 March ( p. 31).
During the rest of the year Robert Belknap's properties were shared out under the King's trustees, after Robert Kent and John Olyver, the escheators of Surrey and Sussex, had been ordered to have the goods of the bishop of Chichester, Robert Bealknap and James Berners who had been decapitated in the Tower, kts., to be sold. William Horbury, king's clerk, was to receive all the manors, lordships and lands in the counties of Devon, Cornwall and Somerset late of Robert Tresillian, Robert Belknap, Robert de Veer, Duke of Ireland, and others. - William Barrok to keep the lands in the towns of Wy and Bocton Allulph, Kent - Reynold Braybroke to hold the manor of Holwell in Bedford. - John Colvyle the elder to keep a moiety of the manor of Strete in Kent. Thomas Duke of Gloucester received the manors of Holewell, Bedford, Gamelynge, Wympole, Marden, Caldecote and Toft in Cambridge and Salthous and Kelling in Norfolk. - Thomas Maydenstone of Middlesex to keep for the king land in Baldok, Wylyen, Weston, Clothale and Bygrave in Hertford, as well as land and rent in the town of Rysheiden. - William Hunte, king's yeoman, got the manors of Wilting and Hollington in Sussex (CFR V. 10). - His lands at Kennington and elsewhere were given to William Ellis (Misc. Geneal. & Heraldica), a descendant of William Alis, mesne tenant of William F.Osborn in the territory of Breteuil, who had followed him to the battle of Hastings (see Conclusions).
1389 - James de Echingham and Joan his wife claimed the manor of Hempsted etc. in Kent, which had been confiscated after Robert Belknap's forfeiture, who had acquired the premises earlier. However, afterwards he had regranted it in fee tail to them. So William Rikhill, Richard Skippwith, escheator in Kent, and others were ordered to enquire. - Robert Belknape, chivaler, was enfeoffed by a fine levied beetween William Echingham and John Ore in Hempsted manor and a messuage and 103 a land and 38s rent in Lydd, Promhill, Holweste and Demechurch in Kent (CIPM 1389, V. 3, p. 122). - In 1390 there is a long list in a 'breve de scire facias' containing the manors, tenements, lands and rents in Kent as well as Knell and Hollington manors in Sussex, which Robert had held (CIPM, p. 131). - CIPM V. 3 of 1391 refers to the forfeiture of Robert Belknap of land and rent held in Hempstedand Benenden, Kent.
On 12 February 1389 Katherine lady Engayn, wife of Thomas Engayne, kt., was committed to the keeping of a moiety of the manor of Kingsnode with appurtenances and with other properties and rents in other places, as well as the manor of Hempsted in Bennenden. Further the manor of Lydd with outlying properties, the manor of Seyntling in Seynt Mary Cray, Kent, and the manors of KNELL and Holyngton in Sussex. Therefore she had to render 104 lbs 6s 8d yearly to the exchequer and additional 10 marks for Knell and Hollyngton. - This sharing out of the properties once of Robert Belknap went on and on for years.
11 Oct. 1389 Mandate to the treasurer and the chamberlains to pay to Juliane, wife of Robert Belknap, the arrears since 13 July of the 40 lbs annually granted him for life by the King (CCR).
1390 - Juliana, wife of Robert de Beleknapp addresses King and Council stating that her husband has lost all his possessions, has been banished, leaving her and f i v e children in England and that only 40 pounds out of his former lands have been granted him yearly. But most of those lands were sold meantime so that she cannot pay that sum any more. She also pleads that certain lands are entailed to Robert's heirs and others held jointly with him. She also requests 10 pounds rent out of tenements of her inheritance (TNA SC 8/95/4704).
1390, February 20 - Grant with the assent of the Council in the present Parliament, for the more speedy payment to Robert Belknap, kt., who by the King’s appointment is staying in Ireland, of the 10 lbs a year granted to him for his maintenance by letters patent dated 13th July 12 Richard II, now surrendered to Juliana his wife and others at farm for the term of the said Robert Bealknap’s life of the manors of Knelle, Sussex and of holdings in Kent, Essex and Hertfordshire (CPR). - On 22 Feb. of that year the King presented Richard de Cristelton, chaplain, to the church of Kingsnode in the diocese of Canterbury, as Robert Bealknap's lands were in te King's hands (CRR p. 201). - March 15 - Grant reciting the preceeding part with the assent of the Council, in consideration of her great poverty, to the said Juliana de Bealknap, of the said residue during her husband’s life, in aid of the maintenance of herself and her children (CPR).
On 26 Oct. 1390 the renovation of letters patent to Lady Katherine Engayne of the custody of the manors of Seyntling in St. Margery Cray, Kent, and Knelle in Sussex and others, once of Robert Belknap. Those manors were granted to Juliane Belknap, Richard Christleton, clerk, and others. Katherine died 1399 holding land in Essex, Northampton, Bedford and Huntingdon (CIPM V. 3, p. 259). - The inquisition off 1391 showed that Robert Belknap held land in Beninden Kent of the archbishop of Canterbury.
Shortly after 1384 Robert Belknap had got hold of the manors of La Mote in Sandon and Rushden. After Robert's forfeiture Rushden was granted to his wife Juliane for his and their children's support. His son Hamon sold it in 1419 (VCH Hertfordshire, Vol. 3).
C. 1391 William Echingham requests to restore to him the manor of Hempsted with appurtenances in Lydd, Broomhill and Holewest, Kent, which his father had alienated to Robert Belknnap (TNA SC 8/186/9263).
Robert Belknap was allowed to return to England in 1397 (Dict. of Nat. Biography), but his attainter was not lifted. Therefore he addresses the King requesting the restoration of his lands in the king's hands, some of which were held by Dalingerugge, Echingham, Lady Engaine and Parker (TNA SC 8/249/12417). On 21 May 1398 a mandate was issued to deliver certain lands to him (Cat. of Manuscripts Library of the Soc. of the Inner Temple), for example the lands which were farmed by Thomas Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester - From VCH Kent, Vol. 4: "The king considered him as a martyr to his interest, granted him several of his estates again, among others his moiety of Lidsing which he then gave to the Priory of St. Andrew in Rochester for one monk to celebrate mass in the Cathedral for ever for the souls of himself, his predecessors and successors". But not for his wife!
In 1397-8 The Parliament allowed Robert's return to England (The Judges). 1398 Order to the sheriff of Essex for the restitution to Robert Belknap and Juliane his wife of a messuage and curtilage and land in Elmedon, Essex, which was the right of Juliana, as well as further 100 acres (CCR). Further restitutions were received of 400 acres of land in Kent and other counties (CCR).
Katherine Engaine in 1399 sought confirmation from the new King for the grant of Wittersham by Richard II, which had been bought by the Belknap's and then forfeited (TNA SC 8/106/5290), but she died that same year. - In that year further properties were restituted to Robert Belknap in Essex, Kent and Sussex (CCR).
1399 Robert Belknap was back from his banishment in Ireland and requests the King to grant a letter patent to his chancellor, as his lands were seized into the king's hand over eleven years ago, some of which were alienated to Dalyngridge, Echingham, Lady Engaine and Parker, so that those lands can be restored to him (TNA SC 8/249/12417). - On 4 April of that year Robert received licence to levy and keep all the arrears of debts and rents which had not been seized yet and had not been paid to him before. - On 8 Oct. 1400 he quitclaimed to William Makenade and others a yearly rent of 20 marks out of the manor of Sharsted, a moiety of the manor of Lydesing and lands in Chetham and Waldham in Kent, which Robert reserved for himself and his heirs as a moiety of the manor and lands had been granted to the prior and convent of Rochester. Memorandum of acknowledgement before William Rikhill.
She states that her husband had died on Jan. 19 of that year. - On 24 November of that year Juliane wife of Robert Belknap pleas before the King's court that her husband, she and their heirs Thomas and John had received the manor of Seintling in Kent from Nicholas Bond for their lives with remainders and had been seised since 31 Oct. 1381 till her hunsband's forfeiture on 1 Jan. 1388. Her husband died on 19 January 1401, but the king had granted the manor to Thomas Beaufort his brother on 18 November 1399 (Inq. Misc. V. 7 p. 7). - Commission to William Rikhill, John Culpepper, William Makenade, the sheriff and escheator of Kent, to inquire into her petition concerning the manors of Wyghtresham (Wittersham) and Seintlyngge in Kent, which had been granted to Robert Belknap and Juliane with remainder to their son Thomas, by Nicholas Bonde (CPR). At the same time the sheriff and escheator of Sussex were to restitute the manor of Wilting granted to them by Alex Goldyngham in 1373 (CCR).
28 Februar 1401 - Commission to William Brenchesley, John Tauke, Vincent Fynch, Thomas and Robert Oxenbridge and the sheriff and escheator of Sussex to inquire into the petition of Juliane Belknap that by a fine levied on Michaelmas 9 Richard II by William Batelesford and Richard de Cristelton, who had granted the manor of Knell, 90 acres of land and 32s rent in Beckley to John de Preston for the life of William de Welles of Canterbury, and the remainder to Robert and Julian and their heirs. But then William de Welles died and shortly afterwards John de Preston (CPR).
On 17 November order to William Gascoine and his fellow justices to proceed with the judgement without advising the king, as after Michaelmas 1386 Robert and Juliane had levied a fine before Thomas Oxenbridge and other in the king's court in Westminster of John Preston of Warehorn and William de Batesford and Richard de Cristelton, clerk, for the manor of Knelle, 90 a of land and 32s of rent in Beckley. Robert and his wife acknowledged the right of William, and the other deforciants granted the premises to John Preston during the life of William de Welles of Canterbury with remainder to Robert and Juliane and the heirs of Robert's body. John Preston gave the premises then to Robert and Juliane in seisin during the life of William de Welles (d. Oct. 1384). They held the manor till Robert's forfeiture. On 18 Dec. - In 1401 the king ordered Thomas to be in Chancery on the quinzaine of Michaelmas where Juliane appeared in person (CCR) - .March 14, 1401 - Grant to the king's brother, Thomas de Beaufort, his heirs and assigns, in lieu of the one vaccated of 18 Nov. 1, Henry IV, of the manors of Seintlyng in Seint Marycreye, Kent, Knell in Sussex and Crokkeston in Southampton of the yearly values of 20 lbs, 40 marks and 10 lbs respectively, to hold from that date with knight's fees, adwowsoms and other benefices (CPR). On 24 November 1401 The king orders to proceed as Robert and Julian had by letters patent before Thomas Oxenbridge and others levied a fine between Robert and Juliane and John Preston and William Batesford and Richard de Chriselton regarding the manor of Knelle with appurtenandes in Beckley, who acknowledged the right of William Batesford. He and Richard granted the premises to John Preston during the life of William de Welles of Canterbury. John Preston then granted the premises to Robert and Juliane, who were seised till the forfeiture of Robert (CCR). Juliane received her right and was installed according to the inquisition made by William Brenchesle and the other judges. But the judges held back their judgment after Thomas Beaufort had appeared in Court. The same had happened for the manor of Seyntling on 17 Nov..
On 22 Feb. 1401 William Echingham and Joan his wife were granted the lands, rent and wood in Benenden, Kent, which had been of Robert Belknap, now dead. Juliana Belknap was finally able after many difficulties to hold Knelle manor until her death (VCH). - In 1407 Richard Coble and John Weston with his wife Alice sued John de Burgh and Joan his wife for a messuage in Seynt Mary Craye, and they sued John Marchall and Joan (Juliana), formerly the wife of Robert Belknap, kt., and Thomas de Dyngeley for lands in St. Mary Craye, Paulys Craye, Orpyngton, Farmbergh and Chellefeld claiming that those lands being held in gavelkind. Obviously, they lost the plea (De Banco Roll). Was Juliane secondly married to John Marchall? - Juliane was reinstated into the manor of Wilting in Sussex in 1410 (CIPM). This manor had belonged to Ingeram, fourth son of William Count of Eu, who died between 1096 and c. 1100 (Charles Dawson, Hist. of Hastings V. 1). - On 8 June 1407 the King gave to Richard Lentwardein and John Harleigh, clerks, the manor of Wightresham in the Isle of Oxney, Kent, with appurtenances, which had been of Robert and Juliane, of which she used to receive for life15 lbs 2s 4d annually (Dugdale Monasticon, V. 6, p. 1395, College of Maidstone).
In the Subsidy Roll of 1411-2 Juliane appears as the Lady of Knell holding the manor worth 20 lbs yearly. - Belknap, Julia, who was the wife of Richard, kt, Kent, 1414 (IPM). Whether Richard should read Robert or whether she married after her husband's death again, or was it Richard Lentwardein? remains a question. - On 24 July 1414 a writ was issued that Juliane had died.The inquisition took place on 1 October ot that year. She held at her death the manor of Seintling including Orpington, St. Paul's Cray, St. Mary Cray, Chistlehurst, Chelsfield and Sevingyton by grant of Nicholas Bode. Her sons Thomas and John heirs of Robert and her had died in their life time without heirs. The manor was held in chief of the king by knights service. Juliane died 22 July 1414 (CIPM). At her death she also held Knelle manor. Juliane's heir was her son and heir Hamon aged 24 years or more (He must have been born before 1388 when his father was banished).
John Burke’s “A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland” relates that Sir Ralph de Stonor, kt. died 1394, married secondly Jane, daughter of Sir Robert Belknapp, kt, who was constituted chief justice of the Court of Common Pleas, 10th Oct. 1375 (See also TNA SC 8/24/1167). His first wife had been a daughter of James Butler, second earl of Ormond (d. 1359). - The arms of Stonor are AZ two bars dancetty OR, a chief AR (VCH Hamps.).Sir Walter Stonor had a daughter Elizabeth his heiress, widow of a Compton, who married in 1189 Walter Walsh, uounger son of John Walsh of Sholdesley Walsh (The Survey of Worcestershire V. 2).
From The Hist. of Gloucestershire, Tewksbury Hundred: John, son of John de Stonor, was heir of a descendant of Margaret de Cormeilles (See Lyvet for descendants of one of her daughters). - On 30 May 1235: The king has taken the homage of Robert Archer and Simon Solers who have married the two daughters and heiresses of Margaret de Cormeilles and the lands she held of the king in chief. They have to pay the king 25 lbs for their relief constituting a fourth part of the barony of Cormeilles (FFH3). - Simon was married to Sibilla, niece of Alice de Craucumb, who had to do homage to the King as one of her heirs in 1239 (CFR V. 1) - But there exist earlier documents of the Solers family. In 1199-1200 Matilde sister of Walter de Solers sues by her attorney Walter de Cormeille for one and a half virgates of land with appurtenances in Claihanger, Hereford, of which he has deseised her (C RR p. 235) - Richard de Solers gives the king 600 lbs of Anjou for reliief of his lands in Normandy and England, and for marrying whom he wants, which he proposes to be payable at three terms. The king accepts each term of 200 lbs, but asks the abbot of Caen to procure pledges to secure the payments for the lands in Normandy, and Gaufredo FitzPeter for those in England (Rot. Normanniae in Turri Londinense p. 38). - On 19 Sept. 1199 Thomas de Cormeilles was plaintiff was plaintiff agaomst Cecilia daughter of Baldred de Tutworthe for land in Thruxton in Hampshire.
Before 1296 Richard Stonor granted Okhide manor to John Chanceaux and his wife Alice. At that time they acquired the manors of Stoke Mandeville and Stoke Halling, and later the manors of Stonor including Bierton (VCH Buck v. 2 & 3). - On 22 July 1322 John de Stonor, Walter de Norwich, William de Herle and Hamo de Chigwell are empowered to conmute the sentence of death against Roger de Mortimer the uncle and Roger Mortimer the nephew to perpetual imprisonment. On 3 August of that year the condemned are prisoners in the Tower of London where they will stay for their lives.
- Richard was married to Margaret, daughter of Sir John de Harnhill, Hampshire. The manor of Penton Mewsey, Hampshire, was settled on John Wynton and his wife Joan,
- remainder to John, son of Richard de Stonor. - By the beginning of the 14th C. John Stonor is mentioned in Oxfordshire, Hampshire, Lincolnshire, Buckinghamshire, there with his son Richard in 1325 (all Feet of Fines).
-This John had a son
- Edmund who held the manor in 1373 (VCH). Edmund Stonor died at the feast of St. Mark 1381. The writ dates from 27 April. - At his death he held rents in Watlinton, Rugcore and Thame. In Berkshire rents and services in Burfield and Dodcote. In Gloucester the manors of Harnhill and Cundicote, held of Thomas earl of Buckingham, which had been alienated before his death. But Burton and Henbury Saltmarsh were free. In Hampshire Penyton Meysy, which he had granted to his feoffees. 20 s rents out of 4 shops in Middlesex belonging to the abbot of Westminster (CIPM V. 15). - Edmund had the sons John, Ralph and Richard (Hist. of Glouc.). John died a minor, the younger son Ralph was father of Gilbert de Stonor (Pedigrees from the Plea Rolls, p. 204).
- His heir is John aged 13, who died a minor in the ward of Robert Belknap. Writ dated 28 January 1389-90. He held basically the same properties as his father, but had Uphale, Ringesdon, Kiviby and Repinghall in Lincoln, as well as a tenement called la Mote with appurtenances in Middlesex, held of the abbot of Westminster. John died a few days before Easter, his heir is his brother Ralph aged 21 (CIPM V. 16).
- Ralph then also in Belknaps' ward. Robert held 7 marks 20d rent of assize by grant of the king during the minority of Ralph. He married him to his daughter Joan in 1391. - As guardian of Ralph Robert Belknap held a the manor of Hoo of the lord of Watlington manor in Oxfordshire at 19s 11d yearly. Sir Ralph de Stonor held the manors in 1394. After Ralph's death in 1395 Joanna held the manor in dower and married Edmund de Hampton next year, after which the manor was held by Edmund, who held rents from Hoo and Watlinton until about 1407 (the year Joan died?). After that the manors revolved to the Stonor family (VCH).
Ralph and Joan had the children
- Gilbert (b. 1382) died on 2 September 1396. The writs for inquisitions date from March and May 1415 listing his holdings in Oxford, Berkshire, Gloucester and Buckingham, his heir is his brother Thomas aged 22 (CIPM). - In 1397 the king as guardian of Gilbert de Stonor, sued in 1397 John Cassy and Thomas Sloughtre, kt., for the next presentation to the church of Bourton, Gloucestershire, as Edmund de Stonor had presented to the church in the time of Edward III (1326-1376-7).
- Thomas (d. 1430) had to proof his age as he was in ward of Edmund Hampden by the grant of Thomas Chaucer, which took place on 14 May 1415. He was born in Oxford on 26 April 1393 and was 22 on 25 April 1414. - On 3 June 1415 the escheators of Oxfordshire, and Berkshire had mandate to give to Thomas Stonor, brother of Gilbert, sons of Ralph Stonor, kt., seisin of the lands in the King's hand of Gilbert who died in his ward. The same to the escheators of Buckingham, Gloucestershire and Devon (CCR V. 5, p. 223). - Before 1416 Thomas married Alice, daughter and heir of Thomas de Korby, who brought him an estate in Horton, Kent. She was descended by her great great grand mother Elizabeth form Ralph de St. Laurence and his wife Beatrice. After Ralph de St.Laurence there were three generations called Thomas de St. Laurence, the last one of them had a son John who died sp, and a daughter Elisabeth who must have married a Corby. - In 1428 Thomas Stonor and his wife Alice, sue John Isaak for lands and rents in Hopild, Christelet and Sturrey, which Henry son of Henry de Apuldrefield had given to Ralph de St. Laurence and Beatrix his wife and the heirs of their bodies in 1271-1307. The verdict was in favur of the plaintifs (De Banco Roll). - One of the Korby daughters married into the Wotton family to which she brought Bougton Malherbe in Kent (see Wotton genealogy below). Thomas Chaucer, Thomas Stonor and others sued John Kirkham and Amy his wife for the manor of Dabenhale with appurtenances in Buckinghamshire and Barworth in Hertfordshire and land in Dunstable and other places in Bedfordshire.The deforciants quitclaimed to the plaintifs, who in the same court grant the properties to them (FF). - Thomas Stonor to Robert bishop of Salisbury, Thomas Chaucer, John Gulafre, Hamon Belknap and John Warefelde, their heirs and assigns. Quiclaim with warranty of the manors of Dudcote and Sotwell and of all other holings in Berkshire, which they have by his charter of feoffment, dated 7 September 1415. The quitclaim is dated 1 May 1417 (CCR V. 5, p. 430). - Thomas was MP for Oxfordshire and consequently must have held land there as well. (For Corby see also Wotton below). - There is another Stonor manor called Stonor in the Isle of Thanet in Kent mentioned in 1446 (CCHR V. 6 p. 57)
- Their son
- Thomas married Joan. - In 1458 Thomas Stonor, Robert Harcourt, Edmund and John Hampden and others witnessed a charter by John Quenington, abbot of St. Mary Eynsham, to certain persons concerning a mill in Broughton in Oxfordshire with appurtenances (CCR).
- John who died young
- William - In 1479 Thomas Hawkyns and Richard More sue Sir William Stonor, kt. and Elizabeth his wife for the manor of Mote and premises in Westminster (Ldn & Mddx FF).
- Sir Walter Stonor who died on 8 Jan. 1550-1. He was married to Anne Neville, eldest daughter of John, Marquis Montague, earl of Salisbury, son of Margaret Plantagenet, daughter of the earl of Clarence, brother of King Edward IV. Richard earl of Warwick, the Kingmaker, was brother of John. Anne became coheir of her brother George, Duke of Bedford after his death.
- John married in 1495 Mary, daughter of Sir John Fortescue and Alice Boleyn, youngest daughter of George Boleyn of Norfolk, later Lord Mayor of London. He was married to Anne, daughter and coheir of Sir Thomas Lord Hoo and Hastings of Sussex, Knight of the Garter. This marriage brought the Fortescue family near to the court, as Alice's brother was Sir William Boleyn, whose son Thomas became earl of Wiltshire, father of Mary Boleyn, Anne second wife of King Henry VIII and their brother Thomas. John Stonor seems to have died SP.
- Anne married Sir Adrian Fortescue on 14 May 1507, brother of Mary. She died 1518. (Lord Clermont: The family of Fortescue). - On the day of the marriage William Rede, knight, John Fortescue esq., William Barrantyne, Thomas Hobson, Richard Rawson, clerk, and Christopher Fissher, clerk, sued Adrian Fortescu knight and Anne his wife for the manor of Hode with appurtances. As Adrian and Anne acknowledged the manor and tenements to be the right of Thomas, and the other querents,which they have of their gift, they remise and quitclaim from themselveves and tthe heirs of Anne to the querents and the heirs of Thomas for ever., who pay them 200 marks of silver (Devon feet of Fines - I have printed the original out in the old script)).
For more information see Hampton, as these Stonors were descendants of Joan Belknap and Ralph de Stonor, and the Fortescues here mentioned, descendants of Joan de Belknap and her second marriage to Edward de Hampton by their daughter Agnes.
- Francis sold Discote manor, 1563 which had been held by the family for a long time (VCH Berks). In the Middlesex Pedigrees he appears as Francis Stonor of Laughton, Essex, whose daughter
- Susan, his heiress, married Sir Robert Wroth, kt., of Durans in the parish of Enfield, Middlesex. He died in 1606-7. They had the sons Robert, John, Henry and Thomas.
The Stonor family had held lands in Stoke Mandeville and Stoke Halling, Buckinghamshire, by the end of the 13th C. Those lands came later to Sir Ralph Stonor and his descendants (VCH Buck. V. 2). - The Stonor family further held Penton Meisy manor in Hampshsire in the reign of King Edward II, which Ralph Stonor and his wife Joanna had granted to William Sutton and others in 1391.
At his forfeiture and banishment in 1388 Robert Belknap held the manor of Harnhill in Gloucestershire during his custody of Ralph son of Edmund de Stonor, as well as the manor of Burton in Buckingham with appurtenances in Aylesbury, Walton and Coldecote (Inq. Minsc. V. 7, p. 220). On 19 April of that year John Dautre and Thomas Conele, escheator of Buckinghamshire, held another inquisition (see Conclusions in this web page). On 13 April they had inquired various persons in Berkshire, who had held the manors of Sotwell, Dudecote in Berkshire, which they had demised to Robert Belknap for 11 years until 24 January1388. The same persons had leased the manors of Stonor and Bibrond, except the park of Stonor, to Robert till 24 January. Inquisition on 10 April 1388 by the same officials (Inq. Misc. V. 7 p. 34-5). - Of the inheritance of Ralph Stonor Robert Belknap had received yearly 40s for the manor and hundred of Ermington (V. 5).
Joan Belknap married secondly Edmund de Hampden of Buckinghamshire, a judge. He was sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire in 1391 and 1396, and knight of the shire in 1399, 1402-3. Edmund was also MP in 1401, 1403 and 1404. On 20 Oct. 1403 he had a commisssion of array with Thomas Sackvill, the sheriff and others in the county of Buckingham (CPR p. 358).- That year Edmund, John Dene, and others sued John Bryan and Anne his wife for the manor of Berewyk Berners in Essex. It went to the heirs of John (Essex FF). Anne had been first married to James de Berners, who had been executed. John Bryan was her second husband. Her son Richard of her first marriage married Philippa Dallingridge.. - With Gerard Braybroke Edmund founded a chantry in St. Paul's Cathedral in 1404.
On 21 June 1402 Edmund de Hampden witnessed a quitclaim with warranty to Edmund Brudenell and his heirs of his manor of Stock Mandeville in Buckingham (CCR). - On 6 Feb. 1403 Memorandum of acknowledgement before the chancellor that William Wobourne of Finchingfield in Essex has made a bond with Gerard Braybroke, kt., and Edmund Hampden, esq. for four marks payable in instalments in the Cathedral church of St. Paul's in London (CCR p. 301). - On 16 March 1414 Robert James, escheator of Oxfordshire, had order to take the fealties of John Gulafre and two others to give them seasin of the manors of Hognorton and Cudlington, as they held the reversion of it. Hogmorton was held by grant of Edmund de Hampden (CCR V. 5, p. 56). - On 28 November 1415 the escheator of Berkshire took the homage of Alice, widow of John Phelipp, kt. and to deliver to her certain lands and manors of which the castle and manor of Donington, the manors of Pesemere, Pentlaws, Winterbourne Mayn, of which Edmund de Hampden, John Gulafre and William Becke were seised (CCR V. 5 p. 234).
The family's main seat was Great Hampden, they had other seats at Missenden, Kimble and Hartwell in Buckinghamshire. - The arms of Hampden were AR a saltire GU between 4 eagles displayed AZ. - Great Hampden house is situated on the Chilton Hills, built partly in the 14th and 15th centuries (VCH). - The family had existed already before the Conquest under Edward the Confessor by Baldwyn, surnamed de Hampden, the name of the manor, which had been given to him in 1043. His decendants were Osbert, living 1088, who held Hampden of William FitzAsculf (DB), followed by Baldwin, Robert, Symon, whose son
Robert, married Lora, daughter of a Giffard of a side line of Walter Giffard earl of Buckingham. - Their son Baldwin married a daughter of William de Fiennes of Wendover, a descendant of Pharamus de Boulogne, uncle of Matilde, Queen of King Stephen. Pharamus' daughter Sibille de Tingrie married Ingram de Fiennes (see Fiennes genealogy under Batesford), and one of her daughters, sister of William, married Bartholomew de Hampton. His son
Sir Reginald, died 1220, having been married to Agnes, daughter of Sir Ingram Burton or Barton. Reginald was lord of Great and Little Hampden and held land in Missenden, Wendover and Pen. His wife brought him lands in Hulcott and Aylesbury, Buckingham. Their son
Alexander sued in 1220 Simon de Pinkeni for the manor of Gildenmorton and gave his descent from Remigius de Lorrain, who had a daughter, his heiress. Alexander, son and hei,r had Reginald son and heir, who was father of Alexander (CCR, Pedigrees from plea rolls p. 528). Alexander became High sheriff of Bedford and Buckingham and married Maryan, daughter of Sir Brian Herdeby and his wife Avice. Alexander died in 1264 during the disturbances of the Baron's war.- On 24 May 1223 there was a John de Kenebell or Kimbell who had land in Kimbel. Reginald's eldest son
Alexander died SP. He was High Sheriff in 1258. In 1255 he was holding Hampden, which was geldable (Rot. Hdd). Ingeram de Fiennes is mentioned at the same time as holding Wendover. - In 1253-4 He gave half a mark for transferring a plea from the county court of Bedfordshire to Westminster. - Alexander's brother Reginald, kt., took over. He died 1332. On 20 Feb. 1329 he was first witness to an enrolment of grant by Nicholas Turvill, kt., to Sir Hugh de Turpliton, kt., of his manor of Weston Turvill near Wendover (CCR). - He was coroner of Buckingham and married Nicola, daughter of John de Greneville of Wotton and Agatha, daughter of Walter de Burgh. There were his younger brother William and two sisters, Christine, and Alice who married Henry Darrell of Lillingstone Daryrell. - The children of Reginald and Nichola were four sons and two daughters: Joan married Edmund Molins and Isabel Sir Gerard de Braybroke.
1 July 1331 Walter de Agmundsham sues Robert de Hampton and Eleanor his wife for a messuage in Watford, Hertfordshire
Robert and Eleanor acknowledge that the premises belong to Walter, who gives them the property for ever (FF). - 1333, April 8, John de Hampton petitions from Thomas de Alneto the manor of Eldestake (Stoke Chary) and the advowsom of the church . Thomas quitclaims receiving 200 marks of silver (FF).
Next in line was Sir John Hampden (d. c. 1375), who married Joan, daughter of Sir Philip Alesby or Aylesbury - The first born sons traditionally served as sheriffs, High sheriffs and MPs almost under all the kings (Parroquial Ant. of Buckingham V. 2 and GBS). - John's brothers were Edmund, who died c. 1414, Robert (d. c. 1446), who married Isabell, second daughter of Sir Gerard Braybroke, and Richard, married Avice, daughter of Sir Walter Upton, son of Thomas Upton of Kimbell. He is the progenitor of the Hartwell line. - Their sister Joan married Edmund Molins.
Edmund Hampden, the heir (d. 1420), married Joan Belknap..Joan died before 25 Nov. 1425 (GBS), but it seems that she was dead in 1419. - He made his will on 25 Nov. 1419. He wanted to be buried at Great Hampden church and wished that a white stone to be placed on him and Joan his wife with the inscrption: 'You who see that pray for charity for Edmund's soul and Jone's a Pater noster and Ave (Testamenta Vetusta)'.
They had the children
- Agnes - 1425 Conveyance by Thomas Chaucer, John Golafre and Hamo Belknap, lords of the manor of Ermyngton, to Richard Fortescu and Agnes his wife, daughter of Joan Belknap, in tail, of land at Ermyngton (Descript. Cat. of Ancient Deeds Vol. V, 3 and 6). - What follows is taken of Lord Thomas Clermont's Genealogy of the Family of Fortescue.:
The family of Fortescue is of Viking descent, which had settled in the Cotentin in Normandy in the surroundings of Carentan and St. Lo. Sir Richard le Fort accompanied Duke William Ii of Normandy to the Conquest of England with his son Adam, where they received land in Modbury Devon (DB) and by the end of the 12th, beginning 13th C. also Whimpton nearby. Adam's father returned to Normandy, where his second son, whose first name is not clear, founded the French branch of the family. - The English family of Fortescue with their many branches was investigated by Thomas Fortescue, Lord Clermont, published in London in 1880. - In order not to complicate things, we shall mainly look into the branches which lead to Richard Fortescue above and his descendants. All the Fortecues descend from those of Whimpston in Devon. Theree were branches in Buckinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Hertfordshire, Hampshire and Leicestershire.
In 1199 the sons of William Fortescue of Whimpston were William, Richard and Nicholas. John of Wimpston had Richard, whose son, grandson and great grandson were called Adam. The latter had William, Richard and Nicolas. William had a son William, living 1394, whose son William married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Beauchamp of Ryme, Dorset.
They had the sons William and Sir John of Shepham, who married Eleanor, daughter and heiress of William Norreis of Devon, governor of Meaux in France in 1420. He represents the line which leads to Richard Fortescu of Falbourne and Salden. This John became Governor of Meaux in 1422. He had three sons, Henry, Chief Justice of Ireland, John who became Chancellor of England and Richard, who married Agnes de Hampton, mentioned in 1425. - Richard died 1455 at the Battle of St. Albans, married to Agnes, daughter of Sir Edmund Hampton and Joan, eldest daughter of chief justice Robert Knollys and Juliane Dorset or Darset. - Richard and Agnes had three sons and one daughter. (Richard Sackville and Margeret his wife sued Richard Fortescue justice of Ireland for land in Nethercombe Devon).
The sons were
- Richard married Alice, daughter and heiress of Richard Holcombe.
- Sir John the younger who died SP, married Alice, daughter of Sir John Montgomery. She was sister of Sir Thomas Montgomery KG of Essex. Alice married secondly Robert Langley (d. 1499), and thirdly Edward Wiseman in Jan. 1501.
- Eliza married John Wood, secondly an Eliott, her third husband was Sir John Choker, kt.
- Sir John the elder (d. 1500) married Alice, youngest daughter of Geoffrey Boleyn, later Lord Mayor of London, whose son William had Thomas Boleyn, diplomate of King Henry VIII, who created him Earl of Wiltshire and earl of Ormond. His eldest daughter Mary married William Carey, Anne the second daughter became second wife of King Henry and was mother of Queen Elizabeth. Anne and their brother Thomas were executed in 1536. Mary's daughter Catherine married Sir Francis Knollys (see Knollys in this website). John and Alice had two sons and and three daughters
- Sir John (b. before 1478, d. 1517) married Philippa (b. 1484), daughter and heiress of Humphrey, son of Clement Spice of Black Notle, Essex, and Alice Montgomery, daughter of John Montgomery of Falkborne, Knight of the Bath.. She inherited of her uncle Sir Thomas Montgomery above, who held large estates in Essex. They had a son Henry (b. 1514, d. 1576), squire of the Body of Queen Elizabeth in the Privy Chamber, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Stafford of Bradford. Their only son Francis (b. 1546, d. 1589), married Dorothy, daughter of Edmund Ford of Harting, Sussex).They held land in Middlesex. Their sons were Edmund, Henry and Richard, and the daughters Elizabeth, Mary and Magdalen. The Middlesex Genealogies show the Fortescue arms: Finch, Pessenden, Cralle, Belknap, Boteler, Pantulf, Sudeley, Mountford, de la Planche, Havershaw, Moels and Henage.
- Anne married first Sir Thomas Bawd and afterwards Sir Edmund Lacy
- Elizabeth married L. Symonds of Elringtton
- Mary married first John Stonor (SP), son of Sir Walter Stonor of Stonor, Oxfordshire in 1495, and secondly Anthony Fettyplace. Her father had been granted the marriage of John Stonor.
- Sir Adrian of Salden, Buckingham and Punbourne (b. c. 1476, d. 1539), married before 15 Oct. 1499 Anne (d. 14 June 1518), daughter of Sir Walter Stonor of Stonor, Oxfordshire, and his wife Anne, eldest daughter of John Marquis de Montague. She was sister of John Stonor, who had married his sister Mary in 1495. (see above). - Adrian was gentleman of the King's Privy Chamber. In 1503 he was made Knight of the Bath. Later he had a long law suit with Sir Walter Stonor, his father in law, about Stonor. In July 1517 he was in the King's retinue with his brother Sir John, Sir Walter Stonor, Lord Edward Howard and many others. Adrian had been at the Battle of Terouenne and Tourney in France. On 10 July 1539 Adrian was beheaded. It is assumed that as a catholic he would not acknowledge the supremacy of Henry VIII of the church he had created.
Adrian and Anne Stonor had two daughters
- Margaret married Thomas Wentworth, first lord Wentworth of Nettlestead created in 1529. She was living on 25 July 1557-8, having married secondly Sir Thomas Parry, kt. (d. 1575). They had 2 sons and a daughter, who married Thomas Knivett in 1590, gentleman of the King's Chamber.
- Frances, (died SP), was married to Thomas Fitzgerald 10th earl of Kildare, who was executed for treason. She survived him. When Queen Mary came to the throne on 10 September 1553, she became one of her ladies.
- Sir Adrian married secondly Anne, daughter of William Rede, kt. of Boarstall. Anne died on 5 January 1586 aged 75. She had married after Adrian's death Sir Thomas Parry, with whom she had two sons and one daughter. In 1553 she was another lady in waiting of the Queen, who gave her in July 1557 several manors in Gloucestershire, including Gotherington, where a Knell field existed.
Adrian and Anne Rede had three sons and two daughters
- Mary married John Norris , esq., of Fyfield, Berkshire
- Elizabeth was wife of Sir Thomas Bromley, Lord Chancellor of England. Elizabeth was buried in the chapel of St. John the Baptist in Westminster Abbey.
- Sir John Fortescue (b. 1533, d. 1607) of Stonor or Shirbourne, who became Keeper of Queen Elizabeths household on 22 July 1559 and later Chancelor and Undertreasurer of the Privy Exchequer and Counciler of the Queen. He married Cicily, daughter of Sir Edmund Ashfield of Oxfordshire. They produced 5 sons, of which John and Robert died young.
- The heir was Francis (d. Jan. 1623), who married Grace (d. 1634), daughter of Sir John Manners of Hadden Derbyshire, second son of the earl of Rutland. They had 8 sons and 5 daughters.
- Thomas and William studied in the Inner Temple. Thomas died before his father SP and William inherited later of his uncle Thomas (see below).
- The eldest daughter Elisabeth died young. Her sister Eleanor married 1585 Valentin Pigott, esq. and secondly Edward Hobart, esq.
- Sir John married secondly Alice, daughter of Christopher Smith, a clerk, with whom he had a daughter Margery (b. 1580), married to Sir John Poulteny of Misterton, Leicester. Margery died 1613 and was buried in Westminster Abbey. They had one son and 4 daughters.
- Thomas living at Donnington. He was Deputy of Alienations, MP in Parliament as member of Wallingford in Berkshire, and present at his brother's funeral in 1607. On 10 May 1608 he made his will and died 1611 aged 77, leaving his lands to his brother John's son William.
- Sir Anthony (b. 1535, living 1611) married c. 1558 Katherine, daughter of Sir Geoffrey de Pole of Lordington, second son of Sir Richard de Pole and of Margaret Plantagenet, countess of Salisbury, daughter of George Duke of Clarence as mentioned above. Anthony became Comptroller of the household of Cardinal Reginald de Pole, his wife's uncle. In 1561 he was under suspision to conspire with Arthur and Edward de la Pole, who all were sent to prison for wanting to proclaim Arthur de Pole Duke of Clarence, in order to destitute the Queen. Arthur and Edward were later executed and buried in the chapel of the Tower. Anthony was afterwards set free.
Anthony Fortescue's and Katherine's children were
- Anthony, who lived at Lordington Sussex, married a niece of Overton, bishop Of Coventry. They had another son Anthony, who represented the Duke of Lorraine in England, for which he had to leave eventuelly England for Brussels. Daughter Elizabeth, married in 1600 Sir John Beaumont of Leicester, created baron in 1626 and died 1528.Their son John was born 1607. Further there were Thomas Beaumont and 3 daughters.
- John married Ellen, daughter of Ralph Henslow of Hampshire. They had 8 sons and 3 daughters.
- George born 1554, died 1634 SP.
- Edmund Hampton, kt., second son of Edmund and Joan Belknap, died at the Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471. His wife Anne Walborough (see below) died on 1 March 1487 (GBS). She was daughter of Sir John Whalesborough and widow of Sir William Molyn. - Edmund represented Oxfordshire in several Parliaments and was sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire in 1444. He became Great Chamberlain of Edward Prince of Wales. - On 15 March 1456 Robert de Harecourt, Edmund de Hampden, knights, Thomas Stonor, John Hampden and others witnessed a charter by John Quenington, abbot of St. Mary Eynesham. - Edmund was attainted by King Edward IV as adherent of Queen Margaret, wife of King Henry VI, who had started a Civil war. Edmund had accompanied with John Ormond, Sir John Fortescu and many others Queen Margaret to her exile in Scotland (Genealogy of the Family of Fortescue).
- John Hampden the heir (d.1451) married Elisabeth, third daughter of Sir John Whalesborough of Whalesborugh of Cornwall, son of Sir John Raleigh of Nettlescombe and Ismania, daughter of ...Hanham, Gloucester. Elisabeths sister Ermayne, the eldest, was married to Lord Scales; Anne the second, to the first Lord Molins and then to Sir Edmund Hampton (see above). There was another sister Alice, married to FitzRalph, a knight of Hertfordshire. - John was Knight of the shire and represented the county various times in Parliament. He was MP in 1413, 1429, 1435, became escheator of Bedfordshire in 1431 and before 1435 escheator of Buckinghamshire, sheriff in Buckinghamshire 1435, 1439, 1451 and 1457.
John Hampden and his heirs received a special grant of the king, whose chamberlain he was, of a licence to enclose 300 acres of land including marsh and wood, situated next to his manor of Staunton in the forest of Kynfare in Stafford, to make a park (19 May 1446 CCHR V. 6 p. 59). - On 24 February next year another special grant by the King assured him view of frankpledge of all their tenants and persons residing there, twice a year, assize of bread, wine, ale, pillary tumble and gallows with judgement, punishment and execution. Further privileges like free warren in his demesne lands in Great Hampden with licence to enclose 500 acres of land and 100 acres of wood for usage of a park there were included (CCHR V. 6 p. 81). - The writ of 'diem clausit extremum' was issued in Oxford, Bedford and Buckingham on 13 May 1458 (CFR V. 19, p. 195).
John's and Elizabeth's son
- Thomas succeeded to the lordship of Hampden and married Margery (d. 1506), heiress of Sir Stephen Popham, probably of Sussex. Thomas became sheriff of Bedifordshire and Buckinghamshire in 1466. He made his will .on 18 October 1482, wanting to be buried in the chancel of Hampden church. He held land and manors in Oxfords., Bedfords., Northampton, Huntingdon and Essex, besides Buckingham. In Essex he held Theydon Mount manor, which his wife held in dower. (VCH Essex). - Thomas had the sisters - Elizabeth, married to Nicholas Iwardey, lord of Quainton, descended of Isabel, daughter of John Frome of Buckingham, and granddaughter of Elisabeth, daughter and granddaughter of John Braose or Brewes, son of Gilbert de Braose. - Isabel was married to Sir Bernard Missenden. Their daughter Katherine married John Iwardy, father of Nicolas. - Eleanor married Walter Ardern. - Anne married William Puttenham; Alice a Butler; Philippa Sir John Stren or Sterne. - Thomas and Margery produced 6 sons and four daughters.
- The daughters of Thomas were Alice, married to Robert Whitney, Katherine to a Goldington of Essex, Jane to John Scott, and Ellinor to Humphrey Cotes.- The youngest son Francis became progenitor of the Hampdens settled in Essex and London. - Edmund Hampden, second son, was of Eton College and married Elizabetn, daughter of Thomas Beselles of Oxfordshire. His descendants succeeded to Great Hampden, when the elder branch failed.- The sons Edward, Henry and Alexander died young.
- John (d. 24 Aug. 1496), the eldest son and heir had a wife Elizabeth, daughter of William Sidney of Sussex and Elisabeth or Jane, daughter of Sir Henry Norbury, descended of Sir William Sidney and Joan, daughter of William Brockhull of Sussex 5 generations back. Elisabeth had a sister Anne, married to William Uvedale of Hampshire. They were heiresses, so that John inherited much land in Sussex, Surrey and Buckingham in 1478. They had three sons, Anthony, William and the heir John. Their daughter Anne married William Arthur. They had a large descendancy.
- John was married to Philippa, daughter of William Wylford of London, a merchant. John inherited from his grandmother Margery Theydon Mount, who settled it in 1532 on Philippa as her dower (VCH Essex).
Finally, there were four lines, which lead down into the 18th C. The Hampton, Hartwell, Kimble and Essex-London lines (GBS, The Hist. & Ant. of Buckinghams, V. 1 and by George Lypscombe V. 2 & Paroquial Ant. of Buck, V. 2).
Note: There must have been another line as VCH Oxfordshire V. 6 states that Hampden was held in 1166 by Philip de Hampden, who was succeeded in 1220 by his grandson William (d. 1246), when his son Stephen succeeded (d. 1252).This Stephen was son of William de Hampden and Alicia who sued for dower in 1249 (CCR). Shortly after 1220 William sold his mill with appurtenances in Hampden to Oseney Abbey. On 17 May 1227 William granted to the church of the Holy Trinity in Motefunt, Hampshire, the service of Roger de Bray of his land in Welewe (CCHR p. 40). After 1302 half a knight's fee in Chilton, Buckinghamshire came to Sir Reginald de Hampden by his marriage with Nicolaa, daughter of John de Grenville, which was held by the family still in 1553 at the death of John de Hampden (VCH V. 4). (see above).
married Robert, son of John Avenel, kt., (d. 1383), son of William and Joan Avenel, (CPR 15 Richard II, Vol. 5, p. 47). William had the arms AR a fess and 3 roundels GU (Parl. Writs). -. The arms of Sir William Avenel, kt., were AR a fess and 6 roundels pierced GU (Banners Displayed). - He was lord of Guilden Marden, Cambridge in 1316 and died 7 Nov. 1331, holding Gameling manor with the advowson of the church, Wynepol, Mordon with Redley, and Holwell manor in Cambridge (CIPM.) Wiliam left Joan as his widow behind. - Kelling manor in Norfolk he had alienated before his death to certain persons in order to enfeoff with it his son John died before his father. His sister Margaret was married to Warin de Basingbourne. After his death his heir is John Avenel aged 25 and more, who died in August 1359 in Brittany (pest time). His IPM showes that he held the manor of Gameling and a message and land there of Winpole manor, held of the earl of Richmund in Brittany, and Holwell manor. - His son Robertt died 1387 in custody of Robert Belknap, married to his daughter Juliana.
According to 'Recherches sur le Domesday' Jean de Recete, Normandy, had the sons Hugh de Recete, who died before 1067 and had illigitimate issue. Hervey de Braviard en Biars was his brother, whose son Osmellinus was called Avenel by 1080. He had a brother Sigembert de Biars who died without issue. Osmelinus had five sons, of which William Avenel des Biars was seneschal of the count of Mortain, still living 1082. It is him who took part in the battle of Hastings and is mentioned by Wace. His eldest son William was his heir and seneschall of the Count of Mortain. His brothers were Richard, Robert, seneschall after William, and Hugh who died at the siege of Dol in Brittany. - Robert Avenel, Ingelram de Say, William de Martel and Goher de Alneto witnessed a charter by King Henry I to William Glanville (Itinerary of H I). Richard and Roland, sons of his brother William, are mentioned in the Norman Exchequer in 1195. Robert appears twice in the Regesta of Henry I as witness to the king's charters, whereof one was witnessed at London. In 1137. He witnesses a charter by King Stephen, adressed to Hugh archbishop of Rouen. Robert, as seneschall of the count of Mortain, would certainly have accompanied him to England, and it is most probably that it is him who is ancestor of at least some of the English branches of the family. The pedigree of the French branch including Robert is work of Anesy in his 'Recherches sur les familles de Domesday'. This pedigree does not show any descendants of Robert. I believe that he was the ancestor of the later Avenels with seat at Gameling, Cambridgeshire.
1087-1091 Charter of the Abbey of Mont St. Michel. Witnesses Ranulf and Herveus (Hervey) Avenel and others (Docs FR p. 257). Ranulf signs a charter by Robert count of Mortain to the abbey of St. Martin de Marmoutier in Tours on 24 June 1082 (Docs FR p. 434). 1151-7 Charter of Richard Avenel giving to the abbey of St. Nicholas of Blancheland, with consent of his brother William and William's son Richard, the church of St. Georges-en-Bauptois, sealed by William de Vernon as Richard does not have a seal. Confirmation charter by William de Vernon as overlord notifying the gift of Richard Avenel by consent of William de Avenel and his son Richard (Docs FR, Blanchleand CH). - In 1155 Adstock manor of Buckingham was granted in 1155 to William Avenel who granted it afterwards to Richard Vernon and Simon Basset who had married his daughter: Avis to Richard Vernon and Elizabeth to Simon Basset Richard son of William was dead in 1195 (VCH). - 1162-3 William Avenel signs a charter by Roger de Gagneville to the canons of St. Etienne-de Plessis (Extraits des CH V. 2, p. 94). In 1195 he pays 57 lbs 5s 4d as remnant of a fine into the Norman Exchequer (p. 215).
In 1194 John Avenel sues Urso de Limesy for disseisin of two virgates of land in Bergas, Sussex. They get a day near Chrismas, another day for audience and judgement on St. Hilary in 15 days at Westminster, and the a third day after Easter, to get meanwhile a licence for a concord. - In 1244 John de Montilus and Wlliam Avenel are distrained for the service of half a fee in Blesham held of Walter de Dunstanville (CCR ).
1239 John de Plessis received the custody of the lands of William Avenel. This Avenel was dead on 5 May 1236 (CFR). - A William de Avenel who held land in Hampshire was dead 1253 (Kts of E I). - Crux Easton manor in Hampshire was held at Domesday by Croc, the King's hunter, who was also tenant of Gilbert de Breteville or Breteuil, who held the barony of Cholderton in Hampshire containing land in different counties of land which Gilbert had in Oxfordshire. The manor of Crux Easton stayed for some centuries in the family of Crock, till it was claimed by William Avenel and Joan his wife, supposed daughter of Philip Crock and Joan his wife in 1332. Their son John achieved it and died seised of it in 1359-60 (see above).
The Regesta V. 2 states that Matilde, queen of King Stephen, held Gameling in her own right, which had passed to her by Eustace count of Boulogne, her father, who had held it after Eudo de Rie, dapifer of the king at Domesday. By a charter dated c. 1141 she granted to Gervase de Cornhill land at Gameling worth 10 marks (CH 243).
Richard Avenel held Gameling in 1199-1216, he and his brother Rolland, sons of William de Avenel de Biars, pay part of their debts in 1195 (Norman Exchequer V. 2). Anesy's chart showes Roland as son of William and Richard as his uncle, son of William, son of Osmellius. - 1211-12 Gameningeye is worth 30 lbs. Between the heirs Roger Fitz.Reinfrid has 10 librates, Richard Avenel 10 librates and the heirs of Gervaise de Cornhull 10 librates. So they must have married three sisters. Gameling was held of the Honour of Boulogne (Liber Rubeus P. 582). - 1208-13 Gervaise de Cornhull and Ralf de Axstede have 5 fees. Gamelingey worth 30 lbs. Roger F. Reynfrey and Walter Avenel have 20 lbs and the wife of Hugh de Nevil 10 lbs (Liber Rubeus V. 1). - Robert Avenel in 1236 holds half a fee in Gameling of the honour of Boulogne.
1275 John Avenel has taken the tithes of bread and beer (Rot. Hdd). - 1279 The vill of Gameling was formerly an escheat of King Stephen, who enfeoffed with it the ancestors of John Avenel, William de Leicester and Hugh de Babington. - 1279 John Avenel holds half a fee in Gameling of Robert FitzWalter (Feudal Cambridge). - Sir John Avenel, kt., had obviously land in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire and Norfolk. On 30 April 1286 he was juror for the bounds of those counties. He has land at Strickland Ketel in Westmoreland and wants to recover land of himself and his wife Syreda on 2 March 1296. As per inquisition he holds further lands at Gunthorpe, Norfolk on 26 August 1315 . He was dead on 12 June 1318. - Sir William Avenel, kt., had the arms AR a fess and 3 roundells GU pierced (Parl. Writs c. 1300-27). - He presented Cambridgeshire in Parliament and was lord of Guilden Morden in that county in 1316. He died on 3 Dec. 1331, holding Gamelyngeyemanor. His wife Joan survived him. Their son and heir was John. It seems that his son John sealed 1337 with a fess between 6 annulets (Birch & Knights of Edward I, V. 1, p. 28). John died 1359-60, whose son was John (who died 1383. Robert Avenel was his heir who married Juliane Belknap (diff. sources).
In 1388 after the forfeiture and banishment of Robert Belknap several inquisitions were held about his holdings in Buckinhamshire. It was found that had held the manor of Salthouse and Kelling for 12 years who had been granted to Robert son of John Avenel and Luliana daughter of Robert Belknap and the heirs of their bodies in November 1385. Robert died 1386 and Juliane is alive. The manor is held of the earl of March. Inquisition by John Dautry and Thomas Conele (see Conclusions) finding that Robert Belknap held the manor of Netherholwell acquired of John bishop of Lincoln. In this manor were 2 swans (Inq. Misc. V. 7 p. p. 220 , the secon dated 22 May). - Inquisition at Southampton, Hampshire to know whethr John Avenell held the manor and advowson of Crokeston in the time of King Edward II (1307-27) and granted them to Edmund Avenel, kt. in tail mail who died without issue. His heir was his brother Robert, a minor who later died seised of in the ward of Robert Belknnap, who entered in the premises after his death. Edmund die 25 April 1383 and Robert July 1388 aged 10?). After the forfeiture the manor was granted to William bishop of Winchester on 1 March 1391 for 10 years (Inq. Misc. F. 5 p. 100). The same applies to the manor of Gameling in Buckinghamshire.
In 1389 and 1390 ensued several law suits about the manor of Gamelynge, due to Robert de Belnap's forfeiture. Robert had held the wardship and marriage of Robert, son of John Avenel during his minority, and the bishop of Lincoln had demised the manor to Robert for 15 years. Robert had married his daughter Juliane to Robert Avenel, who later died still a minor. But on Robert de Belknap's forfeiture in 1387-8, the bishop of Lincoln conveyed to Robert de Avenel and Juliane his wife, Holwell in Befordshire, Beeches, Gaunts in Wimple and Gamelyng in Cambridgeshire, and several other manors (Brit. Hist. online). Shortly afterwards Robert Avenel died, and as his widow Juliane had entered the premises of Gamelyng. Consequently, Peter de Courtenay, kt., and Margaret his wife, as well in another law suit, Thomas Bradefeld and Isabelle his wife, thought they had a right in that manor as descendants of William Avenel above mentioned. Therefore the judges were ordered to have Juliane in court, where she appeared with her guardian (CPR, CCR, TNA SC 8/250/12461).
On 11 Feb. 1390 Juliane referred to the demise of John de Bukyngham, bishop of Lincoln, to her father and his assigns for 15 years on 1 Dec. 7 Richard II, and that on the morrow of St. Martin 8 Richard II a fine was levied before the justices of the Bench between Robert son of John Avenell and herself as plaintiffs and the bishop as deforciant. The reversion was for Robert and Juliana and the heirs of their bodies. Due to her father's forfeiture this manor is still in the King's hand (CCR).
 - Inheritance court case for the manors of Crux Easton in Hampshire, Shute in Devon, Gamlingay in Cambridgeshire and Lincoln in Lincolnshire. - Thomas and Isabel Bradefeld request remedy because she is the rightful heir of Robert Avenell, son of John Avenell....The bishop of Lincoln occupied these lands and for 40 lbs paid in Chancery had letters of patent of Robert's marriage with the keeping of the manor of Crux Eaton and its adwovson during Robert's minority, which he then granted to Belknap along with the lands in Gamlingay, all of which were seized into the king's hand by Belknap's conviction and forfeiture (TNA SC 8/250/12461). - Isabel was probably a sister of Robert Avenell.
May 2, 1392 at Westminster - The Council agreed to grant the manors forfeited by Robert Beleknapp in the counties of Lincoln, Cambridge, Norfolk and Bedford, which had been held by Robert for a term of 15 years, but which on 1 Dec. 7 Richard II (1383/4) John of Buckingham, bishop of Lincoln, had granted in tail to Robert son of John Avenel and Juliana, daughter of Robert de Belknap, failing issue, to Robert and Juliane Belknap and their heirs. This change took place as Robert Avenel had died afterwards, and by Robert de Belknap's forfeiture in 1388 the properties had escheated to the king. The manors, land etc. were granted to several persons saving the interests of Juliana the daughter and Juliana the mother, widpw of Robert Belknnap (CPR Rich. II, Vol. 5, p. 47). - In 1392 John Burton, clerk, Philip de Tilney, William de Castleacre, and others had grants of those manors (Brit. Hist. online).
Despite of their minority Robert and Juliana had a daughter (Brit. Hist. online). The source of her marriage has not appeared yet.
- Alice who married John Falstolf of Fishley in Norfolk. They had a daughter
- Alice who was married to Edmund Wychingham of Fishley and Upton, son of Nicholas de Wychingham and grandson of William Wychingham and Margaret.
- Elizabeth, wife of William Berdwell of West Herling
- Frances married Sir William Nevill of Burscombe in Gloucestershire
- Amy was married to Richard Southwell of Wood Rising
- Joan became the wife of Sir Richard Longstrother and secondly of Robert Boys.
Juliana or Gillian married secondly Nicholas Kymbell of Bedfordshire. They were tenants of a toft in Cambridge, a manor held by the Avenel family.- In 1402 they held a quarter fee in Salthouse and Kelling, which they conveyed in 1404 to feoffees, and Salthouse alone to Thomas Walsingham in 1414 (Brit. Hist. online - Blomfield V. 9). - On 30 June 1383 there was a covenant of 100 marks to Robert son of Nicholas on his coming of age. This seems to be the father of Nicholas. - An 'inspeximus' dated 17 Oct. 1405 confirms to Nicholas Kynbel and Juliana his wife the lands they hold by a charter dated 11 Feb. 1340 to John Avenell of free warren in Gameling, Toft, Mardon and Winpole, Cambridge; and a charter dated 20 July 1347, free warren in their demesne lands of Kelling and Salthouse, Norfolk (CPR), of which premises now Nicholas and Juliana are tenants.
The descent of the Kimbell family is not known. Little Kimbell was held in 1068 by Turstin Fitz Rolf (DB) - In 1194 William Kinbell of Cambridge attends Matilde des Bavus as her attorney in a law suit with Robert FitzPagan for dower (CRR V. 1, p. 284).- On 6 March 1240 Richard de Kimbell is second witness after Hugh de Chastelton, kt., to a charter of lease by William de Brackley prior of Luffield Priory and the convent to Thomas de la Haye of Great Lillingstone Buckingham (CH nº 382). In 1205 Adam de Essex gives the king 10 marks and a palfrey to obtain the custody of the land and heir of Hugh de Kimbel with all its appurtenances in Buckinghamshire and Kent including the marriage of the heir and of his mother. This custody escheated by the death of Hugh of Kent. Further the King's confirmation of the donations and concession of Elias de Beauchamp and his wife Constance and Gilbert de Tilmanston, of whose fee this custody is (CFR P. 318). - 1327 John Underwood of Great Lyghes acknowledges that he owes to John Kynbell 15 lbs to be levied of his lands and chattels in Essex (CCR V. 1, p. 101) - In 1328 Richard Kynbell was coroner in Buckinghamshire (CCR V. 1, p. 292). - On 4 April 1348 Magister Robert Kimbell rector of Horwood, William Kimbell, Thomas de la Haye and others witness an acknowledgement of Richard Langport to the Priory of Luffield, that he has to pay 6s8d hearly for the 5 virgates of land he holds from them in Langport (CH nº 416). - On 14 Feb. 1348 Henry Calfunte, William Kimbel and other two persons had to inquire into two bovates of land in Acle, Brehull and Borstall and the bailiwick of the forestership of Bernwood, appurtenance of Borstall manor. - 5 Oct. 1350 Fulk Bermingham, kt. acknowledges that he owes to John Chastelton of Thornton and Hugh Kimbel of Buckingham 80 marks (CCR V. 9 p. 265). - October 1353 Sur Hugh Castleton, kt., Thomas de Hay, William Kimbell and John Conel (see Conclusions) witness an enrolment of release by Robert Gageyn to John son of Ralph Bray of Bechampton in Buckinghamshire (CCR).
In October 1367 William Bughbrigge, clerk, and Walter Campden, clerk, sue John Duke of Lancaster and his wife Blanche for various mjanors. One of them, Lavington, is held by Nicholas Kimbell for life of the manor of Esgarston in Berkshire, which Nicholas de Tamsworth, kt. holds for life. The plaintifs receive the reversion of the manors which are all enfeoffed (Wilts. FF p. 132). - 1386 Walter Kempston, clerk, Thomas Aston and John Kynbell sue John Thurston and Thomas Gynes and his wife Matilda for premises in Westminster (Ldn & Mddx FF). - 5 March 1388, inquisition before John Dautre and Thomas Conele, escheator in Buckingham: Robert Tresillian had been hanged for treason and forfeited his lands. His chattles at Saldon were found in the hands of John Kimbell the elder and others (Inq. Misc. V. 6 p. 80-1). - On 26 Nov. 1411 Nicholas Huys escheator of Cambridge held an inquisition, as the bishop of Lincoln had enfeoffed the manors of Bances, Caldicote and Guildon Morden to Robert Belknap for 15 years on 1 December 1384, who forfeited his lands in 1388 for treason. Nicholas Kimbell and John Styvele have taken the manors after the death of Simon Burgh who had held them since. (Inq. Miscl. V. 7 p. 231). - In May 1413 Thomas Stivele quitclaims to Nicholas Kimbell and his heirs all manors, lands etc. which he had by grant of king Richard (II, d. 1399) (CCR p. 88). - On 1 July 1413 John Herun quitclaims all maners lands etc. which he and others had by grant of King Richard to Nicholas Kimbel. The same by Thomas Dengayn except the manor of Golden Marden and lands in Morden (CCR). John Kimbell gave in November 1416 by charter with warranty to Nicholas Conington and others and their heirs his manor of Holwell in Bedfordshire, the manor of Baunce, Caldecote and a toft, 2 messuages and land in Gamelinge, CCR V. 5).
Thomas and John Belknap - They are mentioned in an order to the escheator of Kent to deliver the property in Kent, which their mother had held at her death on 22 July 1414, to her eldest son Hamon, Thomas and John, who were to inherit, having died earlier without leaving issue (CFR V. 14).
Hamon Belknap, the heir - married Joan Botiller (d. before 1473), daughter of Sir Thomas Boteler (d. 20 Sept. 1397, writ of 6 July 1378 CIPM), baron of Wemme and Alice, daughter of John Beauchamp of Powick, married bef. 1393. (Joan's second husband was John Denham). She was coheir of her brother Ralph Botiler KG, who had been created Lord Sudeley of Sudeley Castle in Gloucestershire in 1441 and was Chamberlain of the King's household. - Alice Beauchamp was secondly married to John Dallingridge (d. 1408, see Dallingridge genealogy). Thomas Boteler and, Alice (d. 1442-3), daughter of John Beauchamp of Powyk, were both descendants of William de Beauchamp of Elmley castle in Worcestershire by marriage to Berta de Braose, daughter of William de Braose and Berta, daughter of Miles of Gloucester and, earl of Herefordshire in the 12th C. - The Boteler family of Wemme were descendants in female line of William de Pantulf, whose manors he had held in 1086 they inherited by a heiress. - Sir William Boteleer of Wemme had the arms AZ a bend and 6 cups OR.
Sir Ralph Boteler, brother of Joan hat the arms GU a fess checky OR and SA, in chief 2 mullets OR. - Ralph Botiller, James, Roger and Richard Fiennes, Thomas Hoo, John Fortescue, Thomas, Roger and Thomas Lewknor, Thomas Echingham, Bartholomew Bone, Edmund Miller and Thomas Criol sue John Lewknor and his wife Joan for the manors of West Lexham, Carbrooke and Holkham Norfolk, Brabourne in Kent and the manor of Collingbourne Kingston in Wiltshire. Thomas Hoo had received the manors as gift of John Lewknor. Thomas to hold the Norfolk and Kent manors in chief, except Holkham and to get the reversion of the manor of Colllingbourne Kingston with warranty for 1.000 marks (1448, Wilts. FF p. 127). Note: Most of the plaintiffs were heirs of Philippa Dalllingridge and Elizabeh and Alice Batesford. (see their genealogy in this web page). Ralph Botiller of Sudeley was living in January 1458 (CCR).
Joan's sister, Elizabeth married firstly, as his second wife, Sir William Heron, kt. (d. 1404), whose first wife had been Elizabeth de Say (d. 1399), daughter of Beatrix de Braose and William Lord Say. She married secondly after 1404 John Norbury as his second wife (her grandson John inherited of her), and thirdly John Montgomery, kt., before 1433. She died 1464. - John Norbury' and his wife Pernel sued on 25 Nov. 1399 and on 20 Jan. 1400 Ralf Nevill, earl of Westmoreland, for 7 messuages with appurtenances in Eat Greenwich, Eltham and other places in Kent, which were held then by Hugh de Middleton. The earl degrees that after Hugh's death the property shall remain to John and Pernel and the heirs of John for ever, who give the earl 200 marks (Kent FF). - John Norbury and others had received the manors of Bedwell with land in Essendon and Little Berkhamstead in 1388 to make a park. - This is important to know for the events to follow.
As son and heir of Sir Robert Belknap, kt., Hamon in 1401 petitioned the Commons in Parliament for the restoration of the forfeited lands and tenements, and to recall his father's attainter, as other exiled persons had had their possessions restored by then (TNA SC 8/23/1136).
From 'Chronique du Mont St.Michel': John, regent of France, Duke of Bedford, informs Hamon de Belknap that he has been made treasurer and general financial governor. Before that he had ordered the abbot of St. Michel, Hamon, and Raoul le Sage to come to Normandy (from Brittany).
In 1414 we hear of him as member of a commission of 'walliis et fossatis' in Kent and Sussex, together with William Cheyney, Robert Oxenbregg, William Marchaunt and others. They had to repair faulty dikes, which served as sea walls, and were made custos for the protection of sea defences. - 8 Oct.1414 Order to the escheator of Kent to cause Hamo Belknap full seising of his mother's properties, as per his mother's IPM, the king having taken fealty of him. He had inherited the manor and demesne lands of St. Mary Cray in socage, as well as Crawton manor (The Tenures of Kent). - The manors of Kingsnorth, St. Mary Lyng, Ockmere, Ringwold and Crofton manors in Kent were also restored to him (Hist. of Kent by Ireland V. 4). Further he held Knelle manor in Sussex.
In 1415 Thomas Stonor, son of his sister Joan, granted to Hamon and others lands etc. in Aylesbury, Stone, Stoke Mandeville and Stoke Halling in Buckinghamshire. - 6 Dec. 1416 - Grant by Thomas de Stonore, esq., to Robert bishop of Salisbury, Thomas Chaucer, John Golafre, Hamon Bealknapp, of the reversion of the manor of Beerton by Aylesbury, mentioning Sir Ralph de Stonore, father of Thomas. Thomas Chaucer and John Golafre ocurr several times as witnesses in latin deeds in Buckinghamshire (Paroquial Ant. of Buck. V. 2).
On 28 April 1418 Hamo de Belknap and others had been appointed commisioners of array in Kent (CPR Henry V, Vol. 2, p. 199), as well as in 1419, then in company of William and John de Rikhill, sons of Sir William, the judge (CPR). - See Batesford genealogy in this web site..
18 May 1420 Muster Roll of the Duke of Bedford's retinue: Captain Hamond Belknap of Knelle in Beckley. Serving under him John Oxenbrigge of Sedlescombe (SAC V. 18). - He had been in the retinue of the Duke of Bedford in 1420, mentioned as captain in the battle of Agincourt, where John Oxenbridge of Sedlescombe and John Fenys served under him (Sussex men at Agincourt).
20 Nov. 1422 John Stafford, clerk, and William Halle demise to Thomas Stonor all lands, rents and services in Westminster, which they had by feoffment of Thomas Chaucer, John Gulafre, Hamo Belknap, John Weyvill and others (CCR). - 1425 Conveyance by Thomas Chaucer, John Golafre and Hamo Belknap, lords of the manor of Ermyngton, to Richard Fortescu and Agnes his wife, daughter of Joan Belknap, in tail, of land at Ermyngton (Descript. Cat. of Ancient Deeds Vol. V, 3 and 6). - Commission to Hamon Belknap, esq., to take the musters at Dover on 25 May and to certify the council as to the array of the following: Lancelot de Lyle, Roger Fenys, knights, Robert Daleon, Standish and William Gloucestre (CPR).
Another appeal by Hamon to the King at Westminster for the reversion of Knelle and other manors dates from 1425-6, where he pleads that John Holt's and William Burgh's lands had been restored, whereas he was a minor in 1401 and could not protest (TNA SC 8/25/1206). - King Richard III had granted East Kingsnorth in Kent to Robert Belknap, who had purchased later another part of the manor. Therefore Hamon petitioned Paliament also for the latter which was then restored to him (A Hist. and Topogr. account of the Weald of Kent). - On 22 Jan. 1429 Hamon held also land in Kent and Essex (CFR).
From 'Les Etats de Normandy', Appendice pp. 138: Hamon Belknap, Esq., was first Treasurer and master of the Exchequer in the 'Hôtel du Régent' and later was named Treasurer and General Governor of the French finances in the Duchy of Normandy by letter patent of 2 Jan. 1423. - Joan his wife was received by the Regent on 13 Nov. 1423 and received 600 lbs in consideration of the grand and notably constant services she had rendered to the Duchess of Bedford, wife of the Regent, as maid of honour. The duchess was Anne, daughter of the Duke of Burgundy. She died on 14 Nov. 1432. The Duke of Bedford married secondly Jaquette de St. Pol or de Luxembourg, who after her husband's death in 1435 married Sir Richard Woodville. Her eldest daughter of that marriage, Elizabeth, became King Edward's IV Consort. By a royal grant Hamon's eldest son John received possession of fiefs in the bailiwick of Rouen which had belonged to John Malherbe.
The Duke of Bedford, governor and regent of France, son of King Henry IV, made his will on 10 Sept. 1434-5 and died shortly afterwards on 14 September at Rouen where he lies buried in the Cathedral (Testamenta Vetusta V. 1, p. 241-2 and Annales Rerum Anglic.).
Hamon died in the first days of January 1429. On 22 Jan. a writ of 'clausit extremum' for Hamon Bealknap, esq., Kent, Sussex, Essex, was issued. Thomas Broun and William Burgh received a commitment of the keeping of the manor of Crokeseston, Southampton, which had been forfeited by Robert Belknap, on 7 Feb. - Ralph Botiler, kt., John Montgomery, kt. and Joan late the wife of Hamon Belknap, were to keep all the lands late of Hamon for the service of one and a half knight's fees to hold until the full age of John his son and heir (CFR V. 10- 15).
On 8 July 1429 the escheator of Kent had order to take an oath of Joan Belknap, widow of Hamon, in presence of the next friends of her son John, son and heir of Hamon, to assign her dower (CCR). - From CIPM, V. 4, p. 121: extent of Hamon's properties - Knelle manor in Sussex, Leeburn manor in Essex, held of the Honour of Boulogne, Seintling manor with the market and fair, held of the Honour of Peverel, member of Dover Castle. Land in Paulines Cray and Orpington, held of the manor of Crofton, Kingsnorth manor, all of them in Kent. - On 1 March 1431 Hamon being dead, John Fereby the elder received the keeping of two thirds of the manors of Seyntling with appurtenances in Orpington, Kent, held of the King in chief till the full age of his son John his heir (CFR )
Hamon and Joan had the following children:
John - In 1431 John Fereby the elder) was appointed of the keeping of two thirds of the manor of Seyntling and the land in Paulyscray and Orpington during the minority of John. In 1434 John proves his age (CIPM) and consequently appears with his mother in a court case (TNA C 1/11/497). On 16 Feb.1434 Joan, lady Denham, wife of John Denham, kt., (Joan Botiller's second marriage), received a commission of the marriage of John Belknap, son and heir of Hamon Belknap, tenant in chief, by paying a fine of 40 lbs (CPR Henry VI, Vol. 2, p. 332). Joan and John pleaded against John Fereby, feoffee of John, regarding the manors of Crockenhill and Kingsnorth in Kent (TNA C 1/11/497). John Fereby was the first husband of Margery, daughter of Philippa Dallingridge and Richard de Berners (See Dallingridge genealogy).
John died on 16 Oct. 1436, when a writ of 'clausit extremum' was issued for John Bealknap, esq. Kent (CFR p. 298). - 13 Dec. 1436 Order to the escheator of Kent to cause William Belknap, his brother, to have full seisin of two thirds of the manor of Seyntling in Seintmarycray with appurtenances, held in chief of the king of the honour of Peverell, as John had held it, except one third which his mother holds in dower.The king has taken William's fealty (CFR V. 16).
William Belknap, esq. (d.1484 SP; IPM nº 97, SSX Rec. Soc. XI) - On 13 Dec.1436 the escheator of Kent had mandate to make partition into three equal parts in presence of William, Henry and Philip Bealknap, of 10 acres of land in Orpington and to give seising to William of his purparty of the land of William Haute in gavelkind, as John Belknap had held at his death. Henry and Philip, William's brothers, were to be his next heirs. Further the King has taken the homage of William for two thirds of the manor of Seyntling, held in chief as of the Honour of Peverel (CCR). In 1447 William was sheriff of Sussex (County genealogies Sussex V. 3).
William is mentioned in the early Chancery Proceedings .He lived at St. Mary of Cray in Kent but also held Knelle manor. In 1415 William and others had grants from Thomas Stonor of several lands and tenements in Buckinghamshire (705:349/12946/494334). In 1446 William quitclaimed with warranty to John, Cardinal of St. Balbina and archbishop of York, the manor of Pyrye, and all the manors, lands, rents etc. in Kent which the cardinal now occupied. On 30 June of the same year William Belknap, esq., son and heir of Hamon Belknap and Joan his wife, quitclaimed to Thomas Grene the manor called Lebury in Elmedon, Chishull, Wendoun, Arkesden and Creshale in Essex, which were of Hamon and afterwards of Joan (CCR). The following year sees him as Sheriff of Surrey and Sussex (The Worthies by Fuller). - On 16 July 1462 William Belknap and others had a commission to view the banks and dikes begtween Robertsbridge and Romney marsh (CPR). - 1467 William Belknap, Robert Knolle, esquires, and others, received letters of Margaret, the French queen of King Henry VI, who had been captured at Queensborough. They were imprisoned for some time (Liber Niger V. 2, pp. 1514-5). - William Belknap and others sued Ralph Boteler, kt. and Alice his wife for the manors of Bedale, Ascough, Kilwardley, Stillingflete, Moreby, Nabourn in Yorks. and Upton, Dodington in Northampton, Rotherfield Grey in Oxford and Oulton by Solihull in Warwicks. Ralph and Alice quitclaim the properties to William as his right and to the heirs of William for ever (1 July 1465 FFj).
In 1470 land of William Belknap esq. is mentioned in connection with Sir John Norbury, as lying next to the tenement late of Philip atte Well', called Pakenhame in Kent, (which belonged to Ashford), (KAC.). On 10 Feb.1474 John Norbury, kt., son of Henry Norbury, son of Elizabeth, sister of Ralph Botiler of Sudely, and William Belknap, esq., son of Joan Botiler sister of Ralph, had licence to enter into all castles, manors, lordships, lands, rent etc.in England, late of Ralph and Alesia his wife, since the death of Alesia or Alice (CPR). In 1477 William and Sir John Norbury were allowed to enter into possession of the lands formerly of Ralph Boteler of Sudeley, namely the manor of Belbroughton or Fairfield (VCH Worcestershire). After the division of the lands William received Fairfield manor entirely. Elizabeth, da. of Sir John Norbury, had married Ralph Boteler Lord Sudeley, and after his death Sir John Montgomery. - In 1484 William Belknap, Thomas Echingham, William Radmild, Thomas Oxenbrigge, Henry Fynch and others. were commissioners of array in Sussex (CPR). - On the death of Hugh Clopton in 1497 an inquisition was held of which alights that he held the manor of Clopton in Warwickshire, in chief, as of the manor or castle of Beaudesert, which king Edward IV had bought of John Norbury, kt., and William Belknap, esq. (CIPM H -VII, V.2).
Harold, son of Earl Ralf of Hereford held 15 hides in Dasset, Warwickshire under the Confessor and the Conqueror. His son John assumed the name from Sudeley in Gloucestershire. His son John and his grandson Ralf succeeded him. They held Dasset and Sudeley manors. Ralf's son John was created baron of Sudely (d. 1336). His son Bartholomew died in his lifetime so that his grandson John succeeded (d. 1367), holding Dasset and Sudeley. His son Thomas had Ralf who died 1473 (see above). After his and his wife's death his properties were divided between his nephews John Norbury and William Belknap.
William died without issue and seems to have held property in the counties of Kent, Sussex, Worcestershire.and Warwshire (TNA C 141/6/16). As per his CIPM Willelmus Belknap, armiger, held the following properties: Seynling manor and land in Pawlyns Cray in Kent, land and tenements in Sheriff Lench and Churchlench, members of Elmeley castle, rent in Wyche in Worcestershire. The manors of Chepingdorset, Greve, Wellesbourne, Whightchurch manors and Kyngswode manor with the advowsom of the church, a member of Warwick castle, in Warwickshire. William held also Knell manor in Beckley, Sussex, formerly of Matthew de Knell (Hist. of Hastings V. 1, p. 295 by William Dawson).
Elizabeth (d. 28 May 1471) - married Sir William de Ferrers of Chartley, 7th lord Ferrers (d. 9 June 1450), son of Sir Edmund de Ferrers (TNA C 139/144/50). Their only daughter and heir Anne became the wife of Sir Walter Devereux of Weobley, sheriff of Herefordshire, Lord Ferrers of Chartley, in right of his wife. Walter was knighted 1453 when he received the lands of his wife. He died on 22 Aug. 1485 in the Battle of Bosworth fighting for his king Richard III. His father was dead in 1459, writ dated 28 April, who held land in Leicester, Hereford, Gloucester and in the marches of Wales, London, Lincoln and Bedfordshire.
Walter the younger and Anne's son John married Cicily, sister of Henry Bourchier, Earl of Essex, daughter of William Bourchier, by Anne, sister of Elizabeth Woodville, Queen of King Edw. IV. They had a son Walter - This makes a link between the Belknap, Dallingridge, Bourchier, Berners, Knollys families and the Livet family, of which some of them were servants of the Ferrers (described in this web page). - The Ferrers family originated in Normandy, where they held several estates, and some of their members accompnied the Conqueror to the Battle of Hastings. Henry Ferrers is mentioned in Domesday. William Ferrers, his descendant, married Sibilla, daughter of William de Braose and Bertha, daughter of Miles of Gloucester, earl of Hereford in the 12th C,
On 27 October 1194 an assize of 'mort d'ancestor' took place between Walter de Devereux and the friars of the Hostpital of Jerusam for two marks of rent in Remshall (CRR Palgrave p. 14). Heraldic E II (1307-27): The Sire d'Evereux carries the arms GU and ERMIN). Other arms are AR a fess Gu in chief 3 torteaux. - Robert Ferrers, 4th baron of Charley was married to Margaret, daughter of Edward baron Despenser and Elizabeth daughter of Bartholomew Burgersh. He died 20 April 1413. His son and heir is Edmund who was married to Eleanor, daughter of Thomas baron Roche of Pembroke and Elizabeth daughter of Sir Thomas Birmingham. - A full genealogy of the Ferrers barons Chartley, Devereux barons Ferrers of Chartley and the earls of Essex are given in Baker's History and Antiques of Northampton V. 1. - On 7 December 1452 Walter Devereux, kt. and his wife Elizabeth receive the keeping of the manor of Dymok in Gloucester which is in the king's hand, to account at the Exchequer (CFR V. 19) - 1 July 1453 Walter Devereux and William Marfell were to keep the lands of Edmund Cornwayle, held in chief of the king. As Edmund's heir is a minor, to hold till his full age with his marriage for 13 lbs yearly to be paid to the king (CFR V. 19). - 13 February 1454 Walter Devereux the younger, esq. and his wife Anne, daughter and heir of William Ferres lord Chartley, kt., and Elizabeth (Belknap) contract before John Fortescu, kt., chief justice, and John Derby doctor of laws, prothonotary of the king, that those who hold of Elizabet's lands of her dower shall not be molested, as Elizabeth is about to profess as a nun. When Anne her daughter reaches the age of 21 she shall inherit and she and her husband Walter Devereux the younger promise to protect the tenants (CCR).
The escheator in Somerset was ordered on 1 March 1451 to give Elizabeth livery of the manor of Norton Bouewode in the Hundred of Norton, and not to meddle further with the manor of Chorleton Musgroce, as Henry Belknap and Nicholas Norman had lately been seised of that manor and had demised it with all appurtenances to William de Ferrers and Elizabeth. She also received in dower the manor of Dourton in Buckinghamshire, the manor of Castlebromwich, a moiety of Whytacre and a fourth part of the manors of Glascote and Tyrycroft in Warwickshire. Further dower was assigned to her in the counties of Staffordshire, Huntingdon, Oxfordshire, Berkshire and London (CCR).
In 1474 Edmund Ferrers with a large company of armed men ejected William Belknap esq. of Knelle in Beckley (Plantagenet Ancestry). - The Ferrer's line leads to Walter Devereux Viscount Hereford, who married Lettice Knollys, a descendant of Sir Robert Knollys, kt. (see Knollys genealogy). In 1477 William and Henry Belknap, and Henry Auger had a commission to look after the dikes and banks in East Sussex.
Griselda - had married John Hende the elder son of John Hende, (d. 1418), twice mayor of London, and sheriff of London and Middlesex in 1381, 1401-2 and 1404-5, in 1405, also escheator (CFR) . He was a draper (The Worthies of Kent) - In 1210-11 William de Hende and Galfrido de Castilers ignored their services at Scardho, Lincolnship (Red Book).
In 1381 John Hende had to deal with the insurgents of Kent together with John Rote, his fellow sheriff, and John Charneye, Coroner of London. - In 1389 Thomas Ipre owed John and Robert Ragenhill 48s 11d to be levied in Middlesex and Berkshire (CCR). - John, Bishop of Burgh, in 1401 quitclaims to John Hende and others the manor of Pikotes in Essex and all lands etc. in Great Salynge, Shalford and Little Raynes (see Welles genealogy). - In 1402 John Hende, citizen and draper of London, gives Alice, countess of Kent, executrix of Thomas Holland, earl of Kent, a receipt and acquittance for 200 marks, as part payment due to John from the earl (CCR). - In 1403 John Hende and Richard Merlowe were collectors in the port of London (CFR) - On 5 July 1405 John Hende, mayor and escheator of London has to inquire whether a tenement in St. Giles, Cripplegate, worth 40s, held recently by Nicholas Wemington of the kin, is an escheat because Nicholas died without heir. The jurors say that Nicholas had a lawful heir, Richard, son of his son Thomas. - The years 1405-7 see him again as tax collector of the subsidies of wools, hides and woolfells in London (CFR V. 13). - 1407 John Hende, citizen of London and Elizabeth his wife sue William Effeld, clerk for the manors of Little Canefeld, Little Chishall and Bradwell by Coggleshall, Pycottes with appurtenances in Bockin and other places, Essex. The manors of Langport, Ohld Romney, Ringwold and Cherleton near Dover, Kent. The properties went to John and Elizabeth with remainder to John Preston, Ellis Bocking and other (Kent & Essex FF). - On 20 Feb. 1410 Richard de Veer, earl of Oxford, quitclaimed to John Hende, John Colpepper and others the manor of Langeport or 'Olderomeney' and the manors of Ryngwelde and Cherleton by Dover in Kent with the advowsons. - The inquisition of Richard de Veer of 1417 showes that he had conveyed his manor with advowson in Badlesmere, Kent to John Hende and others on 11 July 1412 (CIPM).
In 1412 John junior held the manor of Mokynghall, which was worth 10 lbs. Futher he had the manor of Shobury at 10 lbs, Bradwell at 20 lbs, Pycoots at 11 lbs, Rothing at 20 marks, Chitchell at 10 lbs and the manor in the ville of Stahunden called Gobyn at 20 marks (Feudal Aids Essex). - Griselda's name appears in the manor of Stondon Massay as daughter of Hamon de Belknap. This manor was held by John Hende by 1412 (VCH Essex). John Hende was sheriff of Hertfordshire 1443, 1447 and 1456 (The Hist. Ant. of Hertfords.), and tax collector in 1447 and 1451 (CFR V. 18).
John the elder inherited his father's lands and John the younger received the manor of Stonden. He died 1464. - On 13 Nov. 1416 John Hende citizen of London appoints John Heyne and others by letter of attorney to give to William Bourchier, kt., and others seisin of the manors of Little Cranfield, Little Chishull and other properties in Essex. Memorandum on 3 December (CCR V. 5 p. 374). - On 14 November 1456 John Hende the younger became sheriff of Essex (CFR V. 19, p. 175).
Griselda's and John's daughter Joan was married to Walter Wrytell. - On 25 april 1416 William Babington, Robert Teye, Robert Writtel are to inquire in Essex and Suffolk whether Margery, widow of Stephen Lescrap granted the manor of Neylandhull and other properties toher son Henry and his executors for 41 years. This Robert seems to be the father of Walter. - Joan died before her uncle John so that Stondon was inherited by her son John (VCH Huntingdon, the manor of Southou). His writ of 'clausit extremum' dates from 21 March 1485 (CFR V. 19). - His son John was a minor at his death and died 1507 when his daughter Juliana who died 1509, was also a minor. Standon manor passed to Sir Edward Belknap (d. 1521) as son of Sir Henry Belknap, brother of Griselda. Aftterwards her sister Alice Belnap, who was married to Sir William Shelley (d. 1548) inherited Stondon manor, which went then to their eldest son John (d. 1550) and then to William one of his younger sons, a minor at that date.
5 Dec. 1461 Grant to Gresilda, late the wife of John Hende the elder, esq., and her heirs, of the lordship or manor of Panfeld alias the priory of Panfeld with all lands, tenements and appurtenances in Essex and the City of London (CPR). - On 4 June 1465 Griselda received a grant for life of a tun of good wine yearly (CPR). - William Hale and Richard Wolby granted to John Hende the younger with successive remainder to Joan Writtel, da. and heir of John Hende the elder, her brother and their heirs of her body and to Griselda, widow of John Hende the elder and Walter Writtle. John Hende the younger died without issue so that the property went to John Writtle father, son and heir of Joan (p. 215 (CIPM of John Writtle as above). - A further document confirms that Elizabeth Sudeley was related to Ralph Boteler of Sudeley: Henry earl of Essex (Bourchier), Ralph Boteler, kt., lord Sudeley, both deceased, William Baufitz and Thomas Drakes were seised of the manor of Wrabnase with appurtenandes and of the advowson of the church, the manor of Ramsay held of John Fortescue, which they gave to John Hende the younger and heirs of his body, with remainder to Joan Writtle and heirs of her body. Joan died without issue so that the premises went to John Writtle the elder and on his death to John his son.
3 Feb. 1508 John Writtle had granted to John Writtle his son and heir, John Hende and Elizabeth his wife and the heirs of their bodies, with remainders to several persons, the manors of Little Chishull, held in chief, the manor of Bradwell and land in other places. After the death of John Hende and Elizabeth the properties descended to John Writell, heir of John Hende and Elizabeth, i.e. to John, son of Joan, daughter of their son John (CIPM V.3, p. 114-5). - Page 215 states that John Writtle the elder d.ied on13 Oct. 1485 seised of Great Eyston and land in Little Reynes with appurtenances and the advowson of the church. P. 216 states that John Fray and John Basset were seised of the manor of Mascallesbey in White Roding which they gave it to John Hende the elder, son of John Hende, late citizen of London to hold it during the life of Elizabeth, lady Sudeley, his mother. From that results that John Hende draper of London was married to Elizabeth de Sudeley of Sudeley, Gloucestershire.
Philip Belknap - sheriff of Kent in 1454 - 5 and and 1457, but not in 1458, as he was mayor of Canterbury that year. He was married to Isabel (Rogers)
On 20 Oct..1454 a final concord was concluded at Westminster in the court of John Prysot and his fellow judges between William Rogers, pet. and Philip Belknappe and Isabella hiswife, pet, for the manor of Mote by Canterbury with appurtenances in Canterbury, Littlebourne, Fordwich, Sturrey and Westborough. They and their heirs received it for ever (Kent FF). It looks like a marriage settlement, in which case Isabella would be related to William (her father?). - On 4 Nov. 1456 Philip is ordered to commit the county and castle of York to Thomas Haryington, kt. and sheriff. Philip is also known from an inquisition dated 1457on his goods. It says laconically "no lands" (TNA E 199/20/15). Philip was uncle of Edward, son of his brother Henry.
- Their only daughter Alice married Henry Finch, esq. of Netherfield in Sussex who died 1493, and was buried in St. Nicholas church in Icklesham (SAC V. 13). Henry was son and heir of William Herbert alias Finch and Agnes de Dartford, grandson of Vincent Herbert and Isabella, sister of Richard Cralle. This Vincent was son of another Vincent, who had married Joan, daughter of Robert Passele. One of the Vincent's was bailiff of Winchelsea in 1359 (Inq. Misc. V. 3). Vincent Finch was lord of the manor of Netherfield in 1429 and held further land in 1441 in Ewhurst, Morehall, Whatlington, Sedlescombe, Salehurst and Bexhill worth 100s, as well as land acquired from the Dene family, the heiress of Nicholas Harengod and Sybilla de Dene, his wife, in Ickelsham. His second wife was Pernel, daughter of Nicholas Alard of Winchelsea. He died 1485 (Modern Winchelsea). The family of Fynch resided at Old Place House situated in the north of Icklesham parish (SAC V. 13), which seems to be the property he had bought from the Harengods'. Vincent FitzHerbert or Finch lived in the reigns of Richard II and Henry IV (A Topogr. Hist. of Surrey). In 1411-2 Vincent Fynch held manors and lands worth 40 lbs yearly in Echingham and Netherfield (Subsidy Roll of the 13th).
Henry Fynch on 19 July 1476 had a court case against John Fynch regarding lands in Sussex including Ewhurst, Playden, Beckley and Peasmarsh, probably a matter of inheritance rights (TNA C 1/47/44). A document dated 11 May 1479, showes that Henry Fynch, esq., grants to Thomas Mountgomery, kt, John Norbury, kt., and others for the dowry of Alice Belknapp, the manor of Marley and others in Sussex and rights in Beckley, Playden, Wittersham, Ewhurst and elswhere (FH 2671, and as per VCHussex v. 9 a quarter of the manor of Dolham, which had been held by Henry de Bodiham in the reign of King Richard I. John Norbury was coheir with Alice's uncle William in Ralph de Boteler's lands, and Thomas Montgomery turns up in a grant with her uncle Henry. Henry Fynch held woodlands called the Ferme in the parish of Penhurst, a former Bodiham fee(DB&ASH/4501/126). - His great grand mother was Isabel, daughter and coheir of Robert Cralle of Cralle in Sussex and thus related to William de Batelesford (See Betesford genealogy). - 1487 Commission to Henry and Vincent Fynch, Thomas Oxenbregge, Henry Belknap, Henry Anger (Aucher of Losenham) of goal delivery in Winchelsea (CPR). - Alice received also a quarter of the manor of Doleham in Sussex as her dower,
The arms of the Finch family were AR a chevron between three griffins, passant SA; Crest A griffin, passant SA (SSX Genealogies).
Alice and Henry had a son
- William (de la Mote) was created a baronet. He married twice, thus creating a large descendancy (Vis. of Kent). He was first married to Elisabeth, daughter of Sir James Cromer, kt., of Kent and widow of Richard, Lord Lovelace. They had descendancy.
- Lawrence married Mary, only da. of Cristopher Kempe and Mary Guildford (d. 1529) but they did not have any issue.
- Richard married married Eleanor, da. of Sir Edmund Walsingham, kt., constable of the Tower of London, but also did not have issue.
His second wife was Catherine, eldest daughter and coheir of Sir Thomas Moyle, of Eastwell (d. 1560), who had purchased Eastwell manor, which he rebuilt. Catherine was his eldest daughter and brought William various manors in Kent (Ireland, Hist. of Kent). - In 1531 Sir Edward Wotton, Sir William Finch, Sir John Danet, kts, William Shelley, justice of the Bench, Anthony Cook, esq., and John Kempe and Margaret his wife, quarrelled over the manor of Fawnyngs and land in Bedfounte (CFR), that is to say almost all of the surviving members of the Belknap family. - Catherine's sister Anne married as his second wife Sir Thomas Kempe at Eastwell in 1530. He was a descendant of Thomas Kempe (d. 1428) and Beatrix, daughter of Sir Thomas Lewknor and his second wife Margaret. John Kempe (1380-1454) was archbishop of Canterbury.
- Erasmus married Marin, da. of John Sommers, widow of Thomas Rolfe. He was Captain of Deale Castle and also died without issue.
- Vincent married the da. of ...... Ferrers of Gloucestershire. and died without issue as well.
- Eleanor married Robert Morton of Escure, of whom she had children. She married secondly Thomas Wotton of Boughton Malherbe as his second wife, with whom she had Henry (see Wotton in this web pagge).
- Mary married a Whitney
- Elizabeth married Thomas Thwayte (Misc. Geneal. et Herald. pp. 335-6).
- Thomas of Eastwell, Kent, kt., succeeded as heir after his brothers and half brothers. He married Katherine, eldest da. of Sir Thomas Moyle of Eastwell, a descendant of the Barons Moles Court of Cadbury. Thomas went to the wars in France where he became King's Marshall of the field. In the course of his carreer he died in a shipwreck. - 1545 Sir Thomas Moyle and his wife Katherine sold to John Hende a messuage and 116a of marsh in Ivychurch and Old Romney (Kent FF). - Thomas Finch and Catherine had three sons and one daughter
- Thomas married a daughter of Mr. Wilkins of Tong . He died in Portugal without issue.
- Henry, the third son, married Ursula, only da. of William Thwait. He was a sergeant at law for King James. They had 6 sons and 4 daughters.
- John married Mabel Fotherly. He was chief justice of the common pleas and lord keeper in 1639. King Charles I. created him Lord Finch, baron of Fordwich 1640. He died in 1661. - Daniel Finch (dsp 1769), his descendant, was created earl of Winchelsea and Nottingham (Hasted, Kent).
- Jane married George Wyatt of Boxley, Kent, only son of Sir Thomas Wyatt of Allington Castle.
- The eldest son, Sir Moyle Finch married Elizabeth (d. 1633), sole daughter of Sir Thomas Heneage, Treasurer of the chamber of Queen Elizabeth and vice Chamberlain of the Duchy of Lancaster, also Privy Council. He was married to Anne Pointz, da. of Sir Nicholas Pointz of Gloucestershire, created countess of Winchelsea on 8 July 1628. Moyle Finch (d. 18 Dec. 1614) was created a baronet. From this marriage descend the earls of Winchelsea, Nottingham and Aylesford. - On 7 March 1584-5 Moyle Finch was made a Knights Bachelor at Greenwich. - 1588 Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester, writes a letter to Walsingham, that he has 4000 men of Essex assembled and wishes Sir Moyle Finch to be their Treasurer (Cal. of State Papers Domestic). Elizabeth was at court and accompanied the funeral courtage of Queen Elizabeth in 1603. - Elizabeth had succeeded to her father Thomas in 1595. the next year she had made settlements of Ravenstone in 1595 and 1606 to her husband .Sshe was created Viscountess Maisdone in 1623 (VCH Guckingham V. 4). - The arms of Moyle Finch were impaled AR and GU, a cross engrailed counterchanged.
- Anne married Sir William Twysden, son of Roger, a courtier, first baronet of Roydon Hall, Kent, and a daughter of Thomas Chelmington. Arms of Twisden: Girony of four, AR and GU, a saltire between 4 cross crosslets, all counterchanged. The arms of Chelmington: AR 3 chevrons AZ, 9 cross crosslets SA. (Lord Twysden's Journal and Ireland). - On 25 August 1594 Roger Twysden of the parish of Wye granted to Alice Ongeleye of East Peckham an annuity of land in East Peckham. Seal bearing a vine and the initials M B-
- Theophilus Finch, Knight and Baronet married on 16 July 1596 Elizabeth or Agnes, da. of Sir Chrishoper Heydon of Norfolk, kt., and Agnes, da. of Robert Crane of Suffolk. He died without issue and was buried near to his grandfather Henage in St. Paul's London in 1618 or 1620. His widow was buried on 16 Feb. 1620-2 at St. Anne's, Blackfriars, London.
- Thomas of Eastwell, kt. and Baronet, later Earl of Winchelsea, married 1609 Cicily, da. of John Wentworth of Gosfield in Essex and Cicely, da. of Sir Edward Unton, sister of John Wentworth, Knight and Baronet, whose ancestors came of Yorkshire. They had 6 sons and 6 daughters.
The Herbert or Finch family descended from Henry FitzHerbert, chamberlain of Henry I, same as the FitzHerberts of Wales, earls of Pembroke. His son Herbert and married two wives. The first was Lucia daughter of Miles of Gloucester, Earl of Hereford, of whom descended the earls of Pembroke. From his second wife Matilde descended the Sussex-Kent branch. - Arms: argent, a chevron between 3 griffons passant sable. - King Henry III gave the manor of Warblington with the hamlets of Empsworth, Estney and Whatlington in Sussex to Matthew FitzHerbert, son of Herbert FitzHerbert, within the Liberty of the rape of Hastings. Matthew was sheriff of Sussex in 1211-16. His sons were Herbert and Peter. Herbert fought with honour in France in 1242 and held the manors of Barton and Warblington with a market in Emelesworth granted in 1239, as well as several other properties. - Peter Fitz Herbert had a court case against the abbot of Westminster in 1211 for six and a half hides of land with appurtenances in Pereham (CRR). His wife Isabel was a widow in 1235 and did homage to the King for the lands she had of her inheritance in Sussex in chief. In 1229 Matthew FitzHerbert had been again sheriff of Sussex (CCR). He died 1246, when his son Herbert succeeded him (Modern Winchelsea). He is the progenitor of the later Finches. - Peter died in 1268 seized of land belonging to Warbleton manor. A Matthew son of John and Alianor had held Warbleton and various properties including the castle of Devizes in Wiltshire and Devon in 1286. Matthew was living in 1301. In 1312 another Matthew FitzHerbert held Warbleton with appurtenances.
Henry (b. ca. 1430, d. 20 June 1488) married Margaret (b. 1432) Knolles or Knollys, a descendant of Robert Knollys, kt., who had bought Knelle manor (see Knolles in the Annex). They had a son Edward and several daughters and resided at Knelle manor. When Edward Belknap died without legal issue, the family possessions were divided between his 4 (surviving) sisters. Henry in 1440 appears in a deed at Yorkshire, where the family held land (TNA SP 46/183/fo28). He also held a moiety of the manor of Kingswood, come down to the family by Ralph Botiler. - Henry was buried in the Chapel of Our Lady or Knelle Chapel in Beckley. He had been captain of the castle of Guines in Normandy.
On 10 February 1353 Henry Belknap was mainperner of James de Crolle, on 30 November 1454 for Margaret countess of Shrewsbury (CFR V. 19 p. 19). - In 1465 Henry Belknap, esq., Thomas Montgomery and Christopher Huet are grantors of the manors of Stoke d'Abernon, Fetcham and Albury in Surrey (LR 14/63). Henry is mentioned in a commission along with John Guildford, Thomas Oxenbrigge, Henry Fynche and Vincent Fysshe (Finch) regarding the trial of Richard Hill of Reynam, Kent. - Henry was several times mainpernor, in 1452 to Henry Skenward and William Bertram, in 1453 to Margaret, countess of Shrewsbury, who had been committed to hold the lands of John late Viscount Lysle, and the marriage and wardship of his minor son Thomas. In 1457 again to Thomas Wylde and William Bertram, who were allowed to keep some small parcels of land belonging to the king (CFR).
In 1484 the escheators of Warwickshire and Worcestershire were ordered to give Henry seising of his brother William's land. - John Norbury, esq., had been captured and imprisoned in France. Therefore Thomas Montgomery, kt., Henry Belknap, esq., and Christopfer Huet tried to organize the money for his ransom in 1466. In 1477 Wiiliam and Henry Belknap, Thomas Oxenbrygge, Henry Anger (Aucher) were commissioners to survey dykes between Appledore and Rye, and had a commission of gaol delivery in Winchelsea in 1487 (CPR). (See their genealogies in this web site).
Henry's will was proved on 2 Dec.1488 (PROB 11/8). He died on 20 June of that year. His inquisition dated 10 Nov. 1488 reveals that Edward, his heir, was aged 17 at his death, and that he had left Knelle manor to Henry Aucher, esq of Losenham, Kent, a neighbour, William Knoyle, esq., Thomas Knoyle, gent, probably brothers of Margaret, and Ralph Standysh to the use of Margaret, his widow, as her dower for life, with land in Peasmarsh and Beckley. The worth of the manor was 20 lbs and was held at that time of Edward Hastings, kt., Lord Hastings (IPM Sussex, V. 4, nº 23). Henry Aucher was a descendant of Alice, daughter of Margaret de Knelle of Knelle manor, and Henry Aucher, who were living one century before. - Henry was buried in the church of Beckley on 25 June 1488.
- Sir Edward Belknap, kt. KG, born in Weston-under-Weatherley c. 1471, was married to Alice Burneby, daughter of Thomas Burneby of Watford, Northammpton, who secondly married John Brygges (TNA C 1/739/49 and C 1/474/48). According to a document preserved in the Nat. Arch. (DE/Z/120/44984) dated 1498, he was married to 'Alice Broun' concerning his lands and tenements ...if William Broun has no heirs, remainder to Alice, wife of Edward Belknapp, esq., sister of William.
Edward made his will in 1520 (ER 101/38) and died on 25 March 1521 (IPM. of 1521-2, nº 133 SSX). There seems to exist an earlier will of 4 Nov. 1505 with the Grey Friars of the city of London, asking to be buried there in the church of St. Sepulcre (North Country Wills). This will was proved in 1521 (PROB 11/20). After Edward's death several court cases are registered concerning his former manors. His coheirs were his surviving sisters or their descendancy.
In 1488 Edward was appointed constable of the Castle and steward of the town of Warwick (VCH, Vol. 8). In 1491 Edward Belknap, esq., Thomas Cokesay, William Lucy and others had order to array the men in Warwick due to a possible French invasion (CPR). The next year he received a grant for life for the keepership of the park of Weggewick, Warwick (CPR). In 1501 Edward was created sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire (CFR), and on 11 Feb.1502 appointed constable of Warwick castle and master of the game of deer of the parks of Wegenok, Berkeswell, Haseby and Grove, and of the warren near Warwick. With that went the stewardship of the towns and lordships of Warwick, Berkeswell, Brayles, Berford, Mareton and Lightham, with a mansion called 'le Stewardysplace' (CPR). - In that year died John Smith on 3 September. He held of Edward Belknap 3 messuages and land in Knightcote, six messuages and land in Weston under Wetherley, and a messuage and land in Lemington Priors (CIPM H: VII, V.2).
On 14 April 1504 Edward is mentioned as councillor of the King (CPR). On 19 Aug. 1508 Edward was appointed esquire for the body of the King with power to enquire and seize for the King all lands of persons convicted, attainted, outlawed etc. and of the widows who have married without licence. Further power to deal with revenues without accounting at the exchequer, to lease and dispose of such lands etc. He is also empowered to direct the sheriffs, to assist the taking of inquisitions. Belknap and his successors shall have the name of surveyor of the King's prerogative and take for fee the 9th part of all land and profits forfeited, the county surveyers, a 10th part of the residue (CPR). Edward leased the confiscated lands to tenants and did not keep any for himself (CPR). The next year Edward was allowed to be exempted from fines for the pulling down houses or enclosures in the manor or lordship of Dorset and all his lands in the parish of Whitechurch in Warwick, which he held of the King. - This shows clearly the high position he had achieved in the country under King Henry VIII.
The surveyer and receiver of Solihull and Henley-in-Arden and Woodward park of Solihull was given in survivership to Walter Devereux, Lord Ferrers, and Edward Belknap in 1511 (Hist. of the Cty of Warwick, V. 4). In 1513 Edward accompanied Henry VIII to war in France, where he was knighted at Tournai. Sampson Norton and Edward were Masters of the Ordonance in 1514-5 (TNA E 36/236). He is mentioned as crown official who abused his position ? (GBS), and in 1516-7 he became surveyer general of crown lands (TNA E41/267). - In 1520 Edward had held the butlerage for many years as Chief Butler (TNA E 122/00/13). - He had been at the Battle of Blackheath. Shortly before his death he and other commissioners were responsible for preparing "The Field of Cloth" for King Henry VIII in France and making sure that the archbishop's tent stood on dry ground (VCH). He had been member of the Privy Council both of Henry VII and Henry VIII.
At the division of Ralph de Boteler's, Lord Sudeley, lands in 1496, Edward was assigned the manor of Sheriff's Lench. He held lands in Horseley and Castelhouses (TNA C 1/342/4) as well as the manors of Darsett and Northend in Warwickshire (CRO457/6/1) in 1505. He was also lord of Worthies in Essex (VCH Vol. 4). In 1511-2 Edward in was enfeoffed by William Suffolk and Margery his wife of all their lands in KingshullI (DR 10/1191 & 3). Wolston manor in Warwickshire came into Edward's possessions by exchange (VCH). In 1513 he acquired a moiety of Bubbenhall manor in Warwick (VCH), and in 1514 he held Northend manor. His tenant there was Thomas Cheyney (VCH). At London in 1518 Edward, William Shelley, his brother-in law, and others received a gift from Edward Ferrers, kt, their cousin, of property in London (PRO DR 3/558). An undated charter shows the conveyance of the manor of Hampton Ardern to Edward and master William Shelley from Sir Henry and Dame Margaret Guildford (PRO CR 1998/Box 72/13).
Edward had acquired Weston-under Wetherley in the County of Warwick after 1485. He gave it to his wife Alice, from whom it passed later to his nephew John Shelley (d. 1550-1), son of William Shelley and Alice, his sister. At his death he owned also Griffe in Warwick, Croton in Kent and Clapham in Sussex. The manor of Knelle he bequeathed to Alice his wife, to Alice his sister and her husband William Shelley, as well as to his niece Beatrice Ranson.
Thomas Burneby esq., son and heir of George Burnby esq., sues William Shelley, executor of Edward Belknap, kt, son-in-law of complainant, and Eustace Burneby, brother of Thomas for detention of a deed relating to the manors of Watford and Wappenbury and half the manor of Woolthorpe (TNA C 1/474/48).
- Edward had, however, an illigitimate daughter Elizabeth with the widow of Walter Scott of Staplefield Tany in Essex, who married Thomas Bishop of Hendfield in Sussex (d. 1552 and buried at Henfield). Their son Thomas, kt., was the first Baronet Bisshop of Torham and Viscount Sussex who died in 1626 (Vis. of SSX). He was also a member of Parliament and sheriff of Surrey and Sussex. Sir Thomas married firstly Ann (dsp), daughter of William Cromer of Tunstall, Kent, and his wife Katherine, da. of Sir Thomas Kemp, kt.; and secondly Jane, da. of Sir Richard Weston of Sutton, Surrey, and Jane Dister (The Peerage.com, SSX Geneal.). With his second wife he had 3 sons and 2 daughters. Thomas, eldest son, died unmarried, so that Edward, Bart., the second son, became ancestor of a large descendancy, which ended with Sir George Curzon Bishop, Bart., who died unmarried at Hastings on 15 Dec. 1865. - The arms of the Bishop family were AR on a bend cottised GU 3 bezants. Crest: On a ducal coronet OR, a griffin, sejant AR, resting his dexter claw on an escucheon of the last.
- Mary (b. 1477, living 1544) - was married to Gerard Danett, esq. of Darnetthall in Bromkyntsthorpe, Leicester, as his second wife (TNA C1/1087/49-50). Gerard died on 4 May 1520 and lies buried at Tilney Abbey, Essex, with his wife Maria, where there are brasses of himself and Mary, showing 5 sons and 6 daughters. He is mentioned there as Privy counciller of King Henry VII (Coll. Topogr. & Geneal. V.1). - In Dec. 1527 are mentioned in Princess Mary's (Tudor) household the wages of the Ladys-in-waiting Mary Danet, Mary FitzHerbert and others. - The arms of Danet of Westcote in Bromskynthorpe, Leicester, were OR on 2 bars GU 3 liions rampant AR, 2 and 1. Crest a greyhound's head erased and gorged with a collar AR charged with 3 torteaux. - Danet of Leister also SA gutté ermine, on a canton of ermine an anulet GU.
The first wife of Gerard had been Ann (d. 1497) daughter of John Hugford, of whom has been found a brass in the church of Weston-under Wetherley (VCH Leicester). - In Dec. 1542 Charles Duke of Suffolk sold the advowson of the church of Weston-under-Wetherley and the rectory to Sir Edward Wotton, Mary widow of of Edward Danet and Anthony Cook (VCH Warwick V. 6).
1505 Ralph Shirley, kt., William Brokesby, Thomas Pochyn and John Huls sue Gerard Danet and Mary his wife for a messuage with appurtenances and half a an acre of wood in Cosington. It went to the demandants (FF).
In a law suit against Alice Brugge (Burneby), late the wife of Edward Belknap, knight, brother of the said Mary and uncle of Sir Edward Wotton and John Coke (Anthony Coke, esq., son and heir of John Coke, and Edward Wotton were also plaintiffs), Mary Danet, Anthony Cook, grandson of Philip - see Elizabeth - and Edward Wotton, knight, (see Anne) - sued Alice Brugge or Brygge, once the wife of Edward Belknap, for portions of the manor of Avon Dassett in Warwickshire (TNA C 1/108751). - Mary received Burton and Dassett called 'Halle Feldes and Olde Lees' as her inheritance. - In 1544 Mary Danett, mortgaged her purparty to George Medley to the use of Sir Edward Wotton, her nephew (VCH Warwick).
In 1510 Gerard Danett, esquire for the body of Henry VIII, as Edward Belknap had been, received the custody of the lands and wardship and marriage of Anne, daughter and heir of Thomas Elyngbrigge, also spelled Elmerugge. - 1515 he became bailiff of Yelvertoft in Northampton, and 1516 the King gave him 40 acres of land and pasture, held of the Abbot of Bermondsey in Rothertithe, Surrey, which had been of Sir Francis Lord Lovel, created viscount in 1482-3, and attainted in 1485, but later in the year the property was given to the Abbot (A Hist. of the cty. of Surrey, V. 4). - 12 April 1517 by the King's patent Gerard obtained a lease of the lordship and manor of Enderbye in Leicester (CPR). Between 1509-20 Bidford in Warwickshire, was granted to him and Mary his wife by King Henry VIII (Letters & Papers Foreign and Domestic for those not marked otherwise).
- John, eldest son, kt., of Danet's Hall, born 2 Sept. 1504, died on 6 April 1542 - He was married to Anne (d. 17 March 1577), daughter and sole heir of Thomas Elbridge and Johanna (Hist. of Surrey, V. 4, the manor of Chalvedon). - Gerard, John's father, had a grant of Ann's marriage (see above). - The family held Croham manor in Surrey. John Elmerugge (d. 8 Feb. 1473) held that manor in 1451 with his wife Anne, daughter of John Proggett.
John's first wife was Isabella, daughter of alderman Nicholas Jamys. Their heir was Thomas (d. 22 May 1497), married to Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Gainsford of Carshalton, esquire of the body of the kings E IV and H VII. Their heir Thomas (d. 27 March 1507) was married to Johanna. They had two sons and three daughters. Of those Anne was the heiress, her brothers having died earlier. - Anne was a descendant of Ynardus or Ythenardus of Elinrugge or Ellebrug, who held part of a fee in Purtshall, Worcestershire (Testa Nevill) and had land in Berkshire. - Anne's aunt Margaret, her father's sister, married Sir John Carryl (See Carryl).
Sir John Danet appears on Easter 1531 with Sir Edward Wotton, Sir William Finch, William Shelley, justice of the Bench, Anthony Cooke, esq., and John Kempe and Margaret, his wife, all Belknap heirs, regarding the manor of Fawnys and land in Bedfounte (CPR and Cal. of Fines London & Mddx). John and Anne had four sons and one daughter:
- Leonard (d. sp. 1582) is mentioned as grandson of Gerard and Mary under Bidford (St. Lawrence) near Alcester, Stratford, in the hundred of Barlichway, Warwickshire c.1564 (Camden in his Britannia has him as son). Leonard received from Queen Elizabeth a confirmation of a market and a grant of two annual fairs in Albery and Chaldon, which he later sold. He was married to Frances Clopton. - Leonard made his will in 1591 (Leicestershire wills) and lies buried in St. Mary de Castro church, Leicester.
- John, kt, (d. 1596) succeeded his brother and married first Elizabeth, daughter of John Lenton or Senton. She died without issue. His second wife was Agnes, daughter of John Belmeg or Belmey (Vis. of Leicester). John was lord of Brownkyngesthorp, Leicester. They had descendancy.
- Gerhard of Elmerugge was married to Sarah.
- Mary was married to William Jephson of Southampton
This pedigree is taken from 'Account of the manor of Croham in Croyden (Collct. Topogr. & Geneal. V. 5, pp. 168-170).
- Thomas, b. 27 Feb. 1499, d. 4 Aug. 1506;
- Thomas b. 23 March 1517 was married to Anne, daughter of Sir Matthew Browne of Surrey, kt., with whom he had the sons Thomas and Audley (Vis. of Leicester). - 1563 Thomas Danet was sent as messenger to the King of France demanding restitution of Calais and 500.000 Crowns. He was also sent to the Emperor about Queen Elizabeth's match with the Archduke. His itinery led him through Augsburg in Bavaria, Germany, and from there by ship on the Danube to Vienna. - In 1586 a later Thomas Danett wrote a letter to Secretary Davidson that he had met with Mr. Robert Cecil, who meant the clerkship would be given to Mr. Herle. He asks for his influence with H.M. and the Lord Treasurer to obtain him that office (Cal. of State Papers Domestic).
- Robert was born on 13 July 1506, d. 1514.
- Nicholas born 21 Nov. 1508
- Margaret, b. 25 Aug. 1502.
- Eleanor and Elizabeth born 27 Aug. 1503, twins probablly died young.
- Elizabeth, (b. 10 Aug. 1507, d. 1546) became the wife of John Arundell of Lanherne in Cornwall, son of Sir John Arundel (Vis. of Leicester). By a marriage of one of his ancestors to the heiress Joan de Carminow the family had inherited all the Carminow holdings, including Kenell manor (see Annex). - Elizabeth was lady-in-waiting to Catherine of Spain, first Queen of Henry VIII and mother of Mary Tudor, later Queen of England. Catherine was the youngest daughter of Fernando, king of Aragon, and consort of queen Isabel of Castile, the 'Catholic Kings', who conquered Malaga in 1487 and Granada in 1492, thus ending the rule of the last islamic king in Andalucia and Spain, which had lasted for almost 800 years in those parts. - John and Elizabeth had a large descendancy of their children John, Humphrey, George, Thomas, Katherine and Joan. - Francis Harris, son of John Harris 4th of Radford married married Philippa Greville who married secondly Humphrey Arundel (d. 1523), brother of Sir John de Arundel of Lanherne. Humphrey had a son John(1500-1557 who married Mary Danet (Stanhope genealogy) but it is not clear which one (see below).
- Alice, born 30 May 1509, married Edward Brunham (Vis. of Leicester)
- Mary, b.15 Nov. 1510. She was married to George (b. 30 Oct. 1508, d. 21 May 1562), son of William Medley, of Tilney, Essex, and Margaret, daughter of Sir Robert Wotton of Bocton Malherbe, Kent. (See Wotton) - Mary and George had 3 sons and 2 daughters. George, Mary and their children have a memorial in Tilney church in form of brasses:" Here under lyeth buried, with Mary his wyfe, George Medeley, of Tilney, in the County of Essex, Esq. He died 21 May 1562." (Coll.Topogr. & Geneal. V.1).
- Lucie died young on a 9th September (all as per the brass of the family in Tilney church).
- Lucie died 18 April 1542
The Danett's were of a very old family. They came originally from a place in Normandy called Anet near Ivry, and were descendants of Osmund de Centumville, Viscount Vernon, and the fourth niece of Gunnora' brother Herfast. Gunnora was the second wife of Duke Richard I of Normandy. The eldest son of Herfast was Osbern fitz Herfast or de Crepon, brother of those nieces (William de Jumiège). The newest investigations of French documeents show however that the family descended of Osmund, one of the companions of Rollo the invador of Normandy (Palgrave, Hist. of FR and Engld. V. 1 p. 681).
The Osmund, who was governor or tutor of Richard I Duke of Normandy, son of Duke William Longspee, son of Rollo, was not Osmund viscount of Vernon. Before his assassination in 942 by the count of Flanders, the Duke had installed a regency of which Osmund was part, before Richard his son was proclaimed Duke of Normandy in 944.
This induced Louis IV Outremer, King of France, to invade Normandy, to take Rouan and by a subterfuge to take Richard with him to his capital at Laon. His tutor Osmundf followed and rescued him by another subterfuge, with the assistance of Ivo de Creil, arbalaster and councillor of the French king, but at the same time tenant of the carolinguian Bernard de Vermandois, count of Senlis and Coucy, his overlord of Creil. Osmund escaped with Richard and took him back via Courcy to Senlis, where Richard's maternal uncle Bernard, took charge of him. (He had married his daughter to Rollo). This meant further wars and intrigues by different players of France, Flanders and Normandy. Peace was made finally in 966-68 at Gisors and Jeufosse, where the councillors of the French king and of Duke Richard are named under the presidence of Hugh Capet, count of Paris: On the French side Theobald, count of Chartres, Walter count of the Vexin, Payen de Neaufle, Yves de Creil, the arbalaster of the King, Albert (le Riche) count of Orleans. - For Duke Rchard the councillors were Hugh, archbishop of Rouen, Ralf d'Ivry, count of Bayeux, half brother of Duke Richard,Turolf of Pont d'Audemer, son of Bernard the Dane, Osmund de Contreville, Turstin de Bastembourg, son of Anslech, and Osborn the seneschal (Hist. du Vexin Francais-Normand by Aschenbach-Wahl p. 40-41; Les derniêres Carolingiens by Ferdinand Lot p. 5 & 57; Hist. du Duché de Normandie V. 1, p. 91 etc. by J.J.C Goube (Univ. Toronto Library). Here Osmund is called de Cent-Villes. - The first charter known by which Richard I calls himself count of Normandy, granting Bretteville to the abbey of St. Denis in France on the 15 calends of April 1968).The charter was signed by Hugh archbishop of Rouen, Hugh Capet, Duke of France, Richard prince of the Normans,, Osmund (de Contreville), Ralf count of Bayeux, Anon,Turstin, IVO, count Walter, Turold, Albred, Osbern (fitz Herfast), count Theobald (de Blois and Chartres), Waleran de Meulan? ( Palgrave p. 916). - Duke Richard at a certain time by his investure had rewarde his most faithful councilers, Osmund, Bernard and IVO de Creil with large territories of the ducal demesnes. Osmund received Conteville with other large lands, then called Contreville which became the family name.
Given the invasion before 890 of Rollo's vikings in Normandy, his younger companions must at least have been aged 20. Therefore the first Osmund, of whom Palgrave writes that he was the progenitor of the Conteville family, may have been father of Osmund the tutor and councillor of Rollo's grandson Duke Richard, who had made him Osmund de Contreville by giving him Conteville our of the royal demesne. The third Osmund, councillor of Duke Richard I in 966-8, may have lived approximately till 996, when Richard died (Palgrave). As to Osmund de Centville, viscount of Vernon, father of Fulk and Albreda d'Anet, I believe that he may be son of the third Osmund. In the dictionary by Charpillon, V. 1 p.834, Osmund is named de Conteville, otherwise Comitisville, as Conteville was a ducal demesne of Rollo (Cart. de Preaux). - Orderic Vitalis calles him de Centumville. - I further suggest that Hellouin viscount Conteville may have been son or cousin of Osmund Viscount Vernon, which was also a ducal demesne (Cart. de Preaux). French genealogies have Hellouin born c. 1001 and dead in 1066. It is the person, who founded the abbey of Grestein in his demesne land of Conteville in 1040 (Dugdale). He married twice, the second time Herleve, mother of the Conqueror. He had a large descendancy of both marriages. Of the first one he had at least a son Ralph (Duboin). Of the second one he had Odo, bishop of Bayeux after Hugh d'Ivry, and Robert earl of Mortain who married Mathilde, daughter of Roger de Montgomery, earl of Shropshire, as well as Adele, countess of Aumale, and other daughters. - August Prevost writes that Osmund Viscount Vernon was exiled and died after 1025, and that his son Guy took over as viscount Vernon (Mém. of Eure, V. 3 p. 351). But this Guy must have been Guy the relative of the Conqueror to whom he had given Verdon. He warred later against him and took Evereux where he defended hiself for some years. - This genealogy makes it clear that the family stood near to the ducal house since the conquest of Normandy. - The vicomtes were chatelains and had power of justice (Stapleton). - These explanations were necessary to trace the descent of the family d'Anet in France and Danet in England.
Osmund's and the daughter of Herfast's had a son Fulk de Aneio or Aneto, Aulnay, Alneto or d'Anet, born c.1005 at Auilly and died by the end of the 11th C.(Wace's Chronicle V.1). Fulk was chatelain of Anet with its extended territory, where existed a castle which during his life time was subject to the influence of the count of Chartres, due to his marriage with Luitgard de Vermandois, widow of Duke William I of Normandy. Anet is situated at about 4km from the Norman castle of Ivry in Eure. The reason why I believe that Fulk was related to Hellouin de Conteville, is that Osmund viscount Vernon's son Fulk gave Foulbec with the mill and appurtenances to the abbey of the Holy Trinity at Caen in 1066, when his wife Hawise had become a nun there. Foulbec and Grestain both belong to the viscounty of Conteville,held by Hellouin, situated at a distance of about 3 km from the demesne to which they belonged
. - Albreda, Fulk's sister gave land to the abbey at the same time (Receuil des actes by Delisle, p. 201). Albreda, married in my opinion Robert Breheval of Breval near Ivry and not Albreda d'Ivry, daughter Hugh d'Ivry, bishop of Bayeux and granddaughter of his father Ralf, count of Bayeux (see Stapledon, The House of Vernon). Fulk and his sister Albreda donated land to the abbey of Bec Hellouin in Eure in about 1047 at the consecration of the new church (Dugdale Monasticon V. 6, P.2, p. 1068). In 1071-9 Fulk donated the church of Anet to the canons of St. Martin des Champs in Paris, witnessed by Hugh de Dammartin and Herbert de Montgomery in 1071-6 (Cart. de Pointoise - Depoin). Fulk and Albreda are mentioned in further documents. - Originally there were three places Conteville. One of them is shown in maps as Conteville-Malet.
Descendancy of Fulk d'Anet
Fulk died shortly after 1085 as son of Osmund de Conteville Viscount Vernon who had married the fourth daughter of Herfast, brother of the countess Gunnor. Fulk married Hawise who died 1085), when he buried her on land her father had given her. - They had the sons Fulk and Simon..
- Fulk was also progenitor of the Anets of Marcilly, which was a dependancy of the castle of Anet. It seems that the family sometimes took the name Marcilly and sometimes d'Anet.
- Simon - In 1104 Simon d'Aneto gave his mill of Anet to the monks of the abbey of St. Père of Chartre for misdeads he had committed against them (CH XCI, Cart.). - He accompanied Boemund, Prince of Antioch, to Palestine and took part at the siege of Durasso and other places, from where he returned 1106 (Ord. Vit.V.3, p. 36). In 1132 Roger, abbot of Coulombs, claimed before King Louis of France at Dreux, land from Simon and Fulk de Marcilly, which their father had donated and which Fulk had taken away (CH of King Louis). On 8 May 1137 Fulk de Marcilly founded the abbey of Breuil-Benoit in the parish of Marcilly. In 1147 Philip de Alnet holds Anet and Bocon by knight's service to the kintg. John de Breval holds one fee in Breval of the king and is custodian of the forest there (Reg. of K. Ph. Aug.) Other documents state that it was Simon who in 1157 held the custody of the forest of Breval having married the daughter of William Lovel d'Ivry-Breval and that his son was John
1157 Routrou, bishop of Evreux, confirms a donation to the church of Notre-Dame and to the monastery of St. Père de Chartres in presence of the bishop Simon de Aneto (Prevost). - That year another Simon d'Anet renounces his right in the churches of his land in Illiers (Charpillon, Eure V. 2, p. 404). Before 1157 Simon gives the tithes of Illiers l'Eveque, canton Nonancourt, to the chapter of the cathedral of Notre Dame de Chartres (Stapledon). At that time he had the custody oft the forest of Breval. In 1158 a charter by Fulk to the abbey of Estrée is signed by Fulk de Marcilly. - Simon was married to Isabel, daughter and heiress of William Lovel or Lupellus (d. 1162) and Mathilde de Meulan, descendant of Albreda d'Anet and Robert I de Breval. They had the sons John and Adam. John succeeded his father as custos of the forest of Breval but died before him.
In 1172 Simon Danet, kt. (de Aneti) held two military fees, and had at his service 4 knights, who owe service to the Duke of Normandy (Red Bk p. 631). - 1173 the abbot of Coulombs cedes to the lords of Anet the high, medium and low justice of Tilly, in exchange of three pieces of land in the parish of Coulombs, which in 1096 Robert d'Ivry-Breval had donated to abbot Theobald (Les biens de l'abbaye de Coulombs by Charles). - Simon died about 1180.
Simon - Charter by King Henry II of England, relating to a convention between the monks of Marmoutier and Simon in 1185, regarding the priory of Croth in Eure (Receuil des actes V. 2, p. 269 - Delisle). Between 1181 and 1192 Simon witnessed a charter by Robert count of Meulan (Docs FR). - In 1190 he writes a letter to Jean, bishop of Evreux concerning the churches of St. Cheron and the chapel of Cambines (Charpillon, Eure, V. 2, p. 330). Simon d. 1192, when King Philip August moved in during his contest with Richard Lionheart, King of England. On tenth January of that year Richard, staying on Crusade at Jaffa, confirms in his court by his seneschal William, son of Ralf de Tancarville, to Morhier le Diveis the fortified house at Illiers against William de Aneto, witnessed by Robert earl of Leicester, Geoffrey de Lusignan and others (Docs FR p. 103).- On 13 August 1198, when King Richard was back, he confirmed the same to Morhier's son Gaton against William de Aneto, witnessed by Ralf count of EU, brother of Geoffrey de Lusignan, as first witness (Docs FR p. 104). - In 1210-12 William Danet held half a military fee of the honour of Leicester (Red Bk, p. 552). - In 1200 Amaury de Danet held a mill in Leicestershire (see below). - It is not clear whose son William Danet was. Danet is the English form of d'Anet.
Notes: 1106 Simon d'Anet, Ralph de Point-Echaufré and Josceline his brother and others went with Bohemund to Jerusalem (Ord.Vit. - see above) - Ralph and Josceline had an elder brother William and were sons of Josceline d'Echaufré and Eremburga de Giroie( Ord. Vit. V. 3, p. 367). - 1109 Aucher and Hermer de Aneto, Pagan de Monceaux and others were witnesses to charter nº CX, cartulary of the abbey of St. Pêre de Chartre; and before 1112 Walter de Alneto to a charter by Matthew, son of Giroud. - Ca 1115 Rainald de Aneto witnesses charter nº 155, Cart. of the Abbey of Pointoise, where Walter de Aneto also appears). - Gunher between 1101 -15 is also witness to a charter by Giroud. - Durand and Drogo 1127, Matthias and Gaufrido, brothers, witness other charters to this Abbey in 1130. In 1132 they give half of the tithe of Bruillo in the parish of Alneto. The sons of Matthew are Fulk and Gaufrido, witness Letardo de Alneto. Rainald appears there 1130-40. There are further dealings by other family members with other abbeys in that region till 1160. - Between 1100-35 Goher de Alneto, Ingelram de Say, William de Martel and Robert Avenell are witnesses to an inspeximus and confirmation charter by King Henry I to William de Glanville (CCHR V. 1 p. 422). - 1137 Guher de Alneto witnesses a charter by King Stephen confirming the gift of Odo Stigand to the church of Esceolet (Receuil des Actes).
Gilbert de Alnetoor d'Anet holds half a military fee in the bailiwick of Conteville c. 1172 and is bound in service to the Duke of Normandy (Red Bk of the Exchequer). He may be one of the four knights of Simon d'Anet. This showes again the link between the Anet family with Conteville. - 1180 William de Vernon and Ranulf FitzDanet pay 19s each into the Norman Exchequer. Simon Danet has 2 military fees and at his servcie 4. 1180 Walter de Alneio owes 30s, Ranulf FitzDanet 10s, William de Alneio 1 silver mark,1195 Robert de Alneto pays 5s and Walter owes 2s (Norman exchequer).
1 Sept. 1188 The English king Henry II invaded France and burnt the castle of Simon d'Anet at Damville near Breteuil, which had been held by the Crispin family. Gilbert de Crispin had sold it to Simon in preparation to the forthcoming third crusade, where he died at Acre in 1191. Simon was constable of Damville (Gesta Regis by Hovenden pp 46-7). About that time Simon and Gilbert de Tillières (Crispin) are mentioned in a charter by King Henry to guard and defend the lands of the abbey of Estrée which are in his hands at that time (Prevost V. 1 p. 278). - Tillières and Damville had been in the hands of the Gilbert branch of the Crispin family since about the beginning of the 11th C. - Ca. 1047 Fulk de Aneto and his men gave to the Abbey of Bec in Normandy the manor of Mesnil-Simon with the church and the adhering manors. His sister Albreda gave her land called Groslers near Landam by Caen with appurtenances (Dugdale Monasticon V. 6 part 2). - Between 1181 and 1200 Simon is one of the witnesses to a charter by Robert count of Meulan, earl of Leicester, who donates to the church of Evreux for the soul of Simon count of Evreux, his uncle (Docs FR).
1200 Amaury Danet had a mill in Bromkinsthorpe, Leicester, which Richard Danet still held 1428. In the 13th C. the manor of Danet's Hall existed already there, held of the honour of Leicester, which the Danet family maintained at least until 1647 (Hist. of Leic. V. 4). - 1203-4 Hugo de Alneto witnesses a charter by Robert III Earl of Leicester, who held Breteuil at that time (Prevost, p. 345). - In 1207 another Fulk de Alneto is a pledge for 5 marks for Fulk FitzWarin in England (CFR). - William Danet holds half a fee of the Honour of the earl of Leicester in 1212 (Liber Rubens p. 552). - 1211-12 The Honour of Peverell of Nottinghham as new feoffments: Hugh de Alneto has half a fee in Ernesby and a twelfth part in Leicestershire (Liber Rubens p. 586). - 1284 Master John Danet was installed in the church of Patington by a papal bull (Cal. Miscell. V. 1 p. 385-6). - 1296-1307 William Danet was a pledge for William Zouche (Pleas quo warranto, Northampton). In that year Henry Danet was escheator in Leicester (CPR p. 429). - 1331 Philip Danet received a royal licence to give land to the Hospital of St. Leonard in Leicester which had been founded by William the leper, brother of Robert earl of Leicester (VCH V. 4). - 20 Jan. 1332 Henry Danet of Leicester sues Roger Everdin and Joan his wife regarding 6s 8d rent in Leicester, who quitclaim, receiving 10 marks of silver from Henry (FF). - In 1428 Richard Danet quarrelled with Newark College concerning his right of way to his wall, which led through a meadow belonging to the canons.
Robert earl of Leicester (d. 1204) was married to Loretta, daughter of William de Braose. He was on the way to King Richard Lionheart's crusade to Palestine in 1190 with his father, who died on the way, where the king made him the next earl during his stay at Jaffa. Between those two dates he founded the abbey of Leicester with the manor of Westcote in Bromkinsthorpe. - The Danet's were retainers of the earls of Leicester. In 1086 Hugh de Grantmesnil had held 6 carucates in Bromkinsthorpe (DB), which later came to the earls of Leicester by marriage with Petronilla de Grantmesnil to Robert de Meulan, earl of Leicester, father of Robert and his wife Loretta. Hugh de Grantmesnil had also held the Matry's mill in 1086, which belonged to Aumary de Danet in 1200. - The earls of Leicester held Breteuil at least since 1135, when Robert rebuilt the tower of Breteuil. In 1153 he received also Pacy from the king. It is therefore possible, that a member of the d'Anet family received land in Leicester by the marriage of Petronilla de Grantmesnil with Robert earl of Leicester who died 1190.
Note: A document dated 27 March 1257 showes that Simon de Aneta and William de Montgomery witnessed a charter by Roger de Quency earl of Winchester. Roger was son of Saher de Qyincy and Margaret sister of the last Earl of Leicester Robert (d. 1204,) who was married to Loretta de Braose (CCHR V. 1 p. 464). This same earl Robert between 1190 and 1204 informs his men and friends that he has given to the abbey of Lire for the soul of his parents, his wife and himself the fulling mill of Lire with appurtenances etc. Witnesses were Ernald de Bosco, Hugo Alnou (Alnet). This is the same Hugh who held land in Leicester in 1210-2 Red Book). - By the Danets holding land of the Earl of Leicester in Breteuil, Normandy, and in Leister, it has become clear that Amaury and William Danet are members of the d'Anet family of France. Robert Earl of Leicester was a descendant of the Meulan family in Normandy, which were earls of Leicester in England since the Conquest. An earlier Robert held Breteuil with its vast lands by marriage to Amice, a member of the Breteuil family, which had died out in the male line. Anet members in the region of Breteuil and nearby can be followed upat least until 1245.
The castle of Illières had been in the hands of King Henry I of England between 1112-19. Shortly afterwardds it was held by the families of Anet and Ivry. - In 1196 King Philip had sequestered Anet, Ivry and Pacy which were included in the royal demesne. On 2 April 1195 Philip confirmed at Anet the right of the Abbey o Sainte-Croix in Orleans over the demesne tenants of the chapter in Etampes (Cart. de St. Croiz). At the treaty of Issodoun Robert earl of Leicester in 1296 he had to cede to Philip Pacy for ever to be freed as his prisoner during the war between Philip and Richard Coeur de Lion, King of England. - In 1544 Diane de Poitiers held Anet with the chapel and hospital with her husband Louis de Bréze who died 1545, when she starte to build a beautiful Chateaux (Descrp. du Chateau d'Anet - Pierre Desire Roussel 1875).
The Visitation of Leicester gives the following pedigree:
Sir William Dannet, probably the pledge named in 1329. He had the brothers Richard and one unnamed, who had a son William. This William gave all his lands at South Croston to his uncle William in 1359. - It is not clear whether he was son of William or Richard. Sir William was married to Juliana Ferrers, natural daughter of Henry Duke of Lancaster. Their son William married Anne, daughter of ...Norwood. They had Richard of Westhope. - William Danet the elder and Julian his wife sue William Winceby, clerk, Robert atte Brooke, chaplain, and John Donington of Leicester for 5 messuages with appurtenances and 1 rood in Cosington, Willoughby and Waterleys. The demandants grant to William Danet and Julia the premises for life and afterwards to their son John with remainder to his brother William (FF). - The unnamed brother above may be Henry Danet who came armed with the earl of Lancaster, earl of Athol, Thomas Ferrers, Richard Rivers, John Sapy, John de Pavilly and others to Bedford against the King's statute of Northampton in 1329. (Inq. Misc. V. 2, p. 275). Henry is also mentioned in 1332 and Philip in 1331. In 1334 William Zouche of Haringworth sues Magister John la Youche and William Danet for the manors of Eyton and Houghhton Regis in Bedford with other manors in Somerset and Wiltshire which went to John (Wilts. FF). William Zouche died 1352 (CIPM).
From his first wife Maud, daughter of John Pickwell, William Danet the younger had Robert Danet of Rich, who had a son Thomas. - From his second wife, Maud, daughter of ...Knightley he had 4 sons, the youngest of which was John, married to Joan, daughter and sole heir of ...de la Hay, whose second son was Thomas Danett, who had two sons. One of the sons may have been Thomas Danet, clerk (FF Kent). Another Robert, who on July 1, 1495 quitclaims to William Gervase a messuage with appurtenances in Thorp Lanton and Welham, receiving 40 marks silver (FF). - The heir was
Gerard Danet, eldest son, was first married Anne Highford or Hugford, who died seised of the manor of Walamstowe called Lawhall. His daughters Joan Beaufou, Alice Cotys and Anne Danet, wife of Gerard Danet, aged 18 years and more, and John Beaufou aged 2 years and more, are his heirs.
- Anne Belknap - born 13 May 1460 (Peerage.com) married Sir Robert Wotton of Boughton Malherbe, Kent, Deputy Lieutenant of Guisnes and comptroller of Calais.
- Margaret (d.1535) espoused first William Medley, esq., of Tilney, Essex son and heir of Benedict Medley of Whitchurch.
Anne married secondly Thomas Grey (b. 22 June 1477, d. 10 Oct. 1530), Marquess of Dorset, son of Thomas Grey of Groby, Marquess of Dorset, KG, (b. 1451, d. 1 Sept. 1502)). They married before 1510 and had 4 sons and 3 daughters (Coll. Topogr. & Geolog. V.1 & Compl. Peer.). - Thomas the father, was eldest son of Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Woodville, first earl Rivers and Jacquette de St. Pole of Luxembourg, who had first been married at the age of 17 John Duke of Bedford (1389-1435), governor of France and brother of the King. He lies buried at Rouen. Jaquette's and Richard Woodville's first daughter Elizabeth was first married to Sir John Grey of Groby (d. 28 Feb. 1460-1 at the Battle of St. Albans), son of Sir Richard and Lady Elizabeth Ferrers. Richard, brother of Thomas, was executed in 1483 by King Richard III, brother of Elizabeth Woodville-Grey's second husband King Edward IV. By this marriage Margaret was situated near the court, as her husband had to fulfill many tasks for the king and queen. - Margaret thus became ancestress to the 10 day's Queen Jane Grey, her great grand daughter, executed in 1559.
Thomas's maternal ancestors came with William the Conqueror from Normandy to the Battle of Hastings. William Ferrers 1086 was earl of Derby. William Ferrers of Groby was the ancestor of the Ferrers of Groby in 1300, son of William Ferrers and Joan, da. of Hugh Despenser, married Margaret da. of John Lord Segrave. Fife generations later the heiress was Elizabeth, baroness Ferrers, who married Sir Edward Grey, younger son of Reginald Lord Grey of Ruthin. Elizabeth married secondly Sir John Bourchier, son of Henry first earl of Essex (d. Oct. 1495) - See Dallingridge genealogy in this web page - Elizabeth Ferrers was twice descended of the Braose family, in female line, of the Beauchamp, earls of Warwick and Ferrers by marriages.
- Their son George married Mary Danet, daughter of Gerard Danet and Mary Belknap (see above).
- Their daughter Mary Grey married Walter Lord Ferrers of Chartley, son of Walter Ferrers and Cicily Bourchier (see also Dallingridge).
Robert Wotton and Anne had three sons
- Henry was dean of York and Canterbury.
- Dr. Nicholas, kt. had been educated for the church. He was patronised by Fonstall, bishop of Durham, whose official he became in 1528, prebendary of York 1530 and 1536 proctor of Anne Boleyn until her sentence. In 1539 he was one of the commissioners to negotiate the marriage of Anne of Cleves to Henry VIII. He was resident ambassador at the court of France. In 1549 he had mandate to proceed against the Proctor of Somerset, Edward Seymour, and in October of that year he became Secretary of State. - Nicholas died on 26 Jan.1566 and was buried in the cathedral church at Canterbury, where his monument can be seen. King Henry in his testament named him one of the executors of his will and member of the Privy council of his son Edward, both of his private and public affiars, and legated him 300 lbs (Testamenta Vetusta, Will of King Henry VIII, V. 1, p. 42).
- Edward,kt., the heir (d. 1550) married Dorothy, daughter of Sir Robert Read. He was named Treasurer of Calais on 7 July 1547 (CPR). He was a member of the Privy Council and executor of King Henry's VIII will, in which he named him one of the councel to his son Prince Edward with a legate of 300 lbs, same as for Nicholas. He was also once sheriff of Kent and MP. - He conveyed Ringwold manor to Sir Thomas Edolph, of St. Radigund, who obtained a grant of free warren within his demesne lands. - King Henry had demised to him Eltham manor in Kent (Hist. of Kent, Ireland). - In 1533 Sir Matthew Brown and his wife Fridewswide sold to Sir Henry Guildford, Thomas Grey, Marquess of Dorset, Edward Ferrers, Edward Wotton, John Danett and others land (Kent FF). - Sir Edward Wotton and Richard Harrys enfeoffed Nicholas Wotton, clerk, with a messuage and land in Headcorn and Linton. - 1539 Anthony Sandes released to Sir Edward Wotton a moiety of the advowson of Boughton Malherbe for 20 lbs (Kent FF). - It seems that Edward had been married twice, as 1540 he is mentioned with his wife Ursula selling to John Norton a meadow and 200 a of marsh (Kent FF).
Sir Edward Wotton, Anthony Cooke and Mary Danet claimed portions of Burton Dasset manor against Alice Brugge, late the wife of Edward Belknap. They also held land in Arbury of the manor of Stockingford, granted to them after the dissolution.
King Edward VI mentions the services of Edward Belknap to his father, and the services of Edward Wotton, kt, Anthony Cook, kt, and Gerald Danet, as well as the services of Wotton and Cook to himself. Therefore he pardons Wotton, Cook and Mary Danet, widow, and John Shelley, esq. of all wastes and inclosures in Dorsett and Burton. Further he gives licence to Edward Wotton, Anthony Cook and Mary Danet, tenants of the mentioned properties, to enclose them with hedges and ditches without taking away the fences erected by Edward Belknap, or rebuilding the houses.
Edward's and Dorothy's son
- Thomas (d. 1587) was imprisoned in Fleet Prison in London in 1553 by Queen Mary by request of his uncle Nicholas, but later was pardoned. Thomas was twice sheriff and entertained Queen Elizabeth with her court in July 1573, who knighted him afterwards. - In 1552 he obtained licence to enter upon his father's lands, held in chief (CPR). - After the dissolution King Henry VIII had transformed St. Augustine's Abbey in Canterbury into a palace and the abutting lands into a park. On 27 March 1605 James I granted those properties to Robert Cecil, earl of Salisbury. Later Edward held the palace with the park. He demised Eltham manor to Alexander Hamon.
Thomas was twice married. From his second marriage with Margaret (d.17March 1568), daughter of Sir William Finch of Eastwell in Kent, to whom he left that property, he had
- Henry, knighted by James I, who was ambassador to Venice, the Netherlands, Savoy and elsewhere. He was later promoted to provost of Eton College.
Thomas from his first marriage with Elizabeth, daughter of John Rudstone, Esq., of Bocton Monchensy, they had three sons
- James who was knighted for his valour in the expedition to Cadiz during the reign of Queen Elizabeth.
- Elizabeth married Sir John Morley of Saxham in Suffolk, who held also the manor of Halfnaked in Sussex. Their son John married Grace, daughter of Edmund Caryll of Harting (Hist. of Kent, Ireland). Note: there were several marriages between Belknap descendants.
- Edward (d. 1628) who succeeded. - 1592 Edward was made a Knight Bachelor (The knights of England V. 2) - He was acrcredited ambassor to Portugal and elevated to the Peerage by King James I on 13 May 1603 as Baron Wotton of Maherly or Merlay in Kent. He had also been ambassador to other countries on several occasions, comptroller of the Queen's household, sheriff once, and represented Kent in Parliament as lieutenant of Kent. - King James I granted him the former Abbey of St. Augustine, which after the dissolution had been transformed into a palace by K. H. VIII and later had been given to William Cecil, Lord Burghley. - Edward married firstly Hester, daughter and coheir of Sir William Puckering, kt.. He married secondly Margaret, to whom he left the palace (Ireland). - The only son of Hester and Edward:
- Thomas, second baron, (d. 1630) married Mary (d.1658) daughter and coheir of Sir Arthur Throckmorton of Northamptonshire. Thomas's arms were AR, a saltire engrailed SA.- They had 4 daughters, for which their estates were divided:
- Hester was married to Baptist Noel, Viscount Camden. He was a descendant of Robert de Limesy bishop of Lichfield, Coventry in Stafford and Chester who was consecrated by Lanfranc archbisop of Canterbury and his daughter Celestia who married Noell son of Robert Noell who had come with the Conqueror to England. They had a son Robert who married Alice and a grandson Thomas who married Margaret Estrange daughter of William Estrange of Shropshire. Thheir eldest daughter Alice married Sir William de Harcourt of Stanton Harcourt of Oxfordshire, a descendant of Bernard the Danbe who had come with Rollo the viking who conquered Normandy. Bernard's descendant was Anschetil de Harcourt, whose eldest son Robert was ancestor of Sir William de Harcourt..
- Margaret married Sir John Tufton, kt. and baronet, of the Isle of Thanet, Kent
- Anne became wife of Sir Edward Hales of Tunstal, baronet Woodchurch. She received the Palace and the park mentioned above with other adjoining lands, in total 1.000 acres.
- Catherine (d. 1667) became wife of Henry Lord Stanhope in 1628, son and heir of Philip, created earl of Chesterfield on 4 Aug. 1628, and Catyherine Hastings. After Henry's death she was created countess Chesterfield for her life on 29 May 1660. - Henry Stanhope's arms were quarterly Ermine and Gules. He died 1635 in lifetime of his father, who was twice married. Firstly in 1605 to Catherine, da. of Francis Hastings and Sarah (d. 28 Aug. 1636), da. of Sir James Hastings. - Secondly to Anne, widow of Sir Humphrey Ferrers and a daughter of Sir John Polington KB. Henry was son of Catherine Hastings. He was created Knight of the Bath 2 Feb. 1625-6 at the coronation of King Charles I. He married Catherine before 1631. Henry d. 29 Nov. 1634. Catherine was governess of Mary Princess of Orange and accompanied her to Holland. - Their children were
- Philip, second Earl of Chesterfield, second and second surviving son died 28 Jan. 1703-4 aged 80. He was Lord Chamberlain of the Queen and Councellor in 1670. Her married firstly Anne (d. 1654). Secondly, bef. 1660 Elizabeth, da. of James Butler 1st Duke of Ormond, Ireland, and Elizabeth baroness Dingwall (b. 29 June 1640 at Kilkenny, d..1665), eldest da. of Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northunberland and Anne Cecil, dau. of the 2nd earl of Salisbury. His third wife was the eldest da. of Charles Dormer, 2nd earl of Carnaon. - He had a son and heir Philip, first son by his third marriage.
- Mary who died unmarried and
- Katherine, the eldest daughter, married William, Lord Alfington.
Catherine married secondly John Pollander van den Kerckhoven, lord of Hemfleet in Holland.
- Their son Charles-Henry Kirkhoven was created Baron Wotton of Wotton 31 Aug. 1650 and Earl of Bellamont in Ireland 1680, residing at Boughton Malherbe, his mother's inheritance. His arms were AR three hearts GU. He died 1683 and lies buried in Canterbury Cathedral (Hist. of Kent by Ireland)
Catherine married thirdly Colonel Daniel O'Neile, groom of the bedchamber of Charles II and Col. of the Horse Guards. She died 9 April 1667 and both are buried at Boughton Malherbe (The Complete Peerage - Baronies).
The Wottons were Lords of Boughton Malherbe in Kent, held in 'capite' of the king's manor of Ospringe (Hasted's Kent) - Their arms were , AR a cross patee, pitched at the foot, SA, quartered with Corbie, AR, a saltire ingrailed SA (Hasted, Kent). - By marriage with Joan, daughter of Robert Corbie, sheriff in the reign of Richard II (1377-99), who had acquired Boughton Malherbe in 1372 and had licence to fortify this mansion. He was married to Alice, daughter of Sir John Gousall. Joan was their only daughter. She married Nicholas Wotton, kt., of the Draper's Company, who was twice Lord Mayor of London, once in 1400 (CCR), and also alderman. - Wiliam Sevenoke, citizen and grocer of London and William chaplain granted a reversion to Nicholas Wotton, citizen of London on 7 June 1413 of the whole manor of Bocton Malherbe of with the advowson of the church and appurtenances, and 2 chambers annexed with the casement of the kitchen held for life of Alice, widow of robert Corby, who is now married to John Digge. There were remainders to other persons (CCR p. 72) - In 1415 Nicholas Wotton, mayor and escheator of London, to give seisin to Joan, widow of Duke William Willoughby a third part of 289 lbs ts 8d granted by king Richard II to the duke and his male heirs of his body and customs in the port of London (CCR V. 5 p. 244). - 16 June and 10 September 1417 William Spro chaplain issued a charter to Nicholas Wotton and others of all his lands, woods, farms, rents or services in Kent which he held jointly with others of whom only three are alive which they had as gift from Alice widow of Robert Corby. He quitclaimed on 16 June (CCR p. 375-6). - On 26 Jan. 1428 he received a gift and quitclaim with others of rents and lands in Ospringe and other places in Kent (CCR). The year 1431 sees him as mayor and escheator in London (CFR). His descendant, Nicholas (d. 1448), was the father of Robert who married Anne Belknap. - In 1439 Nicholas is mentioned together with Thomas Knelles (CCR). - By this marriage they got hold of the manors of Corby's Place in Eltham and Whithurst in Marden. - In 1427 a John Wotton was magister of the College of Sydenstone in Kent.
The name of Bocton Malherbe comes from Robert Malherbe, who held that place in the 13th C. Richard and William de Malherbe were crusaders in 1096-9. This William in 1180 paid 20s into the Norman Exchequer (V.1). William appears in 1187-90 as witness to a charter of Nigel Mowbrai and Mabira his wife to the Abbey of St. Evroult in Normandy (Docs FR V. 1, p. 227). John de Malherbe was a crusader in 1270 (English Crusaders).
Note for Gousall: Robert de Gatton had a son Hamo who died 1292 and had a son Hamo. His daughter Elizabeth married William de Dene (d. 1341), descendant of one of the Dene's of Domesday Book. His son Thomas (d. 1349) had a daughter Martha who married Sir John Gousell, the father of Joan Gousel above (Hist. of Kent by Ireland).
- Elizabeth married Sir Philip Cooke of Giddyhall in Essex.
Arms Ancient : SA 3 bendlets AR. to be seen in a church. As per the Visitation of Essex 1634 OR, a chevron compony GU and AZ, between 3 cinqfoils AZ. Crest: unicorne's head between 3 wings endorsed AZ. - The Cook's of Kent had the arms GU 3 crescents AR, a canton of the second, and those of Broadwater in Sussex, GU three crescents AR, a canton ermine. - As per the 'House of Russell' OR a chevron checky GU and AZ between 3 cinquefoils AZ.
As per the Visitation of Essex 1558, John Cooke had a son Thomas Cooke, kt., draper and Lord Mayor of London 1462-3. In another source he was the son of Robert Cooke of London. John was married to a daughter of Philip Malpas of London, son of another Philip. It seems that Thomas built Giddy-Hall near Rumford in Essex. Thomas lent money to the house of Lancaster in the reign of Edward IV, wherefore he was heavily fined and imprisoned during a long time. He lies buried with the Austin Friars in London (Magna Britannia). - In 1461 he had a grant for life of the office and keeper of the King's park of Haveryng at Boure, Essex (CPR). In 1468 John Bataille mortgaged the manor of Magdalen Laver to Sir Thomas Cook for 200 lbs who owned it shortly after and died 1478. His son John had died 1486, when
Philip Cook, kt, Thomas's eldest son, succeded in 1497 and died on 7 Dec. 1504, seised of tenements and lands in Surrey, with which he had enfeoffed on 11 July 1503 Thomas Tyrell, kt., Edward Belknap, esq., Gerard Danett, esq., and John Carell, gent, for the performance of his last will (CIPM H: VII, V.2). Edward Belknap received a grant of the keeping of the lands and heir of Philip Cooke, kt., during the minority of
- Sir John Cook, Philip's son and heir, along with his marriage the next year. John married Margaret and d. 1544. Another source says that John was married to Alice, daughter and coheir of William Saunders of Banbury, son of William Saunders of Surrey. - He had a sister Beatrix.
- Beatrix (d. 1554) married Richard Ogle. Another source has her married to Nicholas Rawson of Giddy Hall and Romford in Essex, son of Nicholas Rawson of Aveley near London in 1509. His daughter Anne Rawson , sister of Nicholas was married to Sir Michael Stanhope.
- Joan married William Harris (b. c.1502), son of John Harris of Brittlewell. They had a son William who died 14 May 1559. He was married to Jane. Their son was Sir Thomas Harris who was married to Cordelia (Stanhope Family History),
- Anthony, kt (b. c.1500-4), son of John, coheir of Edward Belknap, was married to Anne, daughter of William FitzWilliam, widow of Sir John Hawes of London. Anthony was preceptor of England (The Peerage of England). On 26 May 1547 he had a commission of array in Essex (CPR). - 1551 Grant to Anthony Cook, kt., one of the gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, of the custody of the manors of Overshamhall, Little Leighes Hall and Wolhampton with appurtenances, with the custody and marriage of Roger Scott, son and heir of Walter Scott, esq. He was also committed of the custody and marriage of William Shelley, son and heir of John Shelley, esq., deceased, for a payment of 200 lbs. During the minority of William he received the lease of the manors of Buxsted and Great Horseley in Essex and Suffolk, and Fauconhust in Kent (CPR). In 1552 he had a grant of the manor of Stanysch in Gloucestershire, late of Edward Duke of Somerset, attainted (CPR). - Sir Anthony Cook, William Cook, esq., Robert Wingfield, Sir William Cecil and others hold manors and lands in Lincoln, Northampton, Rutland and Hertford as well as premises in the City of London in 1564 (London and Mddx FF). - Sir Anthony was governor of Edward VI.
- William (d. 1559) receives the manor of Laver from Anthony and marries Frances, daughter of Lord John Grey of Pirgo, a cousin of Lady Jane Grey.
- Sir William conveyed that manor to John Poyntz 1608 - In 1568 William Cook esq. and Thomas Wyndebank esq. sue Francis Russell, earl of Bedford, and Sir William Cecil kt. and Mildred his wife for premises in London (Ldn & Mddx FF).
- Richard married Anne Caunton - High Steward of Havering.
- Philippa, who married Hercules Mutas of Essex
- Sir Anthony Cook of Giddy Hall. He married Anne, daughter of Sir William Waldgrave of Suffolk. There was descendancy (Vis. of Essex 1634).
- Anne, second daughter of Sir Anthony Cook, who was governor to Edward VI, married in 1558 Sir Nicholas Bacon, kt., attorney at the Court of Wards and Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of Queen Elizabeth (The Worthies of Suffolk). - They had a son Sir Francis Bacon and in total 6 children.
- Katherine married Henry Killingrew and had four daughters
- Margaret the youngest had three husbands - Roger Cave, Sir William Skipworth and Erasmus Smith.
- Elizabeth (d. 23 July 1584) married Sir Thomas Hoby, who was ambassador to France (d. 1566). - They had a son Edward, who held Shurland House in Kent, Queensborough castle, Essex and other properties. He died in 1617 (Hist. of Paliament). - At their beginning the family of Hoby had the arms: A hoby rising SA, beaked, legged and ducally gorged OR. They seem to be of Welsh origin. The first of them was Rees Greige, Philip, Rees, Howell, Stephen Hobey, Thomas, Meredith, Rees Hobay of Badland, Stephen, Robert, William, Richard, Stephen Hoby of Badland, Walter of Radnor, William of Lyminster, Philip Hobey married Elizabeth, daughter of Walter Stonor, Sir Thomas Hobey knight married Elizabeth daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke of Giddy Hall. From this marriage came the following children as per the Visitation of Worcestershire of 1569
- Sir Edward married Winifred or Mary, daughter of Henry Cary Lord Huntingdon. Edward was made a knight on 21 May 1582.
- Sir Thomas posthumus
Elizabeth married secondly John, second son of John Russell, 1st Earl of Bedford. - The Russell famlly descended of Hugh du Rozelle, third son of William Bertram, Lord of Briquebec, one of the Viking families, which came with Rollo in the 9th C. to conquer Normandy (The Hist. of the House of Russell).
John and Elizabeth had two daughters. The eldest,
- Elizabeth (b. 22 Oct. 1575) was named after the Queen, who was her godmother. She died unmarried before her parents.
- Anne, married Henry Lord Herbert, son of Edward Earl of Worcester. She died 8 April 1639 and lies buried at Bagland, county Monmouth. They had a son Frances
- Mildred (d. 4 April 1589 aged 63), eldest daughter of Anthony and Anne FitzWilliam, became in 1546 the second wife of William Cecil, Lord Burghley, Treasurer of England, who is a descendant of Isabel Knell of Knill Court in Herefordshire, by her marriage to James Seisyll or Cecil in the 13th C (The Peerage). The Seisilt or Cecil family originated in Wales, where they had their seat at Alterynnis (Halterennes) in Ewyas Lacy Hundred during centuries. Llewelyn ap Seisilt, mentioned 1015, descended from the kings of Wales by his mother Trawst, daughter of Elise, second son of Anaraud, eldest son of Roderick the Great, who reigned over the whole territory of Wales between 843-876. - Lord Burghley descended from David, younger son of Philip Cecil and was brother of Philip's son Philip. David had settled in Lincolnshire (Coll. Hist. & Ant. of Herefordsh. by Duncombe). - Mildred became famous for her knowledge of the Greek language. She lies buried in St. Nicholas Chapel in Westminster Abbey (The Peerage of England) where her husband erected a monument for her (Westminster Abbey). - Sir William survived her for a few years..
Sir William and Mildred had numerous issue, who all died young exept of
- Anne, married to Edward de Vere, 17th earl of Oxford
- Elizabeth who married William Wentworth, eldest son of Lord Wentworth.
- Robert (b. 1 June 1563) was knighted in 1591. He was secretary of State and later master of the Court of Wards, Chanceller of the Duchy of Lancaster, Lord Privy Seal. - On 13 May 1603 he was created baron of Essenden in Rutland by King James, on 20 August 1604 Viscount Cranbourne of Dorset, and on 4 May 1605 created earl of Salisbury, later lord High Treasurer under King James. Robert married 1589 Elizabeth (d. 24 Jan. 1590), sister of Henry Brooke, Lord Cobham (d. 1591) and daughter of William Brooke, Lord Cobham KG and Privy Counsel and his second wife Frances, daughter of Sir John Newton. - They had descendancy:
- William KB on 6 Jan. 1604-5 KG, second earl of Salisbury, married on 1 Dec. 1608 Lady Catherine Howard, youngest daughter of the Thomas Howard, first earl of Suffolk and his second wive Catherine, daughter of Sir Henry Knyvet. William was knighted 1591 and became member of the Privy Council at the age of 28. He died Dec. 1668. This Cecil line ended with James Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury who died on 13 June 1823.
- Frances married Henry Clifford, earl of Cumberland. At her mother's death she was 3 years and 6 months old and her brother 5 years and 11 months.
Thomas, the son of William Lord Burghley by his first wife Mary, became earl of Exeter. William and Mary had married in 1541, the same year when she died, probably in childbirth. Thomas's sixth daughter by his second wife
Elizabeth married Sir Edward Cook.
- Sir William Cook, kt., second son, married Francis, daughter of John Lord Grey, sister of Henry Grey of Pirgo. They had 4 sons, John, Edward, Francis and William, the heir, and 2 daughters, Anne and Mildred.
In 1563 William Cook esq., Sir William Cecil and Mildred his wife, and others have premises next to Charing Cross and Westminster (FF Ldn. and Mddx). - William Cook, King's serjeant at law, on 16 Nov. 1552 had been appointed one of the King's chief justices of the Common Bench. - In 1547 William Cooke, doctor at law, was on a commission in London to sort out some controversies between parsons and proprietors of churches (CPR).
- Anthony Cook, kt., of Giddy Hall married Alice, daughter of Sir William Waldgrave of Suffolk. - In 1581 Anthony asks Lord Burghley to have the same allowance as his father Anthony Cook had had for the keeping of Havering Park in the forest of Waltham, Essex, and a grant for life (Cal. of State Papers Domestic).
Funeral Certificates 1596: Elizabeth Brooke, lady of the Privy chamber and bedchamber of Queen Elizabeth, buried in Abbey church, Westminster, widow of Sir Robert Cecil, half brother of Thomas, secretary to Queen Elizabeth, (son of Sir William Burghley by his first wife), daughter of Lord Cobham KG., chamberlain of the Queen's household. The four banners were born by Sir Edward Hoby, Sir Edward Denny, Sir Edward Wotton and Sir Anthony Cooke, kts. - Anthony and Alice had
- Francis Cooke, second son
- Edward Cooke, kt. of Giddy Hall, married a daughter of Sir William Daniell, a judge of the Common Pleas. - Edward Cooke died 17 Sept. 1568 (IPM), seised of the manors of Field and Knell or Knoll in Goring, lands and rent in Goring and Tarring and 40 acres of land called the 'Field and Knell lands'. He held further properties in Durrington and Clapham and lands in Sompting and Wiston. Those lands were held of the Queen in chief by knight's service. The lands in Durrington and Clapham were held of the manor of Broadwater (See further Knelle members in this web site).
- Richard Cooke of Felde (b. 1547) was Edward's heir .
- Thomas Cook, who was married to Margaret Weston, yeoman of Heene, d. 20 Feb. 1573. He held also land and tenements in Petworth. John Cook was of Broadwater (SSX IPMs) Note: This is interesting as the de la Knelle-Knolle families and the de la Felde or Fields held land in all those places between mid 12th C. and the late 14th C,especially Knell and Field Place manors. - Though there were memberts of the Cook family in Sussex before Edward Cook received those lands.
- Griselda - has been dedicated a brass in the church of Clapham with the following inscription: "Hic jacet bona et virtuosa Griselda, nup. ux. Joh'is Cargyll, una filiar' Henr' Belknap, armigeri, consanguinii et unius heredu' Rad'i Boteler, militis, d'i de Sudeley, que obiit XI die Julii aº d'ni MCCCClXXXXViii, cujus anime propitietur Deus. Amen" (Here lies the good and virtuous Griselda, wife of John Cargyll, a daughter of Henry Belknap, kt., relative and one of the heirs of Ralph Boteler esq., of Sudeley, who died the 11th of July 1498. God take her soul. Amen) [The Battle Abbey Roll]. - "Grisell de Bealknap, living with Dame de Boteller, received by royal command a silver collar to adorn her livery (The Progress and Public Processions of Queen Elizabeth by John Nichols)."
Griselda married Sir John Caryll of Warnham in Sussex as his first wife. He was of the Inner Temple and serjeant at law to Henry VIII and attorney general of Henry VII. He founded a chantry in Horsham church. Of this marriage descended the Carrill's of Tangley Park, Surrey, and the Carill's of Bentona, SSX. John descended from the O'Carroll's from Ireland. - The effigies of one Sir John Caryll, his lady and his children have been conserved in Warnham church (Topogr. Dict. of England).
Arms: SA a rose between two griffins heads erased OR within a bordure engrailed AZ. Crest: A lion's head erased vert, winged AR and SA, on the neck two bends OR.
John's second wife was Margaret, daughter of Thomas Ellenbridge of Carshatton in Oxford - the name is also spelt Dallingridge. This marriage produced the 'Edward line', the Carylls of South Harting in Sussex, where the family resided at Ladyholt Park in West Harting. Sir John and Margaret lye both buried in Warnham church. - This line had for arms: AR 3 bars SA, in chief as many martlets of the last. Crest: On a mount vert a stag lodged reguard AR. - It is not clear, whether this Thomas Ellbridge is the same, whose daughter Anne married John de Danet (see above).
John Caryll, Thomas Wood and John Mordaunt in 1500 were appointed justices of assize in Southampton, Wiltshire, Dorset, Somerset, Devon and Cornwall (CPR). - In c. 1501 John Shelley, John Caryll and others sued for a moiety of the manor of Denton and the advowsom of the church, which was decided in their favour (SSX FF). - John Caryll and others in 1502 demise and confirm to Thomas Fenys esq., Edward Lewknor and Edward his son and others lands and tenements in Slinfold (CChR). - On 1 Feb. 1503 John Caryll and others had a commission to deliver the jail of Yvelchester, and John, Thomas Frowick, kt. and John Boteler were justices of assize in the county of Southampton (CPR). - 1505 John Ernley, John Caryll and others claimed from Thomas Fenys, Lord Dacre, and Anne (Bourchier) his wife, the manors of Fishwyck and Eccleston including 32 messuages and 900 acres of land there. Thomas and Anne remitted their right receiving a compensation of 1000 lbs (Lancaster Final Concords). - The manor of Oakendene or Grange was held by John, and after his death by his son John with Griselda.
- John (d. 1566), son of John and Griselda, held it of Bramber Barony. After the dissolution the Sompting rectory was granted to him. In 1549 he was granted Fulford estate in Itchingfield containing a house, 70 acres of land. John Caryll had the manor of Rookham in Surrey, which he settled on his son Thomas in 1560. At the same time John held also Drayton Eastcourt, which became a part of his manor of Merston, descending in the family at least until 1637. John Caryll of Warnham died seised of the manor of Rusper (VCH Sussex, V. 6). John was followed by a long row of descendants almost all named John. - John was Attorney general for the Duchy of Lancaster.
- Thomas, who died in life time of his father, living 1560. His father gave him Rookham manor in Sussex. He was a recusant (Cartwright V. 2, p. 191).
- John Carryl, kt. (d. 5 July 1613, aged 59), was married to Maria, daughter of George Cotton of Warblington.
- John, eldest son, erected a monument in Warnham church for his father and mother (Cartwright, V.2, p. 371).
- Edward, kt., of Shipley (d. 1609, aged 72), was the progenitor of the Harting line of the Carryl's. About 1558 Queen Elizabeth granted him the manor of Washington in Sussex, once of the Braose family. He was knighted 1603 and became high sheriff of Sussex 1609 (SAS V. 1, p. 36).
- Sir Thomas Carryl of Benton in Shipley d. 30 Jan. 1616 aged 49.- He was married to Margaret, daughter of Sir John Tufton, kt., and Bart. He lies buried in Shipley church.
- Edward died young
- Mary was married to Richard Molineux, kt. and baronet (d. 8 May 1636), who was created Viscount Molineux of Maryborough on 22 Dec. 1628-9. In 1655 their descendants became heirs of Sir Thomas, his father in law. Mary survived her husband and married secondly Raphael Tarterau, carver of the Queen, who survived her. Mary died before 21 June 1639.
- Richard, Viscount Molyneux Maryborough married Frances, daughter of William Seymour, 2nd Duke of Somerset, and his second wife Frances, daughter of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex. Richard died without issue so that his brother Caryl succeeded. His line can be followed down to the end of the 18th C. (Complete Peerage, V. 5, pp. 326-7).
- Philippa (d. 1659) was married to Henry Parker, kt., son and heir of William Morley, later Lord Monteagle (The part of Edward and descendancy has been taken from Cartwright V. 2)
- Grace married John Morley, eldest son of SirJohn Morley of Saxham in Norfolk and Halnaked in Sussex, who was married to Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Wotton of Kent (Hist. of Kent by Ireland).
- Sir John son of John (d. 1566) died on 6 July 1613, aged 59. He was of Warnham Place, where he and his descendants resided. He was the heir of his grandfather. He held Lyons and Little Broadwater in 1595, which descended with the manor of West Harting (VCH SSX V. 6). - Queen Elizabeth granted him St. Leonard's forest in 1602 for use of his iron works in Sussex. He held also Sompting and the castle of Knapp of her, which the family held until 1755 (Beauties & Ant. of SSX V.1, p. 270 & Cartwright V. 2, p. 104)). - In 1606 John sen. sued Edward Caryll for the manors of Polyng and Polyng St. John and tenements elsewhere. They were quitclaimd to him and his heirs (SSX manors in FF). - He was married to Mary, daughter of George Cotton of Warblington. - She died 1601.
- Elizabeth married Sir Garret Kempe of Slyndon. They had 3 sons and 5 daughters, whereof Garret, the third son, carried on the male line. His son Anthony married Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas Gage, Bart.., of West Firle, who d. 1715, aged 73, as did Anthony (Dallaway V. 1).
- Mary (d. 1639) was married to Sir Philip Howard, kt., eldest son of Lord William Howard of Naworth, grandfahter of Charles, first earl of Carlisle.
- John, kt., granted the manor of Oakendene to Cassandra Cotton. In 1616 John Shelley, kt. and bart., pleaded against John Caryll and Mary his wife for the manors of Polyng and Polyng St. John and several tenements. John Shelley was the lucky one (SSX manors in FF). - John was married to Mary, daughter of Robert, Lord Dormer, and inherited Harting from Sir Richard Caryll, who had died SP 1616. This Richard was son of his uncle Edward and his third wife Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Wotton of London (see Wotton).
The line goes on, John after John till another
- John forfeited his lands in 1696, but Harting was recovered later by another generation.
From 'The Worthies of Sussex by Anthony Lower: "About the close of the 15th C. the Carryll's established themselves close to Horsham, and in successive generations in Warnham, Shipley, Harting, Goodwood, West Grinstead, Rotherfield etc. Their principal estate was Harting. - John Caryll of that place and of West Grinstead, adhering as his ancestors had chiefly done, to the Roman Catholic faith, was a partisan of James the Second. On that monarch's abdication he accompanied him to St. Germains and was honoured by him with the empty titles of Earl Caryll, and Baron Dartford, which were resumed by his great-grandson John Caryll, who squandered his estate, and died in France in 1780."
- Margaret - There is only one source where she is mentioned as having married John Butler of Hertfordshire. The Visitation of Hertfordshire does not show this marriage. Another source says that she was married to Thomas Lewknor of Kent (Hasted). In the Visitation of Kent appear two daughters of Thomas, but not his marriage. His descent of the Kent branch is given under Lewknor in the Dallingridge genealogy in this web site.
In 'The Historical Ant. of Hertfordshire' appears a genealogy of the Boteler families, where a
Dorothy, daughter of Henry Belknap, is married as first wife to John Boteler of Woodhall, who d. 1514, but did not have any children with her. As John was secondly married to Dorothy, daughter of William Terril of Gipping, it is possible that there was an error in the first name of his first wife. With Dorothy Terril he had a son Philip. He had a third wife Katharine, daughter of Thomas Acton, who died 1513. - These Boteler's were descended of Ralph Boteler, Baron of Overslee. One of them married Maud, daughter of William Pantulf, Lord of Wem (see Boteler of Wem).
- Alice (d. c.1537-42) married William Shelley (d. 1549), then Justice of the Common Pleas. On 10 July 1512, his parents settled property on them including lands in Petworth, Heen, Sullington. - The Dictionary of Biographie says that William and Alice were married in the church of Beckley in Sussex. - John Shelley, esq. of Michelgrove, son of Gilbert, William's father, died 3 Jan. 1527 (IPM V. 46, nº 14). On 26 Sept.1526 he had settled the manor of Applesham and lands in Combe on Alice, wife of William Shelley, his son and heir. They further received a moiety of the manor and advowson of Denton and Skam in Shermanbury.
Elizabeth, wife of John Shelley, daughter of John Michelgrove or Faulkenor, d. 30 July 1514 (IPM V. 46, nº 15). Her heir was William Shelley, aged c. 48. He inherited lands called Michelgrove and lands in Clapham, Yapton, Barnham, Fittleworth, Petworth, Stopham, Pulborough, Chichester, Funtingdon, Bosham Wootton near Falkington in Kent, with the advowson of the chapel there, Patching, Heene and Sullington in Sussex. Further the manor of Bensted. On 10 July 1512, on the marriage of William and Alice Belknap, these properties had been settled to their use (SSX IPM V. 8). - Sir John and Elizabeth have a brass in the church of the Holy Trinity in Clapham dated 1526, as have William and Alice with their fourteen children..
The ancestors of the Falconer family had come from Normandy with the Conqueror. - Arms: John Michelgrove Sussex, c. 1455: Quarterly OR and AZ with a silver falcon overall (The Ancestor V. 7. - Seal : Red, on a helmet a unicorn head erased (Birch).
The manor of Hurst was first given to William, son of Baldric, by king Henry II, to hold in sergeantry. His descendant Godfrey le Huton was surnamed Falconer, and the manor was named Falkenhurst, from the obligation to hold a falcon for the king. His son Robert received licence of free warren (Hist. of Kent by Ireland). - Robert Fauconer held Wotton in Folkington, Kent, in 1175, Michelgrove and Heen since 1190 and died 1203, when his son Robert succeeds, mentioned in 1232-3 with his wife Matilda. His second wife was Sabina. Robert held one fee in Heen, Michelgrove and Wudeton of the Honour of Bramber (Testa Nevill). He died 1243-4, when his son Godfrey took over - The king has taken the homage of Godfrey Falconer, son and heir of Robert Falconer, for all his land which the same Robert held of the king in chief (FF H 3 & CFR). - He appears in Sussex Fines in 1248.
His son Godfrey grants to his father's widow Sabina and her second husband Robert de Beaumes, Heene as her dower in that year. Godfrid le Faulconer, kt., had a daughter Constance (SSX FF). Godfrey had also the children Godfrey, Alice, Philip (SSX FF). He died shortly before 28 July 1279, seised of the manor of Faukonherst in Kent, held in serjeantry of the King by keeping one of his falcons, as well as the manors of Heen and Michelgrove in Sussex, held of Sir William de Braose for 1 3/4 fees. His heir is Robert aged 30 and more (CIPM V. 2). Robert was married to Joan and died shortly before 4 July 1302 (CIPM V. 4). The inquisitions reveal that he held Faukenherst, Wodeton near Eastbourne and Michelgrove, as his father had held them.
His heir is John aged 28-30. He sold his manor of Falconhurst in 1313 to William de la Felde (SSX FF). John and his wife Letice had been enfeoffed of the manor of Michelgrove by Richard de Somerbury, who held of Mary de Braose. John died 1320, writ dated 18 Sept. John had been the first to adopt the surname of Michelgrove. - Letice complained that the escheator had taken the manor into the King's hands (CIPM). As per the Close Rolls, Lettice got Michelgrove restored that year. Henry, John's son, died 20 Jan.1364, holding Faukenherst, Wodeton, Michelgrove and land in Clapham (CIPM V. 11). His son John was tax collector in Sussex and died 1394, followed by Henry, who died 28 January 1395. His heir is his wife Elizabeth who is pregnant. If the child is born it is his heir, if not John Michelgrove, his brother. John Falconer is aged 30 or more. (CIPM), when Henry's son John was a minor, who died in 1398. - John Fauconer d. 16 Nov. 1394 seised of his manor of Falkenhurst held in chief by service mentioned before. In Sussex he held the manor of Wotton with appurtenances as parcel of the manor of Falkenhust. At Clapham was a messuage and a carucate of land held as half a knight's fee of Thomas Plantagenet, earl Marshal (CIPM)..
There followed John, brother of Henry, who fought at Agincourt and died about 1439. 1411-12 he held Michelgrove worth yearly 20 lbs (SAC V. 9). He seems to have been married to a Joan, who in 1439 held Falkenherst in Kent, a moiety of a water mill in Bosham, a toft with 20 a of land in Bradebrigge, and land in Petworth, Ferilworth, Stopham, Wotton near Folkington in Sussex (CIPM V. 4). Then followed another John, esq., who died 1458, when his wife Joan received the same properties as dower as her mother-in-law (CIPM V.4). Their son John, knight of the shire, was married to May, daughter of William de Sydney of Penshurst. He died 20 Aug. 1489, and his son John died in the same year shortly afterwards, so that his sister Elizabeth became the heiress of the family (VCH, SSX FF and Hist. of Clapham by Ellis - Hist. of the Castles and Mansions of West SSX).
The Shelley family came with the Conqueror. Cartwright writes that the family of Shelley was originally named Suelle, Suevele or Sueule according to the Battle Abbey Roll (V. 2, pp. 76-7). Richard knight of the shire for Huntingdon lived at the time of King Rufus. Sir Thomas Shelley, knight, was sent as Ambassador to Spain in 1205 (Theweald.org). - Arms for Shelley of Michelgrove: SA a fess between 3 welk shells. Crest: a griffon's head erased AR, ducally crowned OR. Motto: Comme je trouve (The General Armory). - It is not clear, whether the surname Chilley which is found in Normandy, was later spelt Shelley. 1244-5 Thomas Chilley gives 1 mark for having a writ relating to the county of Sussex against Geoffrey de Hyndedale (FF H3). 1269-70 Alice daughter of Alvred de Chille gives half a mark for an assize (FF H3).
John Shelley and Idonea his wife in 1318 held 2 messuages, land and rent in Tenderden, Rovelnden, Benenden, Wighteresham, Appeldore, Bromhill in Kent, and messuages in Bromhill, Playden, Rye and Ewhurst in Sussex, which obviously came from Idonea's inheritance, as Agnes, wife of William Thirlewall, received it for life of Idonea (SSX FF). In the close rolls of 1323 appears a Robert Shelley. - In 1333 Wiliam de Fereby the King's clerk was esxecuted with Sir John Shelley and Sir Bernard Brocas (Swallowfield a Royal Park (p. 57).
On 27 April 1395 Robert Langley alias Parterich held a tenement which was of Robert de Meldburn in the parish of St. Mary in Staninglane, London, now held by John Shelley. - In 1398 a Thomas Shelley of Buckinghamshire and London: tenements, rents and houses late of Thomas Shelley, kt., in the City of London (Swallofield a Royal Park p. 57).CCR). - John and Thomas Shelley were attainted and executed in 1399 for trying to set up King Richard II once more. They forfeited all their possessions. - Thomas Shelley, kt., held on the day of his forfeiture a great messuage with a garden near Charing Cross worth 5 marks yearly of the gift of the executors of William Beverley, clerk (Inq. Misc. V. 6 p. 45).Cartwright gives a long list of what Thomas possessed including bowls of silver gilt with a shield AR, a fess and 3 escallops SA (CPR), which the new King Henry gave to his eldest son. In Buckingham he held the manor of Aylesbury in farm of Anne, wife of James Boteler, earl of Ormond for 3 years since 1397, where he had a white horse (CCR and Inq. Misc. V. 7).
It seems the Thomas was a servant of John Holland, earl of Huntingdon. He held the manor of Trelask of John's castle of Trematon in Cornwall, 'late of Tomas Shelley, kt, an adherant of the earl. - Thomas Knolles, mayor and escheator of London had to inquire on 8 May 1400 for the bishop of Winchester who had lost by the forfeiture of the earl 60s rent yearly due to the church of St. Swithin, out of certain tenements which had taken into the King's hand by Thomas Shelley servant of the earl of Huntingdon in his name. - Richard Spicer gave all his holdings in this county to John Duke of Exeter, Thomas Shelley and two others. The properties were forfeited as the Duke and Thomas had committed treasons to the king (H.IV). Richard Spicer of Plymouth was councillor of the Duke. - Thomas had been warden of the stanneries in Devon by grant of the old king. - On the day of his forfeiture Thomas Shelley held the manor of Great Missenden in Buckinghamshire worth 30 lbs yearly, as well as Quainton in right of his wife Juliane. Thomas held also the manor of Mardol in Kent. (Inq. Misc. V. 7). - On 18 October 1402 John Cornwail, kt. and Elizabeth countess of Huntingdon, widow of John Holland deseased, pleaded before Wlliam Gascougne and his fellow justices, as the earl had given the lordship of Pennaly in Pembroke long before his forfeiture to John ´Stevens and ¨Richard ´Shelley, clerk, their heirs and assigns. Later John Stevens demised the manors to the countess for life (CRR p. 21).
Sir William Shelley, Lord of Affendary, Celsty and Applesham in Sussex, brother of Sir Thomas Shelley, went free as he had not mettled with his brothers. His son Robert lies buried at St. Dunston, London. He was married to Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of John Petit 1421. Their son John Shelley was MP for Rye, Sussex, in 1415, 1420-1 and 1423. He married Beatrix, daughter and heir of John Hawkwood, who was one of the famous war captains with Sir Robert Knolles and others in the wars of France. His son John Shelley is the one of Michelgrove, kt., who married Elizabeth Michelgrove (SSX Genealogies, Cartwright and The Worthies of SSX by Anthony Lower).
In 1432-3 John Shelley of Bixle is mentioned in the Worthies of Kent. 1432 William Shelley and Alice his wife release to Sir John Champeneys the manor of Knockholt with appurtenances in Bexley for 300 lbs (Kent FF). See in the same year above John Shelley of Bixle. - 1450 Grant by Henry Chicheley of Middlesex, esq., to Henry Bourchier, kt, Viscount Bourchier, and Walter Shelley (CCR). - 1464 Roger Shelley, gent of Bele, Kent, a witness still mentioned in 1474 (CCR). - 1465 Nicholas Auger and Thomas Shelley, citizens and mercers of London (CCR). - Gilbert Shelley died in 1473-4 (CIPM). - A Roger Shelley appears in 1489-1500 in a commission of goal deliveries with Thomas Bourchier in Kent and Robert Wotton (CPR). This Roger with Thomas Wellys and others sues William Bolmon and Elizabeth his wife for 3 messuages, lands and wood in Alveriston, West Firle, Arlington, Haylsham, Herstmonceaux and Wilmington (SSX FF). On 25 Nov. 1493 Roger and others plead against William Thornton and Margaret his wife a messuage, land and wood in Bekenham, Kent, who quitclaim to the demandants for ever, receiving 40 lbs sterling.
1470 Licence for John Shelley, citizen and mercer of London, to grant the manor of Chelsyn, Hertfordshire, held in chief, to John Say, kt., and others (CPR). This manor was regranted to him. - John son of John Shelley and Elizabeth his wife 1483 (CCR). In 1476 John Shelley was sheriff of London and was still active in 1478 (CPR). - In 1474 John (d. 3 Jan. 1526) married Elizabeth Michelgrove aged 14 (CPR). She proved her age in 1475 (CIPM).
1516 - John, Thomas and William Shelley v. Anthony Waldgrave and Elizabeth his wife regarding a moiety of Patching with appurtenances, quitclaimed to the plaintiffs and heirs of John Shelley (the father of William the judge), to whom the whole manor of Patching was quitclaimed in 1529. - 1524 John Montague sues John and Richard Shelley (father and son) for the manor of Hope and tenements in Rudgwick, which were settled on John Shelley for life with remainder to Richard and Mary his wife for life.
Alice as wife of William Shelley, serjeant-at-law, sister and co-heir of Edward Belknap, kt., son of Harry Belknap, esq., “petitioned for the examination of witnesses as to her title to share under the will of said Henry the manors of K n e l l, Wolston, Marston, Mecallsbury and Stondon (Massey), and in one-third of the manor of BLO” (TNA C 1/579/28). Alice was assigned the manors of Wolston and Knell.
1524 William Shelley, serjeant at law, and John Montague v. John Shelley concerning tenements in Denton, Salcon and Shermansbury, half of the manor of Denton with advowson. The premises went to John Montague for one month, remainder to William Shelley and Alice his wife for life, reversion to John Shelley and his heirs.
Sir William succeeded his father in 1527. His inheritance included Michelgrove, Patching, and he bought immediately the manor of Clapham from Edward Wood, a descendant of the St. Owen family. Maybe Edward had been enfeoffed by Edward Belknap who earlier had held Clapham. Henry VIII promoted William to a judge of the Common Pleas and recorder of London. - William, husband of Alice, acquired land in Suffolk and Hertfordshire, as well as Kingdom House in Chichester.
As per VCH William had the brothers, Richard, Edward, George a clerk, Thomas a clerc, and two sisters, Jane and Ann. - But there was besides of William, the second son, for William see below.
The first born John. was a knight of Rhodes, where he was killed at the deciding battle with the Turks, which were beaten.
Jane daughter of John Shelley of Michelgrove married Edward Bellingham, who died in 1549-50. She remarried secondly William Everard of Albourne. - Ann married c. 1520 Sir Richard Shirley of Wiston, sheriff of Surrey and Sussex. He died on 16 Nov. 1540. They had 6 sons and 6 daughters (Shelley Genealogy).
1529 - Thomas Shelley and George Shelley, clerks, Richard and Edward Shelley, gents, sue Edward and Robert Atwood, gents, for the manor of Clapham and tenements in Clapham, Offham, Southstoke, Climping, Arundell, Warmingham, Burfham and Shipley. The property went to the plaintiffs and heirs of Thomas Shelley. - In another plea in 1531-2 the manor of Denton with advowson, Hayton and Miching were quitclaimed to William, Richard, Edward and George Shelley and to George Shelley and his heirs (SSX Manors in FF). When John Bellingham of Little Horsted died on 1 Nov. 1541, the jurors said that Richard Shelley, George Shelley and Nicholas Gaynsford were seised of the manor of Irrington Walkstead in Old Shoreham, which they had demised to the deceased (SSX IPM). In 1545 Basset manor and tenements in Hartfield and East Grinsted were held by Mary, wife of Thomas Shelley, for life of the inheritance of Edward Shelley (SSX manors in FF). - Mary was daughter of Sir Richard Urdiswick.
Edward, brother of William
bought the monastery of Sion at Warminghurst after its dissolution and founded the Warminghurst line. He was lord of Penshurst, Kent, and is ancestor of Percy Busshe Shelley. He died on 9 Oct. 1554. His inquisition dates of 19 Jan. 1554-5. Edward was paymaster of the army, which invaded Scotland 1542, where he lost his life in the battle of Muselborough, Scotland, leading a detachment of cavalry (Lower). - The lands of Warmingherst, which had belonged to the Abbey of Fécamp before the dissolution, were transferred to Edward for 391 lbs in 1540. The village is situated near Worthing, West Tarring and Durrington. - Edward Shelley and Joan his wife had licence to grant 7 messuages with barns and gardens and 350 acres of land, and wood in Ehyngfeld and Bellynghurst in Essex to Edward Darkenoll. Before his death Edward had settled the remainder of Warmingherst on the heirs of John Shelley of Michelgrove. Later his grandson Henry Shelley and his descendants held those lands till 1618, when a part of them were alienated. - Edward and Joan transfer one third of the manor of Ufton; Kent, with land in Tunstall and other places to John Pointz for 100 lbs in 1541(Kent FF). Two years earlier they had sold the manor of Hepsbroke with appurtenances to Sir Thomas Willoughby for 400 lbs (Kent FF).
In the church of the small manor of Bowfolds a brass commemorates Edward, master of the household to Henry VIII, Edward VI and Queen Mary, and his wife Joan (d.1554), with their 7 sons and 3 daughters (Black's Guide to Kent and SSX and Hist. of SSX).
Elizabeth, one of his daughters, married John Apsley of Pulborough., son of Nicholas Apsley and Mary, daughter of Sir John Dowtrey of Morehouse. They had a large descendancy. - She had another sister Elisabeth, who married Thomas Aspley, and another sister Dorothy, married to John Fuller.
One of the sons was Edward. There exist two documents in the Calendar of Patent Rolls dated 5 Jan. and 28 May 1548, when Edward, master of the King's household, was granted an annuity of 6 lbs 10s 11d. - Cartwright writes that there was a law suit after Edward his father's death, as Edward the son entered the estate of Warminghurst without licence, which was finally solved in favour of the heir Henry below:
Edward's son and heir was Henry, who married Ann, daughter and heir of Richard Sackville of Chepsted, Surrey. She married secondly Thomas Matson. In 1546-7 Edward Shelley and Joan his wife sue Richard Lee, kt, and Margaret his wife for the manor of Sullington, tenements there and in other places, and the advowsom of the church in Sullington. Richard and Margaret quitclaim to them the properties. - There heir was Henry Shelley, esq., who died 9 Dec.1624-5 (SSX IPM). He was firstly married to Fridewide (d. SP), daughter of Sir Thomas Walsingham, Kent, and secondly to Barbara, eldest daughter of Sir William Cromer of Tunstall, Kent. Henry held Warminghurst till 1618.
Henry's heir is Thomas aged c. 40 years. Henry's seat was his mansion of Sullington with appurtenances, which he had settled on himself, for life and on Thomas his heir and Mary his wife (eldest daughter of Edward Goring of Oakhurst) for ever - she died 26 June 1600. He held more land in different places. His sons Ambrose and James received 20 lbs for life.
Henry's second son Henry had married Mary, daughter of Charles Pressey of Bishopstowne, Wiltshire, and had been settled with many parcels of land with remainder to his sons Henry and Thomas. The manors of Sullington, Cobden in Findon, lands in Bowford and Warminghurst were settled on Mary his daughter. Further he held the manor of Muntham (SSX manors in FF).
James, son of James Shelley and Christian his wife, was baptised on 16 Aug. 1592 in Horsham, where their daughter Elizabeth had been baptized on 26 April 1590 (Horsham Parish Reg.). - In 1628 Ambrose Shelley and Thomas Shelley, gents, sue Henry Shelley and Mary his wife for the manor of Warminghurst and appurtenances. They were granted to Ambrose and Thomas for 21 years, rendering a peppercorn annually to Henry and Mary. Thomas Warnford and Mary his wife in 1630 quitclaimed the manor of Sullington and tenements there and in Findon to Ambrose and Henry Shelley and the heirs of Ambrose (SSX manors in FF).
Frances, daughter of Henry Shelley in 1615 was mentioned in the will of her uncle William Holland of Steyning, who died on 30 June of that year. She was married to his nephew William Holland, who died on 20 June 1616, leaving a three week old daughter Frances, who later married John Ashburnham (SSX IPM). Frances married secondly Richard, Viscount Lumley of Waterford in Ireland. - Elizabeth, daughter of Edward, married John Aspley of Pulborough, son of Nicolas Aspley and Mary, daughter of Sir Dautry of Morehouse, in 1564. They had 7 sons (SSX Geneal.).
In 1628 Henry Shelley of Warminghurst, esq, of Bramber Rape, Edward's grandson, was fined 10 lbs for not appearing to receive knighthood (SAS V. 17). - On 1 Feb 1650 Henry Shelley of Southover, esq., informs Sir Richard Colbrond, bart., grandson of Sir John, that he acted as trustee when he sold premises and land to Richard Alchorne and John Gyles, clerk, according to the demise of 20 Dec.1627 by Sir John Bolbrond. The deed still retains an armorial seal of Henry Shelley. - In 1667 Henry Shelley, Esq. and Richard his son. and others were appointed feoffees of 'The Broken Church' in Lewes - Another Henry Shelley was justice in Lewes in 1682. - Richard was married to Hannah Pellatt, sister of William Pellatt, High Sheriff in 1688 (SAS V. 13).
Richard, brother of William
founded the Patchham branch near Lewes. He was married to Mary, daughter of Sir Richard Urdiswick. - C.1546 Patcham Place was acquired by the Shelley family from a family named Scott. - On 8 Feb. 1548 Richard, the King's servant, was granted an annuity of 50 lbs by the King (CPR). In 1552 his son John succeeded whose will was proved in 1587. He was married to Ann, widow of Edward Warwick. She died 1583. His son Richard died 8 Oct. 1594 and was buried at Patcham. He had married Dorothy Hills, widow of a Walche. She was buried at Patcham on 4 June 1600. - In 1620 Henry, his son, in turn sold the estate to Anthony Stapley - a capital messuage, 2 virgates of land (VCH, the Rape of Lewes). On 20 Dec. 1627 Sir John Colbrand of Southover, Bart., granted to Henry Shelley of Henfield, jr. and others all his manors, messuages and lands in Wartling, Pevensey and Manxe for 300 years for maintenance of his children and grandchildren (ASH/4501/511) - Margaret, daughter of Henry Shelley of Patcham, married Thomas Bellindon of Eringham, eldest son. Henry had been married to Jane, daughter of Richard Bellingham of Hangleton (SSX Geneal.) - The Shelley family held Patching till 1800 when they sold it (SSX Hist.).
On 20 April 1541 John Shelley of Patcham was one of the persons who had assembled at Hurstmonceaux to go hunting with Thomas Fynes, lord Dacre, in the park of Nicholas Pelham at Laughton. At Pykehey they encountered John and James Busebrygge and Richard Somener and some of Thomas's party attacked them and killed John Busebrygge. Lord Dacre came before his peers where he was accused to have murdered the man, was convicted and executed (SAC V. 19).
William Shelley, second son of John and Joan, husband of Alice, appears as executor of Edward Belknap's will under the title Justice of the Common Pleas - since 1526 (TNA C1/415/24). William, grandson of William and Alice, inherited manors in Essex.
William was much esteemed by King Henry VIII. He was involved in the trials of Edward Stafford for High Treason in 1521, where he was made serjeant-at-law. Further he was present at the trial of bishop Fisher of Rochester in 1535, and at the one of Anne Boleyn in 1536. He was also involved in the trial of the young Lord Dacre, who was sentenced to death at the age of 24. William Shelley avoided the final trial because he was not convinced of his guilt. - The king sent Sir William Shelley to Cardinal Wolsey to surrender York Place near Westminster to the king. William was one of the justices present at the dissolution of Michelneye Abbey in Somerset.
Sir William Shelley to Cromwell: "...Shelley will commune with his council for the sale of the manor of Knell. Has never been moved for the sale of the manor, only for the woods, (Knell Wood) and that was by Cromwell." - Sir William Shelley to Wriothesley: "In compliance with my lord Privy Seal's command gives a valuation of the manor of Knell and the woods there which is the King's pleasure to have for the commodity of his town of Calais. The lordship is worth 48 lbs a year and the yearly wood sale has been 40 lbs or 40 marks....Thinks he could sell the wood for over 2000 lbs. Has been offered 1.500 lbs. It would be hard to find such plenty of timber so near the water....The lordship of Knell is the old house of the Belknaps given to the writer by Mr. Belknap as part of his late wife's portion." (Letters and State Papers V. 12 & 14, Henry VIII, 1523). - After Cromwell's fall from power in 1541 William Shelley, justice of common pleas, and John his heir. received a grant of lands which had belonged to Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex, attainted, namely the manor of Ederston and other lands (Hist. of Suffolk V.2 by Copinger).
William in 1536 remitted to the dean and Chapter of Chichester any claims on Leythorne manor, possibly the earlier Argentein manor (which had been bought by Henry atte Knolle, a member of the de la Knelle family of Knell and Field Place, in the 14th C.) (Brit. Hist. online). In 1538 William received from the hanaper 1.000 lbs for purchase of lands. 23 Jan. of that year he was one of the four justices to mediate between King Henry VIII and the abbot of Michelney monastery, which was being dissolved (Dugdale Monasticon). - In 1542 he was granted the manor of Patching. Henry Burdewyle in 1543 quitclaimed the manor of Eton and tenements in Henfield, Ashhust and West Greensted to William Shelley, kt. and his heirs (SSX manors in FF). - In 1544 William Shelley kt., and John Shelley, esq., sued Edmund Marvyn, kt., and Elizabeth his wife, for the manors of Rustindon with tenements there and in East Preston, West Preston, East and West Angmering and Prestbroke. They were quitclaimed to the plaintifs and heirs of William (SSX manors in FF). - 1547 sees William committed to gaol delivery in Northampton Castle and as commissioner of peace in Sussex (CPR) - On 15 June he had order to inquire in the county and City of Coventry of which lands Thomas Lord Berkeley died seized (CPR).
William made his will on 6 Nov. 1548: "I give to my son Richard one hundred pundes whiche the executors of the late Kinges grace, kinge Henry the VII owe me for I lent yt to our said late souveraigne lord at his being at the sege of Bolloyn" (Sussex Rec. Soc.). Clapham church contains a memory of Caen stone with effigies for Sir William Shelley and his wife Alice. Another brass exists for Sir John Shelley and his wife Alice (Black's Guide to Kent and Sussex).
After Alice's death in 1542 William seems to have married once more: Catherine, daughter of Sir Mattew Brom, son of Sir George Brom, great grand son of Sir Anthony Brown, who in 1377, on the coronation of King Rich. II, had been made Knight of the Garter (For Brom see also under Dallingridge).
Alice and William had 7 sons and 7 daughters, all pictured in Clapham Church. In William's will are mentioned 4 sons and 4 daughters, the surviving ones.
- Catherine married Henry Brown of Beechworth castle, as his second wife. He predeceased his father Matthew, kt., who was sheriff of Surrey in 1496, and married to Fridiswide, daughter of Sir Richard Guildford KG of Hempsted in Kent. Matthew was living still in 1530 (Burke). - For Guildford see also under Aucher. - Matthew's father was Sir George, sheriff of Kent, who was beheaded in 1483. He was married to Elizabeth Paston, of a Norfolk family, widow of Richard lord Poynings. Sir George's father had been Sir Thomas Brown of Beechworth Castle, treasurer off the household of Henry VI, attainted, and Eleanor, sole daughter and heiress of ¨Sir Thomas FitzAlan, brother of John Earl of Arundel. They were sons of Richard Fitz.Alan earl of Arundel (d. 1375) and Elianaor Plantagenet, daughter of Henry Earl of Lancaster, the later King Henry IV. Eleonor married afterwards Thomas Vaughan.
- Elizabeth married before 1537 Sir Roger Copley, kt., of Roughway in Sussex, grandson of Sir Roger Copley and Jane, daughter of Thomas Lord Hoo and Hastings by Eleanor, daughter and heir of Lord Lyonell de Welles. Roger's father had been knighted at the coronation of King Henry VII in 1485 (SSX Geneal.) - Leigh Place in Reygate Hundred, Surrey, was sold in 1530 by Sir John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, to Edward Shelley of Findon. Elizabeth received this manor on her marriage (A Topogr. Hist. of Surrey V. 4). The Duke was married to a Guildford of Hempsted - see Aucher. - The Copley arms were AR cross moline SA. - HOO quarterly SA and AR.
- Frances became a nun and is depicted on the brass in Clapham church in her habit.
- Margaret is mentioned in the wills of her father and her brother John (see below). She married Edward Gage of Bentley. They had three daughters. Edward was son of James Gage of Bentley, and grandson of Sir John Gage, comptroller of the household and chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster KG, he died 1556. His wife had been Philippa, daughte rof Sir Richard Guildford of Kent.
- Thomas was of Mapledurham in Southampton. He was married to Elisabeth, daughter of Sir Roger Copley and Jane, daughter of Henry Lode of Kingsley, Southampton, and granddaughter of Sir Roger Copley and Anne, daughter and coheir of Thomas Lord Hoe and Hastings, by Eleanor, daughter and heir of Lionell Lord Wells. - On 2 March 1551 Thomas and others were to inquire in the county of Southampton, whether Richard Dawtry was an idiot (CPR). - In 1562 Thomas Pledger sued Thomas Carpenter and Agnes his wife and Thomas Shelley for the manor of Kingsham and lands elsewhere. The properties had been settled on Thomas and Agnes and were therefore their right, with remainder to Thomas Shelley (SSX manors in FF). - The arms of Hoo were quarterly SA and AR, the ones of Copley AR a cross moline SA. - The Hoo family was descended of Alexander Hoo who had married a daughter of King Alexander of Scotland (Cartwright V. 2, p. 339).
- Sir Richard (d. c. 1589) , knight of Rhodes, became Grand Prior of the Order of St. John in Jerusalem, the Turpolier of St. John.. He retired to Spain when the order had been disolved and Queen Elizabeth reigned, because he was a catholic. Therefore he lost his English possessions. When diplomatic intents on his behalf between the king of Spain and Queen Elizabeth failed, the king sent him as embassador to emperor Maximilian in Vienna. Later he went to Venice, where he died. - Letters of Sir Richard Shelley of Michelgrove, last English Grand Prior of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, to Sir Thomas Chaloner and others between 1561 and 1584 (A Medaillon Portrait existing therein). (Neale's Noblemen and Gentlemen's Seats and Anthony Lower in his Worthies of Sussex).
- Francis was also a knight of Malta (Vis. of SSX).
- James was a knight of Malta and therefore also of the Order of St. John.
- John the eldest, son and heir, married Mary, daughter of William FitzWilliam of Milton and Mildred, his second wife, daughter of Richard Sackville of Buckhurst, Sussex. John d. 16 Dec.1550-1, after having made his will on 8 August of that year: "I give to Syr Robert Brigges, my Chapleyn, foure marks yerely out of my mannor of K n e l l in the county of Sussex.". He ordered to be buried in the church of Clapham. John disposed of his properties as follows: Mary his wife received his manors of Stondon Hall, Essex, Wolston and Marsdon in Warwickshire. His manor of Chalfyn, Hertshire. His uncle Richard's lands in Rudgwik went to his brother Thomas and his wife, William, his heir aged 12, to his daughters and younger children and to his sons John and Richard. The manors of Exton Basset and Luces in Wiltshire he legated to his son Richard, his father William, his daughters Elinor, Mary, Briget and Margaret, and his sister Margaret, his uncles parson Shelley and Edward Shelley, who died shortly before 10 Jan. 1553-4. - At his death John held also the manor of Ashhurst worth 20 lbs and Combes (Cartwright, pp. 111 and 264). - Mary married secondly Sir John Guildford of Kent.
John and Mary had 12 children, of whom 3 sons and 5 daughters survived him. - Elisabeth and Anne had died before his death, as well as John and James.
- William (died SP 15 April 1597) a justice, succeeded him at the age of 12 years. - Anthony Cook, kt., gentleman of the Privy Chamber, his uncle, received the custody of the manors of Buxsted, Great Horseley, Essex, with lands there and the marriage of the heir. Those properties were in the King's hand due to the minority of William Shelley, a minor in the King's ward. 22 April 1551 (CPR). On 5 Dec. of that year the King leased to Anthony the manors of Buxted and Great Horseley in Essex and Suffolk and the manor of Fawconershurst in Kent during the minority of William (CPR). - William proved his age on 19 Sept. 1558 at Clapham, when he was 21years and 5 days old. He received Stondon Hall in Essex, Wolston and Marsdon in Warwick, and inherited from his uncle Richard land in Rudgwik. - From Mary Wriothley, daughter of Thomas Wriothley, Earl of Southampton, (Baronies) his wife, he got the manor of Chalfyrim in Hertfordshire. He also held the manors of Knelle in Sussex and Orpington in Kent . - 1579-80 William and John Shelley, esqs., dem. and Henry Shelley and Mary his wife, def. - the manor of Kingsham and lands elsewhere, which went to William and his heirs (SSX manors in FF). - The arms of Wriothesley, Earl of Soutahmpton were AZ a cross OR between 4 falcons close AR (VCH Hamps.).
William was imprisoned in 1580 for recusancy and attainted for High Treason in 1586-7 for his part in the Throgmorton Plot to free Mary Queen of Scots. The earl of Arundel pleaded with the Queen through Lord Burghley the release of the prisoners Prestall and Shelley. Jane, William's wife, sued for dower of lands and tenements of her own inheritance for her maintenance, saying that her husband had been sent to Fleet prison on 13 Aug. 1580. Further details of the imprisonment had come to light: In 1582 William's cell was searched and relics and books had been found with the persons there at mass, Mr. Pierpoint and Mr. Denton. The following year order was given to examine the prisoners in the Tower: The Earl of Northumberland, William Shelley, Henry Howard and others. Shelley and Pierpoint to be put on the rack (Cal. of State Papers Domestic). - Jane was William's second wife, daughter of John Lingen, son of John Lingen and a daughter of Sir Thomas Englefield. The family originated in Shropshire. In the 14th C. they held with other properties in Shropshire Knill manor in Herefordshire as 1/4 fee and Sutton manor there. Jane, born 1544 survived William till 1609 in which year she was buried at St. Dunstan's in London where her father is also buried (Coll. Topogr. & Genel. V. 4, p. 110).
- Sir John Shelley of Michelgrove, kt. (d. 29 Nov, 1643). He succeeded his uncle William, who had died without issue, and married Jane, daughter of Sir Thomas Reresby, kt., of Yorkshire. John was created a baronet on 22 May 1611 (Magna Britannia). - In 1618-9 John Shelley kt. and Bart., and Jane his wife, Henry Guildford and John Hungerford, quitclaimed the manor of Eton and tenements in Henfield, Ashhurst and West Greensted with warranty against John and Jane, his heirs, his father John, and his father's brother William Shelley (SSX manors in FF). - John regained Knelle manor in 1628 (VCH). - The Baronage V. 1, pp 25-7 says that John was son and heir of John and Eleanor, da. of Sir Thomas Lovell of East Harling Norfolk, which then would have been a second wife of John, father of William.
- Ellen or Elizabeth married Sir Thomas Tymperley of Hintlesham, Suffolk, as his first wife.
- John died SP, married to Mary, youngest daughter and heir of George Bayly of Lincoln.
- William died (1635) in life time of his father. He was married to Christian, daughter of Sir James Vauntlet. - Robert Holborn in 1628 sued John Shelley, kt., bart., William and John Shelley, esqs., for the manors of Michelgrove, Clapham, K n e l l, Apulsham, Combes, Pating and Toling St. John with lands elsewhere. The deforciants had to quitclaim to Robert (SSX manors in FF).
- his eldest son Sir Charles, Bart. (d. 1681 at Rouen, was heir of his grandfather at the age of 5 years and 3 months (SSX IPM). He married Elisabeth, daughter of Benjamin Weston of Walton-upon-Thames, Surrey, 4th son of the Earl of Portland, by Elizabeth, daughter of Benjamin Weston, his first wife. By her he had Benjamin, Charles and William Shelley , as well as Elisabeth and Christiana, who all died young and unmarried. - In 1661 Arthur Warren and Hopton Shuter, esqs., sued Charles Shelley, kt., Benjamin Weston, esq., and Robert Turbutt, gent, for the manor of K n e l l and tenements in Beckley and Peasmarsh. It was quitclaimed to the plaintiffs and the heirs of Arthur Warren (SSX manors in FF). The family regained the manor afterwards and held it until 1788 when Jeremiah Curteis of Rye (d. 1806) bought Knelle for 16.060 lbs exclusive timber (VCH). Charles's heir was
- Sir John, third baronet, who was married twice: first to Mary, daughter and coheir of Sir John Gage of West Firle (d. 1703); and secondly to Mary, daughter of George Lord Abergavennay and heiress to her brother. From both marriages he had descendancy. - There followed various descendants named John. In 1722 one of them had as wife Katherine, daughter of Sir Thomas Scawens, alderman of the City of London. She was the first wife of Sir John Shelly of Michelgrove. She died in 1726 and lies buried in the Shelley family's mausoleum at Clapham.
Charles, his father was married secondly to Mary, daughter of Henry Gifford, widow of George, 9th lord Abergavenny. - Charles had a brother John who died SP.
The last of the Shelley's sold Michelgrove estate in 1852 (VCH).
- Richard,(d. SP) - 1585, March 12, Examination of Richard Shelley as to the authorship of a certain book against her Majesty. Oct. 22 Certificate of all such recusants within Sussex appointed to find eight horsemen with a large horse, a case of pistolets, light armour etc. (SAC V. 12 and Cal. of State Papers Domestic). Richard, gent, died 15 Dec. 1623 seized of parcels of land pertaining to the manor of Sullington in Shingels, Herbrand and Edes in Echingfield. - Richard was married to Catherine, daughter of Thomas Devenish of Hellingley and West Hampnet and Anne, daughter and coheir of William Tauke of East Hampnet (Dallaway V.1). - Their heir was John aged about 17
- Bridget married Anthony Hungerford of Wiltshire
- Mary wife of George Cotton, son of Sir Richard Cotton of Warblington, Hampshire
- Elizabeth married Sir Thomas Guildford, kt., of Hempstead, Kent, son of Sir John Guildford, sheriff of Kent in 1553, grand son of George Guidford, sheriff in 1524 - married to Elizabeth daughter of Robert Mortimer of Attleborough, Essex - son of Sir Richard, kt., and banneret, comptroller of the Household of Henry VII. He died in Jerusalem in 1508. His sister Elizabeth married Henry Aucher (Guildford genealogy).
- Margaret wife of Edward Gage of Bentley, Surrey
- Elinor married Thomas Norton, son of Sir John Norton of Norwood, Kent.
- Anne, maried Sir Richard Shirley of Wiston, Sussex, descended from the Wiston family of that place.
The line can be followed to the end of the 19th C in the Baronage.
Knelle with all his appurtenances was sold again in 1848 (DAP/Box325) and Knelle wood in 2005 (Real Estate ad). In the same year permission was given to build on Knelle dower house which dates from the 15th C. (Beckley Council).
VCH reveals that William Shelley and Alice rebuilt Michaelgrove manor of brick, a cuadrangular house with an open internal courtyard and polygonal towers at the outer angles. Upstairs it had a gallery 78 feet long where he later entertained King Henry VIII. This beautiful building was torn down by a later Shelley in the 19th C. and replaced by a gothic styled one. In Chichester the Shelley's had a 15th C. house called Kingsham, lying in the Parish of St. Pancras. It was supposed to stand on the site of Cissa's the Saxon, residence and had come into the possessions of the Shelley's by marriage with the heiress of Michelgrove (SAC V. 15).
Later generations seem to have been quite powerful. During the 18th C. the part between Michelgrove and the Findon boundary was under the control of the Shelleys and on one occasion they were levying a toll (VCH). - Sir Bysshe Shelley, the poet, was born in Field Place by Warnham (belonging earlier to the Caryll family), which later became the residence of Sir Timothy Shelley, Bart. Warmingcamp (Topogr. Dict. of England). - Henry Shelley was a renowned lawyer who lived at Lewes. On 2 June 1679 he was a trustee for Edward Selwy of Friston for 4441 lbs due for principal and interest concerning mortgages of lands in Friston and Eastdene (SAS/PN/336). In 1699 his son Richard, also of Lewes, and Hanna his wife, released to Thomas Wigsell of Hamsey and John his son, a messuage and land with premises for 870 lbs. Some land was late of Theobald Shelley and two pieces of land were called Battesford (SAS/PN/489 & 490-1).
Shelley arms taken from the British Herald: Sable a fesse engrailed between three escallops Or (ancient Sussex); Shelley Lewes, Michelgrove and Patcham the same as of Maresfeld Park: Sa a fess engrailed between three welk-shells, OR. Crest a griffin's head, erased, AR, beaked and ducally gorged OR.
Conclusion: Most of Robert de Belknap's descendants made favourite marriages, especially the females, some of them became even countesses. Their husbands obtained places at court and held important posts, some of them were councillors to several kings. If Robert could have forseen that, it would have made him proud. - Regarding the Danet family this is a story of almost 1.000 yeaars.